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authorMel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>2012-07-31 16:44:55 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2012-07-31 18:42:47 -0700
commit62c230bc1790923a1b35da03596a68a6c9b5b100 (patch)
tree46b300a00929087627e029b0f4d53e486a97ba7f /Documentation
parent18022c5d8627a7a9ba8097a0f238b513fae6f5b8 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-62c230bc1790923a1b35da03596a68a6c9b5b100.tar.gz
mm: add support for a filesystem to activate swap files and use direct_IO for writing swap pages
Currently swapfiles are managed entirely by the core VM by using ->bmap to allocate space and write to the blocks directly. This effectively ensures that the underlying blocks are allocated and avoids the need for the swap subsystem to locate what physical blocks store offsets within a file. If the swap subsystem is to use the filesystem information to locate the blocks, it is critical that information such as block groups, block bitmaps and the block descriptor table that map the swap file were resident in memory. This patch adds address_space_operations that the VM can call when activating or deactivating swap backed by a file. int swap_activate(struct file *); int swap_deactivate(struct file *); The ->swap_activate() method is used to communicate to the file that the VM relies on it, and the address_space should take adequate measures such as reserving space in the underlying device, reserving memory for mempools and pinning information such as the block descriptor table in memory. The ->swap_deactivate() method is called on sys_swapoff() if ->swap_activate() returned success. After a successful swapfile ->swap_activate, the swapfile is marked SWP_FILE and swapper_space.a_ops will proxy to sis->swap_file->f_mappings->a_ops using ->direct_io to write swapcache pages and ->readpage to read. It is perfectly possible that direct_IO be used to read the swap pages but it is an unnecessary complication. Similarly, it is possible that ->writepage be used instead of direct_io to write the pages but filesystem developers have stated that calling writepage from the VM is undesirable for a variety of reasons and using direct_IO opens up the possibility of writing back batches of swap pages in the future. [a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl: Original patch] Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org> Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net> Cc: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com> Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu> Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc> Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com> Cc: Xiaotian Feng <dfeng@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation')
-rw-r--r--Documentation/filesystems/Locking13
-rw-r--r--Documentation/filesystems/vfs.txt12
2 files changed, 25 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/Locking b/Documentation/filesystems/Locking
index e0cce2a5f820..2db1900d7538 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/Locking
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/Locking
@@ -206,6 +206,8 @@ prototypes:
int (*launder_page)(struct page *);
int (*is_partially_uptodate)(struct page *, read_descriptor_t *, unsigned long);
int (*error_remove_page)(struct address_space *, struct page *);
+ int (*swap_activate)(struct file *);
+ int (*swap_deactivate)(struct file *);
locking rules:
All except set_page_dirty and freepage may block
@@ -229,6 +231,8 @@ migratepage: yes (both)
launder_page: yes
is_partially_uptodate: yes
error_remove_page: yes
+swap_activate: no
+swap_deactivate: no
->write_begin(), ->write_end(), ->sync_page() and ->readpage()
may be called from the request handler (/dev/loop).
@@ -330,6 +334,15 @@ cleaned, or an error value if not. Note that in order to prevent the page
getting mapped back in and redirtied, it needs to be kept locked
across the entire operation.
+ ->swap_activate will be called with a non-zero argument on
+files backing (non block device backed) swapfiles. A return value
+of zero indicates success, in which case this file can be used for
+backing swapspace. The swapspace operations will be proxied to the
+address space operations.
+
+ ->swap_deactivate() will be called in the sys_swapoff()
+path after ->swap_activate() returned success.
+
----------------------- file_lock_operations ------------------------------
prototypes:
void (*fl_copy_lock)(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *);
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/vfs.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/vfs.txt
index aa754e01464e..065aa2dc0835 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/vfs.txt
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/vfs.txt
@@ -592,6 +592,8 @@ struct address_space_operations {
int (*migratepage) (struct page *, struct page *);
int (*launder_page) (struct page *);
int (*error_remove_page) (struct mapping *mapping, struct page *page);
+ int (*swap_activate)(struct file *);
+ int (*swap_deactivate)(struct file *);
};
writepage: called by the VM to write a dirty page to backing store.
@@ -760,6 +762,16 @@ struct address_space_operations {
Setting this implies you deal with pages going away under you,
unless you have them locked or reference counts increased.
+ swap_activate: Called when swapon is used on a file to allocate
+ space if necessary and pin the block lookup information in
+ memory. A return value of zero indicates success,
+ in which case this file can be used to back swapspace. The
+ swapspace operations will be proxied to this address space's
+ ->swap_{out,in} methods.
+
+ swap_deactivate: Called during swapoff on files where swap_activate
+ was successful.
+
The File Object
===============