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authorJens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>2013-10-24 09:20:05 +0100
committerJens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>2013-10-25 11:56:00 +0100
commit320ae51feed5c2f13664aa05a76bec198967e04d (patch)
treead37ccbcc5ddb1c9c19e48965bf8fec1b05217dc /block/blk-core.c
parent1dddc01af0d42b21058e0cb9c1ca9e8d5204d9b0 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-320ae51feed5c2f13664aa05a76bec198967e04d.tar.gz
blk-mq: new multi-queue block IO queueing mechanism
Linux currently has two models for block devices: - The classic request_fn based approach, where drivers use struct request units for IO. The block layer provides various helper functionalities to let drivers share code, things like tag management, timeout handling, queueing, etc. - The "stacked" approach, where a driver squeezes in between the block layer and IO submitter. Since this bypasses the IO stack, driver generally have to manage everything themselves. With drivers being written for new high IOPS devices, the classic request_fn based driver doesn't work well enough. The design dates back to when both SMP and high IOPS was rare. It has problems with scaling to bigger machines, and runs into scaling issues even on smaller machines when you have IOPS in the hundreds of thousands per device. The stacked approach is then most often selected as the model for the driver. But this means that everybody has to re-invent everything, and along with that we get all the problems again that the shared approach solved. This commit introduces blk-mq, block multi queue support. The design is centered around per-cpu queues for queueing IO, which then funnel down into x number of hardware submission queues. We might have a 1:1 mapping between the two, or it might be an N:M mapping. That all depends on what the hardware supports. blk-mq provides various helper functions, which include: - Scalable support for request tagging. Most devices need to be able to uniquely identify a request both in the driver and to the hardware. The tagging uses per-cpu caches for freed tags, to enable cache hot reuse. - Timeout handling without tracking request on a per-device basis. Basically the driver should be able to get a notification, if a request happens to fail. - Optional support for non 1:1 mappings between issue and submission queues. blk-mq can redirect IO completions to the desired location. - Support for per-request payloads. Drivers almost always need to associate a request structure with some driver private command structure. Drivers can tell blk-mq this at init time, and then any request handed to the driver will have the required size of memory associated with it. - Support for merging of IO, and plugging. The stacked model gets neither of these. Even for high IOPS devices, merging sequential IO reduces per-command overhead and thus increases bandwidth. For now, this is provided as a potential 3rd queueing model, with the hope being that, as it matures, it can replace both the classic and stacked model. That would get us back to having just 1 real model for block devices, leaving the stacked approach to dm/md devices (as it was originally intended). Contributions in this patch from the following people: Shaohua Li <shli@fusionio.com> Alexander Gordeev <agordeev@redhat.com> Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org> Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu> Matias Bjorling <m@bjorling.me> Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com> Acked-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Diffstat (limited to 'block/blk-core.c')
-rw-r--r--block/blk-core.c142
1 files changed, 84 insertions, 58 deletions
diff --git a/block/blk-core.c b/block/blk-core.c
index 18faa7e81d3b..3bb9e9f7f87e 100644
--- a/block/blk-core.c
+++ b/block/blk-core.c
@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/bio.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/blk-mq.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
@@ -48,7 +49,7 @@ DEFINE_IDA(blk_queue_ida);
/*
* For the allocated request tables
*/
-static struct kmem_cache *request_cachep;
+struct kmem_cache *request_cachep = NULL;
/*
* For queue allocation
@@ -60,42 +61,6 @@ struct kmem_cache *blk_requestq_cachep;
*/
static struct workqueue_struct *kblockd_workqueue;
-static void drive_stat_acct(struct request *rq, int new_io)
-{
- struct hd_struct *part;
- int rw = rq_data_dir(rq);
- int cpu;
-
- if (!blk_do_io_stat(rq))
- return;
-
- cpu = part_stat_lock();
-
- if (!new_io) {
- part = rq->part;
- part_stat_inc(cpu, part, merges[rw]);
- } else {
- part = disk_map_sector_rcu(rq->rq_disk, blk_rq_pos(rq));
- if (!hd_struct_try_get(part)) {
- /*
- * The partition is already being removed,
- * the request will be accounted on the disk only
- *
- * We take a reference on disk->part0 although that
- * partition will never be deleted, so we can treat
- * it as any other partition.
- */
- part = &rq->rq_disk->part0;
- hd_struct_get(part);
- }
- part_round_stats(cpu, part);
- part_inc_in_flight(part, rw);
- rq->part = part;
- }
-
- part_stat_unlock();
-}
-
void blk_queue_congestion_threshold(struct request_queue *q)
{
int nr;
@@ -594,9 +559,12 @@ struct request_queue *blk_alloc_queue_node(gfp_t gfp_mask, int node_id)
if (!q)
return NULL;
+ if (percpu_counter_init(&q->mq_usage_counter, 0))
+ goto fail_q;
+
q->id = ida_simple_get(&blk_queue_ida, 0, 0, gfp_mask);
if (q->id < 0)
- goto fail_q;
+ goto fail_c;
q->backing_dev_info.ra_pages =
(VM_MAX_READAHEAD * 1024) / PAGE_CACHE_SIZE;
@@ -643,6 +611,8 @@ struct request_queue *blk_alloc_queue_node(gfp_t gfp_mask, int node_id)
q->bypass_depth = 1;
__set_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_BYPASS, &q->queue_flags);
+ init_waitqueue_head(&q->mq_freeze_wq);
+
if (blkcg_init_queue(q))
goto fail_id;
@@ -650,6 +620,8 @@ struct request_queue *blk_alloc_queue_node(gfp_t gfp_mask, int node_id)
fail_id:
ida_simple_remove(&blk_queue_ida, q->id);
+fail_c:
+ percpu_counter_destroy(&q->mq_usage_counter);
fail_q:
kmem_cache_free(blk_requestq_cachep, q);
return NULL;
@@ -1108,7 +1080,8 @@ retry:
goto retry;
}
-struct request *blk_get_request(struct request_queue *q, int rw, gfp_t gfp_mask)
+static struct request *blk_old_get_request(struct request_queue *q, int rw,
+ gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
struct request *rq;
@@ -1125,6 +1098,14 @@ struct request *blk_get_request(struct request_queue *q, int rw, gfp_t gfp_mask)
return rq;
}
+
+struct request *blk_get_request(struct request_queue *q, int rw, gfp_t gfp_mask)
+{
+ if (q->mq_ops)
+ return blk_mq_alloc_request(q, rw, gfp_mask);
+ else
+ return blk_old_get_request(q, rw, gfp_mask);
+}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_get_request);
/**
@@ -1210,7 +1191,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_requeue_request);
static void add_acct_request(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq,
int where)
{
- drive_stat_acct(rq, 1);
+ blk_account_io_start(rq, true);
__elv_add_request(q, rq, where);
}
@@ -1299,12 +1280,17 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__blk_put_request);
void blk_put_request(struct request *req)
{
- unsigned long flags;
struct request_queue *q = req->q;
- spin_lock_irqsave(q->queue_lock, flags);
- __blk_put_request(q, req);
- spin_unlock_irqrestore(q->queue_lock, flags);
+ if (q->mq_ops)
+ blk_mq_free_request(req);
+ else {
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(q->queue_lock, flags);
+ __blk_put_request(q, req);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(q->queue_lock, flags);
+ }
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_put_request);
@@ -1340,8 +1326,8 @@ void blk_add_request_payload(struct request *rq, struct page *page,
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_add_request_payload);
-static bool bio_attempt_back_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *req,
- struct bio *bio)
+bool bio_attempt_back_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *req,
+ struct bio *bio)
{
const int ff = bio->bi_rw & REQ_FAILFAST_MASK;
@@ -1358,12 +1344,12 @@ static bool bio_attempt_back_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *req,
req->__data_len += bio->bi_size;
req->ioprio = ioprio_best(req->ioprio, bio_prio(bio));
- drive_stat_acct(req, 0);
+ blk_account_io_start(req, false);
return true;
}
-static bool bio_attempt_front_merge(struct request_queue *q,
- struct request *req, struct bio *bio)
+bool bio_attempt_front_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *req,
+ struct bio *bio)
{
const int ff = bio->bi_rw & REQ_FAILFAST_MASK;
@@ -1388,12 +1374,12 @@ static bool bio_attempt_front_merge(struct request_queue *q,
req->__data_len += bio->bi_size;
req->ioprio = ioprio_best(req->ioprio, bio_prio(bio));
- drive_stat_acct(req, 0);
+ blk_account_io_start(req, false);
return true;
}
/**
- * attempt_plug_merge - try to merge with %current's plugged list
+ * blk_attempt_plug_merge - try to merge with %current's plugged list
* @q: request_queue new bio is being queued at
* @bio: new bio being queued
* @request_count: out parameter for number of traversed plugged requests
@@ -1409,8 +1395,8 @@ static bool bio_attempt_front_merge(struct request_queue *q,
* reliable access to the elevator outside queue lock. Only check basic
* merging parameters without querying the elevator.
*/
-static bool attempt_plug_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio,
- unsigned int *request_count)
+bool blk_attempt_plug_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio,
+ unsigned int *request_count)
{
struct blk_plug *plug;
struct request *rq;
@@ -1489,7 +1475,7 @@ void blk_queue_bio(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio)
* Check if we can merge with the plugged list before grabbing
* any locks.
*/
- if (attempt_plug_merge(q, bio, &request_count))
+ if (blk_attempt_plug_merge(q, bio, &request_count))
return;
spin_lock_irq(q->queue_lock);
@@ -1557,7 +1543,7 @@ get_rq:
}
}
list_add_tail(&req->queuelist, &plug->list);
- drive_stat_acct(req, 1);
+ blk_account_io_start(req, true);
} else {
spin_lock_irq(q->queue_lock);
add_acct_request(q, req, where);
@@ -2011,7 +1997,7 @@ unsigned int blk_rq_err_bytes(const struct request *rq)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_rq_err_bytes);
-static void blk_account_io_completion(struct request *req, unsigned int bytes)
+void blk_account_io_completion(struct request *req, unsigned int bytes)
{
if (blk_do_io_stat(req)) {
const int rw = rq_data_dir(req);
@@ -2025,7 +2011,7 @@ static void blk_account_io_completion(struct request *req, unsigned int bytes)
}
}
-static void blk_account_io_done(struct request *req)
+void blk_account_io_done(struct request *req)
{
/*
* Account IO completion. flush_rq isn't accounted as a
@@ -2073,6 +2059,42 @@ static inline struct request *blk_pm_peek_request(struct request_queue *q,
}
#endif
+void blk_account_io_start(struct request *rq, bool new_io)
+{
+ struct hd_struct *part;
+ int rw = rq_data_dir(rq);
+ int cpu;
+
+ if (!blk_do_io_stat(rq))
+ return;
+
+ cpu = part_stat_lock();
+
+ if (!new_io) {
+ part = rq->part;
+ part_stat_inc(cpu, part, merges[rw]);
+ } else {
+ part = disk_map_sector_rcu(rq->rq_disk, blk_rq_pos(rq));
+ if (!hd_struct_try_get(part)) {
+ /*
+ * The partition is already being removed,
+ * the request will be accounted on the disk only
+ *
+ * We take a reference on disk->part0 although that
+ * partition will never be deleted, so we can treat
+ * it as any other partition.
+ */
+ part = &rq->rq_disk->part0;
+ hd_struct_get(part);
+ }
+ part_round_stats(cpu, part);
+ part_inc_in_flight(part, rw);
+ rq->part = part;
+ }
+
+ part_stat_unlock();
+}
+
/**
* blk_peek_request - peek at the top of a request queue
* @q: request queue to peek at
@@ -2448,7 +2470,6 @@ static void blk_finish_request(struct request *req, int error)
if (req->cmd_flags & REQ_DONTPREP)
blk_unprep_request(req);
-
blk_account_io_done(req);
if (req->end_io)
@@ -2870,6 +2891,7 @@ void blk_start_plug(struct blk_plug *plug)
plug->magic = PLUG_MAGIC;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&plug->list);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&plug->mq_list);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&plug->cb_list);
/*
@@ -2967,6 +2989,10 @@ void blk_flush_plug_list(struct blk_plug *plug, bool from_schedule)
BUG_ON(plug->magic != PLUG_MAGIC);
flush_plug_callbacks(plug, from_schedule);
+
+ if (!list_empty(&plug->mq_list))
+ blk_mq_flush_plug_list(plug, from_schedule);
+
if (list_empty(&plug->list))
return;