path: root/Documentation
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authorDarrick J. Wong <djwong@us.ibm.com>2008-10-17 17:51:20 +0200
committerJean Delvare <khali@mahadeva.delvare>2008-10-17 17:51:20 +0200
commitd664a4809e73c878a43607d584b2e2b60fd07468 (patch)
treec521da804f4fc539ce13146ebfaa9dd546ed03a0 /Documentation
parent21d93c14b32f1d74ebed09caca7d6c10cf3f952e (diff)
hwmon: (adt7470) Add documentation
Add at least the bare minimum of documentation for this chip. Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <djwong@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Jean Delvare <khali@linux-fr.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation')
1 files changed, 76 insertions, 0 deletions
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+Kernel driver adt7470
+Supported chips:
+ * Analog Devices ADT7470
+ Prefix: 'adt7470'
+ Addresses scanned: I2C 0x2C, 0x2E, 0x2F
+ Datasheet: Publicly available at the Analog Devices website
+Author: Darrick J. Wong
+This driver implements support for the Analog Devices ADT7470 chip. There may
+be other chips that implement this interface.
+The ADT7470 uses the 2-wire interface compatible with the SMBus 2.0
+specification. Using an analog to digital converter it measures up to ten (10)
+external temperatures. It has four (4) 16-bit counters for measuring fan speed.
+There are four (4) PWM outputs that can be used to control fan speed.
+A sophisticated control system for the PWM outputs is designed into the ADT7470
+that allows fan speed to be adjusted automatically based on any of the ten
+temperature sensors. Each PWM output is individually adjustable and
+programmable. Once configured, the ADT7470 will adjust the PWM outputs in
+response to the measured temperatures with further host intervention. This
+feature can also be disabled for manual control of the PWM's.
+Each of the measured inputs (temperature, fan speed) has corresponding high/low
+limit values. The ADT7470 will signal an ALARM if any measured value exceeds
+either limit.
+The ADT7470 DOES NOT sample all inputs continuously. A single pin on the
+ADT7470 is connected to a multitude of thermal diodes, but the chip must be
+instructed explicitly to read the multitude of diodes. If you want to use
+automatic fan control mode, you must manually read any of the temperature
+sensors or the fan control algorithm will not run. The chip WILL NOT DO THIS
+AUTOMATICALLY; this must be done from userspace. This may be a bug in the chip
+design, given that many other AD chips take care of this. The driver will not
+read the registers more often than once every 5 seconds. Further,
+configuration data is only read once per minute.
+Special Features
+The ADT7470 has a 8-bit ADC and is capable of measuring temperatures with 1
+degC resolution.
+The Analog Devices datasheet is very detailed and describes a procedure for
+determining an optimal configuration for the automatic PWM control.
+Configuration Notes
+Besides standard interfaces driver adds the following:
+* PWM Control
+* pwm#_auto_point1_pwm and pwm#_auto_point1_temp and
+* pwm#_auto_point2_pwm and pwm#_auto_point2_temp -
+point1: Set the pwm speed at a lower temperature bound.
+point2: Set the pwm speed at a higher temperature bound.
+The ADT7470 will scale the pwm between the lower and higher pwm speed when
+the temperature is between the two temperature boundaries. PWM values range
+from 0 (off) to 255 (full speed). Fan speed will be set to maximum when the
+temperature sensor associated with the PWM control exceeds
+As stated above, the temperature inputs must be read periodically from
+userspace in order for the automatic pwm algorithm to run.