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authorIngo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>2006-01-09 15:59:17 -0800
committerIngo Molnar <mingo@hera.kernel.org>2006-01-09 15:59:17 -0800
commit620a6fd185c084aa617c411f711533f01ea673c9 (patch)
tree3ab1a296a2cd952bc3dd602fc5dd2ada9288b2c4
parent711a660dc2064013a2b0167ee67389707fc9cac3 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-620a6fd185c084aa617c411f711533f01ea673c9.tar.gz
[PATCH] mutex subsystem, add asm-generic/mutex-[dec|xchg|null].h implementations
Add three (generic) mutex fastpath implementations. The mutex-xchg.h implementation is atomic_xchg() based, and should work fine on every architecture. The mutex-dec.h implementation is atomic_dec_return() based - this one too should work on every architecture, but might not perform the most optimally on architectures that have no atomic-dec/inc instructions. The mutex-null.h implementation forces all calls into the slowpath. This is used for mutex debugging, but it can also be used on platforms that do not want (or need) a fastpath at all. Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@infradead.org>
-rw-r--r--include/asm-generic/mutex-dec.h110
-rw-r--r--include/asm-generic/mutex-null.h24
-rw-r--r--include/asm-generic/mutex-xchg.h117
3 files changed, 251 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/include/asm-generic/mutex-dec.h b/include/asm-generic/mutex-dec.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..74b18cda169f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/asm-generic/mutex-dec.h
@@ -0,0 +1,110 @@
+/*
+ * asm-generic/mutex-dec.h
+ *
+ * Generic implementation of the mutex fastpath, based on atomic
+ * decrement/increment.
+ */
+#ifndef _ASM_GENERIC_MUTEX_DEC_H
+#define _ASM_GENERIC_MUTEX_DEC_H
+
+/**
+ * __mutex_fastpath_lock - try to take the lock by moving the count
+ * from 1 to a 0 value
+ * @count: pointer of type atomic_t
+ * @fail_fn: function to call if the original value was not 1
+ *
+ * Change the count from 1 to a value lower than 1, and call <fail_fn> if
+ * it wasn't 1 originally. This function MUST leave the value lower than
+ * 1 even when the "1" assertion wasn't true.
+ */
+#define __mutex_fastpath_lock(count, fail_fn) \
+do { \
+ if (unlikely(atomic_dec_return(count) < 0)) \
+ fail_fn(count); \
+ else \
+ smp_mb(); \
+} while (0)
+
+/**
+ * __mutex_fastpath_lock_retval - try to take the lock by moving the count
+ * from 1 to a 0 value
+ * @count: pointer of type atomic_t
+ * @fail_fn: function to call if the original value was not 1
+ *
+ * Change the count from 1 to a value lower than 1, and call <fail_fn> if
+ * it wasn't 1 originally. This function returns 0 if the fastpath succeeds,
+ * or anything the slow path function returns.
+ */
+static inline int
+__mutex_fastpath_lock_retval(atomic_t *count, int (*fail_fn)(atomic_t *))
+{
+ if (unlikely(atomic_dec_return(count) < 0))
+ return fail_fn(count);
+ else {
+ smp_mb();
+ return 0;
+ }
+}
+
+/**
+ * __mutex_fastpath_unlock - try to promote the count from 0 to 1
+ * @count: pointer of type atomic_t
+ * @fail_fn: function to call if the original value was not 0
+ *
+ * Try to promote the count from 0 to 1. If it wasn't 0, call <fail_fn>.
+ * In the failure case, this function is allowed to either set the value to
+ * 1, or to set it to a value lower than 1.
+ *
+ * If the implementation sets it to a value of lower than 1, then the
+ * __mutex_slowpath_needs_to_unlock() macro needs to return 1, it needs
+ * to return 0 otherwise.
+ */
+#define __mutex_fastpath_unlock(count, fail_fn) \
+do { \
+ smp_mb(); \
+ if (unlikely(atomic_inc_return(count) <= 0)) \
+ fail_fn(count); \
+} while (0)
+
+#define __mutex_slowpath_needs_to_unlock() 1
+
+/**
+ * __mutex_fastpath_trylock - try to acquire the mutex, without waiting
+ *
+ * @count: pointer of type atomic_t
+ * @fail_fn: fallback function
+ *
+ * Change the count from 1 to a value lower than 1, and return 0 (failure)
+ * if it wasn't 1 originally, or return 1 (success) otherwise. This function
+ * MUST leave the value lower than 1 even when the "1" assertion wasn't true.
+ * Additionally, if the value was < 0 originally, this function must not leave
+ * it to 0 on failure.
+ *
+ * If the architecture has no effective trylock variant, it should call the
+ * <fail_fn> spinlock-based trylock variant unconditionally.
+ */
+static inline int
+__mutex_fastpath_trylock(atomic_t *count, int (*fail_fn)(atomic_t *))
+{
+ /*
+ * We have two variants here. The cmpxchg based one is the best one
+ * because it never induce a false contention state. It is included
+ * here because architectures using the inc/dec algorithms over the
+ * xchg ones are much more likely to support cmpxchg natively.
+ *
+ * If not we fall back to the spinlock based variant - that is
+ * just as efficient (and simpler) as a 'destructive' probing of
+ * the mutex state would be.
+ */
+#ifdef __HAVE_ARCH_CMPXCHG
+ if (likely(atomic_cmpxchg(count, 1, 0)) == 1) {
+ smp_mb();
+ return 1;
+ }
+ return 0;
+#else
+ return fail_fn(count);
+#endif
+}
+
+#endif
diff --git a/include/asm-generic/mutex-null.h b/include/asm-generic/mutex-null.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..5cf8b7ce0c45
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/asm-generic/mutex-null.h
@@ -0,0 +1,24 @@
+/*
+ * asm-generic/mutex-null.h
+ *
+ * Generic implementation of the mutex fastpath, based on NOP :-)
+ *
+ * This is used by the mutex-debugging infrastructure, but it can also
+ * be used by architectures that (for whatever reason) want to use the
+ * spinlock based slowpath.
+ */
+#ifndef _ASM_GENERIC_MUTEX_NULL_H
+#define _ASM_GENERIC_MUTEX_NULL_H
+
+/* extra parameter only needed for mutex debugging: */
+#ifndef __IP__
+# define __IP__
+#endif
+
+#define __mutex_fastpath_lock(count, fail_fn) fail_fn(count __RET_IP__)
+#define __mutex_fastpath_lock_retval(count, fail_fn) fail_fn(count __RET_IP__)
+#define __mutex_fastpath_unlock(count, fail_fn) fail_fn(count __RET_IP__)
+#define __mutex_fastpath_trylock(count, fail_fn) fail_fn(count)
+#define __mutex_slowpath_needs_to_unlock() 1
+
+#endif
diff --git a/include/asm-generic/mutex-xchg.h b/include/asm-generic/mutex-xchg.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..1d24f47e6c48
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/asm-generic/mutex-xchg.h
@@ -0,0 +1,117 @@
+/*
+ * asm-generic/mutex-xchg.h
+ *
+ * Generic implementation of the mutex fastpath, based on xchg().
+ *
+ * NOTE: An xchg based implementation is less optimal than an atomic
+ * decrement/increment based implementation. If your architecture
+ * has a reasonable atomic dec/inc then you should probably use
+ * asm-generic/mutex-dec.h instead, or you could open-code an
+ * optimized version in asm/mutex.h.
+ */
+#ifndef _ASM_GENERIC_MUTEX_XCHG_H
+#define _ASM_GENERIC_MUTEX_XCHG_H
+
+/**
+ * __mutex_fastpath_lock - try to take the lock by moving the count
+ * from 1 to a 0 value
+ * @count: pointer of type atomic_t
+ * @fail_fn: function to call if the original value was not 1
+ *
+ * Change the count from 1 to a value lower than 1, and call <fail_fn> if it
+ * wasn't 1 originally. This function MUST leave the value lower than 1
+ * even when the "1" assertion wasn't true.
+ */
+#define __mutex_fastpath_lock(count, fail_fn) \
+do { \
+ if (unlikely(atomic_xchg(count, 0) != 1)) \
+ fail_fn(count); \
+ else \
+ smp_mb(); \
+} while (0)
+
+
+/**
+ * __mutex_fastpath_lock_retval - try to take the lock by moving the count
+ * from 1 to a 0 value
+ * @count: pointer of type atomic_t
+ * @fail_fn: function to call if the original value was not 1
+ *
+ * Change the count from 1 to a value lower than 1, and call <fail_fn> if it
+ * wasn't 1 originally. This function returns 0 if the fastpath succeeds,
+ * or anything the slow path function returns
+ */
+static inline int
+__mutex_fastpath_lock_retval(atomic_t *count, int (*fail_fn)(atomic_t *))
+{
+ if (unlikely(atomic_xchg(count, 0) != 1))
+ return fail_fn(count);
+ else {
+ smp_mb();
+ return 0;
+ }
+}
+
+/**
+ * __mutex_fastpath_unlock - try to promote the mutex from 0 to 1
+ * @count: pointer of type atomic_t
+ * @fail_fn: function to call if the original value was not 0
+ *
+ * try to promote the mutex from 0 to 1. if it wasn't 0, call <function>
+ * In the failure case, this function is allowed to either set the value to
+ * 1, or to set it to a value lower than one.
+ * If the implementation sets it to a value of lower than one, the
+ * __mutex_slowpath_needs_to_unlock() macro needs to return 1, it needs
+ * to return 0 otherwise.
+ */
+#define __mutex_fastpath_unlock(count, fail_fn) \
+do { \
+ smp_mb(); \
+ if (unlikely(atomic_xchg(count, 1) != 0)) \
+ fail_fn(count); \
+} while (0)
+
+#define __mutex_slowpath_needs_to_unlock() 0
+
+/**
+ * __mutex_fastpath_trylock - try to acquire the mutex, without waiting
+ *
+ * @count: pointer of type atomic_t
+ * @fail_fn: spinlock based trylock implementation
+ *
+ * Change the count from 1 to a value lower than 1, and return 0 (failure)
+ * if it wasn't 1 originally, or return 1 (success) otherwise. This function
+ * MUST leave the value lower than 1 even when the "1" assertion wasn't true.
+ * Additionally, if the value was < 0 originally, this function must not leave
+ * it to 0 on failure.
+ *
+ * If the architecture has no effective trylock variant, it should call the
+ * <fail_fn> spinlock-based trylock variant unconditionally.
+ */
+static inline int
+__mutex_fastpath_trylock(atomic_t *count, int (*fail_fn)(atomic_t *))
+{
+ int prev = atomic_xchg(count, 0);
+
+ if (unlikely(prev < 0)) {
+ /*
+ * The lock was marked contended so we must restore that
+ * state. If while doing so we get back a prev value of 1
+ * then we just own it.
+ *
+ * [ In the rare case of the mutex going to 1, to 0, to -1
+ * and then back to 0 in this few-instructions window,
+ * this has the potential to trigger the slowpath for the
+ * owner's unlock path needlessly, but that's not a problem
+ * in practice. ]
+ */
+ prev = atomic_xchg(count, prev);
+ if (prev < 0)
+ prev = 0;
+ }
+ smp_mb();
+
+ return prev;
+}
+
+#endif