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authorakpm@osdl.org <akpm@osdl.org>2006-01-12 01:05:30 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@g5.osdl.org>2006-01-12 09:08:50 -0800
commit198e2f181163233b379dc7ce8a6d7516b84042e7 (patch)
treecc4067ca1c81034ba8d214b7ff4c39f2f5be66ee /arch/ppc/xmon
parent4dc7a0bbeb6882ad665e588e82fabe5bb4645f2f (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-198e2f181163233b379dc7ce8a6d7516b84042e7.tar.gz
[PATCH] scheduler cache-hot-autodetect
) From: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> This is the latest version of the scheduler cache-hot-auto-tune patch. The first problem was that detection time scaled with O(N^2), which is unacceptable on larger SMP and NUMA systems. To solve this: - I've added a 'domain distance' function, which is used to cache measurement results. Each distance is only measured once. This means that e.g. on NUMA distances of 0, 1 and 2 might be measured, on HT distances 0 and 1, and on SMP distance 0 is measured. The code walks the domain tree to determine the distance, so it automatically follows whatever hierarchy an architecture sets up. This cuts down on the boot time significantly and removes the O(N^2) limit. The only assumption is that migration costs can be expressed as a function of domain distance - this covers the overwhelming majority of existing systems, and is a good guess even for more assymetric systems. [ People hacking systems that have assymetries that break this assumption (e.g. different CPU speeds) should experiment a bit with the cpu_distance() function. Adding a ->migration_distance factor to the domain structure would be one possible solution - but lets first see the problem systems, if they exist at all. Lets not overdesign. ] Another problem was that only a single cache-size was used for measuring the cost of migration, and most architectures didnt set that variable up. Furthermore, a single cache-size does not fit NUMA hierarchies with L3 caches and does not fit HT setups, where different CPUs will often have different 'effective cache sizes'. To solve this problem: - Instead of relying on a single cache-size provided by the platform and sticking to it, the code now auto-detects the 'effective migration cost' between two measured CPUs, via iterating through a wide range of cachesizes. The code searches for the maximum migration cost, which occurs when the working set of the test-workload falls just below the 'effective cache size'. I.e. real-life optimized search is done for the maximum migration cost, between two real CPUs. This, amongst other things, has the positive effect hat if e.g. two CPUs share a L2/L3 cache, a different (and accurate) migration cost will be found than between two CPUs on the same system that dont share any caches. (The reliable measurement of migration costs is tricky - see the source for details.) Furthermore i've added various boot-time options to override/tune migration behavior. Firstly, there's a blanket override for autodetection: migration_cost=1000,2000,3000 will override the depth 0/1/2 values with 1msec/2msec/3msec values. Secondly, there's a global factor that can be used to increase (or decrease) the autodetected values: migration_factor=120 will increase the autodetected values by 20%. This option is useful to tune things in a workload-dependent way - e.g. if a workload is cache-insensitive then CPU utilization can be maximized by specifying migration_factor=0. I've tested the autodetection code quite extensively on x86, on 3 P3/Xeon/2MB, and the autodetected values look pretty good: Dual Celeron (128K L2 cache): --------------------- migration cost matrix (max_cache_size: 131072, cpu: 467 MHz): --------------------- [00] [01] [00]: - 1.7(1) [01]: 1.7(1) - --------------------- cacheflush times [2]: 0.0 (0) 1.7 (1784008) --------------------- Here the slow memory subsystem dominates system performance, and even though caches are small, the migration cost is 1.7 msecs. Dual HT P4 (512K L2 cache): --------------------- migration cost matrix (max_cache_size: 524288, cpu: 2379 MHz): --------------------- [00] [01] [02] [03] [00]: - 0.4(1) 0.0(0) 0.4(1) [01]: 0.4(1) - 0.4(1) 0.0(0) [02]: 0.0(0) 0.4(1) - 0.4(1) [03]: 0.4(1) 0.0(0) 0.4(1) - --------------------- cacheflush times [2]: 0.0 (33900) 0.4 (448514) --------------------- Here it can be seen that there is no migration cost between two HT siblings (CPU#0/2 and CPU#1/3 are separate physical CPUs). A fast memory system makes inter-physical-CPU migration pretty cheap: 0.4 msecs. 8-way P3/Xeon [2MB L2 cache]: --------------------- migration cost matrix (max_cache_size: 2097152, cpu: 700 MHz): --------------------- [00] [01] [02] [03] [04] [05] [06] [07] [00]: - 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) [01]: 19.2(1) - 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) [02]: 19.2(1) 19.2(1) - 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) [03]: 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) - 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) [04]: 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) - 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) [05]: 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) - 19.2(1) 19.2(1) [06]: 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) - 19.2(1) [07]: 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) 19.2(1) - --------------------- cacheflush times [2]: 0.0 (0) 19.2 (19281756) --------------------- This one has huge caches and a relatively slow memory subsystem - so the migration cost is 19 msecs. Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Ashok Raj <ashok.raj@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Ken Chen <kenneth.w.chen@intel.com> Cc: <wilder@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: John Hawkes <hawkes@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/ppc/xmon')
-rw-r--r--arch/ppc/xmon/xmon.c2
1 files changed, 1 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/arch/ppc/xmon/xmon.c b/arch/ppc/xmon/xmon.c
index 2b483b4f1602..9075a7538e26 100644
--- a/arch/ppc/xmon/xmon.c
+++ b/arch/ppc/xmon/xmon.c
@@ -99,7 +99,7 @@ static void remove_bpts(void);
static void insert_bpts(void);
static struct bpt *at_breakpoint(unsigned pc);
static void bpt_cmds(void);
-static void cacheflush(void);
+void cacheflush(void);
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
static void cpu_cmd(void);
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */