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authorRafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>2014-02-11 00:35:38 +0100
committerRafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>2014-02-11 00:35:38 +0100
commit2d984ad132a87ca2112f81f21039493176a8bca0 (patch)
tree5bcec9039870a698baf6febef19742c1c3622d50 /Documentation/power
parent327adaedf2218b0e318eb393aa79cf2be64c199f (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-2d984ad132a87ca2112f81f21039493176a8bca0.tar.gz
PM / QoS: Introcuce latency tolerance device PM QoS type
Add a new latency tolerance device PM QoS type to be use for specifying active state (RPM_ACTIVE) memory access (DMA) latency tolerance requirements for devices. It may be used to prevent hardware from choosing overly aggressive energy-saving operation modes (causing too much latency to appear) for the whole platform. This feature reqiures hardware support, so it only will be available for devices having a new .set_latency_tolerance() callback in struct dev_pm_info populated, in which case the routine pointed to by it should implement whatever is necessary to transfer the effective requirement value to the hardware. Whenever the effective latency tolerance changes for the device, its .set_latency_tolerance() callback will be executed and the effective value will be passed to it. If that value is negative, which means that the list of latency tolerance requirements for the device is empty, the callback is expected to switch the underlying hardware latency tolerance control mechanism to an autonomous mode if available. If that value is PM_QOS_LATENCY_ANY, in turn, and the hardware supports a special "no requirement" setting, the callback is expected to use it. That allows software to prevent the hardware from automatically updating the device's latency tolerance in response to its power state changes (e.g. during transitions from D3cold to D0), which generally may be done in the autonomous latency tolerance control mode. If .set_latency_tolerance() is present for the device, a new pm_qos_latency_tolerance_us attribute will be present in the devivce's power directory in sysfs. Then, user space can use that attribute to specify its latency tolerance requirement for the device, if any. Writing "any" to it means "no requirement, but do not let the hardware control latency tolerance" and writing "auto" to it allows the hardware to be switched to the autonomous mode if there are no other requirements from the kernel side in the device's list. This changeset includes a fix from Mika Westerberg. Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/power')
-rw-r--r--Documentation/power/pm_qos_interface.txt59
1 files changed, 50 insertions, 9 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/power/pm_qos_interface.txt b/Documentation/power/pm_qos_interface.txt
index 22cb8f51182a..ed743bbad87c 100644
--- a/Documentation/power/pm_qos_interface.txt
+++ b/Documentation/power/pm_qos_interface.txt
@@ -88,17 +88,19 @@ node.
2. PM QoS per-device latency and flags framework
-For each device, there are two lists of PM QoS requests. One is maintained
-along with the aggregated target of resume latency value and the other is for
-PM QoS flags. Values are updated in response to changes of the request list.
+For each device, there are three lists of PM QoS requests. Two of them are
+maintained along with the aggregated targets of resume latency and active
+state latency tolerance (in microseconds) and the third one is for PM QoS flags.
+Values are updated in response to changes of the request list.
-Target resume latency value is simply the minimum of the request values held in
-the parameter list elements. The PM QoS flags aggregate value is a gather
-(bitwise OR) of all list elements' values. Two device PM QoS flags are defined
-currently: PM_QOS_FLAG_NO_POWER_OFF and PM_QOS_FLAG_REMOTE_WAKEUP.
+The target values of resume latency and active state latency tolerance are
+simply the minimum of the request values held in the parameter list elements.
+The PM QoS flags aggregate value is a gather (bitwise OR) of all list elements'
+values. Two device PM QoS flags are defined currently: PM_QOS_FLAG_NO_POWER_OFF
+and PM_QOS_FLAG_REMOTE_WAKEUP.
-Note: the aggregated target value is implemented in such a way that reading the
-aggregated value does not require any locking mechanism.
+Note: The aggregated target values are implemented in such a way that reading
+the aggregated value does not require any locking mechanism.
From kernel mode the use of this interface is the following:
@@ -177,3 +179,42 @@ The callback is called when the aggregated value for any device is changed
int dev_pm_qos_remove_global_notifier(notifier):
Removes the notification callback function from the global notification tree
of the framework.
+
+
+Active state latency tolerance
+
+This device PM QoS type is used to support systems in which hardware may switch
+to energy-saving operation modes on the fly. In those systems, if the operation
+mode chosen by the hardware attempts to save energy in an overly aggressive way,
+it may cause excess latencies to be visible to software, causing it to miss
+certain protocol requirements or target frame or sample rates etc.
+
+If there is a latency tolerance control mechanism for a given device available
+to software, the .set_latency_tolerance callback in that device's dev_pm_info
+structure should be populated. The routine pointed to by it is should implement
+whatever is necessary to transfer the effective requirement value to the
+hardware.
+
+Whenever the effective latency tolerance changes for the device, its
+.set_latency_tolerance() callback will be executed and the effective value will
+be passed to it. If that value is negative, which means that the list of
+latency tolerance requirements for the device is empty, the callback is expected
+to switch the underlying hardware latency tolerance control mechanism to an
+autonomous mode if available. If that value is PM_QOS_LATENCY_ANY, in turn, and
+the hardware supports a special "no requirement" setting, the callback is
+expected to use it. That allows software to prevent the hardware from
+automatically updating the device's latency tolerance in response to its power
+state changes (e.g. during transitions from D3cold to D0), which generally may
+be done in the autonomous latency tolerance control mode.
+
+If .set_latency_tolerance() is present for the device, sysfs attribute
+pm_qos_latency_tolerance_us will be present in the devivce's power directory.
+Then, user space can use that attribute to specify its latency tolerance
+requirement for the device, if any. Writing "any" to it means "no requirement,
+but do not let the hardware control latency tolerance" and writing "auto" to it
+allows the hardware to be switched to the autonomous mode if there are no other
+requirements from the kernel side in the device's list.
+
+Kernel code can use the functions described above along with the
+DEV_PM_QOS_LATENCY_TOLERANCE device PM QoS type to add, remove and update
+latency tolerance requirements for devices.