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authorMiguel Ojeda Sandonis <maxextreme@gmail.com>2007-02-10 01:44:32 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@woody.linux-foundation.org>2007-02-11 10:51:24 -0800
commit70e840499aae90be1de542894062ad2899d23642 (patch)
tree4d5122672bfb03fec0823540f19c7974979483f4 /Documentation/auxdisplay
parent81d79bec348ab06cba9ae9fc03eb015b6b83703a (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-70e840499aae90be1de542894062ad2899d23642.tar.gz
[PATCH] drivers: add LCD support
Add support for auxiliary displays, the ks0108 LCD controller, the cfag12864b LCD and adds a framebuffer device: cfag12864bfb. - Add a "auxdisplay/" folder in "drivers/" for auxiliary display drivers. - Add support for the ks0108 LCD Controller as a device driver. (uses parport interface) - Add support for the cfag12864b LCD as a device driver. (uses ks0108 LCD Controller driver) - Add a framebuffer device called cfag12864bfb. (uses cfag12864b LCD driver) - Add the usual Documentation, includes, Makefiles, Kconfigs, MAINTAINERS, CREDITS... - Miguel Ojeda will maintain all the stuff above. [rdunlap@xenotime.net: workqueue fixups] [akpm@osdl.org: kconfig fix] Signed-off-by: Miguel Ojeda Sandonis <maxextreme@gmail.com> Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com> Acked-by: Paulo Marques <pmarques@grupopie.com> Cc: "Randy.Dunlap" <rdunlap@xenotime.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/auxdisplay')
-rw-r--r--Documentation/auxdisplay/cfag12864b105
-rw-r--r--Documentation/auxdisplay/cfag12864b-example.c282
-rw-r--r--Documentation/auxdisplay/ks010855
3 files changed, 442 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/auxdisplay/cfag12864b b/Documentation/auxdisplay/cfag12864b
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..3572b98f45b8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/auxdisplay/cfag12864b
@@ -0,0 +1,105 @@
+ ===================================
+ cfag12864b LCD Driver Documentation
+ ===================================
+
+License: GPLv2
+Author & Maintainer: Miguel Ojeda Sandonis <maxextreme@gmail.com>
+Date: 2006-10-27
+
+
+
+--------
+0. INDEX
+--------
+
+ 1. DRIVER INFORMATION
+ 2. DEVICE INFORMATION
+ 3. WIRING
+ 4. USERSPACE PROGRAMMING
+
+
+---------------------
+1. DRIVER INFORMATION
+---------------------
+
+This driver support one cfag12864b display at time.
+
+
+---------------------
+2. DEVICE INFORMATION
+---------------------
+
+Manufacturer: Crystalfontz
+Device Name: Crystalfontz 12864b LCD Series
+Device Code: cfag12864b
+Webpage: http://www.crystalfontz.com
+Device Webpage: http://www.crystalfontz.com/products/12864b/
+Type: LCD (Liquid Crystal Display)
+Width: 128
+Height: 64
+Colors: 2 (B/N)
+Controller: ks0108
+Controllers: 2
+Pages: 8 each controller
+Addresses: 64 each page
+Data size: 1 byte each address
+Memory size: 2 * 8 * 64 * 1 = 1024 bytes = 1 Kbyte
+
+
+---------
+3. WIRING
+---------
+
+The cfag12864b LCD Series don't have official wiring.
+
+The common wiring is done to the parallel port as shown:
+
+Parallel Port cfag12864b
+
+ Name Pin# Pin# Name
+
+Strobe ( 1)------------------------------(17) Enable
+Data 0 ( 2)------------------------------( 4) Data 0
+Data 1 ( 3)------------------------------( 5) Data 1
+Data 2 ( 4)------------------------------( 6) Data 2
+Data 3 ( 5)------------------------------( 7) Data 3
+Data 4 ( 6)------------------------------( 8) Data 4
+Data 5 ( 7)------------------------------( 9) Data 5
+Data 6 ( 8)------------------------------(10) Data 6
+Data 7 ( 9)------------------------------(11) Data 7
+ (10) [+5v]---( 1) Vdd
+ (11) [GND]---( 2) Ground
+ (12) [+5v]---(14) Reset
+ (13) [GND]---(15) Read / Write
+ Line (14)------------------------------(13) Controller Select 1
+ (15)
+ Init (16)------------------------------(12) Controller Select 2
+Select (17)------------------------------(16) Data / Instruction
+Ground (18)---[GND] [+5v]---(19) LED +
+Ground (19)---[GND]
+Ground (20)---[GND] E A Values:
+Ground (21)---[GND] [GND]---[P1]---(18) Vee R = Resistor = 22 ohm
+Ground (22)---[GND] | P1 = Preset = 10 Kohm
+Ground (23)---[GND] ---- S ------( 3) V0 P2 = Preset = 1 Kohm
+Ground (24)---[GND] | |
+Ground (25)---[GND] [GND]---[P2]---[R]---(20) LED -
+
+
+------------------------
+4. USERSPACE PROGRAMMING
+------------------------
+
+The cfag12864bfb describes a framebuffer device (/dev/fbX).
+
+It has a size of 1024 bytes = 1 Kbyte.
+Each bit represents one pixel. If the bit is high, the pixel will
+turn on. If the pixel is low, the pixel will turn off.
+
+You can use the framebuffer as a file: fopen, fwrite, fclose...
+Although the LCD won't get updated until the next refresh time arrives.
+
+Also, you can mmap the framebuffer: open & mmap, munmap & close...
+which is the best option for most uses.
+
+Check Documentation/auxdisplay/cfag12864b-example.c
+for a real working userspace complete program with usage examples.
diff --git a/Documentation/auxdisplay/cfag12864b-example.c b/Documentation/auxdisplay/cfag12864b-example.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..7bfac354d4c9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/auxdisplay/cfag12864b-example.c
@@ -0,0 +1,282 @@
+/*
+ * Filename: cfag12864b-example.c
+ * Version: 0.1.0
+ * Description: cfag12864b LCD userspace example program
+ * License: GPLv2
+ *
+ * Author: Copyright (C) Miguel Ojeda Sandonis <maxextreme@gmail.com>
+ * Date: 2006-10-31
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
+ *
+ */
+
+/*
+ * ------------------------
+ * start of cfag12864b code
+ * ------------------------
+ */
+
+#include <string.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <sys/mman.h>
+
+#define CFAG12864B_WIDTH (128)
+#define CFAG12864B_HEIGHT (64)
+#define CFAG12864B_SIZE (128 * 64 / 8)
+#define CFAG12864B_BPB (8)
+#define CFAG12864B_ADDRESS(x, y) ((y) * CFAG12864B_WIDTH / \
+ CFAG12864B_BPB + (x) / CFAG12864B_BPB)
+#define CFAG12864B_BIT(n) (((unsigned char) 1) << (n))
+
+#undef CFAG12864B_DOCHECK
+#ifdef CFAG12864B_DOCHECK
+ #define CFAG12864B_CHECK(x, y) ((x) < CFAG12864B_WIDTH && \
+ (y) < CFAG12864B_HEIGHT)
+#else
+ #define CFAG12864B_CHECK(x, y) (1)
+#endif
+
+int cfag12864b_fd;
+unsigned char * cfag12864b_mem;
+unsigned char cfag12864b_buffer[CFAG12864B_SIZE];
+
+/*
+ * init a cfag12864b framebuffer device
+ *
+ * No error: return = 0
+ * Unable to open: return = -1
+ * Unable to mmap: return = -2
+ */
+int cfag12864b_init(char *path)
+{
+ cfag12864b_fd = open(path, O_RDWR);
+ if (cfag12864b_fd == -1)
+ return -1;
+
+ cfag12864b_mem = mmap(0, CFAG12864B_SIZE, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
+ MAP_SHARED, cfag12864b_fd, 0);
+ if (cfag12864b_mem == MAP_FAILED) {
+ close(cfag12864b_fd);
+ return -2;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * exit a cfag12864b framebuffer device
+ */
+void cfag12864b_exit(void)
+{
+ munmap(cfag12864b_mem, CFAG12864B_SIZE);
+ close(cfag12864b_fd);
+}
+
+/*
+ * set (x, y) pixel
+ */
+void cfag12864b_set(unsigned char x, unsigned char y)
+{
+ if (CFAG12864B_CHECK(x, y))
+ cfag12864b_buffer[CFAG12864B_ADDRESS(x, y)] |=
+ CFAG12864B_BIT(x % CFAG12864B_BPB);
+}
+
+/*
+ * unset (x, y) pixel
+ */
+void cfag12864b_unset(unsigned char x, unsigned char y)
+{
+ if (CFAG12864B_CHECK(x, y))
+ cfag12864b_buffer[CFAG12864B_ADDRESS(x, y)] &=
+ ~CFAG12864B_BIT(x % CFAG12864B_BPB);
+}
+
+/*
+ * is set (x, y) pixel?
+ *
+ * Pixel off: return = 0
+ * Pixel on: return = 1
+ */
+unsigned char cfag12864b_isset(unsigned char x, unsigned char y)
+{
+ if (CFAG12864B_CHECK(x, y))
+ if (cfag12864b_buffer[CFAG12864B_ADDRESS(x, y)] &
+ CFAG12864B_BIT(x % CFAG12864B_BPB))
+ return 1;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * not (x, y) pixel
+ */
+void cfag12864b_not(unsigned char x, unsigned char y)
+{
+ if (cfag12864b_isset(x, y))
+ cfag12864b_unset(x, y);
+ else
+ cfag12864b_set(x, y);
+}
+
+/*
+ * fill (set all pixels)
+ */
+void cfag12864b_fill(void)
+{
+ unsigned short i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < CFAG12864B_SIZE; i++)
+ cfag12864b_buffer[i] = 0xFF;
+}
+
+/*
+ * clear (unset all pixels)
+ */
+void cfag12864b_clear(void)
+{
+ unsigned short i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < CFAG12864B_SIZE; i++)
+ cfag12864b_buffer[i] = 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * format a [128*64] matrix
+ *
+ * Pixel off: src[i] = 0
+ * Pixel on: src[i] > 0
+ */
+void cfag12864b_format(unsigned char * matrix)
+{
+ unsigned char i, j, n;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < CFAG12864B_HEIGHT; i++)
+ for (j = 0; j < CFAG12864B_WIDTH / CFAG12864B_BPB; j++) {
+ cfag12864b_buffer[i * CFAG12864B_WIDTH / CFAG12864B_BPB +
+ j] = 0;
+ for (n = 0; n < CFAG12864B_BPB; n++)
+ if (matrix[i * CFAG12864B_WIDTH +
+ j * CFAG12864B_BPB + n])
+ cfag12864b_buffer[i * CFAG12864B_WIDTH /
+ CFAG12864B_BPB + j] |=
+ CFAG12864B_BIT(n);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * blit buffer to lcd
+ */
+void cfag12864b_blit(void)
+{
+ memcpy(cfag12864b_mem, cfag12864b_buffer, CFAG12864B_SIZE);
+}
+
+/*
+ * ----------------------
+ * end of cfag12864b code
+ * ----------------------
+ */
+
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <string.h>
+
+#define EXAMPLES 6
+
+void example(unsigned char n)
+{
+ unsigned short i, j;
+ unsigned char matrix[CFAG12864B_WIDTH * CFAG12864B_HEIGHT];
+
+ if (n > EXAMPLES)
+ return;
+
+ printf("Example %i/%i - ", n, EXAMPLES);
+
+ switch (n) {
+ case 1:
+ printf("Draw points setting bits");
+ cfag12864b_clear();
+ for (i = 0; i < CFAG12864B_WIDTH; i += 2)
+ for (j = 0; j < CFAG12864B_HEIGHT; j += 2)
+ cfag12864b_set(i, j);
+ break;
+
+ case 2:
+ printf("Clear the LCD");
+ cfag12864b_clear();
+ break;
+
+ case 3:
+ printf("Draw rows formatting a [128*64] matrix");
+ memset(matrix, 0, CFAG12864B_WIDTH * CFAG12864B_HEIGHT);
+ for (i = 0; i < CFAG12864B_WIDTH; i++)
+ for (j = 0; j < CFAG12864B_HEIGHT; j += 2)
+ matrix[j * CFAG12864B_WIDTH + i] = 1;
+ cfag12864b_format(matrix);
+ break;
+
+ case 4:
+ printf("Fill the lcd");
+ cfag12864b_fill();
+ break;
+
+ case 5:
+ printf("Draw columns unsetting bits");
+ for (i = 0; i < CFAG12864B_WIDTH; i += 2)
+ for (j = 0; j < CFAG12864B_HEIGHT; j++)
+ cfag12864b_unset(i, j);
+ break;
+
+ case 6:
+ printf("Do negative not-ing all bits");
+ for (i = 0; i < CFAG12864B_WIDTH; i++)
+ for (j = 0; j < CFAG12864B_HEIGHT; j ++)
+ cfag12864b_not(i, j);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ puts(" - [Press Enter]");
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char *argv[])
+{
+ unsigned char n;
+
+ if (argc != 2) {
+ printf(
+ "Sintax: %s fbdev\n"
+ "Usually: /dev/fb0, /dev/fb1...\n", argv[0]);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ if (cfag12864b_init(argv[1])) {
+ printf("Can't init %s fbdev\n", argv[1]);
+ return -2;
+ }
+
+ for (n = 1; n <= EXAMPLES; n++) {
+ example(n);
+ cfag12864b_blit();
+ while (getchar() != '\n');
+ }
+
+ cfag12864b_exit();
+
+ return 0;
+}
diff --git a/Documentation/auxdisplay/ks0108 b/Documentation/auxdisplay/ks0108
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..92b03b60c613
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/auxdisplay/ks0108
@@ -0,0 +1,55 @@
+ ==========================================
+ ks0108 LCD Controller Driver Documentation
+ ==========================================
+
+License: GPLv2
+Author & Maintainer: Miguel Ojeda Sandonis <maxextreme@gmail.com>
+Date: 2006-10-27
+
+
+
+--------
+0. INDEX
+--------
+
+ 1. DRIVER INFORMATION
+ 2. DEVICE INFORMATION
+ 3. WIRING
+
+
+---------------------
+1. DRIVER INFORMATION
+---------------------
+
+This driver support the ks0108 LCD controller.
+
+
+---------------------
+2. DEVICE INFORMATION
+---------------------
+
+Manufacturer: Samsung
+Device Name: KS0108 LCD Controller
+Device Code: ks0108
+Webpage: -
+Device Webpage: -
+Type: LCD Controller (Liquid Crystal Display Controller)
+Width: 64
+Height: 64
+Colors: 2 (B/N)
+Pages: 8
+Addresses: 64 each page
+Data size: 1 byte each address
+Memory size: 8 * 64 * 1 = 512 bytes
+
+
+---------
+3. WIRING
+---------
+
+The driver supports data parallel port wiring.
+
+If you aren't building LCD related hardware, you should check
+your LCD specific wiring information in the same folder.
+
+For example, check Documentation/auxdisplay/cfag12864b.