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authorStephan Mueller <smueller@chronox.de>2015-02-28 20:50:00 +0100
committerHerbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>2015-03-04 22:12:39 +1300
commit400c40cf78da00c16e561a3a253ca272455c42ef (patch)
treef60d7792027d5cadfe91f0ef334191977a8b2ddd /crypto
parent7b24d97f16f561cc90eab1658100598d54a414fd (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-400c40cf78da00c16e561a3a253ca272455c42ef.tar.gz
crypto: algif - add AEAD support
This patch adds the AEAD support for AF_ALG. The implementation is based on algif_skcipher, but contains heavy modifications to streamline the interface for AEAD uses. To use AEAD, the user space consumer has to use the salg_type named "aead". The AEAD implementation includes some overhead to calculate the size of the ciphertext, because the AEAD implementation of the kernel crypto API makes implied assumption on the location of the authentication tag. When performing an encryption, the tag will be added to the created ciphertext (note, the tag is placed adjacent to the ciphertext). For decryption, the caller must hand in the ciphertext with the tag appended to the ciphertext. Therefore, the selection of the used memory needs to add/subtract the tag size from the source/destination buffers depending on the encryption type. The code is provided with comments explaining when and how that operation is performed. A fully working example using all aspects of AEAD is provided at http://www.chronox.de/libkcapi.html Signed-off-by: Stephan Mueller <smueller@chronox.de> Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
Diffstat (limited to 'crypto')
-rw-r--r--crypto/algif_aead.c666
1 files changed, 666 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/crypto/algif_aead.c b/crypto/algif_aead.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..527d27b023ab
--- /dev/null
+++ b/crypto/algif_aead.c
@@ -0,0 +1,666 @@
+/*
+ * algif_aead: User-space interface for AEAD algorithms
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2014, Stephan Mueller <smueller@chronox.de>
+ *
+ * This file provides the user-space API for AEAD ciphers.
+ *
+ * This file is derived from algif_skcipher.c.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
+ * Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option)
+ * any later version.
+ */
+
+#include <crypto/scatterwalk.h>
+#include <crypto/if_alg.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/net.h>
+#include <net/sock.h>
+
+struct aead_sg_list {
+ unsigned int cur;
+ struct scatterlist sg[ALG_MAX_PAGES];
+};
+
+struct aead_ctx {
+ struct aead_sg_list tsgl;
+ /*
+ * RSGL_MAX_ENTRIES is an artificial limit where user space at maximum
+ * can cause the kernel to allocate RSGL_MAX_ENTRIES * ALG_MAX_PAGES
+ * bytes
+ */
+#define RSGL_MAX_ENTRIES ALG_MAX_PAGES
+ struct af_alg_sgl rsgl[RSGL_MAX_ENTRIES];
+
+ void *iv;
+
+ struct af_alg_completion completion;
+
+ unsigned long used;
+
+ unsigned int len;
+ bool more;
+ bool merge;
+ bool enc;
+
+ size_t aead_assoclen;
+ struct aead_request aead_req;
+};
+
+static inline int aead_sndbuf(struct sock *sk)
+{
+ struct alg_sock *ask = alg_sk(sk);
+ struct aead_ctx *ctx = ask->private;
+
+ return max_t(int, max_t(int, sk->sk_sndbuf & PAGE_MASK, PAGE_SIZE) -
+ ctx->used, 0);
+}
+
+static inline bool aead_writable(struct sock *sk)
+{
+ return PAGE_SIZE <= aead_sndbuf(sk);
+}
+
+static inline bool aead_sufficient_data(struct aead_ctx *ctx)
+{
+ unsigned as = crypto_aead_authsize(crypto_aead_reqtfm(&ctx->aead_req));
+
+ return (ctx->used >= (ctx->aead_assoclen + (ctx->enc ? 0 : as)));
+}
+
+static void aead_put_sgl(struct sock *sk)
+{
+ struct alg_sock *ask = alg_sk(sk);
+ struct aead_ctx *ctx = ask->private;
+ struct aead_sg_list *sgl = &ctx->tsgl;
+ struct scatterlist *sg = sgl->sg;
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < sgl->cur; i++) {
+ if (!sg_page(sg + i))
+ continue;
+
+ put_page(sg_page(sg + i));
+ sg_assign_page(sg + i, NULL);
+ }
+ sgl->cur = 0;
+ ctx->used = 0;
+ ctx->more = 0;
+ ctx->merge = 0;
+}
+
+static void aead_wmem_wakeup(struct sock *sk)
+{
+ struct socket_wq *wq;
+
+ if (!aead_writable(sk))
+ return;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ wq = rcu_dereference(sk->sk_wq);
+ if (wq_has_sleeper(wq))
+ wake_up_interruptible_sync_poll(&wq->wait, POLLIN |
+ POLLRDNORM |
+ POLLRDBAND);
+ sk_wake_async(sk, SOCK_WAKE_WAITD, POLL_IN);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+}
+
+static int aead_wait_for_data(struct sock *sk, unsigned flags)
+{
+ struct alg_sock *ask = alg_sk(sk);
+ struct aead_ctx *ctx = ask->private;
+ long timeout;
+ DEFINE_WAIT(wait);
+ int err = -ERESTARTSYS;
+
+ if (flags & MSG_DONTWAIT)
+ return -EAGAIN;
+
+ set_bit(SOCK_ASYNC_WAITDATA, &sk->sk_socket->flags);
+
+ for (;;) {
+ if (signal_pending(current))
+ break;
+ prepare_to_wait(sk_sleep(sk), &wait, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
+ timeout = MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT;
+ if (sk_wait_event(sk, &timeout, !ctx->more)) {
+ err = 0;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ finish_wait(sk_sleep(sk), &wait);
+
+ clear_bit(SOCK_ASYNC_WAITDATA, &sk->sk_socket->flags);
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+static void aead_data_wakeup(struct sock *sk)
+{
+ struct alg_sock *ask = alg_sk(sk);
+ struct aead_ctx *ctx = ask->private;
+ struct socket_wq *wq;
+
+ if (ctx->more)
+ return;
+ if (!ctx->used)
+ return;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ wq = rcu_dereference(sk->sk_wq);
+ if (wq_has_sleeper(wq))
+ wake_up_interruptible_sync_poll(&wq->wait, POLLOUT |
+ POLLRDNORM |
+ POLLRDBAND);
+ sk_wake_async(sk, SOCK_WAKE_SPACE, POLL_OUT);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+}
+
+static int aead_sendmsg(struct kiocb *unused, struct socket *sock,
+ struct msghdr *msg, size_t size)
+{
+ struct sock *sk = sock->sk;
+ struct alg_sock *ask = alg_sk(sk);
+ struct aead_ctx *ctx = ask->private;
+ unsigned ivsize =
+ crypto_aead_ivsize(crypto_aead_reqtfm(&ctx->aead_req));
+ struct aead_sg_list *sgl = &ctx->tsgl;
+ struct af_alg_control con = {};
+ long copied = 0;
+ bool enc = 0;
+ bool init = 0;
+ int err = -EINVAL;
+
+ if (msg->msg_controllen) {
+ err = af_alg_cmsg_send(msg, &con);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ init = 1;
+ switch (con.op) {
+ case ALG_OP_ENCRYPT:
+ enc = 1;
+ break;
+ case ALG_OP_DECRYPT:
+ enc = 0;
+ break;
+ default:
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ if (con.iv && con.iv->ivlen != ivsize)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ lock_sock(sk);
+ if (!ctx->more && ctx->used)
+ goto unlock;
+
+ if (init) {
+ ctx->enc = enc;
+ if (con.iv)
+ memcpy(ctx->iv, con.iv->iv, ivsize);
+
+ ctx->aead_assoclen = con.aead_assoclen;
+ }
+
+ while (size) {
+ unsigned long len = size;
+ struct scatterlist *sg = NULL;
+
+ /* use the existing memory in an allocated page */
+ if (ctx->merge) {
+ sg = sgl->sg + sgl->cur - 1;
+ len = min_t(unsigned long, len,
+ PAGE_SIZE - sg->offset - sg->length);
+ err = memcpy_from_msg(page_address(sg_page(sg)) +
+ sg->offset + sg->length,
+ msg, len);
+ if (err)
+ goto unlock;
+
+ sg->length += len;
+ ctx->merge = (sg->offset + sg->length) &
+ (PAGE_SIZE - 1);
+
+ ctx->used += len;
+ copied += len;
+ size -= len;
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ if (!aead_writable(sk)) {
+ /* user space sent too much data */
+ aead_put_sgl(sk);
+ err = -EMSGSIZE;
+ goto unlock;
+ }
+
+ /* allocate a new page */
+ len = min_t(unsigned long, size, aead_sndbuf(sk));
+ while (len) {
+ int plen = 0;
+
+ if (sgl->cur >= ALG_MAX_PAGES) {
+ aead_put_sgl(sk);
+ err = -E2BIG;
+ goto unlock;
+ }
+
+ sg = sgl->sg + sgl->cur;
+ plen = min_t(int, len, PAGE_SIZE);
+
+ sg_assign_page(sg, alloc_page(GFP_KERNEL));
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+ if (!sg_page(sg))
+ goto unlock;
+
+ err = memcpy_from_msg(page_address(sg_page(sg)),
+ msg, plen);
+ if (err) {
+ __free_page(sg_page(sg));
+ sg_assign_page(sg, NULL);
+ goto unlock;
+ }
+
+ sg->offset = 0;
+ sg->length = plen;
+ len -= plen;
+ ctx->used += plen;
+ copied += plen;
+ sgl->cur++;
+ size -= plen;
+ ctx->merge = plen & (PAGE_SIZE - 1);
+ }
+ }
+
+ err = 0;
+
+ ctx->more = msg->msg_flags & MSG_MORE;
+ if (!ctx->more && !aead_sufficient_data(ctx)) {
+ aead_put_sgl(sk);
+ err = -EMSGSIZE;
+ }
+
+unlock:
+ aead_data_wakeup(sk);
+ release_sock(sk);
+
+ return err ?: copied;
+}
+
+static ssize_t aead_sendpage(struct socket *sock, struct page *page,
+ int offset, size_t size, int flags)
+{
+ struct sock *sk = sock->sk;
+ struct alg_sock *ask = alg_sk(sk);
+ struct aead_ctx *ctx = ask->private;
+ struct aead_sg_list *sgl = &ctx->tsgl;
+ int err = -EINVAL;
+
+ if (flags & MSG_SENDPAGE_NOTLAST)
+ flags |= MSG_MORE;
+
+ if (sgl->cur >= ALG_MAX_PAGES)
+ return -E2BIG;
+
+ lock_sock(sk);
+ if (!ctx->more && ctx->used)
+ goto unlock;
+
+ if (!size)
+ goto done;
+
+ if (!aead_writable(sk)) {
+ /* user space sent too much data */
+ aead_put_sgl(sk);
+ err = -EMSGSIZE;
+ goto unlock;
+ }
+
+ ctx->merge = 0;
+
+ get_page(page);
+ sg_set_page(sgl->sg + sgl->cur, page, size, offset);
+ sgl->cur++;
+ ctx->used += size;
+
+ err = 0;
+
+done:
+ ctx->more = flags & MSG_MORE;
+ if (!ctx->more && !aead_sufficient_data(ctx)) {
+ aead_put_sgl(sk);
+ err = -EMSGSIZE;
+ }
+
+unlock:
+ aead_data_wakeup(sk);
+ release_sock(sk);
+
+ return err ?: size;
+}
+
+static int aead_recvmsg(struct kiocb *unused, struct socket *sock,
+ struct msghdr *msg, size_t ignored, int flags)
+{
+ struct sock *sk = sock->sk;
+ struct alg_sock *ask = alg_sk(sk);
+ struct aead_ctx *ctx = ask->private;
+ unsigned bs = crypto_aead_blocksize(crypto_aead_reqtfm(&ctx->aead_req));
+ unsigned as = crypto_aead_authsize(crypto_aead_reqtfm(&ctx->aead_req));
+ struct aead_sg_list *sgl = &ctx->tsgl;
+ struct scatterlist *sg = NULL;
+ struct scatterlist assoc[ALG_MAX_PAGES];
+ size_t assoclen = 0;
+ unsigned int i = 0;
+ int err = -EINVAL;
+ unsigned long used = 0;
+ size_t outlen = 0;
+ size_t usedpages = 0;
+ unsigned int cnt = 0;
+
+ /* Limit number of IOV blocks to be accessed below */
+ if (msg->msg_iter.nr_segs > RSGL_MAX_ENTRIES)
+ return -ENOMSG;
+
+ lock_sock(sk);
+
+ /*
+ * AEAD memory structure: For encryption, the tag is appended to the
+ * ciphertext which implies that the memory allocated for the ciphertext
+ * must be increased by the tag length. For decryption, the tag
+ * is expected to be concatenated to the ciphertext. The plaintext
+ * therefore has a memory size of the ciphertext minus the tag length.
+ *
+ * The memory structure for cipher operation has the following
+ * structure:
+ * AEAD encryption input: assoc data || plaintext
+ * AEAD encryption output: cipherntext || auth tag
+ * AEAD decryption input: assoc data || ciphertext || auth tag
+ * AEAD decryption output: plaintext
+ */
+
+ if (ctx->more) {
+ err = aead_wait_for_data(sk, flags);
+ if (err)
+ goto unlock;
+ }
+
+ used = ctx->used;
+
+ /*
+ * Make sure sufficient data is present -- note, the same check is
+ * is also present in sendmsg/sendpage. The checks in sendpage/sendmsg
+ * shall provide an information to the data sender that something is
+ * wrong, but they are irrelevant to maintain the kernel integrity.
+ * We need this check here too in case user space decides to not honor
+ * the error message in sendmsg/sendpage and still call recvmsg. This
+ * check here protects the kernel integrity.
+ */
+ if (!aead_sufficient_data(ctx))
+ goto unlock;
+
+ /*
+ * The cipher operation input data is reduced by the associated data
+ * length as this data is processed separately later on.
+ */
+ used -= ctx->aead_assoclen;
+
+ if (ctx->enc) {
+ /* round up output buffer to multiple of block size */
+ outlen = ((used + bs - 1) / bs * bs);
+ /* add the size needed for the auth tag to be created */
+ outlen += as;
+ } else {
+ /* output data size is input without the authentication tag */
+ outlen = used - as;
+ /* round up output buffer to multiple of block size */
+ outlen = ((outlen + bs - 1) / bs * bs);
+ }
+
+ /* convert iovecs of output buffers into scatterlists */
+ while (iov_iter_count(&msg->msg_iter)) {
+ size_t seglen = min_t(size_t, iov_iter_count(&msg->msg_iter),
+ (outlen - usedpages));
+
+ /* make one iovec available as scatterlist */
+ err = af_alg_make_sg(&ctx->rsgl[cnt], &msg->msg_iter,
+ seglen);
+ if (err < 0)
+ goto unlock;
+ usedpages += err;
+ /* chain the new scatterlist with initial list */
+ if (cnt)
+ scatterwalk_crypto_chain(ctx->rsgl[0].sg,
+ ctx->rsgl[cnt].sg, 1,
+ sg_nents(ctx->rsgl[cnt-1].sg));
+ /* we do not need more iovecs as we have sufficient memory */
+ if (outlen <= usedpages)
+ break;
+ iov_iter_advance(&msg->msg_iter, err);
+ cnt++;
+ }
+
+ err = -EINVAL;
+ /* ensure output buffer is sufficiently large */
+ if (usedpages < outlen)
+ goto unlock;
+
+ sg_init_table(assoc, ALG_MAX_PAGES);
+ assoclen = ctx->aead_assoclen;
+ /*
+ * Split scatterlist into two: first part becomes AD, second part
+ * is plaintext / ciphertext. The first part is assigned to assoc
+ * scatterlist. When this loop finishes, sg points to the start of the
+ * plaintext / ciphertext.
+ */
+ for (i = 0; i < ctx->tsgl.cur; i++) {
+ sg = sgl->sg + i;
+ if (sg->length <= assoclen) {
+ /* AD is larger than one page */
+ sg_set_page(assoc + i, sg_page(sg),
+ sg->length, sg->offset);
+ assoclen -= sg->length;
+ if (i >= ctx->tsgl.cur)
+ goto unlock;
+ } else if (!assoclen) {
+ /* current page is to start of plaintext / ciphertext */
+ if (i)
+ /* AD terminates at page boundary */
+ sg_mark_end(assoc + i - 1);
+ else
+ /* AD size is zero */
+ sg_mark_end(assoc);
+ break;
+ } else {
+ /* AD does not terminate at page boundary */
+ sg_set_page(assoc + i, sg_page(sg),
+ assoclen, sg->offset);
+ sg_mark_end(assoc + i);
+ /* plaintext / ciphertext starts after AD */
+ sg->length -= assoclen;
+ sg->offset += assoclen;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ aead_request_set_assoc(&ctx->aead_req, assoc, ctx->aead_assoclen);
+ aead_request_set_crypt(&ctx->aead_req, sg, ctx->rsgl[0].sg, used,
+ ctx->iv);
+
+ err = af_alg_wait_for_completion(ctx->enc ?
+ crypto_aead_encrypt(&ctx->aead_req) :
+ crypto_aead_decrypt(&ctx->aead_req),
+ &ctx->completion);
+
+ if (err) {
+ /* EBADMSG implies a valid cipher operation took place */
+ if (err == -EBADMSG)
+ aead_put_sgl(sk);
+ goto unlock;
+ }
+
+ aead_put_sgl(sk);
+
+ err = 0;
+
+unlock:
+ for (i = 0; i < cnt; i++)
+ af_alg_free_sg(&ctx->rsgl[i]);
+
+ aead_wmem_wakeup(sk);
+ release_sock(sk);
+
+ return err ? err : outlen;
+}
+
+static unsigned int aead_poll(struct file *file, struct socket *sock,
+ poll_table *wait)
+{
+ struct sock *sk = sock->sk;
+ struct alg_sock *ask = alg_sk(sk);
+ struct aead_ctx *ctx = ask->private;
+ unsigned int mask;
+
+ sock_poll_wait(file, sk_sleep(sk), wait);
+ mask = 0;
+
+ if (!ctx->more)
+ mask |= POLLIN | POLLRDNORM;
+
+ if (aead_writable(sk))
+ mask |= POLLOUT | POLLWRNORM | POLLWRBAND;
+
+ return mask;
+}
+
+static struct proto_ops algif_aead_ops = {
+ .family = PF_ALG,
+
+ .connect = sock_no_connect,
+ .socketpair = sock_no_socketpair,
+ .getname = sock_no_getname,
+ .ioctl = sock_no_ioctl,
+ .listen = sock_no_listen,
+ .shutdown = sock_no_shutdown,
+ .getsockopt = sock_no_getsockopt,
+ .mmap = sock_no_mmap,
+ .bind = sock_no_bind,
+ .accept = sock_no_accept,
+ .setsockopt = sock_no_setsockopt,
+
+ .release = af_alg_release,
+ .sendmsg = aead_sendmsg,
+ .sendpage = aead_sendpage,
+ .recvmsg = aead_recvmsg,
+ .poll = aead_poll,
+};
+
+static void *aead_bind(const char *name, u32 type, u32 mask)
+{
+ return crypto_alloc_aead(name, type, mask);
+}
+
+static void aead_release(void *private)
+{
+ crypto_free_aead(private);
+}
+
+static int aead_setauthsize(void *private, unsigned int authsize)
+{
+ return crypto_aead_setauthsize(private, authsize);
+}
+
+static int aead_setkey(void *private, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen)
+{
+ return crypto_aead_setkey(private, key, keylen);
+}
+
+static void aead_sock_destruct(struct sock *sk)
+{
+ struct alg_sock *ask = alg_sk(sk);
+ struct aead_ctx *ctx = ask->private;
+ unsigned int ivlen = crypto_aead_ivsize(
+ crypto_aead_reqtfm(&ctx->aead_req));
+
+ aead_put_sgl(sk);
+ sock_kzfree_s(sk, ctx->iv, ivlen);
+ sock_kfree_s(sk, ctx, ctx->len);
+ af_alg_release_parent(sk);
+}
+
+static int aead_accept_parent(void *private, struct sock *sk)
+{
+ struct aead_ctx *ctx;
+ struct alg_sock *ask = alg_sk(sk);
+ unsigned int len = sizeof(*ctx) + crypto_aead_reqsize(private);
+ unsigned int ivlen = crypto_aead_ivsize(private);
+
+ ctx = sock_kmalloc(sk, len, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!ctx)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ memset(ctx, 0, len);
+
+ ctx->iv = sock_kmalloc(sk, ivlen, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!ctx->iv) {
+ sock_kfree_s(sk, ctx, len);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+ memset(ctx->iv, 0, ivlen);
+
+ ctx->len = len;
+ ctx->used = 0;
+ ctx->more = 0;
+ ctx->merge = 0;
+ ctx->enc = 0;
+ ctx->tsgl.cur = 0;
+ ctx->aead_assoclen = 0;
+ af_alg_init_completion(&ctx->completion);
+ sg_init_table(ctx->tsgl.sg, ALG_MAX_PAGES);
+
+ ask->private = ctx;
+
+ aead_request_set_tfm(&ctx->aead_req, private);
+ aead_request_set_callback(&ctx->aead_req, CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_BACKLOG,
+ af_alg_complete, &ctx->completion);
+
+ sk->sk_destruct = aead_sock_destruct;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct af_alg_type algif_type_aead = {
+ .bind = aead_bind,
+ .release = aead_release,
+ .setkey = aead_setkey,
+ .setauthsize = aead_setauthsize,
+ .accept = aead_accept_parent,
+ .ops = &algif_aead_ops,
+ .name = "aead",
+ .owner = THIS_MODULE
+};
+
+static int __init algif_aead_init(void)
+{
+ return af_alg_register_type(&algif_type_aead);
+}
+
+static void __exit algif_aead_exit(void)
+{
+ int err = af_alg_unregister_type(&algif_type_aead);
+ BUG_ON(err);
+}
+
+module_init(algif_aead_init);
+module_exit(algif_aead_exit);
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Stephan Mueller <smueller@chronox.de>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("AEAD kernel crypto API user space interface");