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authorMike Frysinger <vapier@gentoo.org>2014-10-13 15:52:05 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2014-10-14 02:18:16 +0200
commit43bd40e5b6eab989a2186b09d45b8ff8efd127b2 (patch)
tree922129fa1f1d53b230b543b8c7960223b5415698 /Documentation/binfmt_misc.txt
parentbbaecc088245e840e59a5abe23d69cf7748b3c88 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-43bd40e5b6eab989a2186b09d45b8ff8efd127b2.tar.gz
binfmt_misc: touch up documentation a bit
Line wrap the content to 80 cols, and add more details to various fields to match the code. Drop reference to a website that does not exist anymore. Signed-off-by: Mike Frysinger <vapier@gentoo.org> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/binfmt_misc.txt')
-rw-r--r--Documentation/binfmt_misc.txt48
1 files changed, 28 insertions, 20 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/binfmt_misc.txt b/Documentation/binfmt_misc.txt
index f64372b284e8..6b1de7058371 100644
--- a/Documentation/binfmt_misc.txt
+++ b/Documentation/binfmt_misc.txt
@@ -15,39 +15,50 @@ First you must mount binfmt_misc:
mount binfmt_misc -t binfmt_misc /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc
To actually register a new binary type, you have to set up a string looking like
-:name:type:offset:magic:mask:interpreter:flags (where you can choose the ':' upon
-your needs) and echo it to /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc/register.
+:name:type:offset:magic:mask:interpreter:flags (where you can choose the ':'
+upon your needs) and echo it to /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc/register.
+
Here is what the fields mean:
- 'name' is an identifier string. A new /proc file will be created with this
- name below /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc
+ name below /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc; cannot contain slashes '/' for obvious
+ reasons.
- 'type' is the type of recognition. Give 'M' for magic and 'E' for extension.
- 'offset' is the offset of the magic/mask in the file, counted in bytes. This
- defaults to 0 if you omit it (i.e. you write ':name:type::magic...')
+ defaults to 0 if you omit it (i.e. you write ':name:type::magic...'). Ignored
+ when using filename extension matching.
- 'magic' is the byte sequence binfmt_misc is matching for. The magic string
- may contain hex-encoded characters like \x0a or \xA4. In a shell environment
- you will have to write \\x0a to prevent the shell from eating your \.
+ may contain hex-encoded characters like \x0a or \xA4. Note that you must
+ escape any NUL bytes; parsing halts at the first one. In a shell environment
+ you might have to write \\x0a to prevent the shell from eating your \.
If you chose filename extension matching, this is the extension to be
recognised (without the '.', the \x0a specials are not allowed). Extension
- matching is case sensitive!
+ matching is case sensitive, and slashes '/' are not allowed!
- 'mask' is an (optional, defaults to all 0xff) mask. You can mask out some
bits from matching by supplying a string like magic and as long as magic.
- The mask is anded with the byte sequence of the file.
+ The mask is anded with the byte sequence of the file. Note that you must
+ escape any NUL bytes; parsing halts at the first one. Ignored when using
+ filename extension matching.
- 'interpreter' is the program that should be invoked with the binary as first
argument (specify the full path)
- 'flags' is an optional field that controls several aspects of the invocation
- of the interpreter. It is a string of capital letters, each controls a certain
- aspect. The following flags are supported -
- 'P' - preserve-argv[0]. Legacy behavior of binfmt_misc is to overwrite the
- original argv[0] with the full path to the binary. When this flag is
- included, binfmt_misc will add an argument to the argument vector for
- this purpose, thus preserving the original argv[0].
+ of the interpreter. It is a string of capital letters, each controls a
+ certain aspect. The following flags are supported -
+ 'P' - preserve-argv[0]. Legacy behavior of binfmt_misc is to overwrite
+ the original argv[0] with the full path to the binary. When this
+ flag is included, binfmt_misc will add an argument to the argument
+ vector for this purpose, thus preserving the original argv[0].
+ e.g. If your interp is set to /bin/foo and you run `blah` (which is
+ in /usr/local/bin), then the kernel will execute /bin/foo with
+ argv[] set to ["/bin/foo", "/usr/local/bin/blah", "blah"]. The
+ interp has to be aware of this so it can execute /usr/local/bin/blah
+ with argv[] set to ["blah"].
'O' - open-binary. Legacy behavior of binfmt_misc is to pass the full path
of the binary to the interpreter as an argument. When this flag is
included, binfmt_misc will open the file for reading and pass its
descriptor as an argument, instead of the full path, thus allowing
- the interpreter to execute non-readable binaries. This feature should
- be used with care - the interpreter has to be trusted not to emit
- the contents of the non-readable binary.
+ the interpreter to execute non-readable binaries. This feature
+ should be used with care - the interpreter has to be trusted not to
+ emit the contents of the non-readable binary.
'C' - credentials. Currently, the behavior of binfmt_misc is to calculate
the credentials and security token of the new process according to
the interpreter. When this flag is included, these attributes are
@@ -110,7 +121,4 @@ passes it the full filename (or the file descriptor) to use. Using $PATH can
cause unexpected behaviour and can be a security hazard.
-There is a web page about binfmt_misc at
-http://www.tat.physik.uni-tuebingen.de
-
Richard G√ľnther <rguenth@tat.physik.uni-tuebingen.de>