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authorMinchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>2014-10-09 15:29:53 -0700
committerAlex Shi <alex.shi@linaro.org>2015-05-11 21:23:24 +0800
commit3c854b64635888527504dfc898687ab10dad6191 (patch)
treef56ae40c7739faae56ac7ca666d98352c0c151fd
parent70a5d237c239ddde3c055784980635e39bd93885 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-3c854b64635888527504dfc898687ab10dad6191.tar.gz
zram: zram memory size limitation
Since zram has no control feature to limit memory usage, it makes hard to manage system memrory. This patch adds new knob "mem_limit" via sysfs to set up the a limit so that zram could fail allocation once it reaches the limit. In addition, user could change the limit in runtime so that he could manage the memory more dynamically. Initial state is no limit so it doesn't break old behavior. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix typo, per Sergey] Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: Dan Streetman <ddstreet@ieee.org> Cc: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com> Cc: Jerome Marchand <jmarchan@redhat.com> Cc: <juno.choi@lge.com> Cc: <seungho1.park@lge.com> Cc: Luigi Semenzato <semenzato@google.com> Cc: Nitin Gupta <ngupta@vflare.org> Cc: Seth Jennings <sjennings@variantweb.net> Cc: David Horner <ds2horner@gmail.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> (cherry picked from commit 9ada9da9573f3460b156b7755c093e30b258eacb) Signed-off-by: Alex Shi <alex.shi@linaro.org>
-rw-r--r--Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-block-zram9
-rw-r--r--Documentation/blockdev/zram.txt24
-rw-r--r--drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.c45
-rw-r--r--drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.h5
4 files changed, 79 insertions, 4 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-block-zram b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-block-zram
index 2775966c2d12..f861cbfab6b1 100644
--- a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-block-zram
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-block-zram
@@ -127,3 +127,12 @@ Description:
efficiency can be calculated using compr_data_size and this
statistic.
Unit: bytes
+
+What: /sys/block/zram<id>/mem_limit
+Date: August 2014
+Contact: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
+Description:
+ The mem_limit file is read/write and specifies the maximum
+ amount of memory ZRAM can use to store the compressed data. The
+ limit could be changed in run time and "0" means disable the
+ limit. No limit is the initial state. Unit: bytes
diff --git a/Documentation/blockdev/zram.txt b/Documentation/blockdev/zram.txt
index 2db1687a4b10..4331ebf94bf0 100644
--- a/Documentation/blockdev/zram.txt
+++ b/Documentation/blockdev/zram.txt
@@ -74,14 +74,30 @@ There is little point creating a zram of greater than twice the size of memory
since we expect a 2:1 compression ratio. Note that zram uses about 0.1% of the
size of the disk when not in use so a huge zram is wasteful.
-5) Activate:
+5) Set memory limit: Optional
+ Set memory limit by writing the value to sysfs node 'mem_limit'.
+ The value can be either in bytes or you can use mem suffixes.
+ In addition, you could change the value in runtime.
+ Examples:
+ # limit /dev/zram0 with 50MB memory
+ echo $((50*1024*1024)) > /sys/block/zram0/mem_limit
+
+ # Using mem suffixes
+ echo 256K > /sys/block/zram0/mem_limit
+ echo 512M > /sys/block/zram0/mem_limit
+ echo 1G > /sys/block/zram0/mem_limit
+
+ # To disable memory limit
+ echo 0 > /sys/block/zram0/mem_limit
+
+6) Activate:
mkswap /dev/zram0
swapon /dev/zram0
mkfs.ext4 /dev/zram1
mount /dev/zram1 /tmp
-6) Stats:
+7) Stats:
Per-device statistics are exported as various nodes under
/sys/block/zram<id>/
disksize
@@ -95,11 +111,11 @@ size of the disk when not in use so a huge zram is wasteful.
compr_data_size
mem_used_total
-7) Deactivate:
+8) Deactivate:
swapoff /dev/zram0
umount /dev/zram1
-8) Reset:
+9) Reset:
Write any positive value to 'reset' sysfs node
echo 1 > /sys/block/zram0/reset
echo 1 > /sys/block/zram1/reset
diff --git a/drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.c b/drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.c
index d0717743e2df..3f4da06c89c0 100644
--- a/drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.c
+++ b/drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.c
@@ -122,6 +122,37 @@ static ssize_t max_comp_streams_show(struct device *dev,
return scnprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%d\n", val);
}
+static ssize_t mem_limit_show(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+ u64 val;
+ struct zram *zram = dev_to_zram(dev);
+
+ down_read(&zram->init_lock);
+ val = zram->limit_pages;
+ up_read(&zram->init_lock);
+
+ return scnprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%llu\n", val << PAGE_SHIFT);
+}
+
+static ssize_t mem_limit_store(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t len)
+{
+ u64 limit;
+ char *tmp;
+ struct zram *zram = dev_to_zram(dev);
+
+ limit = memparse(buf, &tmp);
+ if (buf == tmp) /* no chars parsed, invalid input */
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ down_write(&zram->init_lock);
+ zram->limit_pages = PAGE_ALIGN(limit) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ up_write(&zram->init_lock);
+
+ return len;
+}
+
static ssize_t max_comp_streams_store(struct device *dev,
struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t len)
{
@@ -512,6 +543,14 @@ static int zram_bvec_write(struct zram *zram, struct bio_vec *bvec, u32 index,
ret = -ENOMEM;
goto out;
}
+
+ if (zram->limit_pages &&
+ zs_get_total_pages(meta->mem_pool) > zram->limit_pages) {
+ zs_free(meta->mem_pool, handle);
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
cmem = zs_map_object(meta->mem_pool, handle, ZS_MM_WO);
if ((clen == PAGE_SIZE) && !is_partial_io(bvec)) {
@@ -616,6 +655,9 @@ static void zram_reset_device(struct zram *zram, bool reset_capacity)
struct zram_meta *meta;
down_write(&zram->init_lock);
+
+ zram->limit_pages = 0;
+
if (!init_done(zram)) {
up_write(&zram->init_lock);
return;
@@ -855,6 +897,8 @@ static DEVICE_ATTR(initstate, S_IRUGO, initstate_show, NULL);
static DEVICE_ATTR(reset, S_IWUSR, NULL, reset_store);
static DEVICE_ATTR(orig_data_size, S_IRUGO, orig_data_size_show, NULL);
static DEVICE_ATTR(mem_used_total, S_IRUGO, mem_used_total_show, NULL);
+static DEVICE_ATTR(mem_limit, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR, mem_limit_show,
+ mem_limit_store);
static DEVICE_ATTR(max_comp_streams, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR,
max_comp_streams_show, max_comp_streams_store);
static DEVICE_ATTR(comp_algorithm, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR,
@@ -883,6 +927,7 @@ static struct attribute *zram_disk_attrs[] = {
&dev_attr_orig_data_size.attr,
&dev_attr_compr_data_size.attr,
&dev_attr_mem_used_total.attr,
+ &dev_attr_mem_limit.attr,
&dev_attr_max_comp_streams.attr,
&dev_attr_comp_algorithm.attr,
NULL,
diff --git a/drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.h b/drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.h
index e0f725c87cc6..b7aa9c21553f 100644
--- a/drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.h
+++ b/drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.h
@@ -112,6 +112,11 @@ struct zram {
u64 disksize; /* bytes */
int max_comp_streams;
struct zram_stats stats;
+ /*
+ * the number of pages zram can consume for storing compressed data
+ */
+ unsigned long limit_pages;
+
char compressor[10];
};
#endif