path: root/arch
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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2012-05-26 10:43:17 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2012-05-26 11:33:40 -0700
commit36126f8f2ed8168eb13aa0662b9b9585cba100a9 (patch)
tree543f6b6ab60dd3e47af931142aa84f0ba7749d43 /arch
parent4ae73f2d53255c388d50bf83c1681112a6f9cba1 (diff)
word-at-a-time: make the interfaces truly generic
This changes the interfaces in <asm/word-at-a-time.h> to be a bit more complicated, but a lot more generic. In particular, it allows us to really do the operations efficiently on both little-endian and big-endian machines, pretty much regardless of machine details. For example, if you can rely on a fast population count instruction on your architecture, this will allow you to make your optimized <asm/word-at-a-time.h> file with that. NOTE! The "generic" version in include/asm-generic/word-at-a-time.h is not truly generic, it actually only works on big-endian. Why? Because on little-endian the generic algorithms are wasteful, since you can inevitably do better. The x86 implementation is an example of that. (The only truly non-generic part of the asm-generic implementation is the "find_zero()" function, and you could make a little-endian version of it. And if the Kbuild infrastructure allowed us to pick a particular header file, that would be lovely) The <asm/word-at-a-time.h> functions are as follows: - WORD_AT_A_TIME_CONSTANTS: specific constants that the algorithm uses. - has_zero(): take a word, and determine if it has a zero byte in it. It gets the word, the pointer to the constant pool, and a pointer to an intermediate "data" field it can set. This is the "quick-and-dirty" zero tester: it's what is run inside the hot loops. - "prep_zero_mask()": take the word, the data that has_zero() produced, and the constant pool, and generate an *exact* mask of which byte had the first zero. This is run directly *outside* the loop, and allows the "has_zero()" function to answer the "is there a zero byte" question without necessarily getting exactly *which* byte is the first one to contain a zero. If you do multiple byte lookups concurrently (eg "hash_name()", which looks for both NUL and '/' bytes), after you've done the prep_zero_mask() phase, the result of those can be or'ed together to get the "either or" case. - The result from "prep_zero_mask()" can then be fed into "find_zero()" (to find the byte offset of the first byte that was zero) or into "zero_bytemask()" (to find the bytemask of the bytes preceding the zero byte). The existence of zero_bytemask() is optional, and is not necessary for the normal string routines. But dentry name hashing needs it, so if you enable DENTRY_WORD_AT_A_TIME you need to expose it. This changes the generic strncpy_from_user() function and the dentry hashing functions to use these modified word-at-a-time interfaces. This gets us back to the optimized state of the x86 strncpy that we lost in the previous commit when moving over to the generic version. Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch')
3 files changed, 31 insertions, 3 deletions
diff --git a/arch/openrisc/include/asm/Kbuild b/arch/openrisc/include/asm/Kbuild
index c936483bc8e2..3f35c38d7b64 100644
--- a/arch/openrisc/include/asm/Kbuild
+++ b/arch/openrisc/include/asm/Kbuild
@@ -66,3 +66,4 @@ generic-y += topology.h
generic-y += types.h
generic-y += ucontext.h
generic-y += user.h
+generic-y += word-at-a-time.h
diff --git a/arch/sparc/include/asm/Kbuild b/arch/sparc/include/asm/Kbuild
index 2c2e38821f60..67f83e0a0d68 100644
--- a/arch/sparc/include/asm/Kbuild
+++ b/arch/sparc/include/asm/Kbuild
@@ -21,3 +21,4 @@ generic-y += div64.h
generic-y += local64.h
generic-y += irq_regs.h
generic-y += local.h
+generic-y += word-at-a-time.h
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/word-at-a-time.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/word-at-a-time.h
index ae03facfadd6..5b238981542a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/word-at-a-time.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/word-at-a-time.h
@@ -10,6 +10,11 @@
* bit count instruction, that might be better than the multiply
* and shift, for example.
+struct word_at_a_time {
+ const unsigned long one_bits, high_bits;
#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
@@ -37,10 +42,31 @@ static inline long count_masked_bytes(long mask)
-/* Return the high bit set in the first byte that is a zero */
-static inline unsigned long has_zero(unsigned long a)
+/* Return nonzero if it has a zero */
+static inline unsigned long has_zero(unsigned long a, unsigned long *bits, const struct word_at_a_time *c)
+ unsigned long mask = ((a - c->one_bits) & ~a) & c->high_bits;
+ *bits = mask;
+ return mask;
+static inline unsigned long prep_zero_mask(unsigned long a, unsigned long bits, const struct word_at_a_time *c)
+ return bits;
+static inline unsigned long create_zero_mask(unsigned long bits)
+ bits = (bits - 1) & ~bits;
+ return bits >> 7;
+/* The mask we created is directly usable as a bytemask */
+#define zero_bytemask(mask) (mask)
+static inline unsigned long find_zero(unsigned long mask)
- return ((a - REPEAT_BYTE(0x01)) & ~a) & REPEAT_BYTE(0x80);
+ return count_masked_bytes(mask);