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authorNicolas Pitre <nicolas.pitre@linaro.org>2011-06-19 23:36:03 -0400
committerNicolas Pitre <nico@fluxnic.net>2011-06-20 10:49:24 -0400
commit37b8304642c7f91df54888955c373ae89b577fcc (patch)
tree217e97c421fe58bb715b3d31bfc11f9a08cc8738 /arch/arm/kernel/entry-armv.S
parent2c53b436a30867eb6b47dd7bab23ba638d1fb0d2 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-37b8304642c7f91df54888955c373ae89b577fcc.tar.gz
ARM: kuser: move interface documentation out of the source code
Digging into some assembly file in order to get information about the kuser helpers is not that convivial. Let's move that information to a better formatted file in Documentation/arm/ and improve on it a bit. Thanks to Dave Martin <dave.martin@linaro.org> for the initial cleanup and clarifications. Signed-off-by: Nicolas Pitre <nicolas.pitre@linaro.org> Acked-by: Dave Martin <dave.martin@linaro.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/arm/kernel/entry-armv.S')
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/kernel/entry-armv.S153
1 files changed, 1 insertions, 152 deletions
diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/entry-armv.S b/arch/arm/kernel/entry-armv.S
index e8d885676807..63f7907c4c3c 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kernel/entry-armv.S
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/entry-armv.S
@@ -754,31 +754,12 @@ ENDPROC(__switch_to)
/*
* User helpers.
*
- * These are segment of kernel provided user code reachable from user space
- * at a fixed address in kernel memory. This is used to provide user space
- * with some operations which require kernel help because of unimplemented
- * native feature and/or instructions in many ARM CPUs. The idea is for
- * this code to be executed directly in user mode for best efficiency but
- * which is too intimate with the kernel counter part to be left to user
- * libraries. In fact this code might even differ from one CPU to another
- * depending on the available instruction set and restrictions like on
- * SMP systems. In other words, the kernel reserves the right to change
- * this code as needed without warning. Only the entry points and their
- * results are guaranteed to be stable.
- *
* Each segment is 32-byte aligned and will be moved to the top of the high
* vector page. New segments (if ever needed) must be added in front of
* existing ones. This mechanism should be used only for things that are
* really small and justified, and not be abused freely.
*
- * User space is expected to implement those things inline when optimizing
- * for a processor that has the necessary native support, but only if such
- * resulting binaries are already to be incompatible with earlier ARM
- * processors due to the use of unsupported instructions other than what
- * is provided here. In other words don't make binaries unable to run on
- * earlier processors just for the sake of not using these kernel helpers
- * if your compiled code is not going to use the new instructions for other
- * purpose.
+ * See Documentation/arm/kernel_user_helpers.txt for formal definitions.
*/
THUMB( .arm )
@@ -794,98 +775,12 @@ ENDPROC(__switch_to)
.globl __kuser_helper_start
__kuser_helper_start:
-/*
- * Reference prototype:
- *
- * void __kernel_memory_barrier(void)
- *
- * Input:
- *
- * lr = return address
- *
- * Output:
- *
- * none
- *
- * Clobbered:
- *
- * none
- *
- * Definition and user space usage example:
- *
- * typedef void (__kernel_dmb_t)(void);
- * #define __kernel_dmb (*(__kernel_dmb_t *)0xffff0fa0)
- *
- * Apply any needed memory barrier to preserve consistency with data modified
- * manually and __kuser_cmpxchg usage.
- *
- * This could be used as follows:
- *
- * #define __kernel_dmb() \
- * asm volatile ( "mov r0, #0xffff0fff; mov lr, pc; sub pc, r0, #95" \
- * : : : "r0", "lr","cc" )
- */
-
__kuser_memory_barrier: @ 0xffff0fa0
smp_dmb arm
usr_ret lr
.align 5
-/*
- * Reference prototype:
- *
- * int __kernel_cmpxchg(int oldval, int newval, int *ptr)
- *
- * Input:
- *
- * r0 = oldval
- * r1 = newval
- * r2 = ptr
- * lr = return address
- *
- * Output:
- *
- * r0 = returned value (zero or non-zero)
- * C flag = set if r0 == 0, clear if r0 != 0
- *
- * Clobbered:
- *
- * r3, ip, flags
- *
- * Definition and user space usage example:
- *
- * typedef int (__kernel_cmpxchg_t)(int oldval, int newval, int *ptr);
- * #define __kernel_cmpxchg (*(__kernel_cmpxchg_t *)0xffff0fc0)
- *
- * Atomically store newval in *ptr if *ptr is equal to oldval for user space.
- * Return zero if *ptr was changed or non-zero if no exchange happened.
- * The C flag is also set if *ptr was changed to allow for assembly
- * optimization in the calling code.
- *
- * Notes:
- *
- * - This routine already includes memory barriers as needed.
- *
- * For example, a user space atomic_add implementation could look like this:
- *
- * #define atomic_add(ptr, val) \
- * ({ register unsigned int *__ptr asm("r2") = (ptr); \
- * register unsigned int __result asm("r1"); \
- * asm volatile ( \
- * "1: @ atomic_add\n\t" \
- * "ldr r0, [r2]\n\t" \
- * "mov r3, #0xffff0fff\n\t" \
- * "add lr, pc, #4\n\t" \
- * "add r1, r0, %2\n\t" \
- * "add pc, r3, #(0xffff0fc0 - 0xffff0fff)\n\t" \
- * "bcc 1b" \
- * : "=&r" (__result) \
- * : "r" (__ptr), "rIL" (val) \
- * : "r0","r3","ip","lr","cc","memory" ); \
- * __result; })
- */
-
__kuser_cmpxchg: @ 0xffff0fc0
#if defined(CONFIG_NEEDS_SYSCALL_FOR_CMPXCHG)
@@ -959,39 +854,6 @@ kuser_cmpxchg_fixup:
.align 5
-/*
- * Reference prototype:
- *
- * int __kernel_get_tls(void)
- *
- * Input:
- *
- * lr = return address
- *
- * Output:
- *
- * r0 = TLS value
- *
- * Clobbered:
- *
- * none
- *
- * Definition and user space usage example:
- *
- * typedef int (__kernel_get_tls_t)(void);
- * #define __kernel_get_tls (*(__kernel_get_tls_t *)0xffff0fe0)
- *
- * Get the TLS value as previously set via the __ARM_NR_set_tls syscall.
- *
- * This could be used as follows:
- *
- * #define __kernel_get_tls() \
- * ({ register unsigned int __val asm("r0"); \
- * asm( "mov r0, #0xffff0fff; mov lr, pc; sub pc, r0, #31" \
- * : "=r" (__val) : : "lr","cc" ); \
- * __val; })
- */
-
__kuser_get_tls: @ 0xffff0fe0
ldr r0, [pc, #(16 - 8)] @ read TLS, set in kuser_get_tls_init
usr_ret lr
@@ -1000,19 +862,6 @@ __kuser_get_tls: @ 0xffff0fe0
.word 0 @ 0xffff0ff0 software TLS value, then
.endr @ pad up to __kuser_helper_version
-/*
- * Reference declaration:
- *
- * extern unsigned int __kernel_helper_version;
- *
- * Definition and user space usage example:
- *
- * #define __kernel_helper_version (*(unsigned int *)0xffff0ffc)
- *
- * User space may read this to determine the curent number of helpers
- * available.
- */
-
__kuser_helper_version: @ 0xffff0ffc
.word ((__kuser_helper_end - __kuser_helper_start) >> 5)