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authorEric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com>2015-06-30 15:54:08 +0200
committerAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>2015-07-01 02:30:09 -0400
commit8a81252b774b53e628a8a0fe18e2b8fc236d92cc (patch)
tree2176cd782e2b578da7ac1072f4430bf68e22c274
parent1af95de6f0119d5bde02d3a811a9f3a3661e954e (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-8a81252b774b53e628a8a0fe18e2b8fc236d92cc.tar.gz
fs/file.c: don't acquire files->file_lock in fd_install()
Mateusz Guzik reported : Currently obtaining a new file descriptor results in locking fdtable twice - once in order to reserve a slot and second time to fill it. Holding the spinlock in __fd_install() is needed in case a resize is done, or to prevent a resize. Mateusz provided an RFC patch and a micro benchmark : http://people.redhat.com/~mguzik/pipebench.c A resize is an unlikely operation in a process lifetime, as table size is at least doubled at every resize. We can use RCU instead of the spinlock. __fd_install() must wait if a resize is in progress. The resize must block new __fd_install() callers from starting, and wait that ongoing install are finished (synchronize_sched()) resize should be attempted by a single thread to not waste resources. rcu_sched variant is used, as __fd_install() and expand_fdtable() run from process context. It gives us a ~30% speedup using pipebench on a dual Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2696 v2 @ 2.50GHz Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Reported-by: Mateusz Guzik <mguzik@redhat.com> Acked-by: Mateusz Guzik <mguzik@redhat.com> Tested-by: Mateusz Guzik <mguzik@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
-rw-r--r--Documentation/filesystems/porting4
-rw-r--r--fs/file.c67
-rw-r--r--include/linux/fdtable.h3
3 files changed, 55 insertions, 19 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/porting b/Documentation/filesystems/porting
index 3eae250254d5..ec5456113072 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/porting
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/porting
@@ -500,3 +500,7 @@ in your dentry operations instead.
dentry, it does not get nameidata at all and it gets called only when cookie
is non-NULL. Note that link body isn't available anymore, so if you need it,
store it as cookie.
+--
+[mandatory]
+ __fd_install() & fd_install() can now sleep. Callers should not
+ hold a spinlock or other resources that do not allow a schedule.
diff --git a/fs/file.c b/fs/file.c
index 93c5f89c248b..3d2eb4c542a4 100644
--- a/fs/file.c
+++ b/fs/file.c
@@ -147,6 +147,13 @@ static int expand_fdtable(struct files_struct *files, int nr)
spin_unlock(&files->file_lock);
new_fdt = alloc_fdtable(nr);
+
+ /* make sure all __fd_install() have seen resize_in_progress
+ * or have finished their rcu_read_lock_sched() section.
+ */
+ if (atomic_read(&files->count) > 1)
+ synchronize_sched();
+
spin_lock(&files->file_lock);
if (!new_fdt)
return -ENOMEM;
@@ -158,21 +165,14 @@ static int expand_fdtable(struct files_struct *files, int nr)
__free_fdtable(new_fdt);
return -EMFILE;
}
- /*
- * Check again since another task may have expanded the fd table while
- * we dropped the lock
- */
cur_fdt = files_fdtable(files);
- if (nr >= cur_fdt->max_fds) {
- /* Continue as planned */
- copy_fdtable(new_fdt, cur_fdt);
- rcu_assign_pointer(files->fdt, new_fdt);
- if (cur_fdt != &files->fdtab)
- call_rcu(&cur_fdt->rcu, free_fdtable_rcu);
- } else {
- /* Somebody else expanded, so undo our attempt */
- __free_fdtable(new_fdt);
- }
+ BUG_ON(nr < cur_fdt->max_fds);
+ copy_fdtable(new_fdt, cur_fdt);
+ rcu_assign_pointer(files->fdt, new_fdt);
+ if (cur_fdt != &files->fdtab)
+ call_rcu(&cur_fdt->rcu, free_fdtable_rcu);
+ /* coupled with smp_rmb() in __fd_install() */
+ smp_wmb();
return 1;
}
@@ -185,21 +185,38 @@ static int expand_fdtable(struct files_struct *files, int nr)
* The files->file_lock should be held on entry, and will be held on exit.
*/
static int expand_files(struct files_struct *files, int nr)
+ __releases(files->file_lock)
+ __acquires(files->file_lock)
{
struct fdtable *fdt;
+ int expanded = 0;
+repeat:
fdt = files_fdtable(files);
/* Do we need to expand? */
if (nr < fdt->max_fds)
- return 0;
+ return expanded;
/* Can we expand? */
if (nr >= sysctl_nr_open)
return -EMFILE;
+ if (unlikely(files->resize_in_progress)) {
+ spin_unlock(&files->file_lock);
+ expanded = 1;
+ wait_event(files->resize_wait, !files->resize_in_progress);
+ spin_lock(&files->file_lock);
+ goto repeat;
+ }
+
/* All good, so we try */
- return expand_fdtable(files, nr);
+ files->resize_in_progress = true;
+ expanded = expand_fdtable(files, nr);
+ files->resize_in_progress = false;
+
+ wake_up_all(&files->resize_wait);
+ return expanded;
}
static inline void __set_close_on_exec(int fd, struct fdtable *fdt)
@@ -256,6 +273,8 @@ struct files_struct *dup_fd(struct files_struct *oldf, int *errorp)
atomic_set(&newf->count, 1);
spin_lock_init(&newf->file_lock);
+ newf->resize_in_progress = false;
+ init_waitqueue_head(&newf->resize_wait);
newf->next_fd = 0;
new_fdt = &newf->fdtab;
new_fdt->max_fds = NR_OPEN_DEFAULT;
@@ -553,11 +572,21 @@ void __fd_install(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int fd,
struct file *file)
{
struct fdtable *fdt;
- spin_lock(&files->file_lock);
- fdt = files_fdtable(files);
+
+ might_sleep();
+ rcu_read_lock_sched();
+
+ while (unlikely(files->resize_in_progress)) {
+ rcu_read_unlock_sched();
+ wait_event(files->resize_wait, !files->resize_in_progress);
+ rcu_read_lock_sched();
+ }
+ /* coupled with smp_wmb() in expand_fdtable() */
+ smp_rmb();
+ fdt = rcu_dereference_sched(files->fdt);
BUG_ON(fdt->fd[fd] != NULL);
rcu_assign_pointer(fdt->fd[fd], file);
- spin_unlock(&files->file_lock);
+ rcu_read_unlock_sched();
}
void fd_install(unsigned int fd, struct file *file)
diff --git a/include/linux/fdtable.h b/include/linux/fdtable.h
index 230f87bdf5ad..fbb88740634a 100644
--- a/include/linux/fdtable.h
+++ b/include/linux/fdtable.h
@@ -47,6 +47,9 @@ struct files_struct {
* read mostly part
*/
atomic_t count;
+ bool resize_in_progress;
+ wait_queue_head_t resize_wait;
+
struct fdtable __rcu *fdt;
struct fdtable fdtab;
/*