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authorMathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca>2008-02-13 15:03:37 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@woody.linux-foundation.org>2008-02-13 16:21:20 -0800
commitfb40bd78b0f91b274879cf5db8facd1e04b6052e (patch)
tree2347ccb5ad07f58ab5a4eb41174bb7b54d5f0c5b
parent9170d2f6e1dc4d79650fbf492d1cd45291c66504 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-fb40bd78b0f91b274879cf5db8facd1e04b6052e.tar.gz
Linux Kernel Markers: support multiple probes
RCU style multiple probes support for the Linux Kernel Markers. Common case (one probe) is still fast and does not require dynamic allocation or a supplementary pointer dereference on the fast path. - Move preempt disable from the marker site to the callback. Since we now have an internal callback, move the preempt disable/enable to the callback instead of the marker site. Since the callback change is done asynchronously (passing from a handler that supports arguments to a handler that does not setup the arguments is no arguments are passed), we can safely update it even if it is outside the preempt disable section. - Move probe arm to probe connection. Now, a connected probe is automatically armed. Remove MARK_MAX_FORMAT_LEN, unused. This patch modifies the Linux Kernel Markers API : it removes the probe "arm/disarm" and changes the probe function prototype : it now expects a va_list * instead of a "...". If we want to have more than one probe connected to a marker at a given time (LTTng, or blktrace, ssytemtap) then we need this patch. Without it, connecting a second probe handler to a marker will fail. It allow us, for instance, to do interesting combinations : Do standard tracing with LTTng and, eventually, to compute statistics with SystemTAP, or to have a special trigger on an event that would call a systemtap script which would stop flight recorder tracing. Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org> Cc: Mike Mason <mmlnx@us.ibm.com> Cc: Dipankar Sarma <dipankar@in.ibm.com> Cc: David Smith <dsmith@redhat.com> Cc: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@us.ibm.com> Cc: "Frank Ch. Eigler" <fche@redhat.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/platforms/cell/spufs/sputrace.c31
-rw-r--r--include/linux/marker.h59
-rw-r--r--include/linux/module.h2
-rw-r--r--kernel/marker.c677
-rw-r--r--kernel/module.c7
-rw-r--r--samples/markers/probe-example.c25
6 files changed, 565 insertions, 236 deletions
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/cell/spufs/sputrace.c b/arch/powerpc/platforms/cell/spufs/sputrace.c
index 2b1953f6f12e..01974f7776e1 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/cell/spufs/sputrace.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/cell/spufs/sputrace.c
@@ -146,34 +146,28 @@ static void sputrace_log_item(const char *name, struct spu_context *ctx,
wake_up(&sputrace_wait);
}
-static void spu_context_event(const struct marker *mdata,
- void *private, const char *format, ...)
+static void spu_context_event(void *probe_private, void *call_data,
+ const char *format, va_list *args)
{
- struct spu_probe *p = mdata->private;
- va_list ap;
+ struct spu_probe *p = probe_private;
struct spu_context *ctx;
struct spu *spu;
- va_start(ap, format);
- ctx = va_arg(ap, struct spu_context *);
- spu = va_arg(ap, struct spu *);
+ ctx = va_arg(*args, struct spu_context *);
+ spu = va_arg(*args, struct spu *);
sputrace_log_item(p->name, ctx, spu);
- va_end(ap);
}
-static void spu_context_nospu_event(const struct marker *mdata,
- void *private, const char *format, ...)
+static void spu_context_nospu_event(void *probe_private, void *call_data,
+ const char *format, va_list *args)
{
- struct spu_probe *p = mdata->private;
- va_list ap;
+ struct spu_probe *p = probe_private;
struct spu_context *ctx;
- va_start(ap, format);
- ctx = va_arg(ap, struct spu_context *);
+ ctx = va_arg(*args, struct spu_context *);
sputrace_log_item(p->name, ctx, NULL);
- va_end(ap);
}
struct spu_probe spu_probes[] = {
@@ -219,10 +213,6 @@ static int __init sputrace_init(void)
if (error)
printk(KERN_INFO "Unable to register probe %s\n",
p->name);
-
- error = marker_arm(p->name);
- if (error)
- printk(KERN_INFO "Unable to arm probe %s\n", p->name);
}
return 0;
@@ -238,7 +228,8 @@ static void __exit sputrace_exit(void)
int i;
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(spu_probes); i++)
- marker_probe_unregister(spu_probes[i].name);
+ marker_probe_unregister(spu_probes[i].name,
+ spu_probes[i].probe_func, &spu_probes[i]);
remove_proc_entry("sputrace", NULL);
kfree(sputrace_log);
diff --git a/include/linux/marker.h b/include/linux/marker.h
index 5f36cf946bcb..b5f95637f289 100644
--- a/include/linux/marker.h
+++ b/include/linux/marker.h
@@ -19,16 +19,23 @@ struct marker;
/**
* marker_probe_func - Type of a marker probe function
- * @mdata: pointer of type struct marker
- * @private_data: caller site private data
+ * @probe_private: probe private data
+ * @call_private: call site private data
* @fmt: format string
- * @...: variable argument list
+ * @args: variable argument list pointer. Use a pointer to overcome C's
+ * inability to pass this around as a pointer in a portable manner in
+ * the callee otherwise.
*
* Type of marker probe functions. They receive the mdata and need to parse the
* format string to recover the variable argument list.
*/
-typedef void marker_probe_func(const struct marker *mdata,
- void *private_data, const char *fmt, ...);
+typedef void marker_probe_func(void *probe_private, void *call_private,
+ const char *fmt, va_list *args);
+
+struct marker_probe_closure {
+ marker_probe_func *func; /* Callback */
+ void *probe_private; /* Private probe data */
+};
struct marker {
const char *name; /* Marker name */
@@ -36,8 +43,11 @@ struct marker {
* variable argument list.
*/
char state; /* Marker state. */
- marker_probe_func *call;/* Probe handler function pointer */
- void *private; /* Private probe data */
+ char ptype; /* probe type : 0 : single, 1 : multi */
+ void (*call)(const struct marker *mdata, /* Probe wrapper */
+ void *call_private, const char *fmt, ...);
+ struct marker_probe_closure single;
+ struct marker_probe_closure *multi;
} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
#ifdef CONFIG_MARKERS
@@ -49,7 +59,7 @@ struct marker {
* not add unwanted padding between the beginning of the section and the
* structure. Force alignment to the same alignment as the section start.
*/
-#define __trace_mark(name, call_data, format, args...) \
+#define __trace_mark(name, call_private, format, args...) \
do { \
static const char __mstrtab_name_##name[] \
__attribute__((section("__markers_strings"))) \
@@ -60,24 +70,23 @@ struct marker {
static struct marker __mark_##name \
__attribute__((section("__markers"), aligned(8))) = \
{ __mstrtab_name_##name, __mstrtab_format_##name, \
- 0, __mark_empty_function, NULL }; \
+ 0, 0, marker_probe_cb, \
+ { __mark_empty_function, NULL}, NULL }; \
__mark_check_format(format, ## args); \
if (unlikely(__mark_##name.state)) { \
- preempt_disable(); \
(*__mark_##name.call) \
- (&__mark_##name, call_data, \
+ (&__mark_##name, call_private, \
format, ## args); \
- preempt_enable(); \
} \
} while (0)
extern void marker_update_probe_range(struct marker *begin,
- struct marker *end, struct module *probe_module, int *refcount);
+ struct marker *end);
#else /* !CONFIG_MARKERS */
-#define __trace_mark(name, call_data, format, args...) \
+#define __trace_mark(name, call_private, format, args...) \
__mark_check_format(format, ## args)
static inline void marker_update_probe_range(struct marker *begin,
- struct marker *end, struct module *probe_module, int *refcount)
+ struct marker *end)
{ }
#endif /* CONFIG_MARKERS */
@@ -92,8 +101,6 @@ static inline void marker_update_probe_range(struct marker *begin,
#define trace_mark(name, format, args...) \
__trace_mark(name, NULL, format, ## args)
-#define MARK_MAX_FORMAT_LEN 1024
-
/**
* MARK_NOARGS - Format string for a marker with no argument.
*/
@@ -106,24 +113,30 @@ static inline void __printf(1, 2) __mark_check_format(const char *fmt, ...)
extern marker_probe_func __mark_empty_function;
+extern void marker_probe_cb(const struct marker *mdata,
+ void *call_private, const char *fmt, ...);
+extern void marker_probe_cb_noarg(const struct marker *mdata,
+ void *call_private, const char *fmt, ...);
+
/*
* Connect a probe to a marker.
* private data pointer must be a valid allocated memory address, or NULL.
*/
extern int marker_probe_register(const char *name, const char *format,
- marker_probe_func *probe, void *private);
+ marker_probe_func *probe, void *probe_private);
/*
* Returns the private data given to marker_probe_register.
*/
-extern void *marker_probe_unregister(const char *name);
+extern int marker_probe_unregister(const char *name,
+ marker_probe_func *probe, void *probe_private);
/*
* Unregister a marker by providing the registered private data.
*/
-extern void *marker_probe_unregister_private_data(void *private);
+extern int marker_probe_unregister_private_data(marker_probe_func *probe,
+ void *probe_private);
-extern int marker_arm(const char *name);
-extern int marker_disarm(const char *name);
-extern void *marker_get_private_data(const char *name);
+extern void *marker_get_private_data(const char *name, marker_probe_func *probe,
+ int num);
#endif
diff --git a/include/linux/module.h b/include/linux/module.h
index ac28e8761e84..330bec08c2c4 100644
--- a/include/linux/module.h
+++ b/include/linux/module.h
@@ -465,7 +465,7 @@ int unregister_module_notifier(struct notifier_block * nb);
extern void print_modules(void);
-extern void module_update_markers(struct module *probe_module, int *refcount);
+extern void module_update_markers(void);
#else /* !CONFIG_MODULES... */
#define EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym)
diff --git a/kernel/marker.c b/kernel/marker.c
index 5323cfaedbce..c4c2cd8b61f5 100644
--- a/kernel/marker.c
+++ b/kernel/marker.c
@@ -27,35 +27,42 @@
extern struct marker __start___markers[];
extern struct marker __stop___markers[];
+/* Set to 1 to enable marker debug output */
+const int marker_debug;
+
/*
* markers_mutex nests inside module_mutex. Markers mutex protects the builtin
- * and module markers, the hash table and deferred_sync.
+ * and module markers and the hash table.
*/
static DEFINE_MUTEX(markers_mutex);
/*
- * Marker deferred synchronization.
- * Upon marker probe_unregister, we delay call to synchronize_sched() to
- * accelerate mass unregistration (only when there is no more reference to a
- * given module do we call synchronize_sched()). However, we need to make sure
- * every critical region has ended before we re-arm a marker that has been
- * unregistered and then registered back with a different probe data.
- */
-static int deferred_sync;
-
-/*
* Marker hash table, containing the active markers.
* Protected by module_mutex.
*/
#define MARKER_HASH_BITS 6
#define MARKER_TABLE_SIZE (1 << MARKER_HASH_BITS)
+/*
+ * Note about RCU :
+ * It is used to make sure every handler has finished using its private data
+ * between two consecutive operation (add or remove) on a given marker. It is
+ * also used to delay the free of multiple probes array until a quiescent state
+ * is reached.
+ * marker entries modifications are protected by the markers_mutex.
+ */
struct marker_entry {
struct hlist_node hlist;
char *format;
- marker_probe_func *probe;
- void *private;
+ void (*call)(const struct marker *mdata, /* Probe wrapper */
+ void *call_private, const char *fmt, ...);
+ struct marker_probe_closure single;
+ struct marker_probe_closure *multi;
int refcount; /* Number of times armed. 0 if disarmed. */
+ struct rcu_head rcu;
+ void *oldptr;
+ char rcu_pending:1;
+ char ptype:1;
char name[0]; /* Contains name'\0'format'\0' */
};
@@ -63,7 +70,8 @@ static struct hlist_head marker_table[MARKER_TABLE_SIZE];
/**
* __mark_empty_function - Empty probe callback
- * @mdata: pointer of type const struct marker
+ * @probe_private: probe private data
+ * @call_private: call site private data
* @fmt: format string
* @...: variable argument list
*
@@ -72,13 +80,267 @@ static struct hlist_head marker_table[MARKER_TABLE_SIZE];
* though the function pointer change and the marker enabling are two distinct
* operations that modifies the execution flow of preemptible code.
*/
-void __mark_empty_function(const struct marker *mdata, void *private,
- const char *fmt, ...)
+void __mark_empty_function(void *probe_private, void *call_private,
+ const char *fmt, va_list *args)
{
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__mark_empty_function);
/*
+ * marker_probe_cb Callback that prepares the variable argument list for probes.
+ * @mdata: pointer of type struct marker
+ * @call_private: caller site private data
+ * @fmt: format string
+ * @...: Variable argument list.
+ *
+ * Since we do not use "typical" pointer based RCU in the 1 argument case, we
+ * need to put a full smp_rmb() in this branch. This is why we do not use
+ * rcu_dereference() for the pointer read.
+ */
+void marker_probe_cb(const struct marker *mdata, void *call_private,
+ const char *fmt, ...)
+{
+ va_list args;
+ char ptype;
+
+ /*
+ * disabling preemption to make sure the teardown of the callbacks can
+ * be done correctly when they are in modules and they insure RCU read
+ * coherency.
+ */
+ preempt_disable();
+ ptype = ACCESS_ONCE(mdata->ptype);
+ if (likely(!ptype)) {
+ marker_probe_func *func;
+ /* Must read the ptype before ptr. They are not data dependant,
+ * so we put an explicit smp_rmb() here. */
+ smp_rmb();
+ func = ACCESS_ONCE(mdata->single.func);
+ /* Must read the ptr before private data. They are not data
+ * dependant, so we put an explicit smp_rmb() here. */
+ smp_rmb();
+ va_start(args, fmt);
+ func(mdata->single.probe_private, call_private, fmt, &args);
+ va_end(args);
+ } else {
+ struct marker_probe_closure *multi;
+ int i;
+ /*
+ * multi points to an array, therefore accessing the array
+ * depends on reading multi. However, even in this case,
+ * we must insure that the pointer is read _before_ the array
+ * data. Same as rcu_dereference, but we need a full smp_rmb()
+ * in the fast path, so put the explicit barrier here.
+ */
+ smp_read_barrier_depends();
+ multi = ACCESS_ONCE(mdata->multi);
+ for (i = 0; multi[i].func; i++) {
+ va_start(args, fmt);
+ multi[i].func(multi[i].probe_private, call_private, fmt,
+ &args);
+ va_end(args);
+ }
+ }
+ preempt_enable();
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(marker_probe_cb);
+
+/*
+ * marker_probe_cb Callback that does not prepare the variable argument list.
+ * @mdata: pointer of type struct marker
+ * @call_private: caller site private data
+ * @fmt: format string
+ * @...: Variable argument list.
+ *
+ * Should be connected to markers "MARK_NOARGS".
+ */
+void marker_probe_cb_noarg(const struct marker *mdata,
+ void *call_private, const char *fmt, ...)
+{
+ va_list args; /* not initialized */
+ char ptype;
+
+ preempt_disable();
+ ptype = ACCESS_ONCE(mdata->ptype);
+ if (likely(!ptype)) {
+ marker_probe_func *func;
+ /* Must read the ptype before ptr. They are not data dependant,
+ * so we put an explicit smp_rmb() here. */
+ smp_rmb();
+ func = ACCESS_ONCE(mdata->single.func);
+ /* Must read the ptr before private data. They are not data
+ * dependant, so we put an explicit smp_rmb() here. */
+ smp_rmb();
+ func(mdata->single.probe_private, call_private, fmt, &args);
+ } else {
+ struct marker_probe_closure *multi;
+ int i;
+ /*
+ * multi points to an array, therefore accessing the array
+ * depends on reading multi. However, even in this case,
+ * we must insure that the pointer is read _before_ the array
+ * data. Same as rcu_dereference, but we need a full smp_rmb()
+ * in the fast path, so put the explicit barrier here.
+ */
+ smp_read_barrier_depends();
+ multi = ACCESS_ONCE(mdata->multi);
+ for (i = 0; multi[i].func; i++)
+ multi[i].func(multi[i].probe_private, call_private, fmt,
+ &args);
+ }
+ preempt_enable();
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(marker_probe_cb_noarg);
+
+static void free_old_closure(struct rcu_head *head)
+{
+ struct marker_entry *entry = container_of(head,
+ struct marker_entry, rcu);
+ kfree(entry->oldptr);
+ /* Make sure we free the data before setting the pending flag to 0 */
+ smp_wmb();
+ entry->rcu_pending = 0;
+}
+
+static void debug_print_probes(struct marker_entry *entry)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ if (!marker_debug)
+ return;
+
+ if (!entry->ptype) {
+ printk(KERN_DEBUG "Single probe : %p %p\n",
+ entry->single.func,
+ entry->single.probe_private);
+ } else {
+ for (i = 0; entry->multi[i].func; i++)
+ printk(KERN_DEBUG "Multi probe %d : %p %p\n", i,
+ entry->multi[i].func,
+ entry->multi[i].probe_private);
+ }
+}
+
+static struct marker_probe_closure *
+marker_entry_add_probe(struct marker_entry *entry,
+ marker_probe_func *probe, void *probe_private)
+{
+ int nr_probes = 0;
+ struct marker_probe_closure *old, *new;
+
+ WARN_ON(!probe);
+
+ debug_print_probes(entry);
+ old = entry->multi;
+ if (!entry->ptype) {
+ if (entry->single.func == probe &&
+ entry->single.probe_private == probe_private)
+ return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY);
+ if (entry->single.func == __mark_empty_function) {
+ /* 0 -> 1 probes */
+ entry->single.func = probe;
+ entry->single.probe_private = probe_private;
+ entry->refcount = 1;
+ entry->ptype = 0;
+ debug_print_probes(entry);
+ return NULL;
+ } else {
+ /* 1 -> 2 probes */
+ nr_probes = 1;
+ old = NULL;
+ }
+ } else {
+ /* (N -> N+1), (N != 0, 1) probes */
+ for (nr_probes = 0; old[nr_probes].func; nr_probes++)
+ if (old[nr_probes].func == probe
+ && old[nr_probes].probe_private
+ == probe_private)
+ return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY);
+ }
+ /* + 2 : one for new probe, one for NULL func */
+ new = kzalloc((nr_probes + 2) * sizeof(struct marker_probe_closure),
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (new == NULL)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+ if (!old)
+ new[0] = entry->single;
+ else
+ memcpy(new, old,
+ nr_probes * sizeof(struct marker_probe_closure));
+ new[nr_probes].func = probe;
+ new[nr_probes].probe_private = probe_private;
+ entry->refcount = nr_probes + 1;
+ entry->multi = new;
+ entry->ptype = 1;
+ debug_print_probes(entry);
+ return old;
+}
+
+static struct marker_probe_closure *
+marker_entry_remove_probe(struct marker_entry *entry,
+ marker_probe_func *probe, void *probe_private)
+{
+ int nr_probes = 0, nr_del = 0, i;
+ struct marker_probe_closure *old, *new;
+
+ old = entry->multi;
+
+ debug_print_probes(entry);
+ if (!entry->ptype) {
+ /* 0 -> N is an error */
+ WARN_ON(entry->single.func == __mark_empty_function);
+ /* 1 -> 0 probes */
+ WARN_ON(probe && entry->single.func != probe);
+ WARN_ON(entry->single.probe_private != probe_private);
+ entry->single.func = __mark_empty_function;
+ entry->refcount = 0;
+ entry->ptype = 0;
+ debug_print_probes(entry);
+ return NULL;
+ } else {
+ /* (N -> M), (N > 1, M >= 0) probes */
+ for (nr_probes = 0; old[nr_probes].func; nr_probes++) {
+ if ((!probe || old[nr_probes].func == probe)
+ && old[nr_probes].probe_private
+ == probe_private)
+ nr_del++;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (nr_probes - nr_del == 0) {
+ /* N -> 0, (N > 1) */
+ entry->single.func = __mark_empty_function;
+ entry->refcount = 0;
+ entry->ptype = 0;
+ } else if (nr_probes - nr_del == 1) {
+ /* N -> 1, (N > 1) */
+ for (i = 0; old[i].func; i++)
+ if ((probe && old[i].func != probe) ||
+ old[i].probe_private != probe_private)
+ entry->single = old[i];
+ entry->refcount = 1;
+ entry->ptype = 0;
+ } else {
+ int j = 0;
+ /* N -> M, (N > 1, M > 1) */
+ /* + 1 for NULL */
+ new = kzalloc((nr_probes - nr_del + 1)
+ * sizeof(struct marker_probe_closure), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (new == NULL)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+ for (i = 0; old[i].func; i++)
+ if ((probe && old[i].func != probe) ||
+ old[i].probe_private != probe_private)
+ new[j++] = old[i];
+ entry->refcount = nr_probes - nr_del;
+ entry->ptype = 1;
+ entry->multi = new;
+ }
+ debug_print_probes(entry);
+ return old;
+}
+
+/*
* Get marker if the marker is present in the marker hash table.
* Must be called with markers_mutex held.
* Returns NULL if not present.
@@ -102,8 +364,7 @@ static struct marker_entry *get_marker(const char *name)
* Add the marker to the marker hash table. Must be called with markers_mutex
* held.
*/
-static int add_marker(const char *name, const char *format,
- marker_probe_func *probe, void *private)
+static struct marker_entry *add_marker(const char *name, const char *format)
{
struct hlist_head *head;
struct hlist_node *node;
@@ -118,9 +379,8 @@ static int add_marker(const char *name, const char *format,
hlist_for_each_entry(e, node, head, hlist) {
if (!strcmp(name, e->name)) {
printk(KERN_NOTICE
- "Marker %s busy, probe %p already installed\n",
- name, e->probe);
- return -EBUSY; /* Already there */
+ "Marker %s busy\n", name);
+ return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY); /* Already there */
}
}
/*
@@ -130,34 +390,42 @@ static int add_marker(const char *name, const char *format,
e = kmalloc(sizeof(struct marker_entry) + name_len + format_len,
GFP_KERNEL);
if (!e)
- return -ENOMEM;
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
memcpy(&e->name[0], name, name_len);
if (format) {
e->format = &e->name[name_len];
memcpy(e->format, format, format_len);
+ if (strcmp(e->format, MARK_NOARGS) == 0)
+ e->call = marker_probe_cb_noarg;
+ else
+ e->call = marker_probe_cb;
trace_mark(core_marker_format, "name %s format %s",
e->name, e->format);
- } else
+ } else {
e->format = NULL;
- e->probe = probe;
- e->private = private;
+ e->call = marker_probe_cb;
+ }
+ e->single.func = __mark_empty_function;
+ e->single.probe_private = NULL;
+ e->multi = NULL;
+ e->ptype = 0;
e->refcount = 0;
+ e->rcu_pending = 0;
hlist_add_head(&e->hlist, head);
- return 0;
+ return e;
}
/*
* Remove the marker from the marker hash table. Must be called with mutex_lock
* held.
*/
-static void *remove_marker(const char *name)
+static int remove_marker(const char *name)
{
struct hlist_head *head;
struct hlist_node *node;
struct marker_entry *e;
int found = 0;
size_t len = strlen(name) + 1;
- void *private = NULL;
u32 hash = jhash(name, len-1, 0);
head = &marker_table[hash & ((1 << MARKER_HASH_BITS)-1)];
@@ -167,12 +435,16 @@ static void *remove_marker(const char *name)
break;
}
}
- if (found) {
- private = e->private;
- hlist_del(&e->hlist);
- kfree(e);
- }
- return private;
+ if (!found)
+ return -ENOENT;
+ if (e->single.func != __mark_empty_function)
+ return -EBUSY;
+ hlist_del(&e->hlist);
+ /* Make sure the call_rcu has been executed */
+ if (e->rcu_pending)
+ rcu_barrier();
+ kfree(e);
+ return 0;
}
/*
@@ -184,6 +456,7 @@ static int marker_set_format(struct marker_entry **entry, const char *format)
size_t name_len = strlen((*entry)->name) + 1;
size_t format_len = strlen(format) + 1;
+
e = kmalloc(sizeof(struct marker_entry) + name_len + format_len,
GFP_KERNEL);
if (!e)
@@ -191,11 +464,20 @@ static int marker_set_format(struct marker_entry **entry, const char *format)
memcpy(&e->name[0], (*entry)->name, name_len);
e->format = &e->name[name_len];
memcpy(e->format, format, format_len);
- e->probe = (*entry)->probe;
- e->private = (*entry)->private;
+ if (strcmp(e->format, MARK_NOARGS) == 0)
+ e->call = marker_probe_cb_noarg;
+ else
+ e->call = marker_probe_cb;
+ e->single = (*entry)->single;
+ e->multi = (*entry)->multi;
+ e->ptype = (*entry)->ptype;
e->refcount = (*entry)->refcount;
+ e->rcu_pending = 0;
hlist_add_before(&e->hlist, &(*entry)->hlist);
hlist_del(&(*entry)->hlist);
+ /* Make sure the call_rcu has been executed */
+ if ((*entry)->rcu_pending)
+ rcu_barrier();
kfree(*entry);
*entry = e;
trace_mark(core_marker_format, "name %s format %s",
@@ -206,7 +488,8 @@ static int marker_set_format(struct marker_entry **entry, const char *format)
/*
* Sets the probe callback corresponding to one marker.
*/
-static int set_marker(struct marker_entry **entry, struct marker *elem)
+static int set_marker(struct marker_entry **entry, struct marker *elem,
+ int active)
{
int ret;
WARN_ON(strcmp((*entry)->name, elem->name) != 0);
@@ -226,9 +509,43 @@ static int set_marker(struct marker_entry **entry, struct marker *elem)
if (ret)
return ret;
}
- elem->call = (*entry)->probe;
- elem->private = (*entry)->private;
- elem->state = 1;
+
+ /*
+ * probe_cb setup (statically known) is done here. It is
+ * asynchronous with the rest of execution, therefore we only
+ * pass from a "safe" callback (with argument) to an "unsafe"
+ * callback (does not set arguments).
+ */
+ elem->call = (*entry)->call;
+ /*
+ * Sanity check :
+ * We only update the single probe private data when the ptr is
+ * set to a _non_ single probe! (0 -> 1 and N -> 1, N != 1)
+ */
+ WARN_ON(elem->single.func != __mark_empty_function
+ && elem->single.probe_private
+ != (*entry)->single.probe_private &&
+ !elem->ptype);
+ elem->single.probe_private = (*entry)->single.probe_private;
+ /*
+ * Make sure the private data is valid when we update the
+ * single probe ptr.
+ */
+ smp_wmb();
+ elem->single.func = (*entry)->single.func;
+ /*
+ * We also make sure that the new probe callbacks array is consistent
+ * before setting a pointer to it.
+ */
+ rcu_assign_pointer(elem->multi, (*entry)->multi);
+ /*
+ * Update the function or multi probe array pointer before setting the
+ * ptype.
+ */
+ smp_wmb();
+ elem->ptype = (*entry)->ptype;
+ elem->state = active;
+
return 0;
}
@@ -240,8 +557,12 @@ static int set_marker(struct marker_entry **entry, struct marker *elem)
*/
static void disable_marker(struct marker *elem)
{
+ /* leave "call" as is. It is known statically. */
elem->state = 0;
- elem->call = __mark_empty_function;
+ elem->single.func = __mark_empty_function;
+ /* Update the function before setting the ptype */
+ smp_wmb();
+ elem->ptype = 0; /* single probe */
/*
* Leave the private data and id there, because removal is racy and
* should be done only after a synchronize_sched(). These are never used
@@ -253,14 +574,11 @@ static void disable_marker(struct marker *elem)
* marker_update_probe_range - Update a probe range
* @begin: beginning of the range
* @end: end of the range
- * @probe_module: module address of the probe being updated
- * @refcount: number of references left to the given probe_module (out)
*
* Updates the probe callback corresponding to a range of markers.
*/
void marker_update_probe_range(struct marker *begin,
- struct marker *end, struct module *probe_module,
- int *refcount)
+ struct marker *end)
{
struct marker *iter;
struct marker_entry *mark_entry;
@@ -268,15 +586,12 @@ void marker_update_probe_range(struct marker *begin,
mutex_lock(&markers_mutex);
for (iter = begin; iter < end; iter++) {
mark_entry = get_marker(iter->name);
- if (mark_entry && mark_entry->refcount) {
- set_marker(&mark_entry, iter);
+ if (mark_entry) {
+ set_marker(&mark_entry, iter,
+ !!mark_entry->refcount);
/*
* ignore error, continue
*/
- if (probe_module)
- if (probe_module ==
- __module_text_address((unsigned long)mark_entry->probe))
- (*refcount)++;
} else {
disable_marker(iter);
}
@@ -289,20 +604,27 @@ void marker_update_probe_range(struct marker *begin,
* Issues a synchronize_sched() when no reference to the module passed
* as parameter is found in the probes so the probe module can be
* safely unloaded from now on.
+ *
+ * Internal callback only changed before the first probe is connected to it.
+ * Single probe private data can only be changed on 0 -> 1 and 2 -> 1
+ * transitions. All other transitions will leave the old private data valid.
+ * This makes the non-atomicity of the callback/private data updates valid.
+ *
+ * "special case" updates :
+ * 0 -> 1 callback
+ * 1 -> 0 callback
+ * 1 -> 2 callbacks
+ * 2 -> 1 callbacks
+ * Other updates all behave the same, just like the 2 -> 3 or 3 -> 2 updates.
+ * Site effect : marker_set_format may delete the marker entry (creating a
+ * replacement).
*/
-static void marker_update_probes(struct module *probe_module)
+static void marker_update_probes(void)
{
- int refcount = 0;
-
/* Core kernel markers */
- marker_update_probe_range(__start___markers,
- __stop___markers, probe_module, &refcount);
+ marker_update_probe_range(__start___markers, __stop___markers);
/* Markers in modules. */
- module_update_markers(probe_module, &refcount);
- if (probe_module && refcount == 0) {
- synchronize_sched();
- deferred_sync = 0;
- }
+ module_update_markers();
}
/**
@@ -310,33 +632,49 @@ static void marker_update_probes(struct module *probe_module)
* @name: marker name
* @format: format string
* @probe: probe handler
- * @private: probe private data
+ * @probe_private: probe private data
*
* private data must be a valid allocated memory address, or NULL.
* Returns 0 if ok, error value on error.
+ * The probe address must at least be aligned on the architecture pointer size.
*/
int marker_probe_register(const char *name, const char *format,
- marker_probe_func *probe, void *private)
+ marker_probe_func *probe, void *probe_private)
{
struct marker_entry *entry;
int ret = 0;
+ struct marker_probe_closure *old;
mutex_lock(&markers_mutex);
entry = get_marker(name);
- if (entry && entry->refcount) {
- ret = -EBUSY;
- goto end;
- }
- if (deferred_sync) {
- synchronize_sched();
- deferred_sync = 0;
+ if (!entry) {
+ entry = add_marker(name, format);
+ if (IS_ERR(entry)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(entry);
+ goto end;
+ }
}
- ret = add_marker(name, format, probe, private);
- if (ret)
+ /*
+ * If we detect that a call_rcu is pending for this marker,
+ * make sure it's executed now.
+ */
+ if (entry->rcu_pending)
+ rcu_barrier();
+ old = marker_entry_add_probe(entry, probe, probe_private);
+ if (IS_ERR(old)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(old);
goto end;
+ }
mutex_unlock(&markers_mutex);
- marker_update_probes(NULL);
- return ret;
+ marker_update_probes(); /* may update entry */
+ mutex_lock(&markers_mutex);
+ entry = get_marker(name);
+ WARN_ON(!entry);
+ entry->oldptr = old;
+ entry->rcu_pending = 1;
+ /* write rcu_pending before calling the RCU callback */
+ smp_wmb();
+ call_rcu(&entry->rcu, free_old_closure);
end:
mutex_unlock(&markers_mutex);
return ret;
@@ -346,171 +684,166 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(marker_probe_register);
/**
* marker_probe_unregister - Disconnect a probe from a marker
* @name: marker name
+ * @probe: probe function pointer
+ * @probe_private: probe private data
*
* Returns the private data given to marker_probe_register, or an ERR_PTR().
+ * We do not need to call a synchronize_sched to make sure the probes have
+ * finished running before doing a module unload, because the module unload
+ * itself uses stop_machine(), which insures that every preempt disabled section
+ * have finished.
*/
-void *marker_probe_unregister(const char *name)
+int marker_probe_unregister(const char *name,
+ marker_probe_func *probe, void *probe_private)
{
- struct module *probe_module;
struct marker_entry *entry;
- void *private;
+ struct marker_probe_closure *old;
+ int ret = 0;
mutex_lock(&markers_mutex);
entry = get_marker(name);
if (!entry) {
- private = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
+ ret = -ENOENT;
goto end;
}
- entry->refcount = 0;
- /* In what module is the probe handler ? */
- probe_module = __module_text_address((unsigned long)entry->probe);
- private = remove_marker(name);
- deferred_sync = 1;
+ if (entry->rcu_pending)
+ rcu_barrier();
+ old = marker_entry_remove_probe(entry, probe, probe_private);
mutex_unlock(&markers_mutex);
- marker_update_probes(probe_module);
- return private;
+ marker_update_probes(); /* may update entry */
+ mutex_lock(&markers_mutex);
+ entry = get_marker(name);
+ entry->oldptr = old;
+ entry->rcu_pending = 1;
+ /* write rcu_pending before calling the RCU callback */
+ smp_wmb();
+ call_rcu(&entry->rcu, free_old_closure);
+ remove_marker(name); /* Ignore busy error message */
end:
mutex_unlock(&markers_mutex);
- return private;
+ return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(marker_probe_unregister);
-/**
- * marker_probe_unregister_private_data - Disconnect a probe from a marker
- * @private: probe private data
- *
- * Unregister a marker by providing the registered private data.
- * Returns the private data given to marker_probe_register, or an ERR_PTR().
- */
-void *marker_probe_unregister_private_data(void *private)
+static struct marker_entry *
+get_marker_from_private_data(marker_probe_func *probe, void *probe_private)
{
- struct module *probe_module;
- struct hlist_head *head;
- struct hlist_node *node;
struct marker_entry *entry;
- int found = 0;
unsigned int i;
+ struct hlist_head *head;
+ struct hlist_node *node;
- mutex_lock(&markers_mutex);
for (i = 0; i < MARKER_TABLE_SIZE; i++) {
head = &marker_table[i];
hlist_for_each_entry(entry, node, head, hlist) {
- if (entry->private == private) {
- found = 1;
- goto iter_end;
+ if (!entry->ptype) {
+ if (entry->single.func == probe
+ && entry->single.probe_private
+ == probe_private)
+ return entry;
+ } else {
+ struct marker_probe_closure *closure;
+ closure = entry->multi;
+ for (i = 0; closure[i].func; i++) {
+ if (closure[i].func == probe &&
+ closure[i].probe_private
+ == probe_private)
+ return entry;
+ }
}
}
}
-iter_end:
- if (!found) {
- private = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
- goto end;
- }
- entry->refcount = 0;
- /* In what module is the probe handler ? */
- probe_module = __module_text_address((unsigned long)entry->probe);
- private = remove_marker(entry->name);
- deferred_sync = 1;
- mutex_unlock(&markers_mutex);
- marker_update_probes(probe_module);
- return private;
-end:
- mutex_unlock(&markers_mutex);
- return private;
+ return NULL;
}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(marker_probe_unregister_private_data);
/**
- * marker_arm - Arm a marker
- * @name: marker name
+ * marker_probe_unregister_private_data - Disconnect a probe from a marker
+ * @probe: probe function
+ * @probe_private: probe private data
*
- * Activate a marker. It keeps a reference count of the number of
- * arming/disarming done.
- * Returns 0 if ok, error value on error.
+ * Unregister a probe by providing the registered private data.
+ * Only removes the first marker found in hash table.
+ * Return 0 on success or error value.
+ * We do not need to call a synchronize_sched to make sure the probes have
+ * finished running before doing a module unload, because the module unload
+ * itself uses stop_machine(), which insures that every preempt disabled section
+ * have finished.
*/
-int marker_arm(const char *name)
+int marker_probe_unregister_private_data(marker_probe_func *probe,
+ void *probe_private)
{
struct marker_entry *entry;
int ret = 0;
+ struct marker_probe_closure *old;
mutex_lock(&markers_mutex);
- entry = get_marker(name);
+ entry = get_marker_from_private_data(probe, probe_private);
if (!entry) {
ret = -ENOENT;
goto end;
}
- /*
- * Only need to update probes when refcount passes from 0 to 1.
- */
- if (entry->refcount++)
- goto end;
-end:
+ if (entry->rcu_pending)
+ rcu_barrier();
+ old = marker_entry_remove_probe(entry, NULL, probe_private);
mutex_unlock(&markers_mutex);
- marker_update_probes(NULL);
- return ret;
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(marker_arm);
-
-/**
- * marker_disarm - Disarm a marker
- * @name: marker name
- *
- * Disarm a marker. It keeps a reference count of the number of arming/disarming
- * done.
- * Returns 0 if ok, error value on error.
- */
-int marker_disarm(const char *name)
-{
- struct marker_entry *entry;
- int ret = 0;
-
+ marker_update_probes(); /* may update entry */
mutex_lock(&markers_mutex);
- entry = get_marker(name);
- if (!entry) {
- ret = -ENOENT;
- goto end;
- }
- /*
- * Only permit decrement refcount if higher than 0.
- * Do probe update only on 1 -> 0 transition.
- */
- if (entry->refcount) {
- if (--entry->refcount)
- goto end;
- } else {
- ret = -EPERM;
- goto end;
- }
+ entry = get_marker_from_private_data(probe, probe_private);
+ WARN_ON(!entry);
+ entry->oldptr = old;
+ entry->rcu_pending = 1;
+ /* write rcu_pending before calling the RCU callback */
+ smp_wmb();
+ call_rcu(&entry->rcu, free_old_closure);
+ remove_marker(entry->name); /* Ignore busy error message */
end:
mutex_unlock(&markers_mutex);
- marker_update_probes(NULL);
return ret;
}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(marker_disarm);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(marker_probe_unregister_private_data);
/**
* marker_get_private_data - Get a marker's probe private data
* @name: marker name
+ * @probe: probe to match
+ * @num: get the nth matching probe's private data
*
+ * Returns the nth private data pointer (starting from 0) matching, or an
+ * ERR_PTR.
* Returns the private data pointer, or an ERR_PTR.
* The private data pointer should _only_ be dereferenced if the caller is the
* owner of the data, or its content could vanish. This is mostly used to
* confirm that a caller is the owner of a registered probe.
*/
-void *marker_get_private_data(const char *name)
+void *marker_get_private_data(const char *name, marker_probe_func *probe,
+ int num)
{
struct hlist_head *head;
struct hlist_node *node;
struct marker_entry *e;
size_t name_len = strlen(name) + 1;
u32 hash = jhash(name, name_len-1, 0);
- int found = 0;
+ int i;
head = &marker_table[hash & ((1 << MARKER_HASH_BITS)-1)];
hlist_for_each_entry(e, node, head, hlist) {
if (!strcmp(name, e->name)) {
- found = 1;
- return e->private;
+ if (!e->ptype) {
+ if (num == 0 && e->single.func == probe)
+ return e->single.probe_private;
+ else
+ break;
+ } else {
+ struct marker_probe_closure *closure;
+ int match = 0;
+ closure = e->multi;
+ for (i = 0; closure[i].func; i++) {
+ if (closure[i].func != probe)
+ continue;
+ if (match++ == num)
+ return closure[i].probe_private;
+ }
+ }
}
}
return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
diff --git a/kernel/module.c b/kernel/module.c
index 4202da97a1da..92595bad3812 100644
--- a/kernel/module.c
+++ b/kernel/module.c
@@ -2038,7 +2038,7 @@ static struct module *load_module(void __user *umod,
#ifdef CONFIG_MARKERS
if (!mod->taints)
marker_update_probe_range(mod->markers,
- mod->markers + mod->num_markers, NULL, NULL);
+ mod->markers + mod->num_markers);
#endif
err = module_finalize(hdr, sechdrs, mod);
if (err < 0)
@@ -2564,7 +2564,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(struct_module);
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_MARKERS
-void module_update_markers(struct module *probe_module, int *refcount)
+void module_update_markers(void)
{
struct module *mod;
@@ -2572,8 +2572,7 @@ void module_update_markers(struct module *probe_module, int *refcount)
list_for_each_entry(mod, &modules, list)
if (!mod->taints)
marker_update_probe_range(mod->markers,
- mod->markers + mod->num_markers,
- probe_module, refcount);
+ mod->markers + mod->num_markers);
mutex_unlock(&module_mutex);
}
#endif
diff --git a/samples/markers/probe-example.c b/samples/markers/probe-example.c
index a36797535615..c8e099d4d1fd 100644
--- a/samples/markers/probe-example.c
+++ b/samples/markers/probe-example.c
@@ -20,31 +20,27 @@ struct probe_data {
marker_probe_func *probe_func;
};
-void probe_subsystem_event(const struct marker *mdata, void *private,
- const char *format, ...)
+void probe_subsystem_event(void *probe_data, void *call_data,
+ const char *format, va_list *args)
{
- va_list ap;
/* Declare args */
unsigned int value;
const char *mystr;
/* Assign args */
- va_start(ap, format);
- value = va_arg(ap, typeof(value));
- mystr = va_arg(ap, typeof(mystr));
+ value = va_arg(*args, typeof(value));
+ mystr = va_arg(*args, typeof(mystr));
/* Call printk */
- printk(KERN_DEBUG "Value %u, string %s\n", value, mystr);
+ printk(KERN_INFO "Value %u, string %s\n", value, mystr);
/* or count, check rights, serialize data in a buffer */
-
- va_end(ap);
}
atomic_t eventb_count = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
-void probe_subsystem_eventb(const struct marker *mdata, void *private,
- const char *format, ...)
+void probe_subsystem_eventb(void *probe_data, void *call_data,
+ const char *format, va_list *args)
{
/* Increment counter */
atomic_inc(&eventb_count);
@@ -72,10 +68,6 @@ static int __init probe_init(void)
if (result)
printk(KERN_INFO "Unable to register probe %s\n",
probe_array[i].name);
- result = marker_arm(probe_array[i].name);
- if (result)
- printk(KERN_INFO "Unable to arm probe %s\n",
- probe_array[i].name);
}
return 0;
}
@@ -85,7 +77,8 @@ static void __exit probe_fini(void)
int i;
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(probe_array); i++)
- marker_probe_unregister(probe_array[i].name);
+ marker_probe_unregister(probe_array[i].name,
+ probe_array[i].probe_func, &probe_array[i]);
printk(KERN_INFO "Number of event b : %u\n",
atomic_read(&eventb_count));
}