aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/Documentation
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorStephen Hemminger <shemminger@osdl.org>2006-11-09 16:37:26 -0800
committerDavid S. Miller <davem@sunset.davemloft.net>2006-12-02 21:21:51 -0800
commitef56e622c61e74dd6077615c9ea76c5132195880 (patch)
tree88a4636a88811696844b8c99d2630f9e71d4c556 /Documentation
parent35bfbc94070e480f350c868abc4ff9f77e7f2051 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-ef56e622c61e74dd6077615c9ea76c5132195880.tar.gz
[NET] ip-sysctl.txt: Alphabetize.
Rearrange TCP entries in alpha order. Signed-off-by: Stephen Hemminger <shemminger@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation')
-rw-r--r--Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt355
1 files changed, 177 insertions, 178 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt b/Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt
index bbcc8deda172..a0f6842368c3 100644
--- a/Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt
+++ b/Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt
@@ -101,6 +101,11 @@ inet_peer_gc_maxtime - INTEGER
TCP variables:
+somaxconn - INTEGER
+ Limit of socket listen() backlog, known in userspace as SOMAXCONN.
+ Defaults to 128. See also tcp_max_syn_backlog for additional tuning
+ for TCP sockets.
+
tcp_abc - INTEGER
Controls Appropriate Byte Count (ABC) defined in RFC3465.
ABC is a way of increasing congestion window (cwnd) more slowly
@@ -112,48 +117,51 @@ tcp_abc - INTEGER
of two segments to compensate for delayed acknowledgments.
Default: 0 (off)
-tcp_syn_retries - INTEGER
- Number of times initial SYNs for an active TCP connection attempt
- will be retransmitted. Should not be higher than 255. Default value
- is 5, which corresponds to ~180seconds.
+tcp_abort_on_overflow - BOOLEAN
+ If listening service is too slow to accept new connections,
+ reset them. Default state is FALSE. It means that if overflow
+ occurred due to a burst, connection will recover. Enable this
+ option _only_ if you are really sure that listening daemon
+ cannot be tuned to accept connections faster. Enabling this
+ option can harm clients of your server.
-tcp_synack_retries - INTEGER
- Number of times SYNACKs for a passive TCP connection attempt will
- be retransmitted. Should not be higher than 255. Default value
- is 5, which corresponds to ~180seconds.
+tcp_adv_win_scale - INTEGER
+ Count buffering overhead as bytes/2^tcp_adv_win_scale
+ (if tcp_adv_win_scale > 0) or bytes-bytes/2^(-tcp_adv_win_scale),
+ if it is <= 0.
+ Default: 2
-tcp_keepalive_time - INTEGER
- How often TCP sends out keepalive messages when keepalive is enabled.
- Default: 2hours.
+tcp_allowed_congestion_control - STRING
+ Show/set the congestion control choices available to non-privileged
+ processes. The list is a subset of those listed in
+ tcp_available_congestion_control.
+ Default is "reno" and the default setting (tcp_congestion_control).
-tcp_keepalive_probes - INTEGER
- How many keepalive probes TCP sends out, until it decides that the
- connection is broken. Default value: 9.
+tcp_app_win - INTEGER
+ Reserve max(window/2^tcp_app_win, mss) of window for application
+ buffer. Value 0 is special, it means that nothing is reserved.
+ Default: 31
-tcp_keepalive_intvl - INTEGER
- How frequently the probes are send out. Multiplied by
- tcp_keepalive_probes it is time to kill not responding connection,
- after probes started. Default value: 75sec i.e. connection
- will be aborted after ~11 minutes of retries.
+tcp_available_congestion_control - STRING
+ Shows the available congestion control choices that are registered.
+ More congestion control algorithms may be available as modules,
+ but not loaded.
-tcp_retries1 - INTEGER
- How many times to retry before deciding that something is wrong
- and it is necessary to report this suspicion to network layer.
- Minimal RFC value is 3, it is default, which corresponds
- to ~3sec-8min depending on RTO.
+tcp_congestion_control - STRING
+ Set the congestion control algorithm to be used for new
+ connections. The algorithm "reno" is always available, but
+ additional choices may be available based on kernel configuration.
+ Default is set as part of kernel configuration.
-tcp_retries2 - INTEGER
- How may times to retry before killing alive TCP connection.
- RFC1122 says that the limit should be longer than 100 sec.
- It is too small number. Default value 15 corresponds to ~13-30min
- depending on RTO.
+tcp_dsack - BOOLEAN
+ Allows TCP to send "duplicate" SACKs.
-tcp_orphan_retries - INTEGER
- How may times to retry before killing TCP connection, closed
- by our side. Default value 7 corresponds to ~50sec-16min
- depending on RTO. If you machine is loaded WEB server,
- you should think about lowering this value, such sockets
- may consume significant resources. Cf. tcp_max_orphans.
+tcp_ecn - BOOLEAN
+ Enable Explicit Congestion Notification in TCP.
+
+tcp_fack - BOOLEAN
+ Enable FACK congestion avoidance and fast retransmission.
+ The value is not used, if tcp_sack is not enabled.
tcp_fin_timeout - INTEGER
Time to hold socket in state FIN-WAIT-2, if it was closed
@@ -166,24 +174,33 @@ tcp_fin_timeout - INTEGER
because they eat maximum 1.5K of memory, but they tend
to live longer. Cf. tcp_max_orphans.
-tcp_max_tw_buckets - INTEGER
- Maximal number of timewait sockets held by system simultaneously.
- If this number is exceeded time-wait socket is immediately destroyed
- and warning is printed. This limit exists only to prevent
- simple DoS attacks, you _must_ not lower the limit artificially,
- but rather increase it (probably, after increasing installed memory),
- if network conditions require more than default value.
+tcp_frto - BOOLEAN
+ Enables F-RTO, an enhanced recovery algorithm for TCP retransmission
+ timeouts. It is particularly beneficial in wireless environments
+ where packet loss is typically due to random radio interference
+ rather than intermediate router congestion.
-tcp_tw_recycle - BOOLEAN
- Enable fast recycling TIME-WAIT sockets. Default value is 0.
- It should not be changed without advice/request of technical
- experts.
+tcp_keepalive_time - INTEGER
+ How often TCP sends out keepalive messages when keepalive is enabled.
+ Default: 2hours.
-tcp_tw_reuse - BOOLEAN
- Allow to reuse TIME-WAIT sockets for new connections when it is
- safe from protocol viewpoint. Default value is 0.
- It should not be changed without advice/request of technical
- experts.
+tcp_keepalive_probes - INTEGER
+ How many keepalive probes TCP sends out, until it decides that the
+ connection is broken. Default value: 9.
+
+tcp_keepalive_intvl - INTEGER
+ How frequently the probes are send out. Multiplied by
+ tcp_keepalive_probes it is time to kill not responding connection,
+ after probes started. Default value: 75sec i.e. connection
+ will be aborted after ~11 minutes of retries.
+
+tcp_low_latency - BOOLEAN
+ If set, the TCP stack makes decisions that prefer lower
+ latency as opposed to higher throughput. By default, this
+ option is not set meaning that higher throughput is preferred.
+ An example of an application where this default should be
+ changed would be a Beowulf compute cluster.
+ Default: 0
tcp_max_orphans - INTEGER
Maximal number of TCP sockets not attached to any user file handle,
@@ -197,41 +214,6 @@ tcp_max_orphans - INTEGER
more aggressively. Let me to remind again: each orphan eats
up to ~64K of unswappable memory.
-tcp_abort_on_overflow - BOOLEAN
- If listening service is too slow to accept new connections,
- reset them. Default state is FALSE. It means that if overflow
- occurred due to a burst, connection will recover. Enable this
- option _only_ if you are really sure that listening daemon
- cannot be tuned to accept connections faster. Enabling this
- option can harm clients of your server.
-
-tcp_syncookies - BOOLEAN
- Only valid when the kernel was compiled with CONFIG_SYNCOOKIES
- Send out syncookies when the syn backlog queue of a socket
- overflows. This is to prevent against the common 'syn flood attack'
- Default: FALSE
-
- Note, that syncookies is fallback facility.
- It MUST NOT be used to help highly loaded servers to stand
- against legal connection rate. If you see synflood warnings
- in your logs, but investigation shows that they occur
- because of overload with legal connections, you should tune
- another parameters until this warning disappear.
- See: tcp_max_syn_backlog, tcp_synack_retries, tcp_abort_on_overflow.
-
- syncookies seriously violate TCP protocol, do not allow
- to use TCP extensions, can result in serious degradation
- of some services (f.e. SMTP relaying), visible not by you,
- but your clients and relays, contacting you. While you see
- synflood warnings in logs not being really flooded, your server
- is seriously misconfigured.
-
-tcp_stdurg - BOOLEAN
- Use the Host requirements interpretation of the TCP urg pointer field.
- Most hosts use the older BSD interpretation, so if you turn this on
- Linux might not communicate correctly with them.
- Default: FALSE
-
tcp_max_syn_backlog - INTEGER
Maximal number of remembered connection requests, which are
still did not receive an acknowledgment from connecting client.
@@ -239,24 +221,34 @@ tcp_max_syn_backlog - INTEGER
and 128 for low memory machines. If server suffers of overload,
try to increase this number.
-tcp_window_scaling - BOOLEAN
- Enable window scaling as defined in RFC1323.
+tcp_max_tw_buckets - INTEGER
+ Maximal number of timewait sockets held by system simultaneously.
+ If this number is exceeded time-wait socket is immediately destroyed
+ and warning is printed. This limit exists only to prevent
+ simple DoS attacks, you _must_ not lower the limit artificially,
+ but rather increase it (probably, after increasing installed memory),
+ if network conditions require more than default value.
-tcp_timestamps - BOOLEAN
- Enable timestamps as defined in RFC1323.
+tcp_mem - vector of 3 INTEGERs: min, pressure, max
+ min: below this number of pages TCP is not bothered about its
+ memory appetite.
-tcp_sack - BOOLEAN
- Enable select acknowledgments (SACKS).
+ pressure: when amount of memory allocated by TCP exceeds this number
+ of pages, TCP moderates its memory consumption and enters memory
+ pressure mode, which is exited when memory consumption falls
+ under "min".
-tcp_fack - BOOLEAN
- Enable FACK congestion avoidance and fast retransmission.
- The value is not used, if tcp_sack is not enabled.
+ max: number of pages allowed for queueing by all TCP sockets.
-tcp_dsack - BOOLEAN
- Allows TCP to send "duplicate" SACKs.
+ Defaults are calculated at boot time from amount of available
+ memory.
-tcp_ecn - BOOLEAN
- Enable Explicit Congestion Notification in TCP.
+tcp_orphan_retries - INTEGER
+ How may times to retry before killing TCP connection, closed
+ by our side. Default value 7 corresponds to ~50sec-16min
+ depending on RTO. If you machine is loaded WEB server,
+ you should think about lowering this value, such sockets
+ may consume significant resources. Cf. tcp_max_orphans.
tcp_reordering - INTEGER
Maximal reordering of packets in a TCP stream.
@@ -267,20 +259,23 @@ tcp_retrans_collapse - BOOLEAN
On retransmit try to send bigger packets to work around bugs in
certain TCP stacks.
-tcp_wmem - vector of 3 INTEGERs: min, default, max
- min: Amount of memory reserved for send buffers for TCP socket.
- Each TCP socket has rights to use it due to fact of its birth.
- Default: 4K
+tcp_retries1 - INTEGER
+ How many times to retry before deciding that something is wrong
+ and it is necessary to report this suspicion to network layer.
+ Minimal RFC value is 3, it is default, which corresponds
+ to ~3sec-8min depending on RTO.
- default: Amount of memory allowed for send buffers for TCP socket
- by default. This value overrides net.core.wmem_default used
- by other protocols, it is usually lower than net.core.wmem_default.
- Default: 16K
+tcp_retries2 - INTEGER
+ How may times to retry before killing alive TCP connection.
+ RFC1122 says that the limit should be longer than 100 sec.
+ It is too small number. Default value 15 corresponds to ~13-30min
+ depending on RTO.
- max: Maximal amount of memory allowed for automatically selected
- send buffers for TCP socket. This value does not override
- net.core.wmem_max, "static" selection via SO_SNDBUF does not use this.
- Default: 128K
+tcp_rfc1337 - BOOLEAN
+ If set, the TCP stack behaves conforming to RFC1337. If unset,
+ we are not conforming to RFC, but prevent TCP TIME_WAIT
+ assassination.
+ Default: 0
tcp_rmem - vector of 3 INTEGERs: min, default, max
min: Minimal size of receive buffer used by TCP sockets.
@@ -299,79 +294,91 @@ tcp_rmem - vector of 3 INTEGERs: min, default, max
net.core.rmem_max, "static" selection via SO_RCVBUF does not use this.
Default: 87380*2 bytes.
-tcp_mem - vector of 3 INTEGERs: min, pressure, max
- min: below this number of pages TCP is not bothered about its
- memory appetite.
+tcp_sack - BOOLEAN
+ Enable select acknowledgments (SACKS).
- pressure: when amount of memory allocated by TCP exceeds this number
- of pages, TCP moderates its memory consumption and enters memory
- pressure mode, which is exited when memory consumption falls
- under "min".
+tcp_slow_start_after_idle - BOOLEAN
+ If set, provide RFC2861 behavior and time out the congestion
+ window after an idle period. An idle period is defined at
+ the current RTO. If unset, the congestion window will not
+ be timed out after an idle period.
+ Default: 1
- max: number of pages allowed for queueing by all TCP sockets.
+tcp_stdurg - BOOLEAN
+ Use the Host requirements interpretation of the TCP urg pointer field.
+ Most hosts use the older BSD interpretation, so if you turn this on
+ Linux might not communicate correctly with them.
+ Default: FALSE
- Defaults are calculated at boot time from amount of available
- memory.
+tcp_synack_retries - INTEGER
+ Number of times SYNACKs for a passive TCP connection attempt will
+ be retransmitted. Should not be higher than 255. Default value
+ is 5, which corresponds to ~180seconds.
-tcp_app_win - INTEGER
- Reserve max(window/2^tcp_app_win, mss) of window for application
- buffer. Value 0 is special, it means that nothing is reserved.
- Default: 31
+tcp_syncookies - BOOLEAN
+ Only valid when the kernel was compiled with CONFIG_SYNCOOKIES
+ Send out syncookies when the syn backlog queue of a socket
+ overflows. This is to prevent against the common 'syn flood attack'
+ Default: FALSE
-tcp_adv_win_scale - INTEGER
- Count buffering overhead as bytes/2^tcp_adv_win_scale
- (if tcp_adv_win_scale > 0) or bytes-bytes/2^(-tcp_adv_win_scale),
- if it is <= 0.
- Default: 2
+ Note, that syncookies is fallback facility.
+ It MUST NOT be used to help highly loaded servers to stand
+ against legal connection rate. If you see synflood warnings
+ in your logs, but investigation shows that they occur
+ because of overload with legal connections, you should tune
+ another parameters until this warning disappear.
+ See: tcp_max_syn_backlog, tcp_synack_retries, tcp_abort_on_overflow.
-tcp_rfc1337 - BOOLEAN
- If set, the TCP stack behaves conforming to RFC1337. If unset,
- we are not conforming to RFC, but prevent TCP TIME_WAIT
- assassination.
- Default: 0
+ syncookies seriously violate TCP protocol, do not allow
+ to use TCP extensions, can result in serious degradation
+ of some services (f.e. SMTP relaying), visible not by you,
+ but your clients and relays, contacting you. While you see
+ synflood warnings in logs not being really flooded, your server
+ is seriously misconfigured.
-tcp_low_latency - BOOLEAN
- If set, the TCP stack makes decisions that prefer lower
- latency as opposed to higher throughput. By default, this
- option is not set meaning that higher throughput is preferred.
- An example of an application where this default should be
- changed would be a Beowulf compute cluster.
- Default: 0
+tcp_syn_retries - INTEGER
+ Number of times initial SYNs for an active TCP connection attempt
+ will be retransmitted. Should not be higher than 255. Default value
+ is 5, which corresponds to ~180seconds.
+
+tcp_timestamps - BOOLEAN
+ Enable timestamps as defined in RFC1323.
tcp_tso_win_divisor - INTEGER
- This allows control over what percentage of the congestion window
- can be consumed by a single TSO frame.
- The setting of this parameter is a choice between burstiness and
- building larger TSO frames.
- Default: 3
+ This allows control over what percentage of the congestion window
+ can be consumed by a single TSO frame.
+ The setting of this parameter is a choice between burstiness and
+ building larger TSO frames.
+ Default: 3
-tcp_frto - BOOLEAN
- Enables F-RTO, an enhanced recovery algorithm for TCP retransmission
- timeouts. It is particularly beneficial in wireless environments
- where packet loss is typically due to random radio interference
- rather than intermediate router congestion.
+tcp_tw_recycle - BOOLEAN
+ Enable fast recycling TIME-WAIT sockets. Default value is 0.
+ It should not be changed without advice/request of technical
+ experts.
-tcp_allowed_congestion_control - STRING
- Show/set the congestion control choices available to non-privileged
- processes. The list is a subset of those listed in
- tcp_available_congestion_control.
- Default is "reno" and the default setting (tcp_congestion_control).
+tcp_tw_reuse - BOOLEAN
+ Allow to reuse TIME-WAIT sockets for new connections when it is
+ safe from protocol viewpoint. Default value is 0.
+ It should not be changed without advice/request of technical
+ experts.
-tcp_available_congestion_control - STRING
- Shows the available congestion control choices that are registered.
- More congestion control algorithms may be available as modules,
- but not loaded.
+tcp_window_scaling - BOOLEAN
+ Enable window scaling as defined in RFC1323.
-tcp_congestion_control - STRING
- Set the congestion control algorithm to be used for new
- connections. The algorithm "reno" is always available, but
- additional choices may be available based on kernel configuration.
- Default is set as part of kernel configuration.
+tcp_wmem - vector of 3 INTEGERs: min, default, max
+ min: Amount of memory reserved for send buffers for TCP socket.
+ Each TCP socket has rights to use it due to fact of its birth.
+ Default: 4K
-somaxconn - INTEGER
- Limit of socket listen() backlog, known in userspace as SOMAXCONN.
- Defaults to 128. See also tcp_max_syn_backlog for additional tuning
- for TCP sockets.
+ default: Amount of memory allowed for send buffers for TCP socket
+ by default. This value overrides net.core.wmem_default used
+ by other protocols, it is usually lower than net.core.wmem_default.
+ Default: 16K
+
+ max: Maximal amount of memory allowed for automatically selected
+ send buffers for TCP socket. This value does not override
+ net.core.wmem_max, "static" selection via SO_SNDBUF does not use this.
+ Default: 128K
tcp_workaround_signed_windows - BOOLEAN
If set, assume no receipt of a window scaling option means the
@@ -380,13 +387,6 @@ tcp_workaround_signed_windows - BOOLEAN
not receive a window scaling option from them.
Default: 0
-tcp_slow_start_after_idle - BOOLEAN
- If set, provide RFC2861 behavior and time out the congestion
- window after an idle period. An idle period is defined at
- the current RTO. If unset, the congestion window will not
- be timed out after an idle period.
- Default: 1
-
CIPSOv4 Variables:
cipso_cache_enable - BOOLEAN
@@ -986,4 +986,3 @@ no_cong_thresh FIXME
slot_timeout FIXME
warn_noreply_time FIXME
-$Id: ip-sysctl.txt,v 1.20 2001/12/13 09:00:18 davem Exp $