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authorRichard Kuo <rkuo@codeaurora.org>2011-10-31 18:53:38 -0500
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2011-11-01 07:34:20 -0700
commita7e79840991eac8da36f437c653ee4b8cfbdafdc (patch)
treea673266d06a67c7f4f32b0e048848e752b6bb441 /arch/hexagon/include
parentb7f3785fbb3df3307290d4c236ffaa7ad172b6ed (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-a7e79840991eac8da36f437c653ee4b8cfbdafdc.tar.gz
Hexagon: Add page table header files & etc.
Signed-off-by: Richard Kuo <rkuo@codeaurora.org> Signed-off-by: Linas Vepstas <linas@codeaurora.org> Acked-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/hexagon/include')
-rw-r--r--arch/hexagon/include/asm/fixmap.h73
-rw-r--r--arch/hexagon/include/asm/mmu.h37
-rw-r--r--arch/hexagon/include/asm/mmu_context.h100
-rw-r--r--arch/hexagon/include/asm/page.h157
-rw-r--r--arch/hexagon/include/asm/pgalloc.h146
-rw-r--r--arch/hexagon/include/asm/pgtable.h518
6 files changed, 1031 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/hexagon/include/asm/fixmap.h b/arch/hexagon/include/asm/fixmap.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..b27f4941645b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/hexagon/include/asm/fixmap.h
@@ -0,0 +1,73 @@
+/*
+ * Fixmap support for Hexagon - enough to support highmem features
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2010-2011, Code Aurora Forum. All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 and
+ * only version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
+ * 02110-1301, USA.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_FIXMAP_H
+#define _ASM_FIXMAP_H
+
+/*
+ * A lot of the fixmap info is already in mem-layout.h
+ */
+#include <asm/mem-layout.h>
+
+/*
+ * Full fixmap support involves set_fixmap() functions, but
+ * these may not be needed if all we're after is an area for
+ * highmem kernel mappings.
+ */
+#define __fix_to_virt(x) (FIXADDR_TOP - ((x) << PAGE_SHIFT))
+#define __virt_to_fix(x) ((FIXADDR_TOP - ((x)&PAGE_MASK)) >> PAGE_SHIFT)
+
+extern void __this_fixmap_does_not_exist(void);
+
+/**
+ * fix_to_virt -- "index to address" translation.
+ *
+ * If anyone tries to use the idx directly without translation,
+ * we catch the bug with a NULL-deference kernel oops. Illegal
+ * ranges of incoming indices are caught too.
+ */
+static inline unsigned long fix_to_virt(const unsigned int idx)
+{
+ /*
+ * This branch gets completely eliminated after inlining,
+ * except when someone tries to use fixaddr indices in an
+ * illegal way. (such as mixing up address types or using
+ * out-of-range indices).
+ *
+ * If it doesn't get removed, the linker will complain
+ * loudly with a reasonably clear error message..
+ */
+ if (idx >= __end_of_fixed_addresses)
+ __this_fixmap_does_not_exist();
+
+ return __fix_to_virt(idx);
+}
+
+static inline unsigned long virt_to_fix(const unsigned long vaddr)
+{
+ BUG_ON(vaddr >= FIXADDR_TOP || vaddr < FIXADDR_START);
+ return __virt_to_fix(vaddr);
+}
+
+#define kmap_get_fixmap_pte(vaddr) \
+ pte_offset_kernel(pmd_offset(pud_offset(pgd_offset_k(vaddr), \
+ (vaddr)), (vaddr)), (vaddr))
+
+#endif
diff --git a/arch/hexagon/include/asm/mmu.h b/arch/hexagon/include/asm/mmu.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..30a5d8d2659d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/hexagon/include/asm/mmu.h
@@ -0,0 +1,37 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2010-2011, Code Aurora Forum. All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 and
+ * only version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
+ * 02110-1301, USA.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_MMU_H
+#define _ASM_MMU_H
+
+#include <asm/vdso.h>
+
+/*
+ * Architecture-specific state for a mm_struct.
+ * For the Hexagon Virtual Machine, it can be a copy
+ * of the pointer to the page table base.
+ */
+struct mm_context {
+ unsigned long long generation;
+ unsigned long ptbase;
+ struct hexagon_vdso *vdso;
+};
+
+typedef struct mm_context mm_context_t;
+
+#endif
diff --git a/arch/hexagon/include/asm/mmu_context.h b/arch/hexagon/include/asm/mmu_context.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..b4fe5a5411b6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/hexagon/include/asm/mmu_context.h
@@ -0,0 +1,100 @@
+/*
+ * MM context support for the Hexagon architecture
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2010-2011, Code Aurora Forum. All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 and
+ * only version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
+ * 02110-1301, USA.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_MMU_CONTEXT_H
+#define _ASM_MMU_CONTEXT_H
+
+#include <asm/setup.h>
+#include <asm/page.h>
+#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
+#include <asm/mem-layout.h>
+
+static inline void destroy_context(struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+}
+
+/*
+ * VM port hides all TLB management, so "lazy TLB" isn't very
+ * meaningful. Even for ports to architectures with visble TLBs,
+ * this is almost invariably a null function.
+ */
+static inline void enter_lazy_tlb(struct mm_struct *mm,
+ struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+}
+
+/*
+ * Architecture-specific actions, if any, for memory map deactivation.
+ */
+static inline void deactivate_mm(struct task_struct *tsk,
+ struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+}
+
+/**
+ * init_new_context - initialize context related info for new mm_struct instance
+ * @tsk: pointer to a task struct
+ * @mm: pointer to a new mm struct
+ */
+static inline int init_new_context(struct task_struct *tsk,
+ struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+ /* mm->context is set up by pgd_alloc */
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Switch active mm context
+ */
+static inline void switch_mm(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next,
+ struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+ int l1;
+
+ /*
+ * For virtual machine, we have to update system map if it's been
+ * touched.
+ */
+ if (next->context.generation < prev->context.generation) {
+ for (l1 = MIN_KERNEL_SEG; l1 <= max_kernel_seg; l1++)
+ next->pgd[l1] = init_mm.pgd[l1];
+
+ next->context.generation = prev->context.generation;
+ }
+
+ __vmnewmap((void *)next->context.ptbase);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Activate new memory map for task
+ */
+static inline void activate_mm(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ switch_mm(prev, next, current_thread_info()->task);
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+}
+
+/* Generic hooks for arch_dup_mmap and arch_exit_mmap */
+#include <asm-generic/mm_hooks.h>
+
+#endif
diff --git a/arch/hexagon/include/asm/page.h b/arch/hexagon/include/asm/page.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..edd97626c482
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/hexagon/include/asm/page.h
@@ -0,0 +1,157 @@
+/*
+ * Page management definitions for the Hexagon architecture
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2010-2011, Code Aurora Forum. All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 and
+ * only version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
+ * 02110-1301, USA.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_PAGE_H
+#define _ASM_PAGE_H
+
+#include <linux/const.h>
+
+/* This is probably not the most graceful way to handle this. */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_SIZE_4KB
+#define PAGE_SHIFT 12
+#define HEXAGON_L1_PTE_SIZE __HVM_PDE_S_4KB
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_SIZE_16KB
+#define PAGE_SHIFT 14
+#define HEXAGON_L1_PTE_SIZE __HVM_PDE_S_16KB
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_SIZE_64KB
+#define PAGE_SHIFT 16
+#define HEXAGON_L1_PTE_SIZE __HVM_PDE_S_64KB
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_SIZE_256KB
+#define PAGE_SHIFT 18
+#define HEXAGON_L1_PTE_SIZE __HVM_PDE_S_256KB
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_SIZE_1MB
+#define PAGE_SHIFT 20
+#define HEXAGON_L1_PTE_SIZE __HVM_PDE_S_1MB
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * These should be defined in hugetlb.h, but apparently not.
+ * "Huge" for us should be 4MB or 16MB, which are both represented
+ * in L1 PTE's. Right now, it's set up for 4MB.
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE
+#define HPAGE_SHIFT 22
+#define HPAGE_SIZE (1UL << HPAGE_SHIFT)
+#define HPAGE_MASK (~(HPAGE_SIZE-1))
+#define HUGETLB_PAGE_ORDER (HPAGE_SHIFT-PAGE_SHIFT)
+#define HVM_HUGEPAGE_SIZE 0x5
+#endif
+
+#define PAGE_SIZE (1UL << PAGE_SHIFT)
+#define PAGE_MASK (~((1 << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1))
+
+#ifdef __KERNEL__
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+
+/*
+ * This is for PFN_DOWN, which mm.h needs. Seems the right place to pull it in.
+ */
+#include <linux/pfn.h>
+
+/*
+ * We implement a two-level architecture-specific page table structure.
+ * Null intermediate page table level (pmd, pud) definitions will come from
+ * asm-generic/pagetable-nopmd.h and asm-generic/pagetable-nopud.h
+ */
+typedef struct { unsigned long pte; } pte_t;
+typedef struct { unsigned long pgd; } pgd_t;
+typedef struct { unsigned long pgprot; } pgprot_t;
+typedef struct page *pgtable_t;
+
+#define pte_val(x) ((x).pte)
+#define pgd_val(x) ((x).pgd)
+#define pgprot_val(x) ((x).pgprot)
+#define __pte(x) ((pte_t) { (x) })
+#define __pgd(x) ((pgd_t) { (x) })
+#define __pgprot(x) ((pgprot_t) { (x) })
+
+/*
+ * We need a __pa and a __va routine for kernel space.
+ * MIPS says they're only used during mem_init.
+ * also, check if we need a PHYS_OFFSET.
+ */
+#define __pa(x) ((unsigned long)(x) - PAGE_OFFSET)
+#define __va(x) ((void *)((unsigned long)(x) + PAGE_OFFSET))
+
+/* The "page frame" descriptor is defined in linux/mm.h */
+struct page;
+
+/* Returns page frame descriptor for virtual address. */
+#define virt_to_page(kaddr) pfn_to_page(PFN_DOWN(__pa(kaddr)))
+
+/* Default vm area behavior is non-executable. */
+#define VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | \
+ VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC)
+
+#define pfn_valid(pfn) ((pfn) < max_mapnr)
+#define virt_addr_valid(kaddr) pfn_valid(__pa(kaddr) >> PAGE_SHIFT)
+
+/* Need to not use a define for linesize; may move this to another file. */
+static inline void clear_page(void *page)
+{
+ /* This can only be done on pages with L1 WB cache */
+ asm volatile(
+ " loop0(1f,%1);\n"
+ "1: { dczeroa(%0);\n"
+ " %0 = add(%0,#32); }:endloop0\n"
+ : "+r" (page)
+ : "r" (PAGE_SIZE/32)
+ : "lc0", "sa0", "memory"
+ );
+}
+
+#define copy_page(to, from) memcpy((to), (from), PAGE_SIZE)
+
+/*
+ * Under assumption that kernel always "sees" user map...
+ */
+#define clear_user_page(page, vaddr, pg) clear_page(page)
+#define copy_user_page(to, from, vaddr, pg) copy_page(to, from)
+
+/*
+ * page_to_phys - convert page to physical address
+ * @page - pointer to page entry in mem_map
+ */
+#define page_to_phys(page) (page_to_pfn(page) << PAGE_SHIFT)
+
+/*
+ * For port to Hexagon Virtual Machine, MAYBE we check for attempts
+ * to reference reserved HVM space, but in any case, the VM will be
+ * protected.
+ */
+#define kern_addr_valid(addr) (1)
+
+#include <asm-generic/memory_model.h>
+/* XXX Todo: implement assembly-optimized version of getorder. */
+#include <asm-generic/getorder.h>
+
+#endif /* ifdef __ASSEMBLY__ */
+#endif /* ifdef __KERNEL__ */
+
+#endif
diff --git a/arch/hexagon/include/asm/pgalloc.h b/arch/hexagon/include/asm/pgalloc.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..13443c775131
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/hexagon/include/asm/pgalloc.h
@@ -0,0 +1,146 @@
+/*
+ * Page table support for the Hexagon architecture
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2010-2011, Code Aurora Forum. All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 and
+ * only version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
+ * 02110-1301, USA.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_PGALLOC_H
+#define _ASM_PGALLOC_H
+
+#include <asm/mem-layout.h>
+#include <asm/atomic.h>
+
+#define check_pgt_cache() do {} while (0)
+
+extern unsigned long long kmap_generation;
+
+/*
+ * Page table creation interface
+ */
+static inline pgd_t *pgd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+ pgd_t *pgd;
+
+ pgd = (pgd_t *)__get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO);
+
+ /*
+ * There may be better ways to do this, but to ensure
+ * that new address spaces always contain the kernel
+ * base mapping, and to ensure that the user area is
+ * initially marked invalid, initialize the new map
+ * map with a copy of the kernel's persistent map.
+ */
+
+ memcpy(pgd, swapper_pg_dir, PTRS_PER_PGD*sizeof(pgd_t *));
+ mm->context.generation = kmap_generation;
+
+ /* Physical version is what is passed to virtual machine on switch */
+ mm->context.ptbase = __pa(pgd);
+
+ return pgd;
+}
+
+static inline void pgd_free(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd)
+{
+ free_page((unsigned long) pgd);
+}
+
+static inline struct page *pte_alloc_one(struct mm_struct *mm,
+ unsigned long address)
+{
+ struct page *pte;
+
+ pte = alloc_page(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_REPEAT | __GFP_ZERO);
+
+ if (pte)
+ pgtable_page_ctor(pte);
+
+ return pte;
+}
+
+/* _kernel variant gets to use a different allocator */
+static inline pte_t *pte_alloc_one_kernel(struct mm_struct *mm,
+ unsigned long address)
+{
+ gfp_t flags = GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_REPEAT | __GFP_ZERO;
+ return (pte_t *) __get_free_page(flags);
+}
+
+static inline void pte_free(struct mm_struct *mm, struct page *pte)
+{
+ pgtable_page_dtor(pte);
+ __free_page(pte);
+}
+
+static inline void pte_free_kernel(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte)
+{
+ free_page((unsigned long)pte);
+}
+
+static inline void pmd_populate(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd,
+ pgtable_t pte)
+{
+ /*
+ * Conveniently, zero in 3 LSB means indirect 4K page table.
+ * Not so convenient when you're trying to vary the page size.
+ */
+ set_pmd(pmd, __pmd(((unsigned long)page_to_pfn(pte) << PAGE_SHIFT) |
+ HEXAGON_L1_PTE_SIZE));
+}
+
+/*
+ * Other architectures seem to have ways of making all processes
+ * share the same pmd's for their kernel mappings, but the v0.3
+ * Hexagon VM spec has a "monolithic" L1 table for user and kernel
+ * segments. We track "generations" of the kernel map to minimize
+ * overhead, and update the "slave" copies of the kernel mappings
+ * as part of switch_mm. However, we still need to update the
+ * kernel map of the active thread who's calling pmd_populate_kernel...
+ */
+static inline void pmd_populate_kernel(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd,
+ pte_t *pte)
+{
+ extern spinlock_t kmap_gen_lock;
+ pmd_t *ppmd;
+ int pmdindex;
+
+ spin_lock(&kmap_gen_lock);
+ kmap_generation++;
+ mm->context.generation = kmap_generation;
+ current->active_mm->context.generation = kmap_generation;
+ spin_unlock(&kmap_gen_lock);
+
+ set_pmd(pmd, __pmd(((unsigned long)__pa(pte)) | HEXAGON_L1_PTE_SIZE));
+
+ /*
+ * Now the "slave" copy of the current thread.
+ * This is pointer arithmetic, not byte addresses!
+ */
+ pmdindex = (pgd_t *)pmd - mm->pgd;
+ ppmd = (pmd_t *)current->active_mm->pgd + pmdindex;
+ set_pmd(ppmd, __pmd(((unsigned long)__pa(pte)) | HEXAGON_L1_PTE_SIZE));
+ if (pmdindex > max_kernel_seg)
+ max_kernel_seg = pmdindex;
+}
+
+#define __pte_free_tlb(tlb, pte, addr) \
+do { \
+ pgtable_page_dtor((pte)); \
+ tlb_remove_page((tlb), (pte)); \
+} while (0)
+
+#endif
diff --git a/arch/hexagon/include/asm/pgtable.h b/arch/hexagon/include/asm/pgtable.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ca619bf225ef
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/hexagon/include/asm/pgtable.h
@@ -0,0 +1,518 @@
+/*
+ * Page table support for the Hexagon architecture
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2010-2011, Code Aurora Forum. All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 and
+ * only version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
+ * 02110-1301, USA.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_PGTABLE_H
+#define _ASM_PGTABLE_H
+
+/*
+ * Page table definitions for Qualcomm Hexagon processor.
+ */
+#include <linux/swap.h>
+#include <asm/page.h>
+#include <asm-generic/pgtable-nopmd.h>
+
+/* A handy thing to have if one has the RAM. Declared in head.S */
+extern unsigned long empty_zero_page;
+extern unsigned long zero_page_mask;
+
+/*
+ * The PTE model described here is that of the Hexagon Virtual Machine,
+ * which autonomously walks 2-level page tables. At a lower level, we
+ * also describe the RISCish software-loaded TLB entry structure of
+ * the underlying Hexagon processor. A kernel built to run on the
+ * virtual machine has no need to know about the underlying hardware.
+ */
+#include <asm/vm_mmu.h>
+
+/*
+ * To maximize the comfort level for the PTE manipulation macros,
+ * define the "well known" architecture-specific bits.
+ */
+#define _PAGE_READ __HVM_PTE_R
+#define _PAGE_WRITE __HVM_PTE_W
+#define _PAGE_EXECUTE __HVM_PTE_X
+#define _PAGE_USER __HVM_PTE_U
+
+/*
+ * We have a total of 4 "soft" bits available in the abstract PTE.
+ * The two mandatory software bits are Dirty and Accessed.
+ * To make nonlinear swap work according to the more recent
+ * model, we want a low order "Present" bit to indicate whether
+ * the PTE describes MMU programming or swap space.
+ */
+#define _PAGE_PRESENT (1<<0)
+#define _PAGE_DIRTY (1<<1)
+#define _PAGE_ACCESSED (1<<2)
+
+/*
+ * _PAGE_FILE is only meaningful if _PAGE_PRESENT is false, while
+ * _PAGE_DIRTY is only meaningful if _PAGE_PRESENT is true.
+ * So we can overload the bit...
+ */
+#define _PAGE_FILE _PAGE_DIRTY /* set: pagecache, unset = swap */
+
+/*
+ * For now, let's say that Valid and Present are the same thing.
+ * Alternatively, we could say that it's the "or" of R, W, and X
+ * permissions.
+ */
+#define _PAGE_VALID _PAGE_PRESENT
+
+/*
+ * We're not defining _PAGE_GLOBAL here, since there's no concept
+ * of global pages or ASIDs exposed to the Hexagon Virtual Machine,
+ * and we want to use the same page table structures and macros in
+ * the native kernel as we do in the virtual machine kernel.
+ * So we'll put up with a bit of inefficiency for now...
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Top "FOURTH" level (pgd), which for the Hexagon VM is really
+ * only the second from the bottom, pgd and pud both being collapsed.
+ * Each entry represents 4MB of virtual address space, 4K of table
+ * thus maps the full 4GB.
+ */
+#define PGDIR_SHIFT 22
+#define PTRS_PER_PGD 1024
+
+#define PGDIR_SIZE (1UL << PGDIR_SHIFT)
+#define PGDIR_MASK (~(PGDIR_SIZE-1))
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_SIZE_4KB
+#define PTRS_PER_PTE 1024
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_SIZE_16KB
+#define PTRS_PER_PTE 256
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_SIZE_64KB
+#define PTRS_PER_PTE 64
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_SIZE_256KB
+#define PTRS_PER_PTE 16
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_SIZE_1MB
+#define PTRS_PER_PTE 4
+#endif
+
+/* Any bigger and the PTE disappears. */
+#define pgd_ERROR(e) \
+ printk(KERN_ERR "%s:%d: bad pgd %08lx.\n", __FILE__, __LINE__,\
+ pgd_val(e))
+
+/*
+ * Page Protection Constants. Includes (in this variant) cache attributes.
+ */
+extern unsigned long _dflt_cache_att;
+
+#define PAGE_NONE __pgprot(_PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_USER | \
+ _dflt_cache_att)
+#define PAGE_READONLY __pgprot(_PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_USER | \
+ _PAGE_READ | _PAGE_EXECUTE | _dflt_cache_att)
+#define PAGE_COPY PAGE_READONLY
+#define PAGE_EXEC __pgprot(_PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_USER | \
+ _PAGE_READ | _PAGE_EXECUTE | _dflt_cache_att)
+#define PAGE_COPY_EXEC PAGE_EXEC
+#define PAGE_SHARED __pgprot(_PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_USER | _PAGE_READ | \
+ _PAGE_EXECUTE | _PAGE_WRITE | _dflt_cache_att)
+#define PAGE_KERNEL __pgprot(_PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_READ | \
+ _PAGE_WRITE | _PAGE_EXECUTE | _dflt_cache_att)
+
+
+/*
+ * Aliases for mapping mmap() protection bits to page protections.
+ * These get used for static initialization, so using the _dflt_cache_att
+ * variable for the default cache attribute isn't workable. If the
+ * default gets changed at boot time, the boot option code has to
+ * update data structures like the protaction_map[] array.
+ */
+#define CACHEDEF (CACHE_DEFAULT << 6)
+
+/* Private (copy-on-write) page protections. */
+#define __P000 __pgprot(_PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_USER | CACHEDEF)
+#define __P001 __pgprot(_PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_USER | _PAGE_READ | CACHEDEF)
+#define __P010 __P000 /* Write-only copy-on-write */
+#define __P011 __P001 /* Read/Write copy-on-write */
+#define __P100 __pgprot(_PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_USER | \
+ _PAGE_EXECUTE | CACHEDEF)
+#define __P101 __pgprot(_PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_USER | _PAGE_EXECUTE | \
+ _PAGE_READ | CACHEDEF)
+#define __P110 __P100 /* Write/execute copy-on-write */
+#define __P111 __P101 /* Read/Write/Execute, copy-on-write */
+
+/* Shared page protections. */
+#define __S000 __P000
+#define __S001 __P001
+#define __S010 __pgprot(_PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_USER | \
+ _PAGE_WRITE | CACHEDEF)
+#define __S011 __pgprot(_PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_USER | _PAGE_READ | \
+ _PAGE_WRITE | CACHEDEF)
+#define __S100 __pgprot(_PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_USER | \
+ _PAGE_EXECUTE | CACHEDEF)
+#define __S101 __P101
+#define __S110 __pgprot(_PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_USER | \
+ _PAGE_EXECUTE | _PAGE_WRITE | CACHEDEF)
+#define __S111 __pgprot(_PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_USER | _PAGE_READ | \
+ _PAGE_EXECUTE | _PAGE_WRITE | CACHEDEF)
+
+extern pgd_t swapper_pg_dir[PTRS_PER_PGD]; /* located in head.S */
+
+/* Seems to be zero even in architectures where the zero page is firewalled? */
+#define FIRST_USER_ADDRESS 0
+#define pte_special(pte) 0
+#define pte_mkspecial(pte) (pte)
+
+/* HUGETLB not working currently */
+#ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE
+#define pte_mkhuge(pte) __pte((pte_val(pte) & ~0x3) | HVM_HUGEPAGE_SIZE)
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * For now, assume that higher-level code will do TLB/MMU invalidations
+ * and don't insert that overhead into this low-level function.
+ */
+extern void sync_icache_dcache(pte_t pte);
+
+#define pte_present_exec_user(pte) \
+ ((pte_val(pte) & (_PAGE_EXECUTE | _PAGE_USER)) == \
+ (_PAGE_EXECUTE | _PAGE_USER))
+
+static inline void set_pte(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pteval)
+{
+ /* should really be using pte_exec, if it weren't declared later. */
+ if (pte_present_exec_user(pteval))
+ sync_icache_dcache(pteval);
+
+ *ptep = pteval;
+}
+
+/*
+ * For the Hexagon Virtual Machine MMU (or its emulation), a null/invalid
+ * L1 PTE (PMD/PGD) has 7 in the least significant bits. For the L2 PTE
+ * (Linux PTE), the key is to have bits 11..9 all zero. We'd use 0x7
+ * as a universal null entry, but some of those least significant bits
+ * are interpreted by software.
+ */
+#define _NULL_PMD 0x7
+#define _NULL_PTE 0x0
+
+static inline void pmd_clear(pmd_t *pmd_entry_ptr)
+{
+ pmd_val(*pmd_entry_ptr) = _NULL_PMD;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Conveniently, a null PTE value is invalid.
+ */
+static inline void pte_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr,
+ pte_t *ptep)
+{
+ pte_val(*ptep) = _NULL_PTE;
+}
+
+#ifdef NEED_PMD_INDEX_DESPITE_BEING_2_LEVEL
+/**
+ * pmd_index - returns the index of the entry in the PMD page
+ * which would control the given virtual address
+ */
+#define pmd_index(address) (((address) >> PMD_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PMD-1))
+
+#endif
+
+/**
+ * pgd_index - returns the index of the entry in the PGD page
+ * which would control the given virtual address
+ *
+ * This returns the *index* for the address in the pgd_t
+ */
+#define pgd_index(address) (((address) >> PGDIR_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PGD-1))
+
+/*
+ * pgd_offset - find an offset in a page-table-directory
+ */
+#define pgd_offset(mm, addr) ((mm)->pgd + pgd_index(addr))
+
+/*
+ * pgd_offset_k - get kernel (init_mm) pgd entry pointer for addr
+ */
+#define pgd_offset_k(address) pgd_offset(&init_mm, address)
+
+/**
+ * pmd_none - check if pmd_entry is mapped
+ * @pmd_entry: pmd entry
+ *
+ * MIPS checks it against that "invalid pte table" thing.
+ */
+static inline int pmd_none(pmd_t pmd)
+{
+ return pmd_val(pmd) == _NULL_PMD;
+}
+
+/**
+ * pmd_present - is there a page table behind this?
+ * Essentially the inverse of pmd_none. We maybe
+ * save an inline instruction by defining it this
+ * way, instead of simply "!pmd_none".
+ */
+static inline int pmd_present(pmd_t pmd)
+{
+ return pmd_val(pmd) != (unsigned long)_NULL_PMD;
+}
+
+/**
+ * pmd_bad - check if a PMD entry is "bad". That might mean swapped out.
+ * As we have no known cause of badness, it's null, as it is for many
+ * architectures.
+ */
+static inline int pmd_bad(pmd_t pmd)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * pmd_page - converts a PMD entry to a page pointer
+ */
+#define pmd_page(pmd) (pfn_to_page(pmd_val(pmd) >> PAGE_SHIFT))
+#define pmd_pgtable(pmd) pmd_page(pmd)
+
+/**
+ * pte_none - check if pte is mapped
+ * @pte: pte_t entry
+ */
+static inline int pte_none(pte_t pte)
+{
+ return pte_val(pte) == _NULL_PTE;
+};
+
+/*
+ * pte_present - check if page is present
+ */
+static inline int pte_present(pte_t pte)
+{
+ return pte_val(pte) & _PAGE_PRESENT;
+}
+
+/* mk_pte - make a PTE out of a page pointer and protection bits */
+#define mk_pte(page, pgprot) pfn_pte(page_to_pfn(page), (pgprot))
+
+/* pte_page - returns a page (frame pointer/descriptor?) based on a PTE */
+#define pte_page(x) pfn_to_page(pte_pfn(x))
+
+/* pte_mkold - mark PTE as not recently accessed */
+static inline pte_t pte_mkold(pte_t pte)
+{
+ pte_val(pte) &= ~_PAGE_ACCESSED;
+ return pte;
+}
+
+/* pte_mkyoung - mark PTE as recently accessed */
+static inline pte_t pte_mkyoung(pte_t pte)
+{
+ pte_val(pte) |= _PAGE_ACCESSED;
+ return pte;
+}
+
+/* pte_mkclean - mark page as in sync with backing store */
+static inline pte_t pte_mkclean(pte_t pte)
+{
+ pte_val(pte) &= ~_PAGE_DIRTY;
+ return pte;
+}
+
+/* pte_mkdirty - mark page as modified */
+static inline pte_t pte_mkdirty(pte_t pte)
+{
+ pte_val(pte) |= _PAGE_DIRTY;
+ return pte;
+}
+
+/* pte_young - "is PTE marked as accessed"? */
+static inline int pte_young(pte_t pte)
+{
+ return pte_val(pte) & _PAGE_ACCESSED;
+}
+
+/* pte_dirty - "is PTE dirty?" */
+static inline int pte_dirty(pte_t pte)
+{
+ return pte_val(pte) & _PAGE_DIRTY;
+}
+
+/* pte_modify - set protection bits on PTE */
+static inline pte_t pte_modify(pte_t pte, pgprot_t prot)
+{
+ pte_val(pte) &= PAGE_MASK;
+ pte_val(pte) |= pgprot_val(prot);
+ return pte;
+}
+
+/* pte_wrprotect - mark page as not writable */
+static inline pte_t pte_wrprotect(pte_t pte)
+{
+ pte_val(pte) &= ~_PAGE_WRITE;
+ return pte;
+}
+
+/* pte_mkwrite - mark page as writable */
+static inline pte_t pte_mkwrite(pte_t pte)
+{
+ pte_val(pte) |= _PAGE_WRITE;
+ return pte;
+}
+
+/* pte_mkexec - mark PTE as executable */
+static inline pte_t pte_mkexec(pte_t pte)
+{
+ pte_val(pte) |= _PAGE_EXECUTE;
+ return pte;
+}
+
+/* pte_read - "is PTE marked as readable?" */
+static inline int pte_read(pte_t pte)
+{
+ return pte_val(pte) & _PAGE_READ;
+}
+
+/* pte_write - "is PTE marked as writable?" */
+static inline int pte_write(pte_t pte)
+{
+ return pte_val(pte) & _PAGE_WRITE;
+}
+
+
+/* pte_exec - "is PTE marked as executable?" */
+static inline int pte_exec(pte_t pte)
+{
+ return pte_val(pte) & _PAGE_EXECUTE;
+}
+
+/* __pte_to_swp_entry - extract swap entry from PTE */
+#define __pte_to_swp_entry(pte) ((swp_entry_t) { pte_val(pte) })
+
+/* __swp_entry_to_pte - extract PTE from swap entry */
+#define __swp_entry_to_pte(x) ((pte_t) { (x).val })
+
+/* pfn_pte - convert page number and protection value to page table entry */
+#define pfn_pte(pfn, pgprot) __pte((pfn << PAGE_SHIFT) | pgprot_val(pgprot))
+
+/* pte_pfn - convert pte to page frame number */
+#define pte_pfn(pte) (pte_val(pte) >> PAGE_SHIFT)
+#define set_pmd(pmdptr, pmdval) (*(pmdptr) = (pmdval))
+
+/*
+ * set_pte_at - update page table and do whatever magic may be
+ * necessary to make the underlying hardware/firmware take note.
+ *
+ * VM may require a virtual instruction to alert the MMU.
+ */
+#define set_pte_at(mm, addr, ptep, pte) set_pte(ptep, pte)
+
+/*
+ * May need to invoke the virtual machine as well...
+ */
+#define pte_unmap(pte) do { } while (0)
+#define pte_unmap_nested(pte) do { } while (0)
+
+/*
+ * pte_offset_map - returns the linear address of the page table entry
+ * corresponding to an address
+ */
+#define pte_offset_map(dir, address) \
+ ((pte_t *)page_address(pmd_page(*(dir))) + __pte_offset(address))
+
+#define pte_offset_map_nested(pmd, addr) pte_offset_map(pmd, addr)
+
+/* pte_offset_kernel - kernel version of pte_offset */
+#define pte_offset_kernel(dir, address) \
+ ((pte_t *) (unsigned long) __va(pmd_val(*dir) & PAGE_MASK) \
+ + __pte_offset(address))
+
+/* ZERO_PAGE - returns the globally shared zero page */
+#define ZERO_PAGE(vaddr) (virt_to_page(&empty_zero_page))
+
+#define __pte_offset(address) (((address) >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1))
+
+/* Nothing special about IO remapping at this point */
+#define io_remap_pfn_range(vma, vaddr, pfn, size, prot) \
+ remap_pfn_range(vma, vaddr, pfn, size, prot)
+
+/* I think this is in case we have page table caches; needed by init/main.c */
+#define pgtable_cache_init() do { } while (0)
+
+/*
+ * Swap/file PTE definitions. If _PAGE_PRESENT is zero, the rest of the
+ * PTE is interpreted as swap information. Depending on the _PAGE_FILE
+ * bit, the remaining free bits are eitehr interpreted as a file offset
+ * or a swap type/offset tuple. Rather than have the TLB fill handler
+ * test _PAGE_PRESENT, we're going to reserve the permissions bits
+ * and set them to all zeros for swap entries, which speeds up the
+ * miss handler at the cost of 3 bits of offset. That trade-off can
+ * be revisited if necessary, but Hexagon processor architecture and
+ * target applications suggest a lot of TLB misses and not much swap space.
+ *
+ * Format of swap PTE:
+ * bit 0: Present (zero)
+ * bit 1: _PAGE_FILE (zero)
+ * bits 2-6: swap type (arch independent layer uses 5 bits max)
+ * bits 7-9: bits 2:0 of offset
+ * bits 10-12: effectively _PAGE_PROTNONE (all zero)
+ * bits 13-31: bits 21:3 of swap offset
+ *
+ * Format of file PTE:
+ * bit 0: Present (zero)
+ * bit 1: _PAGE_FILE (zero)
+ * bits 2-9: bits 7:0 of offset
+ * bits 10-12: effectively _PAGE_PROTNONE (all zero)
+ * bits 13-31: bits 26:8 of swap offset
+ *
+ * The split offset makes some of the following macros a little gnarly,
+ * but there's plenty of precedent for this sort of thing.
+ */
+#define PTE_FILE_MAX_BITS 27
+
+/* Used for swap PTEs */
+#define __swp_type(swp_pte) (((swp_pte).val >> 2) & 0x1f)
+
+#define __swp_offset(swp_pte) \
+ ((((swp_pte).val >> 7) & 0x7) | (((swp_pte).val >> 10) & 0x003ffff8))
+
+#define __swp_entry(type, offset) \
+ ((swp_entry_t) { \
+ ((type << 2) | \
+ ((offset & 0x3ffff8) << 10) | ((offset & 0x7) << 7)) })
+
+/* Used for file PTEs */
+#define pte_file(pte) \
+ ((pte_val(pte) & (_PAGE_FILE | _PAGE_PRESENT)) == _PAGE_FILE)
+
+#define pte_to_pgoff(pte) \
+ (((pte_val(pte) >> 2) & 0xff) | ((pte_val(pte) >> 5) & 0x07ffff00))
+
+#define pgoff_to_pte(off) \
+ ((pte_t) { ((((off) & 0x7ffff00) << 5) | (((off) & 0xff) << 2)\
+ | _PAGE_FILE) })
+
+/* Oh boy. There are a lot of possible arch overrides found in this file. */
+#include <asm-generic/pgtable.h>
+
+#endif