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authorOhad Ben-Cohen <ohad@wizery.com>2011-10-20 21:10:55 +0200
committerOhad Ben-Cohen <ohad@wizery.com>2012-02-08 22:53:58 +0200
commitbcabbccabffe7326f046f25737ba1084f463c65c (patch)
tree40b6f277fcebb64d1a3904ca43e1718be69038dd /drivers/rpmsg
parent34ed5a33b1218efbe8b01e37738063800ccdcdcd (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-bcabbccabffe7326f046f25737ba1084f463c65c.tar.gz
rpmsg: add virtio-based remote processor messaging bus
Add a virtio-based inter-processor communication bus, which enables kernel drivers to communicate with entities, running on remote processors, over shared memory using a simple messaging protocol. Every pair of AMP processors share two vrings, which are used to send and receive the messages over shared memory. The header of every message sent on the rpmsg bus contains src and dst addresses, which make it possible to multiplex several rpmsg channels on the same vring. Every rpmsg channel is a device on this bus. When a channel is added, and an appropriate rpmsg driver is found and probed, it is also assigned a local rpmsg address, which is then bound to the driver's callback. When inbound messages carry the local address of a bound driver, its callback is invoked by the bus. This patch provides a kernel interface only; user space interfaces will be later exposed by kernel users of this rpmsg bus. Designed with Brian Swetland <swetland@google.com>. Signed-off-by: Ohad Ben-Cohen <ohad@wizery.com> Acked-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> (virtio_ids.h) Cc: Brian Swetland <swetland@google.com> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Grant Likely <grant.likely@secretlab.ca> Cc: Tony Lindgren <tony@atomide.com> Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com> Cc: Stephen Boyd <sboyd@codeaurora.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'drivers/rpmsg')
-rw-r--r--drivers/rpmsg/Kconfig5
-rw-r--r--drivers/rpmsg/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--drivers/rpmsg/virtio_rpmsg_bus.c1026
3 files changed, 1032 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/rpmsg/Kconfig b/drivers/rpmsg/Kconfig
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..811fede35bd8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/rpmsg/Kconfig
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+# RPMSG always gets selected by whoever wants it
+config RPMSG
+ tristate
+ select VIRTIO
+ select VIRTIO_RING
diff --git a/drivers/rpmsg/Makefile b/drivers/rpmsg/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..7617fcb8259f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/rpmsg/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1 @@
+obj-$(CONFIG_RPMSG) += virtio_rpmsg_bus.o
diff --git a/drivers/rpmsg/virtio_rpmsg_bus.c b/drivers/rpmsg/virtio_rpmsg_bus.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..257683e7fe8a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/rpmsg/virtio_rpmsg_bus.c
@@ -0,0 +1,1026 @@
+/*
+ * Virtio-based remote processor messaging bus
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Texas Instruments, Inc.
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Google, Inc.
+ *
+ * Ohad Ben-Cohen <ohad@wizery.com>
+ * Brian Swetland <swetland@google.com>
+ *
+ * This software is licensed under the terms of the GNU General Public
+ * License version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation, and
+ * may be copied, distributed, and modified under those terms.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) "%s: " fmt, __func__
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/virtio.h>
+#include <linux/virtio_ids.h>
+#include <linux/virtio_config.h>
+#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
+#include <linux/dma-mapping.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/idr.h>
+#include <linux/jiffies.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/wait.h>
+#include <linux/rpmsg.h>
+#include <linux/mutex.h>
+
+/**
+ * struct virtproc_info - virtual remote processor state
+ * @vdev: the virtio device
+ * @rvq: rx virtqueue
+ * @svq: tx virtqueue
+ * @rbufs: kernel address of rx buffers
+ * @sbufs: kernel address of tx buffers
+ * @last_sbuf: index of last tx buffer used
+ * @bufs_dma: dma base addr of the buffers
+ * @tx_lock: protects svq, sbufs and sleepers, to allow concurrent senders.
+ * sending a message might require waking up a dozing remote
+ * processor, which involves sleeping, hence the mutex.
+ * @endpoints: idr of local endpoints, allows fast retrieval
+ * @endpoints_lock: lock of the endpoints set
+ * @sendq: wait queue of sending contexts waiting for a tx buffers
+ * @sleepers: number of senders that are waiting for a tx buffer
+ * @ns_ept: the bus's name service endpoint
+ *
+ * This structure stores the rpmsg state of a given virtio remote processor
+ * device (there might be several virtio proc devices for each physical
+ * remote processor).
+ */
+struct virtproc_info {
+ struct virtio_device *vdev;
+ struct virtqueue *rvq, *svq;
+ void *rbufs, *sbufs;
+ int last_sbuf;
+ dma_addr_t bufs_dma;
+ struct mutex tx_lock;
+ struct idr endpoints;
+ struct mutex endpoints_lock;
+ wait_queue_head_t sendq;
+ atomic_t sleepers;
+ struct rpmsg_endpoint *ns_ept;
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct rpmsg_channel_info - internal channel info representation
+ * @name: name of service
+ * @src: local address
+ * @dst: destination address
+ */
+struct rpmsg_channel_info {
+ char name[RPMSG_NAME_SIZE];
+ u32 src;
+ u32 dst;
+};
+
+#define to_rpmsg_channel(d) container_of(d, struct rpmsg_channel, dev)
+#define to_rpmsg_driver(d) container_of(d, struct rpmsg_driver, drv)
+
+/*
+ * We're allocating 512 buffers of 512 bytes for communications, and then
+ * using the first 256 buffers for RX, and the last 256 buffers for TX.
+ *
+ * Each buffer will have 16 bytes for the msg header and 496 bytes for
+ * the payload.
+ *
+ * This will require a total space of 256KB for the buffers.
+ *
+ * We might also want to add support for user-provided buffers in time.
+ * This will allow bigger buffer size flexibility, and can also be used
+ * to achieve zero-copy messaging.
+ *
+ * Note that these numbers are purely a decision of this driver - we
+ * can change this without changing anything in the firmware of the remote
+ * processor.
+ */
+#define RPMSG_NUM_BUFS (512)
+#define RPMSG_BUF_SIZE (512)
+#define RPMSG_TOTAL_BUF_SPACE (RPMSG_NUM_BUFS * RPMSG_BUF_SIZE)
+
+/*
+ * Local addresses are dynamically allocated on-demand.
+ * We do not dynamically assign addresses from the low 1024 range,
+ * in order to reserve that address range for predefined services.
+ */
+#define RPMSG_RESERVED_ADDRESSES (1024)
+
+/* Address 53 is reserved for advertising remote services */
+#define RPMSG_NS_ADDR (53)
+
+/* sysfs show configuration fields */
+#define rpmsg_show_attr(field, path, format_string) \
+static ssize_t \
+field##_show(struct device *dev, \
+ struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf) \
+{ \
+ struct rpmsg_channel *rpdev = to_rpmsg_channel(dev); \
+ \
+ return sprintf(buf, format_string, rpdev->path); \
+}
+
+/* for more info, see Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-rpmsg */
+rpmsg_show_attr(name, id.name, "%s\n");
+rpmsg_show_attr(src, src, "0x%x\n");
+rpmsg_show_attr(dst, dst, "0x%x\n");
+rpmsg_show_attr(announce, announce ? "true" : "false", "%s\n");
+
+/*
+ * Unique (and free running) index for rpmsg devices.
+ *
+ * Yeah, we're not recycling those numbers (yet?). will be easy
+ * to change if/when we want to.
+ */
+static unsigned int rpmsg_dev_index;
+
+static ssize_t modalias_show(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+ struct rpmsg_channel *rpdev = to_rpmsg_channel(dev);
+
+ return sprintf(buf, RPMSG_DEVICE_MODALIAS_FMT "\n", rpdev->id.name);
+}
+
+static struct device_attribute rpmsg_dev_attrs[] = {
+ __ATTR_RO(name),
+ __ATTR_RO(modalias),
+ __ATTR_RO(dst),
+ __ATTR_RO(src),
+ __ATTR_RO(announce),
+ __ATTR_NULL
+};
+
+/* rpmsg devices and drivers are matched using the service name */
+static inline int rpmsg_id_match(const struct rpmsg_channel *rpdev,
+ const struct rpmsg_device_id *id)
+{
+ return strncmp(id->name, rpdev->id.name, RPMSG_NAME_SIZE) == 0;
+}
+
+/* match rpmsg channel and rpmsg driver */
+static int rpmsg_dev_match(struct device *dev, struct device_driver *drv)
+{
+ struct rpmsg_channel *rpdev = to_rpmsg_channel(dev);
+ struct rpmsg_driver *rpdrv = to_rpmsg_driver(drv);
+ const struct rpmsg_device_id *ids = rpdrv->id_table;
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; ids[i].name[0]; i++)
+ if (rpmsg_id_match(rpdev, &ids[i]))
+ return 1;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int rpmsg_uevent(struct device *dev, struct kobj_uevent_env *env)
+{
+ struct rpmsg_channel *rpdev = to_rpmsg_channel(dev);
+
+ return add_uevent_var(env, "MODALIAS=" RPMSG_DEVICE_MODALIAS_FMT,
+ rpdev->id.name);
+}
+
+/* for more info, see below documentation of rpmsg_create_ept() */
+static struct rpmsg_endpoint *__rpmsg_create_ept(struct virtproc_info *vrp,
+ struct rpmsg_channel *rpdev, rpmsg_rx_cb_t cb,
+ void *priv, u32 addr)
+{
+ int err, tmpaddr, request;
+ struct rpmsg_endpoint *ept;
+ struct device *dev = rpdev ? &rpdev->dev : &vrp->vdev->dev;
+
+ if (!idr_pre_get(&vrp->endpoints, GFP_KERNEL))
+ return NULL;
+
+ ept = kzalloc(sizeof(*ept), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!ept) {
+ dev_err(dev, "failed to kzalloc a new ept\n");
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ ept->rpdev = rpdev;
+ ept->cb = cb;
+ ept->priv = priv;
+
+ /* do we need to allocate a local address ? */
+ request = addr == RPMSG_ADDR_ANY ? RPMSG_RESERVED_ADDRESSES : addr;
+
+ mutex_lock(&vrp->endpoints_lock);
+
+ /* bind the endpoint to an rpmsg address (and allocate one if needed) */
+ err = idr_get_new_above(&vrp->endpoints, ept, request, &tmpaddr);
+ if (err) {
+ dev_err(dev, "idr_get_new_above failed: %d\n", err);
+ goto free_ept;
+ }
+
+ /* make sure the user's address request is fulfilled, if relevant */
+ if (addr != RPMSG_ADDR_ANY && tmpaddr != addr) {
+ dev_err(dev, "address 0x%x already in use\n", addr);
+ goto rem_idr;
+ }
+
+ ept->addr = tmpaddr;
+
+ mutex_unlock(&vrp->endpoints_lock);
+
+ return ept;
+
+rem_idr:
+ idr_remove(&vrp->endpoints, request);
+free_ept:
+ mutex_unlock(&vrp->endpoints_lock);
+ kfree(ept);
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+/**
+ * rpmsg_create_ept() - create a new rpmsg_endpoint
+ * @rpdev: rpmsg channel device
+ * @cb: rx callback handler
+ * @priv: private data for the driver's use
+ * @addr: local rpmsg address to bind with @cb
+ *
+ * Every rpmsg address in the system is bound to an rx callback (so when
+ * inbound messages arrive, they are dispatched by the rpmsg bus using the
+ * appropriate callback handler) by means of an rpmsg_endpoint struct.
+ *
+ * This function allows drivers to create such an endpoint, and by that,
+ * bind a callback, and possibly some private data too, to an rpmsg address
+ * (either one that is known in advance, or one that will be dynamically
+ * assigned for them).
+ *
+ * Simple rpmsg drivers need not call rpmsg_create_ept, because an endpoint
+ * is already created for them when they are probed by the rpmsg bus
+ * (using the rx callback provided when they registered to the rpmsg bus).
+ *
+ * So things should just work for simple drivers: they already have an
+ * endpoint, their rx callback is bound to their rpmsg address, and when
+ * relevant inbound messages arrive (i.e. messages which their dst address
+ * equals to the src address of their rpmsg channel), the driver's handler
+ * is invoked to process it.
+ *
+ * That said, more complicated drivers might do need to allocate
+ * additional rpmsg addresses, and bind them to different rx callbacks.
+ * To accomplish that, those drivers need to call this function.
+ *
+ * Drivers should provide their @rpdev channel (so the new endpoint would belong
+ * to the same remote processor their channel belongs to), an rx callback
+ * function, an optional private data (which is provided back when the
+ * rx callback is invoked), and an address they want to bind with the
+ * callback. If @addr is RPMSG_ADDR_ANY, then rpmsg_create_ept will
+ * dynamically assign them an available rpmsg address (drivers should have
+ * a very good reason why not to always use RPMSG_ADDR_ANY here).
+ *
+ * Returns a pointer to the endpoint on success, or NULL on error.
+ */
+struct rpmsg_endpoint *rpmsg_create_ept(struct rpmsg_channel *rpdev,
+ rpmsg_rx_cb_t cb, void *priv, u32 addr)
+{
+ return __rpmsg_create_ept(rpdev->vrp, rpdev, cb, priv, addr);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(rpmsg_create_ept);
+
+/**
+ * rpmsg_destroy_ept() - destroy an existing rpmsg endpoint
+ * @ept: endpoing to destroy
+ *
+ * Should be used by drivers to destroy an rpmsg endpoint previously
+ * created with rpmsg_create_ept().
+ */
+void rpmsg_destroy_ept(struct rpmsg_endpoint *ept)
+{
+ struct virtproc_info *vrp = ept->rpdev->vrp;
+
+ mutex_lock(&vrp->endpoints_lock);
+ idr_remove(&vrp->endpoints, ept->addr);
+ mutex_unlock(&vrp->endpoints_lock);
+
+ kfree(ept);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(rpmsg_destroy_ept);
+
+/*
+ * when an rpmsg driver is probed with a channel, we seamlessly create
+ * it an endpoint, binding its rx callback to a unique local rpmsg
+ * address.
+ *
+ * if we need to, we also announce about this channel to the remote
+ * processor (needed in case the driver is exposing an rpmsg service).
+ */
+static int rpmsg_dev_probe(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct rpmsg_channel *rpdev = to_rpmsg_channel(dev);
+ struct rpmsg_driver *rpdrv = to_rpmsg_driver(rpdev->dev.driver);
+ struct virtproc_info *vrp = rpdev->vrp;
+ struct rpmsg_endpoint *ept;
+ int err;
+
+ ept = rpmsg_create_ept(rpdev, rpdrv->callback, NULL, rpdev->src);
+ if (!ept) {
+ dev_err(dev, "failed to create endpoint\n");
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ rpdev->ept = ept;
+ rpdev->src = ept->addr;
+
+ err = rpdrv->probe(rpdev);
+ if (err) {
+ dev_err(dev, "%s: failed: %d\n", __func__, err);
+ rpmsg_destroy_ept(ept);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ /* need to tell remote processor's name service about this channel ? */
+ if (rpdev->announce &&
+ virtio_has_feature(vrp->vdev, VIRTIO_RPMSG_F_NS)) {
+ struct rpmsg_ns_msg nsm;
+
+ strncpy(nsm.name, rpdev->id.name, RPMSG_NAME_SIZE);
+ nsm.addr = rpdev->src;
+ nsm.flags = RPMSG_NS_CREATE;
+
+ err = rpmsg_sendto(rpdev, &nsm, sizeof(nsm), RPMSG_NS_ADDR);
+ if (err)
+ dev_err(dev, "failed to announce service %d\n", err);
+ }
+
+out:
+ return err;
+}
+
+static int rpmsg_dev_remove(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct rpmsg_channel *rpdev = to_rpmsg_channel(dev);
+ struct rpmsg_driver *rpdrv = to_rpmsg_driver(rpdev->dev.driver);
+ struct virtproc_info *vrp = rpdev->vrp;
+ int err = 0;
+
+ /* tell remote processor's name service we're removing this channel */
+ if (rpdev->announce &&
+ virtio_has_feature(vrp->vdev, VIRTIO_RPMSG_F_NS)) {
+ struct rpmsg_ns_msg nsm;
+
+ strncpy(nsm.name, rpdev->id.name, RPMSG_NAME_SIZE);
+ nsm.addr = rpdev->src;
+ nsm.flags = RPMSG_NS_DESTROY;
+
+ err = rpmsg_sendto(rpdev, &nsm, sizeof(nsm), RPMSG_NS_ADDR);
+ if (err)
+ dev_err(dev, "failed to announce service %d\n", err);
+ }
+
+ rpdrv->remove(rpdev);
+
+ rpmsg_destroy_ept(rpdev->ept);
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+static struct bus_type rpmsg_bus = {
+ .name = "rpmsg",
+ .match = rpmsg_dev_match,
+ .dev_attrs = rpmsg_dev_attrs,
+ .uevent = rpmsg_uevent,
+ .probe = rpmsg_dev_probe,
+ .remove = rpmsg_dev_remove,
+};
+
+/**
+ * register_rpmsg_driver() - register an rpmsg driver with the rpmsg bus
+ * @rpdrv: pointer to a struct rpmsg_driver
+ *
+ * Returns 0 on success, and an appropriate error value on failure.
+ */
+int register_rpmsg_driver(struct rpmsg_driver *rpdrv)
+{
+ rpdrv->drv.bus = &rpmsg_bus;
+ return driver_register(&rpdrv->drv);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(register_rpmsg_driver);
+
+/**
+ * unregister_rpmsg_driver() - unregister an rpmsg driver from the rpmsg bus
+ * @rpdrv: pointer to a struct rpmsg_driver
+ *
+ * Returns 0 on success, and an appropriate error value on failure.
+ */
+void unregister_rpmsg_driver(struct rpmsg_driver *rpdrv)
+{
+ driver_unregister(&rpdrv->drv);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(unregister_rpmsg_driver);
+
+static void rpmsg_release_device(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct rpmsg_channel *rpdev = to_rpmsg_channel(dev);
+
+ kfree(rpdev);
+}
+
+/*
+ * match an rpmsg channel with a channel info struct.
+ * this is used to make sure we're not creating rpmsg devices for channels
+ * that already exist.
+ */
+static int rpmsg_channel_match(struct device *dev, void *data)
+{
+ struct rpmsg_channel_info *chinfo = data;
+ struct rpmsg_channel *rpdev = to_rpmsg_channel(dev);
+
+ if (chinfo->src != RPMSG_ADDR_ANY && chinfo->src != rpdev->src)
+ return 0;
+
+ if (chinfo->dst != RPMSG_ADDR_ANY && chinfo->dst != rpdev->dst)
+ return 0;
+
+ if (strncmp(chinfo->name, rpdev->id.name, RPMSG_NAME_SIZE))
+ return 0;
+
+ /* found a match ! */
+ return 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * create an rpmsg channel using its name and address info.
+ * this function will be used to create both static and dynamic
+ * channels.
+ */
+static struct rpmsg_channel *rpmsg_create_channel(struct virtproc_info *vrp,
+ struct rpmsg_channel_info *chinfo)
+{
+ struct rpmsg_channel *rpdev;
+ struct device *tmp, *dev = &vrp->vdev->dev;
+ int ret;
+
+ /* make sure a similar channel doesn't already exist */
+ tmp = device_find_child(dev, chinfo, rpmsg_channel_match);
+ if (tmp) {
+ /* decrement the matched device's refcount back */
+ put_device(tmp);
+ dev_err(dev, "channel %s:%x:%x already exist\n",
+ chinfo->name, chinfo->src, chinfo->dst);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ rpdev = kzalloc(sizeof(struct rpmsg_channel), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!rpdev) {
+ pr_err("kzalloc failed\n");
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ rpdev->vrp = vrp;
+ rpdev->src = chinfo->src;
+ rpdev->dst = chinfo->dst;
+
+ /*
+ * rpmsg server channels has predefined local address (for now),
+ * and their existence needs to be announced remotely
+ */
+ rpdev->announce = rpdev->src != RPMSG_ADDR_ANY ? true : false;
+
+ strncpy(rpdev->id.name, chinfo->name, RPMSG_NAME_SIZE);
+
+ /* very simple device indexing plumbing which is enough for now */
+ dev_set_name(&rpdev->dev, "rpmsg%d", rpmsg_dev_index++);
+
+ rpdev->dev.parent = &vrp->vdev->dev;
+ rpdev->dev.bus = &rpmsg_bus;
+ rpdev->dev.release = rpmsg_release_device;
+
+ ret = device_register(&rpdev->dev);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(dev, "device_register failed: %d\n", ret);
+ put_device(&rpdev->dev);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ return rpdev;
+}
+
+/*
+ * find an existing channel using its name + address properties,
+ * and destroy it
+ */
+static int rpmsg_destroy_channel(struct virtproc_info *vrp,
+ struct rpmsg_channel_info *chinfo)
+{
+ struct virtio_device *vdev = vrp->vdev;
+ struct device *dev;
+
+ dev = device_find_child(&vdev->dev, chinfo, rpmsg_channel_match);
+ if (!dev)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ device_unregister(dev);
+
+ put_device(dev);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* super simple buffer "allocator" that is just enough for now */
+static void *get_a_tx_buf(struct virtproc_info *vrp)
+{
+ unsigned int len;
+ void *ret;
+
+ /* support multiple concurrent senders */
+ mutex_lock(&vrp->tx_lock);
+
+ /*
+ * either pick the next unused tx buffer
+ * (half of our buffers are used for sending messages)
+ */
+ if (vrp->last_sbuf < RPMSG_NUM_BUFS / 2)
+ ret = vrp->sbufs + RPMSG_BUF_SIZE * vrp->last_sbuf++;
+ /* or recycle a used one */
+ else
+ ret = virtqueue_get_buf(vrp->svq, &len);
+
+ mutex_unlock(&vrp->tx_lock);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/**
+ * rpmsg_upref_sleepers() - enable "tx-complete" interrupts, if needed
+ * @vrp: virtual remote processor state
+ *
+ * This function is called before a sender is blocked, waiting for
+ * a tx buffer to become available.
+ *
+ * If we already have blocking senders, this function merely increases
+ * the "sleepers" reference count, and exits.
+ *
+ * Otherwise, if this is the first sender to block, we also enable
+ * virtio's tx callbacks, so we'd be immediately notified when a tx
+ * buffer is consumed (we rely on virtio's tx callback in order
+ * to wake up sleeping senders as soon as a tx buffer is used by the
+ * remote processor).
+ */
+static void rpmsg_upref_sleepers(struct virtproc_info *vrp)
+{
+ /* support multiple concurrent senders */
+ mutex_lock(&vrp->tx_lock);
+
+ /* are we the first sleeping context waiting for tx buffers ? */
+ if (atomic_inc_return(&vrp->sleepers) == 1)
+ /* enable "tx-complete" interrupts before dozing off */
+ virtqueue_enable_cb(vrp->svq);
+
+ mutex_unlock(&vrp->tx_lock);
+}
+
+/**
+ * rpmsg_downref_sleepers() - disable "tx-complete" interrupts, if needed
+ * @vrp: virtual remote processor state
+ *
+ * This function is called after a sender, that waited for a tx buffer
+ * to become available, is unblocked.
+ *
+ * If we still have blocking senders, this function merely decreases
+ * the "sleepers" reference count, and exits.
+ *
+ * Otherwise, if there are no more blocking senders, we also disable
+ * virtio's tx callbacks, to avoid the overhead incurred with handling
+ * those (now redundant) interrupts.
+ */
+static void rpmsg_downref_sleepers(struct virtproc_info *vrp)
+{
+ /* support multiple concurrent senders */
+ mutex_lock(&vrp->tx_lock);
+
+ /* are we the last sleeping context waiting for tx buffers ? */
+ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&vrp->sleepers))
+ /* disable "tx-complete" interrupts */
+ virtqueue_disable_cb(vrp->svq);
+
+ mutex_unlock(&vrp->tx_lock);
+}
+
+/**
+ * rpmsg_send_offchannel_raw() - send a message across to the remote processor
+ * @rpdev: the rpmsg channel
+ * @src: source address
+ * @dst: destination address
+ * @data: payload of message
+ * @len: length of payload
+ * @wait: indicates whether caller should block in case no TX buffers available
+ *
+ * This function is the base implementation for all of the rpmsg sending API.
+ *
+ * It will send @data of length @len to @dst, and say it's from @src. The
+ * message will be sent to the remote processor which the @rpdev channel
+ * belongs to.
+ *
+ * The message is sent using one of the TX buffers that are available for
+ * communication with this remote processor.
+ *
+ * If @wait is true, the caller will be blocked until either a TX buffer is
+ * available, or 15 seconds elapses (we don't want callers to
+ * sleep indefinitely due to misbehaving remote processors), and in that
+ * case -ERESTARTSYS is returned. The number '15' itself was picked
+ * arbitrarily; there's little point in asking drivers to provide a timeout
+ * value themselves.
+ *
+ * Otherwise, if @wait is false, and there are no TX buffers available,
+ * the function will immediately fail, and -ENOMEM will be returned.
+ *
+ * Normally drivers shouldn't use this function directly; instead, drivers
+ * should use the appropriate rpmsg_{try}send{to, _offchannel} API
+ * (see include/linux/rpmsg.h).
+ *
+ * Returns 0 on success and an appropriate error value on failure.
+ */
+int rpmsg_send_offchannel_raw(struct rpmsg_channel *rpdev, u32 src, u32 dst,
+ void *data, int len, bool wait)
+{
+ struct virtproc_info *vrp = rpdev->vrp;
+ struct device *dev = &rpdev->dev;
+ struct scatterlist sg;
+ struct rpmsg_hdr *msg;
+ int err;
+
+ /* bcasting isn't allowed */
+ if (src == RPMSG_ADDR_ANY || dst == RPMSG_ADDR_ANY) {
+ dev_err(dev, "invalid addr (src 0x%x, dst 0x%x)\n", src, dst);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * We currently use fixed-sized buffers, and therefore the payload
+ * length is limited.
+ *
+ * One of the possible improvements here is either to support
+ * user-provided buffers (and then we can also support zero-copy
+ * messaging), or to improve the buffer allocator, to support
+ * variable-length buffer sizes.
+ */
+ if (len > RPMSG_BUF_SIZE - sizeof(struct rpmsg_hdr)) {
+ dev_err(dev, "message is too big (%d)\n", len);
+ return -EMSGSIZE;
+ }
+
+ /* grab a buffer */
+ msg = get_a_tx_buf(vrp);
+ if (!msg && !wait)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ /* no free buffer ? wait for one (but bail after 15 seconds) */
+ while (!msg) {
+ /* enable "tx-complete" interrupts, if not already enabled */
+ rpmsg_upref_sleepers(vrp);
+
+ /*
+ * sleep until a free buffer is available or 15 secs elapse.
+ * the timeout period is not configurable because there's
+ * little point in asking drivers to specify that.
+ * if later this happens to be required, it'd be easy to add.
+ */
+ err = wait_event_interruptible_timeout(vrp->sendq,
+ (msg = get_a_tx_buf(vrp)),
+ msecs_to_jiffies(15000));
+
+ /* disable "tx-complete" interrupts if we're the last sleeper */
+ rpmsg_downref_sleepers(vrp);
+
+ /* timeout ? */
+ if (!err) {
+ dev_err(dev, "timeout waiting for a tx buffer\n");
+ return -ERESTARTSYS;
+ }
+ }
+
+ msg->len = len;
+ msg->flags = 0;
+ msg->src = src;
+ msg->dst = dst;
+ msg->reserved = 0;
+ memcpy(msg->data, data, len);
+
+ dev_dbg(dev, "TX From 0x%x, To 0x%x, Len %d, Flags %d, Reserved %d\n",
+ msg->src, msg->dst, msg->len,
+ msg->flags, msg->reserved);
+ print_hex_dump(KERN_DEBUG, "rpmsg_virtio TX: ", DUMP_PREFIX_NONE, 16, 1,
+ msg, sizeof(*msg) + msg->len, true);
+
+ sg_init_one(&sg, msg, sizeof(*msg) + len);
+
+ mutex_lock(&vrp->tx_lock);
+
+ /* add message to the remote processor's virtqueue */
+ err = virtqueue_add_buf_gfp(vrp->svq, &sg, 1, 0, msg, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (err < 0) {
+ /*
+ * need to reclaim the buffer here, otherwise it's lost
+ * (memory won't leak, but rpmsg won't use it again for TX).
+ * this will wait for a buffer management overhaul.
+ */
+ dev_err(dev, "virtqueue_add_buf_gfp failed: %d\n", err);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ /* tell the remote processor it has a pending message to read */
+ virtqueue_kick(vrp->svq);
+
+ err = 0;
+out:
+ mutex_unlock(&vrp->tx_lock);
+ return err;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(rpmsg_send_offchannel_raw);
+
+/* called when an rx buffer is used, and it's time to digest a message */
+static void rpmsg_recv_done(struct virtqueue *rvq)
+{
+ struct rpmsg_hdr *msg;
+ unsigned int len;
+ struct rpmsg_endpoint *ept;
+ struct scatterlist sg;
+ struct virtproc_info *vrp = rvq->vdev->priv;
+ struct device *dev = &rvq->vdev->dev;
+ int err;
+
+ msg = virtqueue_get_buf(rvq, &len);
+ if (!msg) {
+ dev_err(dev, "uhm, incoming signal, but no used buffer ?\n");
+ return;
+ }
+
+ dev_dbg(dev, "From: 0x%x, To: 0x%x, Len: %d, Flags: %d, Reserved: %d\n",
+ msg->src, msg->dst, msg->len,
+ msg->flags, msg->reserved);
+ print_hex_dump(KERN_DEBUG, "rpmsg_virtio RX: ", DUMP_PREFIX_NONE, 16, 1,
+ msg, sizeof(*msg) + msg->len, true);
+
+ /* use the dst addr to fetch the callback of the appropriate user */
+ mutex_lock(&vrp->endpoints_lock);
+ ept = idr_find(&vrp->endpoints, msg->dst);
+ mutex_unlock(&vrp->endpoints_lock);
+
+ if (ept && ept->cb)
+ ept->cb(ept->rpdev, msg->data, msg->len, ept->priv, msg->src);
+ else
+ dev_warn(dev, "msg received with no recepient\n");
+
+ sg_init_one(&sg, msg, sizeof(*msg) + len);
+
+ /* add the buffer back to the remote processor's virtqueue */
+ err = virtqueue_add_buf_gfp(vrp->rvq, &sg, 0, 1, msg, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (err < 0) {
+ dev_err(dev, "failed to add a virtqueue buffer: %d\n", err);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /* tell the remote processor we added another available rx buffer */
+ virtqueue_kick(vrp->rvq);
+}
+
+/*
+ * This is invoked whenever the remote processor completed processing
+ * a TX msg we just sent it, and the buffer is put back to the used ring.
+ *
+ * Normally, though, we suppress this "tx complete" interrupt in order to
+ * avoid the incurred overhead.
+ */
+static void rpmsg_xmit_done(struct virtqueue *svq)
+{
+ struct virtproc_info *vrp = svq->vdev->priv;
+
+ dev_dbg(&svq->vdev->dev, "%s\n", __func__);
+
+ /* wake up potential senders that are waiting for a tx buffer */
+ wake_up_interruptible(&vrp->sendq);
+}
+
+/* invoked when a name service announcement arrives */
+static void rpmsg_ns_cb(struct rpmsg_channel *rpdev, void *data, int len,
+ void *priv, u32 src)
+{
+ struct rpmsg_ns_msg *msg = data;
+ struct rpmsg_channel *newch;
+ struct rpmsg_channel_info chinfo;
+ struct virtproc_info *vrp = priv;
+ struct device *dev = &vrp->vdev->dev;
+ int ret;
+
+ print_hex_dump(KERN_DEBUG, "NS announcement: ",
+ DUMP_PREFIX_NONE, 16, 1,
+ data, len, true);
+
+ if (len != sizeof(*msg)) {
+ dev_err(dev, "malformed ns msg (%d)\n", len);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * the name service ept does _not_ belong to a real rpmsg channel,
+ * and is handled by the rpmsg bus itself.
+ * for sanity reasons, make sure a valid rpdev has _not_ sneaked
+ * in somehow.
+ */
+ if (rpdev) {
+ dev_err(dev, "anomaly: ns ept has an rpdev handle\n");
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /* don't trust the remote processor for null terminating the name */
+ msg->name[RPMSG_NAME_SIZE - 1] = '\0';
+
+ dev_info(dev, "%sing channel %s addr 0x%x\n",
+ msg->flags & RPMSG_NS_DESTROY ? "destroy" : "creat",
+ msg->name, msg->addr);
+
+ strncpy(chinfo.name, msg->name, sizeof(chinfo.name));
+ chinfo.src = RPMSG_ADDR_ANY;
+ chinfo.dst = msg->addr;
+
+ if (msg->flags & RPMSG_NS_DESTROY) {
+ ret = rpmsg_destroy_channel(vrp, &chinfo);
+ if (ret)
+ dev_err(dev, "rpmsg_destroy_channel failed: %d\n", ret);
+ } else {
+ newch = rpmsg_create_channel(vrp, &chinfo);
+ if (!newch)
+ dev_err(dev, "rpmsg_create_channel failed\n");
+ }
+}
+
+static int rpmsg_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
+{
+ vq_callback_t *vq_cbs[] = { rpmsg_recv_done, rpmsg_xmit_done };
+ const char *names[] = { "input", "output" };
+ struct virtqueue *vqs[2];
+ struct virtproc_info *vrp;
+ void *bufs_va;
+ int err = 0, i;
+
+ vrp = kzalloc(sizeof(*vrp), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!vrp)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ vrp->vdev = vdev;
+
+ idr_init(&vrp->endpoints);
+ mutex_init(&vrp->endpoints_lock);
+ mutex_init(&vrp->tx_lock);
+ init_waitqueue_head(&vrp->sendq);
+
+ /* We expect two virtqueues, rx and tx (and in this order) */
+ err = vdev->config->find_vqs(vdev, 2, vqs, vq_cbs, names);
+ if (err)
+ goto free_vrp;
+
+ vrp->rvq = vqs[0];
+ vrp->svq = vqs[1];
+
+ /* allocate coherent memory for the buffers */
+ bufs_va = dma_alloc_coherent(vdev->dev.parent, RPMSG_TOTAL_BUF_SPACE,
+ &vrp->bufs_dma, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!bufs_va)
+ goto vqs_del;
+
+ dev_dbg(&vdev->dev, "buffers: va %p, dma 0x%x\n", bufs_va,
+ vrp->bufs_dma);
+
+ /* half of the buffers is dedicated for RX */
+ vrp->rbufs = bufs_va;
+
+ /* and half is dedicated for TX */
+ vrp->sbufs = bufs_va + RPMSG_TOTAL_BUF_SPACE / 2;
+
+ /* set up the receive buffers */
+ for (i = 0; i < RPMSG_NUM_BUFS / 2; i++) {
+ struct scatterlist sg;
+ void *cpu_addr = vrp->rbufs + i * RPMSG_BUF_SIZE;
+
+ sg_init_one(&sg, cpu_addr, RPMSG_BUF_SIZE);
+
+ err = virtqueue_add_buf_gfp(vrp->rvq, &sg, 0, 1, cpu_addr,
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ WARN_ON(err < 0); /* sanity check; this can't really happen */
+ }
+
+ /* suppress "tx-complete" interrupts */
+ virtqueue_disable_cb(vrp->svq);
+
+ vdev->priv = vrp;
+
+ /* if supported by the remote processor, enable the name service */
+ if (virtio_has_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_RPMSG_F_NS)) {
+ /* a dedicated endpoint handles the name service msgs */
+ vrp->ns_ept = __rpmsg_create_ept(vrp, NULL, rpmsg_ns_cb,
+ vrp, RPMSG_NS_ADDR);
+ if (!vrp->ns_ept) {
+ dev_err(&vdev->dev, "failed to create the ns ept\n");
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+ goto free_coherent;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* tell the remote processor it can start sending messages */
+ virtqueue_kick(vrp->rvq);
+
+ dev_info(&vdev->dev, "rpmsg host is online\n");
+
+ return 0;
+
+free_coherent:
+ dma_free_coherent(vdev->dev.parent, RPMSG_TOTAL_BUF_SPACE, bufs_va,
+ vrp->bufs_dma);
+vqs_del:
+ vdev->config->del_vqs(vrp->vdev);
+free_vrp:
+ kfree(vrp);
+ return err;
+}
+
+static int rpmsg_remove_device(struct device *dev, void *data)
+{
+ device_unregister(dev);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void __devexit rpmsg_remove(struct virtio_device *vdev)
+{
+ struct virtproc_info *vrp = vdev->priv;
+ int ret;
+
+ vdev->config->reset(vdev);
+
+ ret = device_for_each_child(&vdev->dev, NULL, rpmsg_remove_device);
+ if (ret)
+ dev_warn(&vdev->dev, "can't remove rpmsg device: %d\n", ret);
+
+ idr_remove_all(&vrp->endpoints);
+ idr_destroy(&vrp->endpoints);
+
+ vdev->config->del_vqs(vrp->vdev);
+
+ dma_free_coherent(vdev->dev.parent, RPMSG_TOTAL_BUF_SPACE,
+ vrp->rbufs, vrp->bufs_dma);
+
+ kfree(vrp);
+}
+
+static struct virtio_device_id id_table[] = {
+ { VIRTIO_ID_RPMSG, VIRTIO_DEV_ANY_ID },
+ { 0 },
+};
+
+static unsigned int features[] = {
+ VIRTIO_RPMSG_F_NS,
+};
+
+static struct virtio_driver virtio_ipc_driver = {
+ .feature_table = features,
+ .feature_table_size = ARRAY_SIZE(features),
+ .driver.name = KBUILD_MODNAME,
+ .driver.owner = THIS_MODULE,
+ .id_table = id_table,
+ .probe = rpmsg_probe,
+ .remove = __devexit_p(rpmsg_remove),
+};
+
+static int __init rpmsg_init(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = bus_register(&rpmsg_bus);
+ if (ret) {
+ pr_err("failed to register rpmsg bus: %d\n", ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ ret = register_virtio_driver(&virtio_ipc_driver);
+ if (ret) {
+ pr_err("failed to register virtio driver: %d\n", ret);
+ bus_unregister(&rpmsg_bus);
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+module_init(rpmsg_init);
+
+static void __exit rpmsg_fini(void)
+{
+ unregister_virtio_driver(&virtio_ipc_driver);
+ bus_unregister(&rpmsg_bus);
+}
+module_exit(rpmsg_fini);
+
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(virtio, id_table);
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Virtio-based remote processor messaging bus");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");