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authorAndre Przywara <andre.przywara@arm.com>2015-04-24 10:30:46 -0700
committerSasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com>2015-04-27 17:13:43 -0400
commit6a5a8112e8423ce3b941427b823107765ea7ce6a (patch)
tree569ee219232ec6aeaefd4e77fe89b764d4451426
parent9a21c96c4672f02cc195c69ec083b3e664bd2221 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-6a5a8112e8423ce3b941427b823107765ea7ce6a.tar.gz
arm64: add alternative runtime patching
With a blatant copy of some x86 bits we introduce the alternative runtime patching "framework" to arm64. This is quite basic for now and we only provide the functions we need at this time. This is connected to the newly introduced feature bits. Signed-off-by: Andre Przywara <andre.przywara@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> # v3.18.y (cherry picked from commit e039ee4ee3fcf174736f2cb0a2eed6cb908348a6) Signed-off-by: Kevin Hilman <khilman@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com>
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/include/asm/alternative-asm.h16
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/include/asm/alternative.h43
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile2
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kernel/alternative.c64
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S11
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/mm/init.c2
7 files changed, 139 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/alternative-asm.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/alternative-asm.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..5ee9340459b8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/alternative-asm.h
@@ -0,0 +1,16 @@
+#ifndef __ASM_ALTERNATIVE_ASM_H
+#define __ASM_ALTERNATIVE_ASM_H
+
+#ifdef __ASSEMBLY__
+
+.macro altinstruction_entry orig_offset alt_offset feature orig_len alt_len
+ .word \orig_offset - .
+ .word \alt_offset - .
+ .hword \feature
+ .byte \orig_len
+ .byte \alt_len
+.endm
+
+#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
+
+#endif /* __ASM_ALTERNATIVE_ASM_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/alternative.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/alternative.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..f6d206e7f9e9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/alternative.h
@@ -0,0 +1,43 @@
+#ifndef __ASM_ALTERNATIVE_H
+#define __ASM_ALTERNATIVE_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/stddef.h>
+#include <linux/stringify.h>
+
+struct alt_instr {
+ s32 orig_offset; /* offset to original instruction */
+ s32 alt_offset; /* offset to replacement instruction */
+ u16 cpufeature; /* cpufeature bit set for replacement */
+ u8 orig_len; /* size of original instruction(s) */
+ u8 alt_len; /* size of new instruction(s), <= orig_len */
+};
+
+void apply_alternatives(void);
+void free_alternatives_memory(void);
+
+#define ALTINSTR_ENTRY(feature) \
+ " .word 661b - .\n" /* label */ \
+ " .word 663f - .\n" /* new instruction */ \
+ " .hword " __stringify(feature) "\n" /* feature bit */ \
+ " .byte 662b-661b\n" /* source len */ \
+ " .byte 664f-663f\n" /* replacement len */
+
+/* alternative assembly primitive: */
+#define ALTERNATIVE(oldinstr, newinstr, feature) \
+ "661:\n\t" \
+ oldinstr "\n" \
+ "662:\n" \
+ ".pushsection .altinstructions,\"a\"\n" \
+ ALTINSTR_ENTRY(feature) \
+ ".popsection\n" \
+ ".pushsection .altinstr_replacement, \"a\"\n" \
+ "663:\n\t" \
+ newinstr "\n" \
+ "664:\n\t" \
+ ".popsection\n\t" \
+ ".if ((664b-663b) != (662b-661b))\n\t" \
+ " .error \"Alternatives instruction length mismatch\"\n\t"\
+ ".endif\n"
+
+#endif /* __ASM_ALTERNATIVE_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile b/arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile
index 5bd029b43644..65b5a8e87ea5 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile
@@ -15,7 +15,7 @@ arm64-obj-y := cputable.o debug-monitors.o entry.o irq.o fpsimd.o \
entry-fpsimd.o process.o ptrace.o setup.o signal.o \
sys.o stacktrace.o time.o traps.o io.o vdso.o \
hyp-stub.o psci.o cpu_ops.o insn.o return_address.o \
- cpuinfo.o
+ cpuinfo.o alternative.o
arm64-obj-$(CONFIG_COMPAT) += sys32.o kuser32.o signal32.o \
sys_compat.o
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/alternative.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/alternative.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..1a3badab800a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/alternative.c
@@ -0,0 +1,64 @@
+/*
+ * alternative runtime patching
+ * inspired by the x86 version
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2014 ARM Ltd.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) "alternatives: " fmt
+
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/cpu.h>
+#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
+#include <asm/alternative.h>
+#include <asm/cpufeature.h>
+#include <linux/stop_machine.h>
+
+extern struct alt_instr __alt_instructions[], __alt_instructions_end[];
+
+static int __apply_alternatives(void *dummy)
+{
+ struct alt_instr *alt;
+ u8 *origptr, *replptr;
+
+ for (alt = __alt_instructions; alt < __alt_instructions_end; alt++) {
+ if (!cpus_have_cap(alt->cpufeature))
+ continue;
+
+ BUG_ON(alt->alt_len > alt->orig_len);
+
+ pr_info_once("patching kernel code\n");
+
+ origptr = (u8 *)&alt->orig_offset + alt->orig_offset;
+ replptr = (u8 *)&alt->alt_offset + alt->alt_offset;
+ memcpy(origptr, replptr, alt->alt_len);
+ flush_icache_range((uintptr_t)origptr,
+ (uintptr_t)(origptr + alt->alt_len));
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+void apply_alternatives(void)
+{
+ /* better not try code patching on a live SMP system */
+ stop_machine(__apply_alternatives, NULL, NULL);
+}
+
+void free_alternatives_memory(void)
+{
+ free_reserved_area(__alt_instructions, __alt_instructions_end,
+ 0, "alternatives");
+}
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c
index b06d1d90ee8c..0ef87896e4ae 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c
@@ -37,6 +37,7 @@
#include <linux/of.h>
#include <linux/irq_work.h>
+#include <asm/alternative.h>
#include <asm/atomic.h>
#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include <asm/cpu.h>
@@ -309,6 +310,7 @@ void cpu_die(void)
void __init smp_cpus_done(unsigned int max_cpus)
{
pr_info("SMP: Total of %d processors activated.\n", num_online_cpus());
+ apply_alternatives();
}
void __init smp_prepare_boot_cpu(void)
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
index edf8715ba39b..2f600294e8ca 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
@@ -100,6 +100,17 @@ SECTIONS
. = ALIGN(PAGE_SIZE);
__init_end = .;
+ . = ALIGN(4);
+ .altinstructions : {
+ __alt_instructions = .;
+ *(.altinstructions)
+ __alt_instructions_end = .;
+ }
+ .altinstr_replacement : {
+ *(.altinstr_replacement)
+ }
+
+ . = ALIGN(PAGE_SIZE);
_data = .;
_sdata = .;
RW_DATA_SECTION(64, PAGE_SIZE, THREAD_SIZE)
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/init.c b/arch/arm64/mm/init.c
index fff81f02251c..c95464a33f36 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/init.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/init.c
@@ -39,6 +39,7 @@
#include <asm/setup.h>
#include <asm/sizes.h>
#include <asm/tlb.h>
+#include <asm/alternative.h>
#include "mm.h"
@@ -325,6 +326,7 @@ void __init mem_init(void)
void free_initmem(void)
{
free_initmem_default(0);
+ free_alternatives_memory();
}
#ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD