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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2015-09-21 18:26:54 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2015-09-21 18:26:54 -0700
commitbcee19f424a0d8c26ecf2607b73c690802658b29 (patch)
treec7de7e708d62c3cf0d5542f2a29d486f9d66eeda
parentac2fc4b9d5b7d8e4878c6f04f947d42707f782ef (diff)
parent0c986253b939cc14c69d4adbe2b4121bdf4aa220 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-bcee19f424a0d8c26ecf2607b73c690802658b29.tar.gz
Merge branch 'for-4.3-fixes' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tj/cgroup
Pull cgroup fixes from Tejun Heo: "The threadgroup locking changes which went in during 4.2 devel cycle added write locking of a percpu_rwsem in cgroup task migration path; unfortunately, that involved expedited rcu syncing which turned out to be too slow and heavy for certain workloads. The patchset which is dependent on this one didn't get committed during that devel cycle, so these two patches can be reverted safely. Oleg reworked percpu_rwsem for 4.4 so that the writer path is a lot lighter. The reported issue goes away with Oleg's reworked percpu_rwsem and I'll reapply these patches on the for-4.4 branch so that they can land together with Oleg's changes" * 'for-4.3-fixes' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tj/cgroup: Revert "sched, cgroup: replace signal_struct->group_rwsem with a global percpu_rwsem" Revert "cgroup: simplify threadgroup locking"
-rw-r--r--include/linux/cgroup-defs.h27
-rw-r--r--include/linux/init_task.h8
-rw-r--r--include/linux/sched.h12
-rw-r--r--kernel/cgroup.c110
-rw-r--r--kernel/fork.c4
5 files changed, 110 insertions, 51 deletions
diff --git a/include/linux/cgroup-defs.h b/include/linux/cgroup-defs.h
index 4d8fcf2187dc..8492721b39be 100644
--- a/include/linux/cgroup-defs.h
+++ b/include/linux/cgroup-defs.h
@@ -473,31 +473,8 @@ struct cgroup_subsys {
unsigned int depends_on;
};
-extern struct percpu_rw_semaphore cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem;
-
-/**
- * cgroup_threadgroup_change_begin - threadgroup exclusion for cgroups
- * @tsk: target task
- *
- * Called from threadgroup_change_begin() and allows cgroup operations to
- * synchronize against threadgroup changes using a percpu_rw_semaphore.
- */
-static inline void cgroup_threadgroup_change_begin(struct task_struct *tsk)
-{
- percpu_down_read(&cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem);
-}
-
-/**
- * cgroup_threadgroup_change_end - threadgroup exclusion for cgroups
- * @tsk: target task
- *
- * Called from threadgroup_change_end(). Counterpart of
- * cgroup_threadcgroup_change_begin().
- */
-static inline void cgroup_threadgroup_change_end(struct task_struct *tsk)
-{
- percpu_up_read(&cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem);
-}
+void cgroup_threadgroup_change_begin(struct task_struct *tsk);
+void cgroup_threadgroup_change_end(struct task_struct *tsk);
#else /* CONFIG_CGROUPS */
diff --git a/include/linux/init_task.h b/include/linux/init_task.h
index d0b380ee7d67..e38681f4912d 100644
--- a/include/linux/init_task.h
+++ b/include/linux/init_task.h
@@ -25,6 +25,13 @@
extern struct files_struct init_files;
extern struct fs_struct init_fs;
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUPS
+#define INIT_GROUP_RWSEM(sig) \
+ .group_rwsem = __RWSEM_INITIALIZER(sig.group_rwsem),
+#else
+#define INIT_GROUP_RWSEM(sig)
+#endif
+
#ifdef CONFIG_CPUSETS
#define INIT_CPUSET_SEQ(tsk) \
.mems_allowed_seq = SEQCNT_ZERO(tsk.mems_allowed_seq),
@@ -57,6 +64,7 @@ extern struct fs_struct init_fs;
INIT_PREV_CPUTIME(sig) \
.cred_guard_mutex = \
__MUTEX_INITIALIZER(sig.cred_guard_mutex), \
+ INIT_GROUP_RWSEM(sig) \
}
extern struct nsproxy init_nsproxy;
diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index a4ab9daa387c..b7b9501b41af 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -762,6 +762,18 @@ struct signal_struct {
unsigned audit_tty_log_passwd;
struct tty_audit_buf *tty_audit_buf;
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUPS
+ /*
+ * group_rwsem prevents new tasks from entering the threadgroup and
+ * member tasks from exiting,a more specifically, setting of
+ * PF_EXITING. fork and exit paths are protected with this rwsem
+ * using threadgroup_change_begin/end(). Users which require
+ * threadgroup to remain stable should use threadgroup_[un]lock()
+ * which also takes care of exec path. Currently, cgroup is the
+ * only user.
+ */
+ struct rw_semaphore group_rwsem;
+#endif
oom_flags_t oom_flags;
short oom_score_adj; /* OOM kill score adjustment */
diff --git a/kernel/cgroup.c b/kernel/cgroup.c
index 2cf0f79f1fc9..2c9eae6ad970 100644
--- a/kernel/cgroup.c
+++ b/kernel/cgroup.c
@@ -46,7 +46,6 @@
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/rwsem.h>
-#include <linux/percpu-rwsem.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/sort.h>
#include <linux/kmod.h>
@@ -104,8 +103,6 @@ static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(cgroup_idr_lock);
*/
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(release_agent_path_lock);
-struct percpu_rw_semaphore cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem;
-
#define cgroup_assert_mutex_or_rcu_locked() \
RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_read_lock_held() && \
!lockdep_is_held(&cgroup_mutex), \
@@ -874,6 +871,48 @@ static struct css_set *find_css_set(struct css_set *old_cset,
return cset;
}
+void cgroup_threadgroup_change_begin(struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+ down_read(&tsk->signal->group_rwsem);
+}
+
+void cgroup_threadgroup_change_end(struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+ up_read(&tsk->signal->group_rwsem);
+}
+
+/**
+ * threadgroup_lock - lock threadgroup
+ * @tsk: member task of the threadgroup to lock
+ *
+ * Lock the threadgroup @tsk belongs to. No new task is allowed to enter
+ * and member tasks aren't allowed to exit (as indicated by PF_EXITING) or
+ * change ->group_leader/pid. This is useful for cases where the threadgroup
+ * needs to stay stable across blockable operations.
+ *
+ * fork and exit explicitly call threadgroup_change_{begin|end}() for
+ * synchronization. While held, no new task will be added to threadgroup
+ * and no existing live task will have its PF_EXITING set.
+ *
+ * de_thread() does threadgroup_change_{begin|end}() when a non-leader
+ * sub-thread becomes a new leader.
+ */
+static void threadgroup_lock(struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+ down_write(&tsk->signal->group_rwsem);
+}
+
+/**
+ * threadgroup_unlock - unlock threadgroup
+ * @tsk: member task of the threadgroup to unlock
+ *
+ * Reverse threadgroup_lock().
+ */
+static inline void threadgroup_unlock(struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+ up_write(&tsk->signal->group_rwsem);
+}
+
static struct cgroup_root *cgroup_root_from_kf(struct kernfs_root *kf_root)
{
struct cgroup *root_cgrp = kf_root->kn->priv;
@@ -2074,9 +2113,9 @@ static void cgroup_task_migrate(struct cgroup *old_cgrp,
lockdep_assert_held(&css_set_rwsem);
/*
- * We are synchronized through cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem against
- * PF_EXITING setting such that we can't race against cgroup_exit()
- * changing the css_set to init_css_set and dropping the old one.
+ * We are synchronized through threadgroup_lock() against PF_EXITING
+ * setting such that we can't race against cgroup_exit() changing the
+ * css_set to init_css_set and dropping the old one.
*/
WARN_ON_ONCE(tsk->flags & PF_EXITING);
old_cset = task_css_set(tsk);
@@ -2133,11 +2172,10 @@ static void cgroup_migrate_finish(struct list_head *preloaded_csets)
* @src_cset and add it to @preloaded_csets, which should later be cleaned
* up by cgroup_migrate_finish().
*
- * This function may be called without holding cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem
- * even if the target is a process. Threads may be created and destroyed
- * but as long as cgroup_mutex is not dropped, no new css_set can be put
- * into play and the preloaded css_sets are guaranteed to cover all
- * migrations.
+ * This function may be called without holding threadgroup_lock even if the
+ * target is a process. Threads may be created and destroyed but as long
+ * as cgroup_mutex is not dropped, no new css_set can be put into play and
+ * the preloaded css_sets are guaranteed to cover all migrations.
*/
static void cgroup_migrate_add_src(struct css_set *src_cset,
struct cgroup *dst_cgrp,
@@ -2240,7 +2278,7 @@ err:
* @threadgroup: whether @leader points to the whole process or a single task
*
* Migrate a process or task denoted by @leader to @cgrp. If migrating a
- * process, the caller must be holding cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem. The
+ * process, the caller must be holding threadgroup_lock of @leader. The
* caller is also responsible for invoking cgroup_migrate_add_src() and
* cgroup_migrate_prepare_dst() on the targets before invoking this
* function and following up with cgroup_migrate_finish().
@@ -2368,7 +2406,7 @@ out_release_tset:
* @leader: the task or the leader of the threadgroup to be attached
* @threadgroup: attach the whole threadgroup?
*
- * Call holding cgroup_mutex and cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem.
+ * Call holding cgroup_mutex and threadgroup_lock of @leader.
*/
static int cgroup_attach_task(struct cgroup *dst_cgrp,
struct task_struct *leader, bool threadgroup)
@@ -2460,13 +2498,14 @@ static ssize_t __cgroup_procs_write(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf,
if (!cgrp)
return -ENODEV;
- percpu_down_write(&cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem);
+retry_find_task:
rcu_read_lock();
if (pid) {
tsk = find_task_by_vpid(pid);
if (!tsk) {
+ rcu_read_unlock();
ret = -ESRCH;
- goto out_unlock_rcu;
+ goto out_unlock_cgroup;
}
} else {
tsk = current;
@@ -2482,23 +2521,37 @@ static ssize_t __cgroup_procs_write(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf,
*/
if (tsk == kthreadd_task || (tsk->flags & PF_NO_SETAFFINITY)) {
ret = -EINVAL;
- goto out_unlock_rcu;
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ goto out_unlock_cgroup;
}
get_task_struct(tsk);
rcu_read_unlock();
+ threadgroup_lock(tsk);
+ if (threadgroup) {
+ if (!thread_group_leader(tsk)) {
+ /*
+ * a race with de_thread from another thread's exec()
+ * may strip us of our leadership, if this happens,
+ * there is no choice but to throw this task away and
+ * try again; this is
+ * "double-double-toil-and-trouble-check locking".
+ */
+ threadgroup_unlock(tsk);
+ put_task_struct(tsk);
+ goto retry_find_task;
+ }
+ }
+
ret = cgroup_procs_write_permission(tsk, cgrp, of);
if (!ret)
ret = cgroup_attach_task(cgrp, tsk, threadgroup);
- put_task_struct(tsk);
- goto out_unlock_threadgroup;
+ threadgroup_unlock(tsk);
-out_unlock_rcu:
- rcu_read_unlock();
-out_unlock_threadgroup:
- percpu_up_write(&cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem);
+ put_task_struct(tsk);
+out_unlock_cgroup:
cgroup_kn_unlock(of->kn);
return ret ?: nbytes;
}
@@ -2643,8 +2696,6 @@ static int cgroup_update_dfl_csses(struct cgroup *cgrp)
lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex);
- percpu_down_write(&cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem);
-
/* look up all csses currently attached to @cgrp's subtree */
down_read(&css_set_rwsem);
css_for_each_descendant_pre(css, cgroup_css(cgrp, NULL)) {
@@ -2700,8 +2751,17 @@ static int cgroup_update_dfl_csses(struct cgroup *cgrp)
goto out_finish;
last_task = task;
+ threadgroup_lock(task);
+ /* raced against de_thread() from another thread? */
+ if (!thread_group_leader(task)) {
+ threadgroup_unlock(task);
+ put_task_struct(task);
+ continue;
+ }
+
ret = cgroup_migrate(src_cset->dfl_cgrp, task, true);
+ threadgroup_unlock(task);
put_task_struct(task);
if (WARN(ret, "cgroup: failed to update controllers for the default hierarchy (%d), further operations may crash or hang\n", ret))
@@ -2711,7 +2771,6 @@ static int cgroup_update_dfl_csses(struct cgroup *cgrp)
out_finish:
cgroup_migrate_finish(&preloaded_csets);
- percpu_up_write(&cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem);
return ret;
}
@@ -5024,7 +5083,6 @@ int __init cgroup_init(void)
unsigned long key;
int ssid, err;
- BUG_ON(percpu_init_rwsem(&cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem));
BUG_ON(cgroup_init_cftypes(NULL, cgroup_dfl_base_files));
BUG_ON(cgroup_init_cftypes(NULL, cgroup_legacy_base_files));
diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
index 7d5f0f118a63..2845623fb582 100644
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -1149,6 +1149,10 @@ static int copy_signal(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk)
tty_audit_fork(sig);
sched_autogroup_fork(sig);
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUPS
+ init_rwsem(&sig->group_rwsem);
+#endif
+
sig->oom_score_adj = current->signal->oom_score_adj;
sig->oom_score_adj_min = current->signal->oom_score_adj_min;