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authorJohn Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org>2017-06-08 16:44:20 -0700
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>2017-06-29 12:48:51 +0200
commit1fecf3977defb3161ba194e5ddbdeca9be638377 (patch)
treec547692cb421c941104ad18da761b3c7e1be827d
parent255ad85b5ecc9e76af7c7f3ab2a57c43f0f3e12c (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-1fecf3977defb3161ba194e5ddbdeca9be638377.tar.gz
time: Fix clock->read(clock) race around clocksource changes
commit ceea5e3771ed2378668455fa21861bead7504df5 upstream. In tests, which excercise switching of clocksources, a NULL pointer dereference can be observed on AMR64 platforms in the clocksource read() function: u64 clocksource_mmio_readl_down(struct clocksource *c) { return ~(u64)readl_relaxed(to_mmio_clksrc(c)->reg) & c->mask; } This is called from the core timekeeping code via: cycle_now = tkr->read(tkr->clock); tkr->read is the cached tkr->clock->read() function pointer. When the clocksource is changed then tkr->clock and tkr->read are updated sequentially. The code above results in a sequential load operation of tkr->read and tkr->clock as well. If the store to tkr->clock hits between the loads of tkr->read and tkr->clock, then the old read() function is called with the new clock pointer. As a consequence the read() function dereferences a different data structure and the resulting 'reg' pointer can point anywhere including NULL. This problem was introduced when the timekeeping code was switched over to use struct tk_read_base. Before that, it was theoretically possible as well when the compiler decided to reload clock in the code sequence: now = tk->clock->read(tk->clock); Add a helper function which avoids the issue by reading tk_read_base->clock once into a local variable clk and then issue the read function via clk->read(clk). This guarantees that the read() function always gets the proper clocksource pointer handed in. Since there is now no use for the tkr.read pointer, this patch also removes it, and to address stopping the fast timekeeper during suspend/resume, it introduces a dummy clocksource to use rather then just a dummy read function. Signed-off-by: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org> Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Prarit Bhargava <prarit@redhat.com> Cc: Richard Cochran <richardcochran@gmail.com> Cc: Stephen Boyd <stephen.boyd@linaro.org> Cc: Miroslav Lichvar <mlichvar@redhat.com> Cc: Daniel Mentz <danielmentz@google.com> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1496965462-20003-2-git-send-email-john.stultz@linaro.org Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
-rw-r--r--include/linux/timekeeper_internal.h1
-rw-r--r--kernel/time/timekeeping.c47
2 files changed, 34 insertions, 14 deletions
diff --git a/include/linux/timekeeper_internal.h b/include/linux/timekeeper_internal.h
index 25247220b4b7..f0f1793cfa49 100644
--- a/include/linux/timekeeper_internal.h
+++ b/include/linux/timekeeper_internal.h
@@ -29,7 +29,6 @@
*/
struct tk_read_base {
struct clocksource *clock;
- cycle_t (*read)(struct clocksource *cs);
cycle_t mask;
cycle_t cycle_last;
u32 mult;
diff --git a/kernel/time/timekeeping.c b/kernel/time/timekeeping.c
index 738012d68117..6e4866834d26 100644
--- a/kernel/time/timekeeping.c
+++ b/kernel/time/timekeeping.c
@@ -116,6 +116,26 @@ static inline void tk_update_sleep_time(struct timekeeper *tk, ktime_t delta)
tk->offs_boot = ktime_add(tk->offs_boot, delta);
}
+/*
+ * tk_clock_read - atomic clocksource read() helper
+ *
+ * This helper is necessary to use in the read paths because, while the
+ * seqlock ensures we don't return a bad value while structures are updated,
+ * it doesn't protect from potential crashes. There is the possibility that
+ * the tkr's clocksource may change between the read reference, and the
+ * clock reference passed to the read function. This can cause crashes if
+ * the wrong clocksource is passed to the wrong read function.
+ * This isn't necessary to use when holding the timekeeper_lock or doing
+ * a read of the fast-timekeeper tkrs (which is protected by its own locking
+ * and update logic).
+ */
+static inline u64 tk_clock_read(struct tk_read_base *tkr)
+{
+ struct clocksource *clock = READ_ONCE(tkr->clock);
+
+ return clock->read(clock);
+}
+
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_TIMEKEEPING
#define WARNING_FREQ (HZ*300) /* 5 minute rate-limiting */
@@ -173,7 +193,7 @@ static inline cycle_t timekeeping_get_delta(struct tk_read_base *tkr)
*/
do {
seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq);
- now = tkr->read(tkr->clock);
+ now = tk_clock_read(tkr);
last = tkr->cycle_last;
mask = tkr->mask;
max = tkr->clock->max_cycles;
@@ -207,7 +227,7 @@ static inline cycle_t timekeeping_get_delta(struct tk_read_base *tkr)
cycle_t cycle_now, delta;
/* read clocksource */
- cycle_now = tkr->read(tkr->clock);
+ cycle_now = tk_clock_read(tkr);
/* calculate the delta since the last update_wall_time */
delta = clocksource_delta(cycle_now, tkr->cycle_last, tkr->mask);
@@ -235,12 +255,10 @@ static void tk_setup_internals(struct timekeeper *tk, struct clocksource *clock)
old_clock = tk->tkr_mono.clock;
tk->tkr_mono.clock = clock;
- tk->tkr_mono.read = clock->read;
tk->tkr_mono.mask = clock->mask;
- tk->tkr_mono.cycle_last = tk->tkr_mono.read(clock);
+ tk->tkr_mono.cycle_last = tk_clock_read(&tk->tkr_mono);
tk->tkr_raw.clock = clock;
- tk->tkr_raw.read = clock->read;
tk->tkr_raw.mask = clock->mask;
tk->tkr_raw.cycle_last = tk->tkr_mono.cycle_last;
@@ -404,7 +422,7 @@ static __always_inline u64 __ktime_get_fast_ns(struct tk_fast *tkf)
now += timekeeping_delta_to_ns(tkr,
clocksource_delta(
- tkr->read(tkr->clock),
+ tk_clock_read(tkr),
tkr->cycle_last,
tkr->mask));
} while (read_seqcount_retry(&tkf->seq, seq));
@@ -432,6 +450,10 @@ static cycle_t dummy_clock_read(struct clocksource *cs)
return cycles_at_suspend;
}
+static struct clocksource dummy_clock = {
+ .read = dummy_clock_read,
+};
+
/**
* halt_fast_timekeeper - Prevent fast timekeeper from accessing clocksource.
* @tk: Timekeeper to snapshot.
@@ -448,13 +470,13 @@ static void halt_fast_timekeeper(struct timekeeper *tk)
struct tk_read_base *tkr = &tk->tkr_mono;
memcpy(&tkr_dummy, tkr, sizeof(tkr_dummy));
- cycles_at_suspend = tkr->read(tkr->clock);
- tkr_dummy.read = dummy_clock_read;
+ cycles_at_suspend = tk_clock_read(tkr);
+ tkr_dummy.clock = &dummy_clock;
update_fast_timekeeper(&tkr_dummy, &tk_fast_mono);
tkr = &tk->tkr_raw;
memcpy(&tkr_dummy, tkr, sizeof(tkr_dummy));
- tkr_dummy.read = dummy_clock_read;
+ tkr_dummy.clock = &dummy_clock;
update_fast_timekeeper(&tkr_dummy, &tk_fast_raw);
}
@@ -618,11 +640,10 @@ static void timekeeping_update(struct timekeeper *tk, unsigned int action)
*/
static void timekeeping_forward_now(struct timekeeper *tk)
{
- struct clocksource *clock = tk->tkr_mono.clock;
cycle_t cycle_now, delta;
s64 nsec;
- cycle_now = tk->tkr_mono.read(clock);
+ cycle_now = tk_clock_read(&tk->tkr_mono);
delta = clocksource_delta(cycle_now, tk->tkr_mono.cycle_last, tk->tkr_mono.mask);
tk->tkr_mono.cycle_last = cycle_now;
tk->tkr_raw.cycle_last = cycle_now;
@@ -1405,7 +1426,7 @@ void timekeeping_resume(void)
* The less preferred source will only be tried if there is no better
* usable source. The rtc part is handled separately in rtc core code.
*/
- cycle_now = tk->tkr_mono.read(clock);
+ cycle_now = tk_clock_read(&tk->tkr_mono);
if ((clock->flags & CLOCK_SOURCE_SUSPEND_NONSTOP) &&
cycle_now > tk->tkr_mono.cycle_last) {
u64 num, max = ULLONG_MAX;
@@ -1800,7 +1821,7 @@ void update_wall_time(void)
#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_USES_GETTIMEOFFSET
offset = real_tk->cycle_interval;
#else
- offset = clocksource_delta(tk->tkr_mono.read(tk->tkr_mono.clock),
+ offset = clocksource_delta(tk_clock_read(&tk->tkr_mono),
tk->tkr_mono.cycle_last, tk->tkr_mono.mask);
#endif