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authorUwe Kleine-König <u.kleine-koenig@pengutronix.de>2010-05-21 18:06:42 +0100
committerUwe Kleine-König <u.kleine-koenig@pengutronix.de>2013-04-17 21:44:46 +0200
commit19c4d593f0b4bd46f6d923a3e514719982a22058 (patch)
treed49347eeaf897139242020418fd104f1c2daed91 /arch/arm/kernel/entry-header.S
parent55bdd694116597d2f16510b121463cd579ba78da (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-19c4d593f0b4bd46f6d923a3e514719982a22058.tar.gz
ARM: ARMv7-M: Add support for exception handling
This patch implements the exception handling for the ARMv7-M architecture (pretty different from the A or R profiles). It bases on work done earlier by Catalin for 2.6.33 but was nearly completely rewritten to use a pt_regs layout compatible to the A profile. Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Reviewed-by: Jonathan Austin <jonathan.austin@arm.com> Tested-by: Jonathan Austin <jonathan.austin@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Uwe Kleine-König <u.kleine-koenig@pengutronix.de>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/arm/kernel/entry-header.S')
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/kernel/entry-header.S124
1 files changed, 124 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/entry-header.S b/arch/arm/kernel/entry-header.S
index 9a8531eadd3d..b02e1394dc54 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kernel/entry-header.S
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/entry-header.S
@@ -5,6 +5,7 @@
#include <asm/asm-offsets.h>
#include <asm/errno.h>
#include <asm/thread_info.h>
+#include <asm/v7m.h>
@ Bad Abort numbers
@ -----------------
@@ -44,6 +45,116 @@
#endif
.endm
+#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_V7M
+/*
+ * ARMv7-M exception entry/exit macros.
+ *
+ * xPSR, ReturnAddress(), LR (R14), R12, R3, R2, R1, and R0 are
+ * automatically saved on the current stack (32 words) before
+ * switching to the exception stack (SP_main).
+ *
+ * If exception is taken while in user mode, SP_main is
+ * empty. Otherwise, SP_main is aligned to 64 bit automatically
+ * (CCR.STKALIGN set).
+ *
+ * Linux assumes that the interrupts are disabled when entering an
+ * exception handler and it may BUG if this is not the case. Interrupts
+ * are disabled during entry and reenabled in the exit macro.
+ *
+ * v7m_exception_slow_exit is used when returning from SVC or PendSV.
+ * When returning to kernel mode, we don't return from exception.
+ */
+ .macro v7m_exception_entry
+ @ determine the location of the registers saved by the core during
+ @ exception entry. Depending on the mode the cpu was in when the
+ @ exception happend that is either on the main or the process stack.
+ @ Bit 2 of EXC_RETURN stored in the lr register specifies which stack
+ @ was used.
+ tst lr, #EXC_RET_STACK_MASK
+ mrsne r12, psp
+ moveq r12, sp
+
+ @ we cannot rely on r0-r3 and r12 matching the value saved in the
+ @ exception frame because of tail-chaining. So these have to be
+ @ reloaded.
+ ldmia r12!, {r0-r3}
+
+ @ Linux expects to have irqs off. Do it here before taking stack space
+ cpsid i
+
+ sub sp, #S_FRAME_SIZE-S_IP
+ stmdb sp!, {r0-r11}
+
+ @ load saved r12, lr, return address and xPSR.
+ @ r0-r7 are used for signals and never touched from now on. Clobbering
+ @ r8-r12 is OK.
+ mov r9, r12
+ ldmia r9!, {r8, r10-r12}
+
+ @ calculate the original stack pointer value.
+ @ r9 currently points to the memory location just above the auto saved
+ @ xPSR.
+ @ The cpu might automatically 8-byte align the stack. Bit 9
+ @ of the saved xPSR specifies if stack aligning took place. In this case
+ @ another 32-bit value is included in the stack.
+
+ tst r12, V7M_xPSR_FRAMEPTRALIGN
+ addne r9, r9, #4
+
+ @ store saved r12 using str to have a register to hold the base for stm
+ str r8, [sp, #S_IP]
+ add r8, sp, #S_SP
+ @ store r13-r15, xPSR
+ stmia r8!, {r9-r12}
+ @ store old_r0
+ str r0, [r8]
+ .endm
+
+ /*
+ * PENDSV and SVCALL are configured to have the same exception
+ * priorities. As a kernel thread runs at SVCALL execution priority it
+ * can never be preempted and so we will never have to return to a
+ * kernel thread here.
+ */
+ .macro v7m_exception_slow_exit ret_r0
+ cpsid i
+ ldr lr, =EXC_RET_THREADMODE_PROCESSSTACK
+
+ @ read original r12, sp, lr, pc and xPSR
+ add r12, sp, #S_IP
+ ldmia r12, {r1-r5}
+
+ @ an exception frame is always 8-byte aligned. To tell the hardware if
+ @ the sp to be restored is aligned or not set bit 9 of the saved xPSR
+ @ accordingly.
+ tst r2, #4
+ subne r2, r2, #4
+ orrne r5, V7M_xPSR_FRAMEPTRALIGN
+ biceq r5, V7M_xPSR_FRAMEPTRALIGN
+
+ @ write basic exception frame
+ stmdb r2!, {r1, r3-r5}
+ ldmia sp, {r1, r3-r5}
+ .if \ret_r0
+ stmdb r2!, {r0, r3-r5}
+ .else
+ stmdb r2!, {r1, r3-r5}
+ .endif
+
+ @ restore process sp
+ msr psp, r2
+
+ @ restore original r4-r11
+ ldmia sp!, {r0-r11}
+
+ @ restore main sp
+ add sp, sp, #S_FRAME_SIZE-S_IP
+
+ cpsie i
+ bx lr
+ .endm
+#endif /* CONFIG_CPU_V7M */
+
@
@ Store/load the USER SP and LR registers by switching to the SYS
@ mode. Useful in Thumb-2 mode where "stm/ldm rd, {sp, lr}^" is not
@@ -131,6 +242,18 @@
rfeia sp!
.endm
+#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_V7M
+ /*
+ * Note we don't need to do clrex here as clearing the local monitor is
+ * part of each exception entry and exit sequence.
+ */
+ .macro restore_user_regs, fast = 0, offset = 0
+ .if \offset
+ add sp, #\offset
+ .endif
+ v7m_exception_slow_exit ret_r0 = \fast
+ .endm
+#else /* ifdef CONFIG_CPU_V7M */
.macro restore_user_regs, fast = 0, offset = 0
clrex @ clear the exclusive monitor
mov r2, sp
@@ -147,6 +270,7 @@
add sp, sp, #S_FRAME_SIZE - S_SP
movs pc, lr @ return & move spsr_svc into cpsr
.endm
+#endif /* ifdef CONFIG_CPU_V7M / else */
.macro get_thread_info, rd
mov \rd, sp