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authorJassi Brar <jaswinder.singh@linaro.org>2014-07-22 20:05:58 +0530
committerMark Brown <broonie@linaro.org>2014-08-21 22:19:04 -0500
commitb424180b4fe67eadafbcb05da37f3e333ac329c8 (patch)
tree4e608f8bdc3ebe0ce52ebdcb66ddf534ba006904
parent2b1d5df9bcce57eed1fe7fd7022659f00fbd5bcd (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-b424180b4fe67eadafbcb05da37f3e333ac329c8.tar.gz
doc: add documentation for mailbox framework
Some explanations with examples of how to write to implement users and providers of the mailbox framework. Signed-off-by: Jassi Brar <jaswinder.singh@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie@linaro.org>
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+ The Common Mailbox Framework
+ Jassi Brar <jaswinder.singh@linaro.org>
+
+ This document aims to help developers write client and controller
+drivers for the API. But before we start, let us note that the
+client (especially) and controller drivers are likely going to be
+very platform specific because the remote firmware is likely to be
+proprietary and implement non-standard protocol. So even if two
+platforms employ, say, PL320 controller, the client drivers can't
+be shared across them. Even the PL320 driver might need to accommodate
+some platform specific quirks. So the API is meant mainly to avoid
+similar copies of code written for each platform. Having said that,
+nothing prevents the remote f/w to also be Linux based and use the
+same api there. However none of that helps us locally because we only
+ever deal at client's protocol level.
+ Some of the choices made during implementation are the result of this
+peculiarity of this "common" framework.
+
+
+
+ Part 1 - Controller Driver (See include/linux/mailbox_controller.h)
+
+ Allocate mbox_controller and the array of mbox_chan.
+Populate mbox_chan_ops, except peek_data() all are mandatory.
+The controller driver might know a message has been consumed
+by the remote by getting an IRQ or polling some hardware flag
+or it can never know (the client knows by way of the protocol).
+The method in order of preference is IRQ -> Poll -> None, which
+the controller driver should set via 'txdone_irq' or 'txdone_poll'
+or neither.
+
+
+ Part 2 - Client Driver (See include/linux/mailbox_client.h)
+
+ The client might want to operate in blocking mode (synchronously
+send a message through before returning) or non-blocking/async mode (submit
+a message and a callback function to the API and return immediately).
+
+
+struct demo_client {
+ struct mbox_client cl;
+ struct mbox_chan *mbox;
+ struct completion c;
+ bool async;
+ /* ... */
+};
+
+/*
+ * This is the handler for data received from remote. The behaviour is purely
+ * dependent upon the protocol. This is just an example.
+ */
+static void message_from_remote(struct mbox_client *cl, void *mssg)
+{
+ struct demo_client *dc = container_of(mbox_client,
+ struct demo_client, cl);
+ if (dc->aysnc) {
+ if (is_an_ack(mssg)) {
+ /* An ACK to our last sample sent */
+ return; /* Or do something else here */
+ } else { /* A new message from remote */
+ queue_req(mssg);
+ }
+ } else {
+ /* Remote f/w sends only ACK packets on this channel */
+ return;
+ }
+}
+
+static void sample_sent(struct mbox_client *cl, void *mssg, int r)
+{
+ struct demo_client *dc = container_of(mbox_client,
+ struct demo_client, cl);
+ complete(&dc->c);
+}
+
+static void client_demo(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct demo_client *dc_sync, *dc_async;
+ /* The controller already knows async_pkt and sync_pkt */
+ struct async_pkt ap;
+ struct sync_pkt sp;
+
+ dc_sync = kzalloc(sizeof(*dc_sync), GFP_KERNEL);
+ dc_async = kzalloc(sizeof(*dc_async), GFP_KERNEL);
+
+ /* Populate non-blocking mode client */
+ dc_async->cl.dev = &pdev->dev;
+ dc_async->cl.rx_callback = message_from_remote;
+ dc_async->cl.tx_done = sample_sent;
+ dc_async->cl.tx_block = false;
+ dc_async->cl.tx_tout = 0; /* doesn't matter here */
+ dc_async->cl.knows_txdone = false; /* depending upon protocol */
+ dc_async->async = true;
+ init_completion(&dc_async->c);
+
+ /* Populate blocking mode client */
+ dc_sync->cl.dev = &pdev->dev;
+ dc_sync->cl.rx_callback = message_from_remote;
+ dc_sync->cl.tx_done = NULL; /* operate in blocking mode */
+ dc_sync->cl.tx_block = true;
+ dc_sync->cl.tx_tout = 500; /* by half a second */
+ dc_sync->cl.knows_txdone = false; /* depending upon protocol */
+ dc_sync->async = false;
+
+ /* ASync mailbox is listed second in 'mboxes' property */
+ dc_async->mbox = mbox_request_channel(&dc_async->cl, 1);
+ /* Populate data packet */
+ /* ap.xxx = 123; etc */
+ /* Send async message to remote */
+ mbox_send_message(dc_async->mbox, &ap);
+
+ /* Sync mailbox is listed first in 'mboxes' property */
+ dc_sync->mbox = mbox_request_channel(&dc_sync->cl, 0);
+ /* Populate data packet */
+ /* sp.abc = 123; etc */
+ /* Send message to remote in blocking mode */
+ mbox_send_message(dc_sync->mbox, &sp);
+ /* At this point 'sp' has been sent */
+
+ /* Now wait for async chan to be done */
+ wait_for_completion(&dc_async->c);
+}