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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2015-07-18 10:49:57 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2015-07-18 10:49:57 -0700
commit0e1dbccd8f60c1c83d86d693bb87363b7de2319c (patch)
treea77e5bb1ab755edef9db644672fe7cd3a0dc0f73 /arch/x86/kernel/nmi.c
parentdae57fb64ef636a225d3e6c0ddbbc8e32674dd81 (diff)
parent5aaeb5c01c5b6c0be7b7aadbf3ace9f3a4458c3d (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-0e1dbccd8f60c1c83d86d693bb87363b7de2319c.tar.gz
Merge branch 'x86-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip
Pull x86 fixes from Ingo Molnar: "Two families of fixes: - Fix an FPU context related boot crash on newer x86 hardware with larger context sizes than what most people test. To fix this without ugly kludges or extensive reverts we had to touch core task allocator, to allow x86 to determine the task size dynamically, at boot time. I've tested it on a number of x86 platforms, and I cross-built it to a handful of architectures: (warns) (warns) testing x86-64: -git: pass ( 0), -tip: pass ( 0) testing x86-32: -git: pass ( 0), -tip: pass ( 0) testing arm: -git: pass ( 1359), -tip: pass ( 1359) testing cris: -git: pass ( 1031), -tip: pass ( 1031) testing m32r: -git: pass ( 1135), -tip: pass ( 1135) testing m68k: -git: pass ( 1471), -tip: pass ( 1471) testing mips: -git: pass ( 1162), -tip: pass ( 1162) testing mn10300: -git: pass ( 1058), -tip: pass ( 1058) testing parisc: -git: pass ( 1846), -tip: pass ( 1846) testing sparc: -git: pass ( 1185), -tip: pass ( 1185) ... so I hope the cross-arch impact 'none', as intended. (by Dave Hansen) - Fix various NMI handling related bugs unearthed by the big asm code rewrite and generally make the NMI code more robust and more maintainable while at it. These changes are a bit late in the cycle, I hope they are still acceptable. (by Andy Lutomirski)" * 'x86-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: x86/fpu, sched: Introduce CONFIG_ARCH_WANTS_DYNAMIC_TASK_STRUCT and use it on x86 x86/fpu, sched: Dynamically allocate 'struct fpu' x86/entry/64, x86/nmi/64: Add CONFIG_DEBUG_ENTRY NMI testing code x86/nmi/64: Make the "NMI executing" variable more consistent x86/nmi/64: Minor asm simplification x86/nmi/64: Use DF to avoid userspace RSP confusing nested NMI detection x86/nmi/64: Reorder nested NMI checks x86/nmi/64: Improve nested NMI comments x86/nmi/64: Switch stacks on userspace NMI entry x86/nmi/64: Remove asm code that saves CR2 x86/nmi: Enable nested do_nmi() handling for 64-bit kernels
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/x86/kernel/nmi.c')
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/nmi.c123
1 files changed, 52 insertions, 71 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/nmi.c b/arch/x86/kernel/nmi.c
index c3e985d1751c..d05bd2e2ee91 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/nmi.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/nmi.c
@@ -408,15 +408,15 @@ static void default_do_nmi(struct pt_regs *regs)
NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(default_do_nmi);
/*
- * NMIs can hit breakpoints which will cause it to lose its
- * NMI context with the CPU when the breakpoint does an iret.
- */
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
-/*
- * For i386, NMIs use the same stack as the kernel, and we can
- * add a workaround to the iret problem in C (preventing nested
- * NMIs if an NMI takes a trap). Simply have 3 states the NMI
- * can be in:
+ * NMIs can page fault or hit breakpoints which will cause it to lose
+ * its NMI context with the CPU when the breakpoint or page fault does an IRET.
+ *
+ * As a result, NMIs can nest if NMIs get unmasked due an IRET during
+ * NMI processing. On x86_64, the asm glue protects us from nested NMIs
+ * if the outer NMI came from kernel mode, but we can still nest if the
+ * outer NMI came from user mode.
+ *
+ * To handle these nested NMIs, we have three states:
*
* 1) not running
* 2) executing
@@ -430,15 +430,14 @@ NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(default_do_nmi);
* (Note, the latch is binary, thus multiple NMIs triggering,
* when one is running, are ignored. Only one NMI is restarted.)
*
- * If an NMI hits a breakpoint that executes an iret, another
- * NMI can preempt it. We do not want to allow this new NMI
- * to run, but we want to execute it when the first one finishes.
- * We set the state to "latched", and the exit of the first NMI will
- * perform a dec_return, if the result is zero (NOT_RUNNING), then
- * it will simply exit the NMI handler. If not, the dec_return
- * would have set the state to NMI_EXECUTING (what we want it to
- * be when we are running). In this case, we simply jump back
- * to rerun the NMI handler again, and restart the 'latched' NMI.
+ * If an NMI executes an iret, another NMI can preempt it. We do not
+ * want to allow this new NMI to run, but we want to execute it when the
+ * first one finishes. We set the state to "latched", and the exit of
+ * the first NMI will perform a dec_return, if the result is zero
+ * (NOT_RUNNING), then it will simply exit the NMI handler. If not, the
+ * dec_return would have set the state to NMI_EXECUTING (what we want it
+ * to be when we are running). In this case, we simply jump back to
+ * rerun the NMI handler again, and restart the 'latched' NMI.
*
* No trap (breakpoint or page fault) should be hit before nmi_restart,
* thus there is no race between the first check of state for NOT_RUNNING
@@ -461,49 +460,36 @@ enum nmi_states {
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(enum nmi_states, nmi_state);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, nmi_cr2);
-#define nmi_nesting_preprocess(regs) \
- do { \
- if (this_cpu_read(nmi_state) != NMI_NOT_RUNNING) { \
- this_cpu_write(nmi_state, NMI_LATCHED); \
- return; \
- } \
- this_cpu_write(nmi_state, NMI_EXECUTING); \
- this_cpu_write(nmi_cr2, read_cr2()); \
- } while (0); \
- nmi_restart:
-
-#define nmi_nesting_postprocess() \
- do { \
- if (unlikely(this_cpu_read(nmi_cr2) != read_cr2())) \
- write_cr2(this_cpu_read(nmi_cr2)); \
- if (this_cpu_dec_return(nmi_state)) \
- goto nmi_restart; \
- } while (0)
-#else /* x86_64 */
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
/*
- * In x86_64 things are a bit more difficult. This has the same problem
- * where an NMI hitting a breakpoint that calls iret will remove the
- * NMI context, allowing a nested NMI to enter. What makes this more
- * difficult is that both NMIs and breakpoints have their own stack.
- * When a new NMI or breakpoint is executed, the stack is set to a fixed
- * point. If an NMI is nested, it will have its stack set at that same
- * fixed address that the first NMI had, and will start corrupting the
- * stack. This is handled in entry_64.S, but the same problem exists with
- * the breakpoint stack.
+ * In x86_64, we need to handle breakpoint -> NMI -> breakpoint. Without
+ * some care, the inner breakpoint will clobber the outer breakpoint's
+ * stack.
*
- * If a breakpoint is being processed, and the debug stack is being used,
- * if an NMI comes in and also hits a breakpoint, the stack pointer
- * will be set to the same fixed address as the breakpoint that was
- * interrupted, causing that stack to be corrupted. To handle this case,
- * check if the stack that was interrupted is the debug stack, and if
- * so, change the IDT so that new breakpoints will use the current stack
- * and not switch to the fixed address. On return of the NMI, switch back
- * to the original IDT.
+ * If a breakpoint is being processed, and the debug stack is being
+ * used, if an NMI comes in and also hits a breakpoint, the stack
+ * pointer will be set to the same fixed address as the breakpoint that
+ * was interrupted, causing that stack to be corrupted. To handle this
+ * case, check if the stack that was interrupted is the debug stack, and
+ * if so, change the IDT so that new breakpoints will use the current
+ * stack and not switch to the fixed address. On return of the NMI,
+ * switch back to the original IDT.
*/
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, update_debug_stack);
+#endif
-static inline void nmi_nesting_preprocess(struct pt_regs *regs)
+dotraplinkage notrace void
+do_nmi(struct pt_regs *regs, long error_code)
{
+ if (this_cpu_read(nmi_state) != NMI_NOT_RUNNING) {
+ this_cpu_write(nmi_state, NMI_LATCHED);
+ return;
+ }
+ this_cpu_write(nmi_state, NMI_EXECUTING);
+ this_cpu_write(nmi_cr2, read_cr2());
+nmi_restart:
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
/*
* If we interrupted a breakpoint, it is possible that
* the nmi handler will have breakpoints too. We need to
@@ -514,22 +500,8 @@ static inline void nmi_nesting_preprocess(struct pt_regs *regs)
debug_stack_set_zero();
this_cpu_write(update_debug_stack, 1);
}
-}
-
-static inline void nmi_nesting_postprocess(void)
-{
- if (unlikely(this_cpu_read(update_debug_stack))) {
- debug_stack_reset();
- this_cpu_write(update_debug_stack, 0);
- }
-}
#endif
-dotraplinkage notrace void
-do_nmi(struct pt_regs *regs, long error_code)
-{
- nmi_nesting_preprocess(regs);
-
nmi_enter();
inc_irq_stat(__nmi_count);
@@ -539,8 +511,17 @@ do_nmi(struct pt_regs *regs, long error_code)
nmi_exit();
- /* On i386, may loop back to preprocess */
- nmi_nesting_postprocess();
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+ if (unlikely(this_cpu_read(update_debug_stack))) {
+ debug_stack_reset();
+ this_cpu_write(update_debug_stack, 0);
+ }
+#endif
+
+ if (unlikely(this_cpu_read(nmi_cr2) != read_cr2()))
+ write_cr2(this_cpu_read(nmi_cr2));
+ if (this_cpu_dec_return(nmi_state))
+ goto nmi_restart;
}
NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(do_nmi);