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authorEric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>2012-01-03 14:23:06 -0500
committerAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>2012-01-17 16:16:56 -0500
commitd7e7528bcd456f5c36ad4a202ccfb43c5aa98bc4 (patch)
treeef49503b1dc52c52102e728dbd979c9309d5756b /arch
parent85e7bac33b8d5edafc4e219c7dfdb3d48e0b4e31 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-d7e7528bcd456f5c36ad4a202ccfb43c5aa98bc4.tar.gz
Audit: push audit success and retcode into arch ptrace.h
The audit system previously expected arches calling to audit_syscall_exit to supply as arguments if the syscall was a success and what the return code was. Audit also provides a helper AUDITSC_RESULT which was supposed to simplify things by converting from negative retcodes to an audit internal magic value stating success or failure. This helper was wrong and could indicate that a valid pointer returned to userspace was a failed syscall. The fix is to fix the layering foolishness. We now pass audit_syscall_exit a struct pt_reg and it in turns calls back into arch code to collect the return value and to determine if the syscall was a success or failure. We also define a generic is_syscall_success() macro which determines success/failure based on if the value is < -MAX_ERRNO. This works for arches like x86 which do not use a separate mechanism to indicate syscall failure. We make both the is_syscall_success() and regs_return_value() static inlines instead of macros. The reason is because the audit function must take a void* for the regs. (uml calls theirs struct uml_pt_regs instead of just struct pt_regs so audit_syscall_exit can't take a struct pt_regs). Since the audit function takes a void* we need to use static inlines to cast it back to the arch correct structure to dereference it. The other major change is that on some arches, like ia64, MIPS and ppc, we change regs_return_value() to give us the negative value on syscall failure. THE only other user of this macro, kretprobe_example.c, won't notice and it makes the value signed consistently for the audit functions across all archs. In arch/sh/kernel/ptrace_64.c I see that we were using regs[9] in the old audit code as the return value. But the ptrace_64.h code defined the macro regs_return_value() as regs[3]. I have no idea which one is correct, but this patch now uses the regs_return_value() function, so it now uses regs[3]. For powerpc we previously used regs->result but now use the regs_return_value() function which uses regs->gprs[3]. regs->gprs[3] is always positive so the regs_return_value(), much like ia64 makes it negative before calling the audit code when appropriate. Signed-off-by: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com> Acked-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> [for x86 portion] Acked-by: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> [for ia64] Acked-by: Richard Weinberger <richard@nod.at> [for uml] Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> [for sparc] Acked-by: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> [for mips] Acked-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> [for ppc]
Diffstat (limited to 'arch')
-rw-r--r--arch/ia64/include/asm/ptrace.h13
-rw-r--r--arch/ia64/kernel/ptrace.c9
-rw-r--r--arch/microblaze/include/asm/ptrace.h5
-rw-r--r--arch/microblaze/kernel/ptrace.c3
-rw-r--r--arch/mips/include/asm/ptrace.h14
-rw-r--r--arch/mips/kernel/ptrace.c4
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/include/asm/ptrace.h13
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/kernel/ptrace.c4
-rw-r--r--arch/s390/include/asm/ptrace.h6
-rw-r--r--arch/s390/kernel/ptrace.c4
-rw-r--r--arch/sh/include/asm/ptrace_32.h5
-rw-r--r--arch/sh/include/asm/ptrace_64.h5
-rw-r--r--arch/sh/kernel/ptrace_32.c4
-rw-r--r--arch/sh/kernel/ptrace_64.c4
-rw-r--r--arch/sparc/include/asm/ptrace.h10
-rw-r--r--arch/sparc/kernel/ptrace_64.c11
-rw-r--r--arch/um/kernel/ptrace.c4
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/ia32/ia32entry.S10
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/entry_32.S8
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S10
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c3
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/vm86_32.c4
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/um/shared/sysdep/ptrace.h5
23 files changed, 96 insertions, 62 deletions
diff --git a/arch/ia64/include/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/ia64/include/asm/ptrace.h
index f5cb27614e35..68c98f5b3ca6 100644
--- a/arch/ia64/include/asm/ptrace.h
+++ b/arch/ia64/include/asm/ptrace.h
@@ -246,7 +246,18 @@ static inline unsigned long user_stack_pointer(struct pt_regs *regs)
return regs->ar_bspstore;
}
-#define regs_return_value(regs) ((regs)->r8)
+static inline int is_syscall_success(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ return regs->r10 != -1;
+}
+
+static inline long regs_return_value(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ if (is_syscall_success(regs))
+ return regs->r8;
+ else
+ return -regs->r8;
+}
/* Conserve space in histogram by encoding slot bits in address
* bits 2 and 3 rather than bits 0 and 1.
diff --git a/arch/ia64/kernel/ptrace.c b/arch/ia64/kernel/ptrace.c
index 8848f43d819e..2c154088cce7 100644
--- a/arch/ia64/kernel/ptrace.c
+++ b/arch/ia64/kernel/ptrace.c
@@ -1268,14 +1268,7 @@ syscall_trace_leave (long arg0, long arg1, long arg2, long arg3,
{
int step;
- if (unlikely(current->audit_context)) {
- int success = AUDITSC_RESULT(regs.r10);
- long result = regs.r8;
-
- if (success != AUDITSC_SUCCESS)
- result = -result;
- audit_syscall_exit(success, result);
- }
+ audit_syscall_exit(&regs);
step = test_thread_flag(TIF_SINGLESTEP);
if (step || test_thread_flag(TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE))
diff --git a/arch/microblaze/include/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/microblaze/include/asm/ptrace.h
index 816bee64b196..94e92c805859 100644
--- a/arch/microblaze/include/asm/ptrace.h
+++ b/arch/microblaze/include/asm/ptrace.h
@@ -61,6 +61,11 @@ struct pt_regs {
#define instruction_pointer(regs) ((regs)->pc)
#define profile_pc(regs) instruction_pointer(regs)
+static inline long regs_return_value(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ return regs->r3;
+}
+
#else /* __KERNEL__ */
/* pt_regs offsets used by gdbserver etc in ptrace syscalls */
diff --git a/arch/microblaze/kernel/ptrace.c b/arch/microblaze/kernel/ptrace.c
index 043cb58f9c44..f564b1bfd386 100644
--- a/arch/microblaze/kernel/ptrace.c
+++ b/arch/microblaze/kernel/ptrace.c
@@ -159,8 +159,7 @@ asmlinkage void do_syscall_trace_leave(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
int step;
- if (unlikely(current->audit_context))
- audit_syscall_exit(AUDITSC_RESULT(regs->r3), regs->r3);
+ audit_syscall_exit(regs);
step = test_thread_flag(TIF_SINGLESTEP);
if (step || test_thread_flag(TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE))
diff --git a/arch/mips/include/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/mips/include/asm/ptrace.h
index de39b1f343ea..7d409505df2d 100644
--- a/arch/mips/include/asm/ptrace.h
+++ b/arch/mips/include/asm/ptrace.h
@@ -137,7 +137,19 @@ extern int ptrace_set_watch_regs(struct task_struct *child,
*/
#define user_mode(regs) (((regs)->cp0_status & KU_MASK) == KU_USER)
-#define regs_return_value(_regs) ((_regs)->regs[2])
+static inline int is_syscall_success(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ return !regs->regs[7];
+}
+
+static inline long regs_return_value(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ if (is_syscall_success(regs))
+ return regs->regs[2];
+ else
+ return -regs->regs[2];
+}
+
#define instruction_pointer(regs) ((regs)->cp0_epc)
#define profile_pc(regs) instruction_pointer(regs)
diff --git a/arch/mips/kernel/ptrace.c b/arch/mips/kernel/ptrace.c
index 4e6ea1ffad46..ab0f1963a7bd 100644
--- a/arch/mips/kernel/ptrace.c
+++ b/arch/mips/kernel/ptrace.c
@@ -572,9 +572,7 @@ out:
*/
asmlinkage void syscall_trace_leave(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
- if (unlikely(current->audit_context))
- audit_syscall_exit(AUDITSC_RESULT(regs->regs[7]),
- -regs->regs[2]);
+ audit_syscall_exit(regs);
if (!(current->ptrace & PT_PTRACED))
return;
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/ptrace.h
index 48223f9b8728..78a205162fd7 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/ptrace.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/ptrace.h
@@ -86,7 +86,18 @@ struct pt_regs {
#define instruction_pointer(regs) ((regs)->nip)
#define user_stack_pointer(regs) ((regs)->gpr[1])
#define kernel_stack_pointer(regs) ((regs)->gpr[1])
-#define regs_return_value(regs) ((regs)->gpr[3])
+static inline int is_syscall_success(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ return !(regs->ccr & 0x10000000);
+}
+
+static inline long regs_return_value(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ if (is_syscall_success(regs))
+ return regs->gpr[3];
+ else
+ return -regs->gpr[3];
+}
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
extern unsigned long profile_pc(struct pt_regs *regs);
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/ptrace.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/ptrace.c
index 5de73dbd15c7..09d31c12a5e3 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/ptrace.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/ptrace.c
@@ -1748,9 +1748,7 @@ void do_syscall_trace_leave(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
int step;
- if (unlikely(current->audit_context))
- audit_syscall_exit((regs->ccr&0x10000000)?AUDITSC_FAILURE:AUDITSC_SUCCESS,
- regs->result);
+ audit_syscall_exit(regs);
if (unlikely(test_thread_flag(TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT)))
trace_sys_exit(regs, regs->result);
diff --git a/arch/s390/include/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/s390/include/asm/ptrace.h
index 56da355678f4..aeb77f017985 100644
--- a/arch/s390/include/asm/ptrace.h
+++ b/arch/s390/include/asm/ptrace.h
@@ -541,9 +541,13 @@ struct user_regs_struct
#define user_mode(regs) (((regs)->psw.mask & PSW_MASK_PSTATE) != 0)
#define instruction_pointer(regs) ((regs)->psw.addr & PSW_ADDR_INSN)
#define user_stack_pointer(regs)((regs)->gprs[15])
-#define regs_return_value(regs)((regs)->gprs[2])
#define profile_pc(regs) instruction_pointer(regs)
+static inline long regs_return_value(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ return regs->gprs[2];
+}
+
int regs_query_register_offset(const char *name);
const char *regs_query_register_name(unsigned int offset);
unsigned long regs_get_register(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned int offset);
diff --git a/arch/s390/kernel/ptrace.c b/arch/s390/kernel/ptrace.c
index 573bc29551ef..f52758600980 100644
--- a/arch/s390/kernel/ptrace.c
+++ b/arch/s390/kernel/ptrace.c
@@ -751,9 +751,7 @@ asmlinkage long do_syscall_trace_enter(struct pt_regs *regs)
asmlinkage void do_syscall_trace_exit(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
- if (unlikely(current->audit_context))
- audit_syscall_exit(AUDITSC_RESULT(regs->gprs[2]),
- regs->gprs[2]);
+ audit_syscall_exit(regs);
if (unlikely(test_thread_flag(TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT)))
trace_sys_exit(regs, regs->gprs[2]);
diff --git a/arch/sh/include/asm/ptrace_32.h b/arch/sh/include/asm/ptrace_32.h
index 6c2239cca1a2..2d3e906aa722 100644
--- a/arch/sh/include/asm/ptrace_32.h
+++ b/arch/sh/include/asm/ptrace_32.h
@@ -76,7 +76,10 @@ struct pt_dspregs {
#ifdef __KERNEL__
#define MAX_REG_OFFSET offsetof(struct pt_regs, tra)
-#define regs_return_value(_regs) ((_regs)->regs[0])
+static inline long regs_return_value(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ return regs->regs[0];
+}
#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
diff --git a/arch/sh/include/asm/ptrace_64.h b/arch/sh/include/asm/ptrace_64.h
index bf9be7764d69..eb3fcceaf64b 100644
--- a/arch/sh/include/asm/ptrace_64.h
+++ b/arch/sh/include/asm/ptrace_64.h
@@ -13,7 +13,10 @@ struct pt_regs {
#ifdef __KERNEL__
#define MAX_REG_OFFSET offsetof(struct pt_regs, tregs[7])
-#define regs_return_value(_regs) ((_regs)->regs[3])
+static inline long regs_return_value(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ return regs->regs[3];
+}
#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
diff --git a/arch/sh/kernel/ptrace_32.c b/arch/sh/kernel/ptrace_32.c
index 92b3c276339a..c0b5c179d27b 100644
--- a/arch/sh/kernel/ptrace_32.c
+++ b/arch/sh/kernel/ptrace_32.c
@@ -530,9 +530,7 @@ asmlinkage void do_syscall_trace_leave(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
int step;
- if (unlikely(current->audit_context))
- audit_syscall_exit(AUDITSC_RESULT(regs->regs[0]),
- regs->regs[0]);
+ audit_syscall_exit(regs);
if (unlikely(test_thread_flag(TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT)))
trace_sys_exit(regs, regs->regs[0]);
diff --git a/arch/sh/kernel/ptrace_64.c b/arch/sh/kernel/ptrace_64.c
index c8f97649f354..ba720d686435 100644
--- a/arch/sh/kernel/ptrace_64.c
+++ b/arch/sh/kernel/ptrace_64.c
@@ -548,9 +548,7 @@ asmlinkage void do_syscall_trace_leave(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
int step;
- if (unlikely(current->audit_context))
- audit_syscall_exit(AUDITSC_RESULT(regs->regs[9]),
- regs->regs[9]);
+ audit_syscall_exit(regs);
if (unlikely(test_thread_flag(TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT)))
trace_sys_exit(regs, regs->regs[9]);
diff --git a/arch/sparc/include/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/sparc/include/asm/ptrace.h
index a0e1bcf843a1..c00c3b5c2806 100644
--- a/arch/sparc/include/asm/ptrace.h
+++ b/arch/sparc/include/asm/ptrace.h
@@ -207,7 +207,15 @@ do { current_thread_info()->syscall_noerror = 1; \
#define instruction_pointer(regs) ((regs)->tpc)
#define instruction_pointer_set(regs, val) ((regs)->tpc = (val))
#define user_stack_pointer(regs) ((regs)->u_regs[UREG_FP])
-#define regs_return_value(regs) ((regs)->u_regs[UREG_I0])
+static inline int is_syscall_success(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ return !(regs->tstate & (TSTATE_XCARRY | TSTATE_ICARRY));
+}
+
+static inline long regs_return_value(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ return regs->u_regs[UREG_I0];
+}
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
extern unsigned long profile_pc(struct pt_regs *);
#else
diff --git a/arch/sparc/kernel/ptrace_64.c b/arch/sparc/kernel/ptrace_64.c
index 96ee50a80661..c73c8c50f117 100644
--- a/arch/sparc/kernel/ptrace_64.c
+++ b/arch/sparc/kernel/ptrace_64.c
@@ -1086,17 +1086,8 @@ asmlinkage int syscall_trace_enter(struct pt_regs *regs)
asmlinkage void syscall_trace_leave(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
-#ifdef CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL
- if (unlikely(current->audit_context)) {
- unsigned long tstate = regs->tstate;
- int result = AUDITSC_SUCCESS;
+ audit_syscall_exit(regs);
- if (unlikely(tstate & (TSTATE_XCARRY | TSTATE_ICARRY)))
- result = AUDITSC_FAILURE;
-
- audit_syscall_exit(result, regs->u_regs[UREG_I0]);
- }
-#endif
if (unlikely(test_thread_flag(TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT)))
trace_sys_exit(regs, regs->u_regs[UREG_G1]);
diff --git a/arch/um/kernel/ptrace.c b/arch/um/kernel/ptrace.c
index c9da32b0c707..2ccf25c42feb 100644
--- a/arch/um/kernel/ptrace.c
+++ b/arch/um/kernel/ptrace.c
@@ -175,8 +175,8 @@ void syscall_trace(struct uml_pt_regs *regs, int entryexit)
UPT_SYSCALL_ARG2(regs),
UPT_SYSCALL_ARG3(regs),
UPT_SYSCALL_ARG4(regs));
- else audit_syscall_exit(AUDITSC_RESULT(UPT_SYSCALL_RET(regs)),
- UPT_SYSCALL_RET(regs));
+ else
+ audit_syscall_exit(regs);
}
/* Fake a debug trap */
diff --git a/arch/x86/ia32/ia32entry.S b/arch/x86/ia32/ia32entry.S
index 3e274564f6bf..64ced0b8f8fd 100644
--- a/arch/x86/ia32/ia32entry.S
+++ b/arch/x86/ia32/ia32entry.S
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@
#include <asm/segment.h>
#include <asm/irqflags.h>
#include <linux/linkage.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
/* Avoid __ASSEMBLER__'ifying <linux/audit.h> just for this. */
#include <linux/elf-em.h>
@@ -208,12 +209,11 @@ sysexit_from_sys_call:
TRACE_IRQS_ON
sti
movl %eax,%esi /* second arg, syscall return value */
- cmpl $0,%eax /* is it < 0? */
- setl %al /* 1 if so, 0 if not */
+ cmpl $-MAX_ERRNO,%eax /* is it an error ? */
+ setbe %al /* 1 if so, 0 if not */
movzbl %al,%edi /* zero-extend that into %edi */
- inc %edi /* first arg, 0->1(AUDITSC_SUCCESS), 1->2(AUDITSC_FAILURE) */
- call audit_syscall_exit
- movl RAX-ARGOFFSET(%rsp),%eax /* reload syscall return value */
+ call __audit_syscall_exit
+ movq RAX-ARGOFFSET(%rsp),%rax /* reload syscall return value */
movl $(_TIF_ALLWORK_MASK & ~_TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT),%edi
cli
TRACE_IRQS_OFF
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/entry_32.S b/arch/x86/kernel/entry_32.S
index 22d0e21b4dd7..a22facf06f0e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/entry_32.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/entry_32.S
@@ -42,6 +42,7 @@
*/
#include <linux/linkage.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
#include <asm/thread_info.h>
#include <asm/irqflags.h>
#include <asm/errno.h>
@@ -466,11 +467,10 @@ sysexit_audit:
TRACE_IRQS_ON
ENABLE_INTERRUPTS(CLBR_ANY)
movl %eax,%edx /* second arg, syscall return value */
- cmpl $0,%eax /* is it < 0? */
- setl %al /* 1 if so, 0 if not */
+ cmpl $-MAX_ERRNO,%eax /* is it an error ? */
+ setbe %al /* 1 if so, 0 if not */
movzbl %al,%eax /* zero-extend that */
- inc %eax /* first arg, 0->1(AUDITSC_SUCCESS), 1->2(AUDITSC_FAILURE) */
- call audit_syscall_exit
+ call __audit_syscall_exit
DISABLE_INTERRUPTS(CLBR_ANY)
TRACE_IRQS_OFF
movl TI_flags(%ebp), %ecx
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S b/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S
index a20e1cb9dc87..e51393dd93a3 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S
@@ -55,6 +55,7 @@
#include <asm/paravirt.h>
#include <asm/ftrace.h>
#include <asm/percpu.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
/* Avoid __ASSEMBLER__'ifying <linux/audit.h> just for this. */
#include <linux/elf-em.h>
@@ -563,17 +564,16 @@ auditsys:
jmp system_call_fastpath
/*
- * Return fast path for syscall audit. Call audit_syscall_exit()
+ * Return fast path for syscall audit. Call __audit_syscall_exit()
* directly and then jump back to the fast path with TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT
* masked off.
*/
sysret_audit:
movq RAX-ARGOFFSET(%rsp),%rsi /* second arg, syscall return value */
- cmpq $0,%rsi /* is it < 0? */
- setl %al /* 1 if so, 0 if not */
+ cmpq $-MAX_ERRNO,%rsi /* is it < -MAX_ERRNO? */
+ setbe %al /* 1 if so, 0 if not */
movzbl %al,%edi /* zero-extend that into %edi */
- inc %edi /* first arg, 0->1(AUDITSC_SUCCESS), 1->2(AUDITSC_FAILURE) */
- call audit_syscall_exit
+ call __audit_syscall_exit
movl $(_TIF_ALLWORK_MASK & ~_TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT),%edi
jmp sysret_check
#endif /* CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c b/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c
index 89a04c7b5bb6..8b0218758775 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c
@@ -1414,8 +1414,7 @@ void syscall_trace_leave(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
bool step;
- if (unlikely(current->audit_context))
- audit_syscall_exit(AUDITSC_RESULT(regs->ax), regs->ax);
+ audit_syscall_exit(regs);
if (unlikely(test_thread_flag(TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT)))
trace_sys_exit(regs, regs->ax);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/vm86_32.c b/arch/x86/kernel/vm86_32.c
index 863f8753ab0a..af17e1c966dc 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/vm86_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/vm86_32.c
@@ -335,9 +335,9 @@ static void do_sys_vm86(struct kernel_vm86_struct *info, struct task_struct *tsk
if (info->flags & VM86_SCREEN_BITMAP)
mark_screen_rdonly(tsk->mm);
- /*call audit_syscall_exit since we do not exit via the normal paths */
+ /*call __audit_syscall_exit since we do not exit via the normal paths */
if (unlikely(current->audit_context))
- audit_syscall_exit(AUDITSC_RESULT(0), 0);
+ __audit_syscall_exit(1, 0);
__asm__ __volatile__(
"movl %0,%%esp\n\t"
diff --git a/arch/x86/um/shared/sysdep/ptrace.h b/arch/x86/um/shared/sysdep/ptrace.h
index 711b1621747f..5ef9344a8b24 100644
--- a/arch/x86/um/shared/sysdep/ptrace.h
+++ b/arch/x86/um/shared/sysdep/ptrace.h
@@ -3,3 +3,8 @@
#else
#include "ptrace_64.h"
#endif
+
+static inline long regs_return_value(struct uml_pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ return UPT_SYSCALL_RET(regs);
+}