|author||Andy Isaacson <firstname.lastname@example.org>||2006-01-08 01:04:00 -0800|
|committer||Linus Torvalds <email@example.com>||2006-01-08 20:14:01 -0800|
I couldn't find any docs explaining the contents of /sys/block/<dev>/stat, so I wrote up the following. I'm not completely sure it's accurate - Jens, could you give a yea or nay on this? In particular, the counts of read/write IOs and read/write sectors are incremented in different places - it looks like they both increment as the request is being finished, but I'm not completely sure of that. Cc: Jens Axboe <firstname.lastname@example.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <email@example.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <firstname.lastname@example.org>
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+Block layer statistics in /sys/block/<dev>/stat
+This file documents the contents of the /sys/block/<dev>/stat file.
+The stat file provides several statistics about the state of block
+Q. Why are there multiple statistics in a single file? Doesn't sysfs
+ normally contain a single value per file?
+A. By having a single file, the kernel can guarantee that the statistics
+ represent a consistent snapshot of the state of the device. If the
+ statistics were exported as multiple files containing one statistic
+ each, it would be impossible to guarantee that a set of readings
+ represent a single point in time.
+The stat file consists of a single line of text containing 11 decimal
+values separated by whitespace. The fields are summarized in the
+following table, and described in more detail below.
+Name units description
+---- ----- -----------
+read I/Os requests number of read I/Os processed
+read merges requests number of read I/Os merged with in-queue I/O
+read sectors sectors number of sectors read
+read ticks milliseconds total wait time for read requests
+write I/Os requests number of write I/Os processed
+write merges requests number of write I/Os merged with in-queue I/O
+write sectors sectors number of sectors written
+write ticks milliseconds total wait time for write requests
+in_flight requests number of I/Os currently in flight
+io_ticks milliseconds total time this block device has been active
+time_in_queue milliseconds total wait time for all requests
+read I/Os, write I/Os
+These values increment when an I/O request completes.
+read merges, write merges
+These values increment when an I/O request is merged with an
+already-queued I/O request.
+read sectors, write sectors
+These values count the number of sectors read from or written to this
+block device. The "sectors" in question are the standard UNIX 512-byte
+sectors, not any device- or filesystem-specific block size. The
+counters are incremented when the I/O completes.
+read ticks, write ticks
+These values count the number of milliseconds that I/O requests have
+waited on this block device. If there are multiple I/O requests waiting,
+these values will increase at a rate greater than 1000/second; for
+example, if 60 read requests wait for an average of 30 ms, the read_ticks
+field will increase by 60*30 = 1800.
+This value counts the number of I/O requests that have been issued to
+the device driver but have not yet completed. It does not include I/O
+requests that are in the queue but not yet issued to the device driver.
+This value counts the number of milliseconds during which the device has
+had I/O requests queued.
+This value counts the number of milliseconds that I/O requests have waited
+on this block device. If there are multiple I/O requests waiting, this
+value will increase as the product of the number of milliseconds times the
+number of requests waiting (see "read ticks" above for an example).