path: root/Documentation/vm
diff options
authorKirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>2013-11-14 14:31:51 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2013-11-15 09:32:20 +0900
commit49076ec2ccaf68610aa03d96bced9a6694b93ca1 (patch)
tree876564edb5cd164c7f9eaf39008f8f01fb164db6 /Documentation/vm
parentf820e2805c7acb157a78438d07e47f4fc57fe679 (diff)
mm: dynamically allocate page->ptl if it cannot be embedded to struct page
If split page table lock is in use, we embed the lock into struct page of table's page. We have to disable split lock, if spinlock_t is too big be to be embedded, like when DEBUG_SPINLOCK or DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC enabled. This patch add support for dynamic allocation of split page table lock if we can't embed it to struct page. page->ptl is unsigned long now and we use it as spinlock_t if sizeof(spinlock_t) <= sizeof(long), otherwise it's pointer to spinlock_t. The spinlock_t allocated in pgtable_page_ctor() for PTE table and in pgtable_pmd_page_ctor() for PMD table. All other helpers converted to support dynamically allocated page->ptl. Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Reviewed-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/vm')
1 files changed, 94 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/vm/split_page_table_lock b/Documentation/vm/split_page_table_lock
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..7521d367f21d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/vm/split_page_table_lock
@@ -0,0 +1,94 @@
+Split page table lock
+Originally, mm->page_table_lock spinlock protected all page tables of the
+mm_struct. But this approach leads to poor page fault scalability of
+multi-threaded applications due high contention on the lock. To improve
+scalability, split page table lock was introduced.
+With split page table lock we have separate per-table lock to serialize
+access to the table. At the moment we use split lock for PTE and PMD
+tables. Access to higher level tables protected by mm->page_table_lock.
+There are helpers to lock/unlock a table and other accessor functions:
+ - pte_offset_map_lock()
+ maps pte and takes PTE table lock, returns pointer to the taken
+ lock;
+ - pte_unmap_unlock()
+ unlocks and unmaps PTE table;
+ - pte_alloc_map_lock()
+ allocates PTE table if needed and take the lock, returns pointer
+ to taken lock or NULL if allocation failed;
+ - pte_lockptr()
+ returns pointer to PTE table lock;
+ - pmd_lock()
+ takes PMD table lock, returns pointer to taken lock;
+ - pmd_lockptr()
+ returns pointer to PMD table lock;
+Split page table lock for PTE tables is enabled compile-time if
+CONFIG_SPLIT_PTLOCK_CPUS (usually 4) is less or equal to NR_CPUS.
+If split lock is disabled, all tables guaded by mm->page_table_lock.
+Split page table lock for PMD tables is enabled, if it's enabled for PTE
+tables and the architecture supports it (see below).
+Hugetlb and split page table lock
+Hugetlb can support several page sizes. We use split lock only for PMD
+level, but not for PUD.
+Hugetlb-specific helpers:
+ - huge_pte_lock()
+ takes pmd split lock for PMD_SIZE page, mm->page_table_lock
+ otherwise;
+ - huge_pte_lockptr()
+ returns pointer to table lock;
+Support of split page table lock by an architecture
+There's no need in special enabling of PTE split page table lock:
+everything required is done by pgtable_page_ctor() and pgtable_page_dtor(),
+which must be called on PTE table allocation / freeing.
+Make sure the architecture doesn't use slab allocator for page table
+allocation: slab uses page->slab_cache and page->first_page for its pages.
+These fields share storage with page->ptl.
+PMD split lock only makes sense if you have more than two page table
+PMD split lock enabling requires pgtable_pmd_page_ctor() call on PMD table
+allocation and pgtable_pmd_page_dtor() on freeing.
+Allocation usually happens in pmd_alloc_one(), freeing in pmd_free(), but
+make sure you cover all PMD table allocation / freeing paths: i.e X86_PAE
+preallocate few PMDs on pgd_alloc().
+With everything in place you can set CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCK.
+NOTE: pgtable_page_ctor() and pgtable_pmd_page_ctor() can fail -- it must
+be handled properly.
+page->ptl is used to access split page table lock, where 'page' is struct
+page of page containing the table. It shares storage with page->private
+(and few other fields in union).
+To avoid increasing size of struct page and have best performance, we use a
+ - if spinlock_t fits into long, we use page->ptr as spinlock, so we
+ can avoid indirect access and save a cache line.
+ - if size of spinlock_t is bigger then size of long, we use page->ptl as
+ pointer to spinlock_t and allocate it dynamically. This allows to use
+ split lock with enabled DEBUG_SPINLOCK or DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC, but costs
+ one more cache line for indirect access;
+The spinlock_t allocated in pgtable_page_ctor() for PTE table and in
+pgtable_pmd_page_ctor() for PMD table.
+Please, never access page->ptl directly -- use appropriate helper.