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authorThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>2014-06-03 12:27:08 +0000
committerWilly Tarreau <w@1wt.eu>2014-06-19 00:25:59 +0200
commit07bc7fb4fcff0e24cc25abea01742e1f07d37246 (patch)
treef6f0c1e1bf36c485b4491a881b747b421dc75bd6
parent5622af0b145d91178070b5796090c09fd427de34 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-07bc7fb4fcff0e24cc25abea01742e1f07d37246.tar.gz
futex: Make lookup_pi_state more robust
The current implementation of lookup_pi_state has ambigous handling of the TID value 0 in the user space futex. We can get into the kernel even if the TID value is 0, because either there is a stale waiters bit or the owner died bit is set or we are called from the requeue_pi path or from user space just for fun. The current code avoids an explicit sanity check for pid = 0 in case that kernel internal state (waiters) are found for the user space address. This can lead to state leakage and worse under some circumstances. Handle the cases explicit: Waiter | pi_state | pi->owner | uTID | uODIED | ? [1] NULL | --- | --- | 0 | 0/1 | Valid [2] NULL | --- | --- | >0 | 0/1 | Valid [3] Found | NULL | -- | Any | 0/1 | Invalid [4] Found | Found | NULL | 0 | 1 | Valid [5] Found | Found | NULL | >0 | 1 | Invalid [6] Found | Found | task | 0 | 1 | Valid [7] Found | Found | NULL | Any | 0 | Invalid [8] Found | Found | task | ==taskTID | 0/1 | Valid [9] Found | Found | task | 0 | 0 | Invalid [10] Found | Found | task | !=taskTID | 0/1 | Invalid [1] Indicates that the kernel can acquire the futex atomically. We came came here due to a stale FUTEX_WAITERS/FUTEX_OWNER_DIED bit. [2] Valid, if TID does not belong to a kernel thread. If no matching thread is found then it indicates that the owner TID has died. [3] Invalid. The waiter is queued on a non PI futex [4] Valid state after exit_robust_list(), which sets the user space value to FUTEX_WAITERS | FUTEX_OWNER_DIED. [5] The user space value got manipulated between exit_robust_list() and exit_pi_state_list() [6] Valid state after exit_pi_state_list() which sets the new owner in the pi_state but cannot access the user space value. [7] pi_state->owner can only be NULL when the OWNER_DIED bit is set. [8] Owner and user space value match [9] There is no transient state which sets the user space TID to 0 except exit_robust_list(), but this is indicated by the FUTEX_OWNER_DIED bit. See [4] [10] There is no transient state which leaves owner and user space TID out of sync. Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Will Drewry <wad@chromium.org> Cc: Darren Hart <dvhart@linux.intel.com> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> (cherry picked from commit 54a217887a7b658e2650c3feff22756ab80c7339) Signed-off-by: Willy Tarreau <w@1wt.eu>
-rw-r--r--kernel/futex.c134
1 files changed, 106 insertions, 28 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/futex.c b/kernel/futex.c
index b09ef35..55dd3d2 100644
--- a/kernel/futex.c
+++ b/kernel/futex.c
@@ -536,10 +536,58 @@ void exit_pi_state_list(struct task_struct *curr)
spin_unlock_irq(&curr->pi_lock);
}
+/*
+ * We need to check the following states:
+ *
+ * Waiter | pi_state | pi->owner | uTID | uODIED | ?
+ *
+ * [1] NULL | --- | --- | 0 | 0/1 | Valid
+ * [2] NULL | --- | --- | >0 | 0/1 | Valid
+ *
+ * [3] Found | NULL | -- | Any | 0/1 | Invalid
+ *
+ * [4] Found | Found | NULL | 0 | 1 | Valid
+ * [5] Found | Found | NULL | >0 | 1 | Invalid
+ *
+ * [6] Found | Found | task | 0 | 1 | Valid
+ *
+ * [7] Found | Found | NULL | Any | 0 | Invalid
+ *
+ * [8] Found | Found | task | ==taskTID | 0/1 | Valid
+ * [9] Found | Found | task | 0 | 0 | Invalid
+ * [10] Found | Found | task | !=taskTID | 0/1 | Invalid
+ *
+ * [1] Indicates that the kernel can acquire the futex atomically. We
+ * came came here due to a stale FUTEX_WAITERS/FUTEX_OWNER_DIED bit.
+ *
+ * [2] Valid, if TID does not belong to a kernel thread. If no matching
+ * thread is found then it indicates that the owner TID has died.
+ *
+ * [3] Invalid. The waiter is queued on a non PI futex
+ *
+ * [4] Valid state after exit_robust_list(), which sets the user space
+ * value to FUTEX_WAITERS | FUTEX_OWNER_DIED.
+ *
+ * [5] The user space value got manipulated between exit_robust_list()
+ * and exit_pi_state_list()
+ *
+ * [6] Valid state after exit_pi_state_list() which sets the new owner in
+ * the pi_state but cannot access the user space value.
+ *
+ * [7] pi_state->owner can only be NULL when the OWNER_DIED bit is set.
+ *
+ * [8] Owner and user space value match
+ *
+ * [9] There is no transient state which sets the user space TID to 0
+ * except exit_robust_list(), but this is indicated by the
+ * FUTEX_OWNER_DIED bit. See [4]
+ *
+ * [10] There is no transient state which leaves owner and user space
+ * TID out of sync.
+ */
static int
lookup_pi_state(u32 uval, struct futex_hash_bucket *hb,
- union futex_key *key, struct futex_pi_state **ps,
- struct task_struct *task)
+ union futex_key *key, struct futex_pi_state **ps)
{
struct futex_pi_state *pi_state = NULL;
struct futex_q *this, *next;
@@ -552,12 +600,13 @@ lookup_pi_state(u32 uval, struct futex_hash_bucket *hb,
plist_for_each_entry_safe(this, next, head, list) {
if (match_futex(&this->key, key)) {
/*
- * Another waiter already exists - bump up
- * the refcount and return its pi_state:
+ * Sanity check the waiter before increasing
+ * the refcount and attaching to it.
*/
pi_state = this->pi_state;
/*
- * Userspace might have messed up non PI and PI futexes
+ * Userspace might have messed up non-PI and
+ * PI futexes [3]
*/
if (unlikely(!pi_state))
return -EINVAL;
@@ -565,44 +614,70 @@ lookup_pi_state(u32 uval, struct futex_hash_bucket *hb,
WARN_ON(!atomic_read(&pi_state->refcount));
/*
- * When pi_state->owner is NULL then the owner died
- * and another waiter is on the fly. pi_state->owner
- * is fixed up by the task which acquires
- * pi_state->rt_mutex.
- *
- * We do not check for pid == 0 which can happen when
- * the owner died and robust_list_exit() cleared the
- * TID.
+ * Handle the owner died case:
*/
- if (pid && pi_state->owner) {
+ if (uval & FUTEX_OWNER_DIED) {
+ /*
+ * exit_pi_state_list sets owner to NULL and
+ * wakes the topmost waiter. The task which
+ * acquires the pi_state->rt_mutex will fixup
+ * owner.
+ */
+ if (!pi_state->owner) {
+ /*
+ * No pi state owner, but the user
+ * space TID is not 0. Inconsistent
+ * state. [5]
+ */
+ if (pid)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ /*
+ * Take a ref on the state and
+ * return. [4]
+ */
+ goto out_state;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * If TID is 0, then either the dying owner
+ * has not yet executed exit_pi_state_list()
+ * or some waiter acquired the rtmutex in the
+ * pi state, but did not yet fixup the TID in
+ * user space.
+ *
+ * Take a ref on the state and return. [6]
+ */
+ if (!pid)
+ goto out_state;
+ } else {
/*
- * Bail out if user space manipulated the
- * futex value.
+ * If the owner died bit is not set,
+ * then the pi_state must have an
+ * owner. [7]
*/
- if (pid != task_pid_vnr(pi_state->owner))
+ if (!pi_state->owner)
return -EINVAL;
}
/*
- * Protect against a corrupted uval. If uval
- * is 0x80000000 then pid is 0 and the waiter
- * bit is set. So the deadlock check in the
- * calling code has failed and we did not fall
- * into the check above due to !pid.
+ * Bail out if user space manipulated the
+ * futex value. If pi state exists then the
+ * owner TID must be the same as the user
+ * space TID. [9/10]
*/
- if (task && pi_state->owner == task)
- return -EDEADLK;
+ if (pid != task_pid_vnr(pi_state->owner))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ out_state:
atomic_inc(&pi_state->refcount);
*ps = pi_state;
-
return 0;
}
}
/*
* We are the first waiter - try to look up the real owner and attach
- * the new pi_state to it, but bail out when TID = 0
+ * the new pi_state to it, but bail out when TID = 0 [1]
*/
if (!pid)
return -ESRCH;
@@ -635,6 +710,9 @@ lookup_pi_state(u32 uval, struct futex_hash_bucket *hb,
return ret;
}
+ /*
+ * No existing pi state. First waiter. [2]
+ */
pi_state = alloc_pi_state();
/*
@@ -761,7 +839,7 @@ retry:
* We dont have the lock. Look up the PI state (or create it if
* we are the first waiter):
*/
- ret = lookup_pi_state(uval, hb, key, ps, task);
+ ret = lookup_pi_state(uval, hb, key, ps);
if (unlikely(ret)) {
switch (ret) {
@@ -1338,7 +1416,7 @@ retry_private:
* rereading and handing potential crap to
* lookup_pi_state.
*/
- ret = lookup_pi_state(ret, hb2, &key2, &pi_state, NULL);
+ ret = lookup_pi_state(ret, hb2, &key2, &pi_state);
}
switch (ret) {