aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2015-09-08 12:28:10 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2015-09-08 12:28:10 -0700
commit6f0a2fc1feb19bd142961a39dc118e7e55418b3f (patch)
tree74ce14c6d03d8e3df9b6e624e02c2401c24684fe
parent752240e74d650faa24425adc523f1308973ea51c (diff)
parent96f0e00378d4a1fc1b79933ef84e1595015de808 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-6f0a2fc1feb19bd142961a39dc118e7e55418b3f.tar.gz
Merge branch 'nmi' of git://ftp.arm.linux.org.uk/~rmk/linux-arm
Pull NMI backtrace update from Russell King: "These changes convert the x86 NMI handling to be a library implementation which other architectures can make use of. Thomas Gleixner has reviewed and tested these changes, and wishes me to send these rather than taking them through the tip tree. The final patch in the set adds an initial implementation using this infrastructure to ARM, even though it doesn't send the IPI at "NMI" level. Patches are in progress to add the ARM equivalent of NMI, but we still need the IRQ-level fallback for systems where the "NMI" isn't available due to secure firmware denying access to it" * 'nmi' of git://ftp.arm.linux.org.uk/~rmk/linux-arm: ARM: add basic support for on-demand backtrace of other CPUs nmi: x86: convert to generic nmi handler nmi: create generic NMI backtrace implementation
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/include/asm/irq.h5
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/kernel/smp.c18
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/apic/hw_nmi.c133
-rw-r--r--include/linux/nmi.h6
-rw-r--r--lib/Makefile2
-rw-r--r--lib/nmi_backtrace.c162
6 files changed, 196 insertions, 130 deletions
diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/irq.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/irq.h
index 53c15dec7af6..be1d07d59ee9 100644
--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/irq.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/irq.h
@@ -35,6 +35,11 @@ extern void (*handle_arch_irq)(struct pt_regs *);
extern void set_handle_irq(void (*handle_irq)(struct pt_regs *));
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+extern void arch_trigger_all_cpu_backtrace(bool);
+#define arch_trigger_all_cpu_backtrace(x) arch_trigger_all_cpu_backtrace(x)
+#endif
+
#endif
#endif
diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/smp.c b/arch/arm/kernel/smp.c
index ba0063c539c3..48185a773852 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/smp.c
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/irq.h>
+#include <linux/nmi.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/clockchips.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
@@ -72,6 +73,7 @@ enum ipi_msg_type {
IPI_CPU_STOP,
IPI_IRQ_WORK,
IPI_COMPLETION,
+ IPI_CPU_BACKTRACE = 15,
};
static DECLARE_COMPLETION(cpu_running);
@@ -643,6 +645,12 @@ void handle_IPI(int ipinr, struct pt_regs *regs)
irq_exit();
break;
+ case IPI_CPU_BACKTRACE:
+ irq_enter();
+ nmi_cpu_backtrace(regs);
+ irq_exit();
+ break;
+
default:
pr_crit("CPU%u: Unknown IPI message 0x%x\n",
cpu, ipinr);
@@ -737,3 +745,13 @@ static int __init register_cpufreq_notifier(void)
core_initcall(register_cpufreq_notifier);
#endif
+
+static void raise_nmi(cpumask_t *mask)
+{
+ smp_cross_call(mask, IPI_CPU_BACKTRACE);
+}
+
+void arch_trigger_all_cpu_backtrace(bool include_self)
+{
+ nmi_trigger_all_cpu_backtrace(include_self, raise_nmi);
+}
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/hw_nmi.c b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/hw_nmi.c
index 6873ab925d00..045e424fb368 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/hw_nmi.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/hw_nmi.c
@@ -28,146 +28,21 @@ u64 hw_nmi_get_sample_period(int watchdog_thresh)
#endif
#ifdef arch_trigger_all_cpu_backtrace
-/* For reliability, we're prepared to waste bits here. */
-static DECLARE_BITMAP(backtrace_mask, NR_CPUS) __read_mostly;
-static cpumask_t printtrace_mask;
-
-#define NMI_BUF_SIZE 4096
-
-struct nmi_seq_buf {
- unsigned char buffer[NMI_BUF_SIZE];
- struct seq_buf seq;
-};
-
-/* Safe printing in NMI context */
-static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct nmi_seq_buf, nmi_print_seq);
-
-/* "in progress" flag of arch_trigger_all_cpu_backtrace */
-static unsigned long backtrace_flag;
-
-static void print_seq_line(struct nmi_seq_buf *s, int start, int end)
+static void nmi_raise_cpu_backtrace(cpumask_t *mask)
{
- const char *buf = s->buffer + start;
-
- printk("%.*s", (end - start) + 1, buf);
+ apic->send_IPI_mask(mask, NMI_VECTOR);
}
void arch_trigger_all_cpu_backtrace(bool include_self)
{
- struct nmi_seq_buf *s;
- int len;
- int cpu;
- int i;
- int this_cpu = get_cpu();
-
- if (test_and_set_bit(0, &backtrace_flag)) {
- /*
- * If there is already a trigger_all_cpu_backtrace() in progress
- * (backtrace_flag == 1), don't output double cpu dump infos.
- */
- put_cpu();
- return;
- }
-
- cpumask_copy(to_cpumask(backtrace_mask), cpu_online_mask);
- if (!include_self)
- cpumask_clear_cpu(this_cpu, to_cpumask(backtrace_mask));
-
- cpumask_copy(&printtrace_mask, to_cpumask(backtrace_mask));
- /*
- * Set up per_cpu seq_buf buffers that the NMIs running on the other
- * CPUs will write to.
- */
- for_each_cpu(cpu, to_cpumask(backtrace_mask)) {
- s = &per_cpu(nmi_print_seq, cpu);
- seq_buf_init(&s->seq, s->buffer, NMI_BUF_SIZE);
- }
-
- if (!cpumask_empty(to_cpumask(backtrace_mask))) {
- pr_info("sending NMI to %s CPUs:\n",
- (include_self ? "all" : "other"));
- apic->send_IPI_mask(to_cpumask(backtrace_mask), NMI_VECTOR);
- }
-
- /* Wait for up to 10 seconds for all CPUs to do the backtrace */
- for (i = 0; i < 10 * 1000; i++) {
- if (cpumask_empty(to_cpumask(backtrace_mask)))
- break;
- mdelay(1);
- touch_softlockup_watchdog();
- }
-
- /*
- * Now that all the NMIs have triggered, we can dump out their
- * back traces safely to the console.
- */
- for_each_cpu(cpu, &printtrace_mask) {
- int last_i = 0;
-
- s = &per_cpu(nmi_print_seq, cpu);
- len = seq_buf_used(&s->seq);
- if (!len)
- continue;
-
- /* Print line by line. */
- for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
- if (s->buffer[i] == '\n') {
- print_seq_line(s, last_i, i);
- last_i = i + 1;
- }
- }
- /* Check if there was a partial line. */
- if (last_i < len) {
- print_seq_line(s, last_i, len - 1);
- pr_cont("\n");
- }
- }
-
- clear_bit(0, &backtrace_flag);
- smp_mb__after_atomic();
- put_cpu();
-}
-
-/*
- * It is not safe to call printk() directly from NMI handlers.
- * It may be fine if the NMI detected a lock up and we have no choice
- * but to do so, but doing a NMI on all other CPUs to get a back trace
- * can be done with a sysrq-l. We don't want that to lock up, which
- * can happen if the NMI interrupts a printk in progress.
- *
- * Instead, we redirect the vprintk() to this nmi_vprintk() that writes
- * the content into a per cpu seq_buf buffer. Then when the NMIs are
- * all done, we can safely dump the contents of the seq_buf to a printk()
- * from a non NMI context.
- */
-static int nmi_vprintk(const char *fmt, va_list args)
-{
- struct nmi_seq_buf *s = this_cpu_ptr(&nmi_print_seq);
- unsigned int len = seq_buf_used(&s->seq);
-
- seq_buf_vprintf(&s->seq, fmt, args);
- return seq_buf_used(&s->seq) - len;
+ nmi_trigger_all_cpu_backtrace(include_self, nmi_raise_cpu_backtrace);
}
static int
arch_trigger_all_cpu_backtrace_handler(unsigned int cmd, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
- int cpu;
-
- cpu = smp_processor_id();
-
- if (cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, to_cpumask(backtrace_mask))) {
- printk_func_t printk_func_save = this_cpu_read(printk_func);
-
- /* Replace printk to write into the NMI seq */
- this_cpu_write(printk_func, nmi_vprintk);
- printk(KERN_WARNING "NMI backtrace for cpu %d\n", cpu);
- show_regs(regs);
- this_cpu_write(printk_func, printk_func_save);
-
- cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, to_cpumask(backtrace_mask));
+ if (nmi_cpu_backtrace(regs))
return NMI_HANDLED;
- }
return NMI_DONE;
}
diff --git a/include/linux/nmi.h b/include/linux/nmi.h
index a91adf6e02f2..78488e099ce7 100644
--- a/include/linux/nmi.h
+++ b/include/linux/nmi.h
@@ -47,6 +47,12 @@ static inline bool trigger_allbutself_cpu_backtrace(void)
arch_trigger_all_cpu_backtrace(false);
return true;
}
+
+/* generic implementation */
+void nmi_trigger_all_cpu_backtrace(bool include_self,
+ void (*raise)(cpumask_t *mask));
+bool nmi_cpu_backtrace(struct pt_regs *regs);
+
#else
static inline bool trigger_all_cpu_backtrace(void)
{
diff --git a/lib/Makefile b/lib/Makefile
index f01c558bf80d..13a7c6ae3fec 100644
--- a/lib/Makefile
+++ b/lib/Makefile
@@ -13,7 +13,7 @@ lib-y := ctype.o string.o vsprintf.o cmdline.o \
sha1.o md5.o irq_regs.o argv_split.o \
proportions.o flex_proportions.o ratelimit.o show_mem.o \
is_single_threaded.o plist.o decompress.o kobject_uevent.o \
- earlycpio.o seq_buf.o
+ earlycpio.o seq_buf.o nmi_backtrace.o
obj-$(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_STRICT_USER_COPY_CHECKS) += usercopy.o
lib-$(CONFIG_MMU) += ioremap.o
diff --git a/lib/nmi_backtrace.c b/lib/nmi_backtrace.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..88d3d32e5923
--- /dev/null
+++ b/lib/nmi_backtrace.c
@@ -0,0 +1,162 @@
+/*
+ * NMI backtrace support
+ *
+ * Gratuitously copied from arch/x86/kernel/apic/hw_nmi.c by Russell King,
+ * with the following header:
+ *
+ * HW NMI watchdog support
+ *
+ * started by Don Zickus, Copyright (C) 2010 Red Hat, Inc.
+ *
+ * Arch specific calls to support NMI watchdog
+ *
+ * Bits copied from original nmi.c file
+ */
+#include <linux/cpumask.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/kprobes.h>
+#include <linux/nmi.h>
+#include <linux/seq_buf.h>
+
+#ifdef arch_trigger_all_cpu_backtrace
+/* For reliability, we're prepared to waste bits here. */
+static DECLARE_BITMAP(backtrace_mask, NR_CPUS) __read_mostly;
+static cpumask_t printtrace_mask;
+
+#define NMI_BUF_SIZE 4096
+
+struct nmi_seq_buf {
+ unsigned char buffer[NMI_BUF_SIZE];
+ struct seq_buf seq;
+};
+
+/* Safe printing in NMI context */
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct nmi_seq_buf, nmi_print_seq);
+
+/* "in progress" flag of arch_trigger_all_cpu_backtrace */
+static unsigned long backtrace_flag;
+
+static void print_seq_line(struct nmi_seq_buf *s, int start, int end)
+{
+ const char *buf = s->buffer + start;
+
+ printk("%.*s", (end - start) + 1, buf);
+}
+
+void nmi_trigger_all_cpu_backtrace(bool include_self,
+ void (*raise)(cpumask_t *mask))
+{
+ struct nmi_seq_buf *s;
+ int i, cpu, this_cpu = get_cpu();
+
+ if (test_and_set_bit(0, &backtrace_flag)) {
+ /*
+ * If there is already a trigger_all_cpu_backtrace() in progress
+ * (backtrace_flag == 1), don't output double cpu dump infos.
+ */
+ put_cpu();
+ return;
+ }
+
+ cpumask_copy(to_cpumask(backtrace_mask), cpu_online_mask);
+ if (!include_self)
+ cpumask_clear_cpu(this_cpu, to_cpumask(backtrace_mask));
+
+ cpumask_copy(&printtrace_mask, to_cpumask(backtrace_mask));
+
+ /*
+ * Set up per_cpu seq_buf buffers that the NMIs running on the other
+ * CPUs will write to.
+ */
+ for_each_cpu(cpu, to_cpumask(backtrace_mask)) {
+ s = &per_cpu(nmi_print_seq, cpu);
+ seq_buf_init(&s->seq, s->buffer, NMI_BUF_SIZE);
+ }
+
+ if (!cpumask_empty(to_cpumask(backtrace_mask))) {
+ pr_info("Sending NMI to %s CPUs:\n",
+ (include_self ? "all" : "other"));
+ raise(to_cpumask(backtrace_mask));
+ }
+
+ /* Wait for up to 10 seconds for all CPUs to do the backtrace */
+ for (i = 0; i < 10 * 1000; i++) {
+ if (cpumask_empty(to_cpumask(backtrace_mask)))
+ break;
+ mdelay(1);
+ touch_softlockup_watchdog();
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Now that all the NMIs have triggered, we can dump out their
+ * back traces safely to the console.
+ */
+ for_each_cpu(cpu, &printtrace_mask) {
+ int len, last_i = 0;
+
+ s = &per_cpu(nmi_print_seq, cpu);
+ len = seq_buf_used(&s->seq);
+ if (!len)
+ continue;
+
+ /* Print line by line. */
+ for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
+ if (s->buffer[i] == '\n') {
+ print_seq_line(s, last_i, i);
+ last_i = i + 1;
+ }
+ }
+ /* Check if there was a partial line. */
+ if (last_i < len) {
+ print_seq_line(s, last_i, len - 1);
+ pr_cont("\n");
+ }
+ }
+
+ clear_bit(0, &backtrace_flag);
+ smp_mb__after_atomic();
+ put_cpu();
+}
+
+/*
+ * It is not safe to call printk() directly from NMI handlers.
+ * It may be fine if the NMI detected a lock up and we have no choice
+ * but to do so, but doing a NMI on all other CPUs to get a back trace
+ * can be done with a sysrq-l. We don't want that to lock up, which
+ * can happen if the NMI interrupts a printk in progress.
+ *
+ * Instead, we redirect the vprintk() to this nmi_vprintk() that writes
+ * the content into a per cpu seq_buf buffer. Then when the NMIs are
+ * all done, we can safely dump the contents of the seq_buf to a printk()
+ * from a non NMI context.
+ */
+static int nmi_vprintk(const char *fmt, va_list args)
+{
+ struct nmi_seq_buf *s = this_cpu_ptr(&nmi_print_seq);
+ unsigned int len = seq_buf_used(&s->seq);
+
+ seq_buf_vprintf(&s->seq, fmt, args);
+ return seq_buf_used(&s->seq) - len;
+}
+
+bool nmi_cpu_backtrace(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ int cpu = smp_processor_id();
+
+ if (cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, to_cpumask(backtrace_mask))) {
+ printk_func_t printk_func_save = this_cpu_read(printk_func);
+
+ /* Replace printk to write into the NMI seq */
+ this_cpu_write(printk_func, nmi_vprintk);
+ pr_warn("NMI backtrace for cpu %d\n", cpu);
+ show_regs(regs);
+ this_cpu_write(printk_func, printk_func_save);
+
+ cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, to_cpumask(backtrace_mask));
+ return true;
+ }
+
+ return false;
+}
+NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(nmi_cpu_backtrace);
+#endif