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authorDaniel Thompson <daniel.thompson@linaro.org>2014-09-17 17:12:06 +0100
committerRussell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>2014-09-18 00:35:18 +0100
commitc0e7f7ee717e2b4c5791e7422424c96b5008c39e (patch)
treebc04f72e3004ff8873f9cb842fd91c17e35e90d0 /arch
parent9e82bf014195d6f0054982c463575cdce24292be (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-c0e7f7ee717e2b4c5791e7422424c96b5008c39e.tar.gz
ARM: 8150/3: fiq: Replace default FIQ handler
This patch introduces a new default FIQ handler that is structured in a similar way to the existing ARM exception handler and result in the FIQ being handled by C code running on the SVC stack (despite this code run in the FIQ handler is subject to severe limitations with respect to locking making normal interaction with the kernel impossible). This default handler allows concepts that on x86 would be handled using NMIs to be realized on ARM. Credit: This patch is a near complete re-write of a patch originally provided by Anton Vorontsov. Today only a couple of small fragments survive, however without Anton's work to build from this patch would not exist. Thanks also to Russell King for spoonfeeding me a variety of fixes during the review cycle. Signed-off-by: Daniel Thompson <daniel.thompson@linaro.org> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Acked-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch')
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/kernel/entry-armv.S98
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/kernel/entry-header.S47
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/kernel/fiq.c17
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/kernel/setup.c8
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/kernel/traps.c26
5 files changed, 180 insertions, 16 deletions
diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/entry-armv.S b/arch/arm/kernel/entry-armv.S
index 36276cdccfbc..859f56cb122b 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kernel/entry-armv.S
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/entry-armv.S
@@ -146,7 +146,7 @@ ENDPROC(__und_invalid)
#define SPFIX(code...)
#endif
- .macro svc_entry, stack_hole=0
+ .macro svc_entry, stack_hole=0, trace=1
UNWIND(.fnstart )
UNWIND(.save {r0 - pc} )
sub sp, sp, #(S_FRAME_SIZE + \stack_hole - 4)
@@ -182,9 +182,11 @@ ENDPROC(__und_invalid)
@
stmia r7, {r2 - r6}
+ .if \trace
#ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS
bl trace_hardirqs_off
#endif
+ .endif
.endm
.align 5
@@ -295,6 +297,15 @@ __pabt_svc:
ENDPROC(__pabt_svc)
.align 5
+__fiq_svc:
+ svc_entry trace=0
+ mov r0, sp @ struct pt_regs *regs
+ bl handle_fiq_as_nmi
+ svc_exit_via_fiq
+ UNWIND(.fnend )
+ENDPROC(__fiq_svc)
+
+ .align 5
.LCcralign:
.word cr_alignment
#ifdef MULTI_DABORT
@@ -305,6 +316,46 @@ ENDPROC(__pabt_svc)
.word fp_enter
/*
+ * Abort mode handlers
+ */
+
+@
+@ Taking a FIQ in abort mode is similar to taking a FIQ in SVC mode
+@ and reuses the same macros. However in abort mode we must also
+@ save/restore lr_abt and spsr_abt to make nested aborts safe.
+@
+ .align 5
+__fiq_abt:
+ svc_entry trace=0
+
+ ARM( msr cpsr_c, #ABT_MODE | PSR_I_BIT | PSR_F_BIT )
+ THUMB( mov r0, #ABT_MODE | PSR_I_BIT | PSR_F_BIT )
+ THUMB( msr cpsr_c, r0 )
+ mov r1, lr @ Save lr_abt
+ mrs r2, spsr @ Save spsr_abt, abort is now safe
+ ARM( msr cpsr_c, #SVC_MODE | PSR_I_BIT | PSR_F_BIT )
+ THUMB( mov r0, #SVC_MODE | PSR_I_BIT | PSR_F_BIT )
+ THUMB( msr cpsr_c, r0 )
+ stmfd sp!, {r1 - r2}
+
+ add r0, sp, #8 @ struct pt_regs *regs
+ bl handle_fiq_as_nmi
+
+ ldmfd sp!, {r1 - r2}
+ ARM( msr cpsr_c, #ABT_MODE | PSR_I_BIT | PSR_F_BIT )
+ THUMB( mov r0, #ABT_MODE | PSR_I_BIT | PSR_F_BIT )
+ THUMB( msr cpsr_c, r0 )
+ mov lr, r1 @ Restore lr_abt, abort is unsafe
+ msr spsr_cxsf, r2 @ Restore spsr_abt
+ ARM( msr cpsr_c, #SVC_MODE | PSR_I_BIT | PSR_F_BIT )
+ THUMB( mov r0, #SVC_MODE | PSR_I_BIT | PSR_F_BIT )
+ THUMB( msr cpsr_c, r0 )
+
+ svc_exit_via_fiq
+ UNWIND(.fnend )
+ENDPROC(__fiq_abt)
+
+/*
* User mode handlers
*
* EABI note: sp_svc is always 64-bit aligned here, so should S_FRAME_SIZE
@@ -314,7 +365,7 @@ ENDPROC(__pabt_svc)
#error "sizeof(struct pt_regs) must be a multiple of 8"
#endif
- .macro usr_entry
+ .macro usr_entry, trace=1
UNWIND(.fnstart )
UNWIND(.cantunwind ) @ don't unwind the user space
sub sp, sp, #S_FRAME_SIZE
@@ -351,10 +402,12 @@ ENDPROC(__pabt_svc)
@
zero_fp
+ .if \trace
#ifdef CONFIG_IRQSOFF_TRACER
bl trace_hardirqs_off
#endif
ct_user_exit save = 0
+ .endif
.endm
.macro kuser_cmpxchg_check
@@ -683,6 +736,17 @@ ENTRY(ret_from_exception)
ENDPROC(__pabt_usr)
ENDPROC(ret_from_exception)
+ .align 5
+__fiq_usr:
+ usr_entry trace=0
+ kuser_cmpxchg_check
+ mov r0, sp @ struct pt_regs *regs
+ bl handle_fiq_as_nmi
+ get_thread_info tsk
+ restore_user_regs fast = 0, offset = 0
+ UNWIND(.fnend )
+ENDPROC(__fiq_usr)
+
/*
* Register switch for ARMv3 and ARMv4 processors
* r0 = previous task_struct, r1 = previous thread_info, r2 = next thread_info
@@ -1118,17 +1182,29 @@ vector_addrexcptn:
b vector_addrexcptn
/*=============================================================================
- * Undefined FIQs
+ * FIQ "NMI" handler
*-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
- * Enter in FIQ mode, spsr = ANY CPSR, lr = ANY PC
- * MUST PRESERVE SVC SPSR, but need to switch to SVC mode to show our msg.
- * Basically to switch modes, we *HAVE* to clobber one register... brain
- * damage alert! I don't think that we can execute any code in here in any
- * other mode than FIQ... Ok you can switch to another mode, but you can't
- * get out of that mode without clobbering one register.
+ * Handle a FIQ using the SVC stack allowing FIQ act like NMI on x86
+ * systems.
*/
-vector_fiq:
- subs pc, lr, #4
+ vector_stub fiq, FIQ_MODE, 4
+
+ .long __fiq_usr @ 0 (USR_26 / USR_32)
+ .long __fiq_svc @ 1 (FIQ_26 / FIQ_32)
+ .long __fiq_svc @ 2 (IRQ_26 / IRQ_32)
+ .long __fiq_svc @ 3 (SVC_26 / SVC_32)
+ .long __fiq_svc @ 4
+ .long __fiq_svc @ 5
+ .long __fiq_svc @ 6
+ .long __fiq_abt @ 7
+ .long __fiq_svc @ 8
+ .long __fiq_svc @ 9
+ .long __fiq_svc @ a
+ .long __fiq_svc @ b
+ .long __fiq_svc @ c
+ .long __fiq_svc @ d
+ .long __fiq_svc @ e
+ .long __fiq_svc @ f
.globl vector_fiq_offset
.equ vector_fiq_offset, vector_fiq
diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/entry-header.S b/arch/arm/kernel/entry-header.S
index 2fdf8679b46e..0d91ca05d55b 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kernel/entry-header.S
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/entry-header.S
@@ -216,6 +216,34 @@
ldmia sp, {r0 - pc}^ @ load r0 - pc, cpsr
.endm
+ @
+ @ svc_exit_via_fiq - like svc_exit but switches to FIQ mode before exit
+ @
+ @ This macro acts in a similar manner to svc_exit but switches to FIQ
+ @ mode to restore the final part of the register state.
+ @
+ @ We cannot use the normal svc_exit procedure because that would
+ @ clobber spsr_svc (FIQ could be delivered during the first few
+ @ instructions of vector_swi meaning its contents have not been
+ @ saved anywhere).
+ @
+ @ Note that, unlike svc_exit, this macro also does not allow a caller
+ @ supplied rpsr. This is because the FIQ exceptions are not re-entrant
+ @ and the handlers cannot call into the scheduler (meaning the value
+ @ on the stack remains correct).
+ @
+ .macro svc_exit_via_fiq
+ mov r0, sp
+ ldmib r0, {r1 - r14} @ abort is deadly from here onward (it will
+ @ clobber state restored below)
+ msr cpsr_c, #FIQ_MODE | PSR_I_BIT | PSR_F_BIT
+ add r8, r0, #S_PC
+ ldr r9, [r0, #S_PSR]
+ msr spsr_cxsf, r9
+ ldr r0, [r0, #S_R0]
+ ldmia r8, {pc}^
+ .endm
+
.macro restore_user_regs, fast = 0, offset = 0
ldr r1, [sp, #\offset + S_PSR] @ get calling cpsr
ldr lr, [sp, #\offset + S_PC]! @ get pc
@@ -267,6 +295,25 @@
rfeia sp!
.endm
+ @
+ @ svc_exit_via_fiq - like svc_exit but switches to FIQ mode before exit
+ @
+ @ For full details see non-Thumb implementation above.
+ @
+ .macro svc_exit_via_fiq
+ add r0, sp, #S_R2
+ ldr lr, [sp, #S_LR]
+ ldr sp, [sp, #S_SP] @ abort is deadly from here onward (it will
+ @ clobber state restored below)
+ ldmia r0, {r2 - r12}
+ mov r1, #FIQ_MODE | PSR_I_BIT | PSR_F_BIT
+ msr cpsr_c, r1
+ sub r0, #S_R2
+ add r8, r0, #S_PC
+ ldmia r0, {r0 - r1}
+ rfeia r8
+ .endm
+
#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_V7M
/*
* Note we don't need to do clrex here as clearing the local monitor is
diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/fiq.c b/arch/arm/kernel/fiq.c
index 918875d96d5d..b37752a96652 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kernel/fiq.c
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/fiq.c
@@ -52,7 +52,8 @@
(unsigned)&vector_fiq_offset; \
})
-static unsigned long no_fiq_insn;
+static unsigned long dfl_fiq_insn;
+static struct pt_regs dfl_fiq_regs;
/* Default reacquire function
* - we always relinquish FIQ control
@@ -60,8 +61,15 @@ static unsigned long no_fiq_insn;
*/
static int fiq_def_op(void *ref, int relinquish)
{
- if (!relinquish)
- set_fiq_handler(&no_fiq_insn, sizeof(no_fiq_insn));
+ if (!relinquish) {
+ /* Restore default handler and registers */
+ local_fiq_disable();
+ set_fiq_regs(&dfl_fiq_regs);
+ set_fiq_handler(&dfl_fiq_insn, sizeof(dfl_fiq_insn));
+ local_fiq_enable();
+
+ /* FIXME: notify irq controller to standard enable FIQs */
+ }
return 0;
}
@@ -150,6 +158,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(disable_fiq);
void __init init_FIQ(int start)
{
unsigned offset = FIQ_OFFSET;
- no_fiq_insn = *(unsigned long *)(0xffff0000 + offset);
+ dfl_fiq_insn = *(unsigned long *)(0xffff0000 + offset);
+ get_fiq_regs(&dfl_fiq_regs);
fiq_start = start;
}
diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/setup.c b/arch/arm/kernel/setup.c
index 84db893dedc2..c03106378b49 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kernel/setup.c
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/setup.c
@@ -133,6 +133,7 @@ struct stack {
u32 irq[3];
u32 abt[3];
u32 und[3];
+ u32 fiq[3];
} ____cacheline_aligned;
#ifndef CONFIG_CPU_V7M
@@ -470,7 +471,10 @@ void notrace cpu_init(void)
"msr cpsr_c, %5\n\t"
"add r14, %0, %6\n\t"
"mov sp, r14\n\t"
- "msr cpsr_c, %7"
+ "msr cpsr_c, %7\n\t"
+ "add r14, %0, %8\n\t"
+ "mov sp, r14\n\t"
+ "msr cpsr_c, %9"
:
: "r" (stk),
PLC (PSR_F_BIT | PSR_I_BIT | IRQ_MODE),
@@ -479,6 +483,8 @@ void notrace cpu_init(void)
"I" (offsetof(struct stack, abt[0])),
PLC (PSR_F_BIT | PSR_I_BIT | UND_MODE),
"I" (offsetof(struct stack, und[0])),
+ PLC (PSR_F_BIT | PSR_I_BIT | FIQ_MODE),
+ "I" (offsetof(struct stack, fiq[0])),
PLC (PSR_F_BIT | PSR_I_BIT | SVC_MODE)
: "r14");
#endif
diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/traps.c b/arch/arm/kernel/traps.c
index c8e4bb714944..58348631671d 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kernel/traps.c
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/traps.c
@@ -25,6 +25,7 @@
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/irq.h>
#include <linux/atomic.h>
#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
@@ -467,6 +468,31 @@ asmlinkage void do_unexp_fiq (struct pt_regs *regs)
}
/*
+ * Handle FIQ similarly to NMI on x86 systems.
+ *
+ * The runtime environment for NMIs is extremely restrictive
+ * (NMIs can pre-empt critical sections meaning almost all locking is
+ * forbidden) meaning this default FIQ handling must only be used in
+ * circumstances where non-maskability improves robustness, such as
+ * watchdog or debug logic.
+ *
+ * This handler is not appropriate for general purpose use in drivers
+ * platform code and can be overrideen using set_fiq_handler.
+ */
+asmlinkage void __exception_irq_entry handle_fiq_as_nmi(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct pt_regs *old_regs = set_irq_regs(regs);
+
+ nmi_enter();
+
+ /* nop. FIQ handlers for special arch/arm features can be added here. */
+
+ nmi_exit();
+
+ set_irq_regs(old_regs);
+}
+
+/*
* bad_mode handles the impossible case in the vectors. If you see one of
* these, then it's extremely serious, and could mean you have buggy hardware.
* It never returns, and never tries to sync. We hope that we can at least