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authorMark Brown <broonie@linaro.org>2013-12-10 22:19:11 +0000
committerMark Brown <broonie@linaro.org>2013-12-11 22:33:09 +0000
commit66f06c94717c696fee2fa3ba139e8ffe226758ec (patch)
treeff997a53ecd9873d2987a901bd4378f584f17dc4
parent2166811c3289da53b42cd44228cc6c72acc57fd4 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-66f06c94717c696fee2fa3ba139e8ffe226758ec.tar.gz
arm64: topology: Tell the scheduler about the relative power of cores
In non-heterogeneous systems like big.LITTLE systems the scheduler will be able to make better use of the available cores if we provide power numbers to it indicating their relative performance. Do this by parsing the CPU nodes in the DT. The power numbers are the same as for ARMv7 since it seems that the expected differential between the big and little cores is very similar on both ARMv7 and ARMv8. These numbers are just an initial and basic approximation for use with the current scheduler, it is likely that both experience with silicon and ongoing work on improving the scheduler will lead to further tuning. Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie@linaro.org>
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kernel/topology.c164
1 files changed, 164 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/topology.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/topology.c
index aae9d4d72328..c88970b1b863 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/topology.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/topology.c
@@ -18,6 +18,7 @@
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/node.h>
#include <linux/nodemask.h>
+#include <linux/of.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
@@ -26,6 +27,163 @@
#include <asm/topology.h>
/*
+ * cpu power scale management
+ */
+
+/*
+ * cpu power table
+ * This per cpu data structure describes the relative capacity of each core.
+ * On a heteregenous system, cores don't have the same computation capacity
+ * and we reflect that difference in the cpu_power field so the scheduler can
+ * take this difference into account during load balance. A per cpu structure
+ * is preferred because each CPU updates its own cpu_power field during the
+ * load balance except for idle cores. One idle core is selected to run the
+ * rebalance_domains for all idle cores and the cpu_power can be updated
+ * during this sequence.
+ */
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, cpu_scale);
+
+unsigned long arch_scale_freq_power(struct sched_domain *sd, int cpu)
+{
+ return per_cpu(cpu_scale, cpu);
+}
+
+static void set_power_scale(unsigned int cpu, unsigned long power)
+{
+ per_cpu(cpu_scale, cpu) = power;
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_OF
+struct cpu_efficiency {
+ const char *compatible;
+ unsigned long efficiency;
+};
+
+/*
+ * Table of relative efficiency of each processors
+ * The efficiency value must fit in 20bit and the final
+ * cpu_scale value must be in the range
+ * 0 < cpu_scale < 3*SCHED_POWER_SCALE/2
+ * in order to return at most 1 when DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST
+ * is used to compute the capacity of a CPU.
+ * Processors that are not defined in the table,
+ * use the default SCHED_POWER_SCALE value for cpu_scale.
+ */
+static const struct cpu_efficiency table_efficiency[] = {
+ { "arm,cortex-a57", 3891 },
+ { "arm,cortex-a53", 2048 },
+ { NULL, },
+};
+
+static unsigned long *__cpu_capacity;
+#define cpu_capacity(cpu) __cpu_capacity[cpu]
+
+static unsigned long middle_capacity = 1;
+
+/*
+ * Iterate all CPUs' descriptor in DT and compute the efficiency
+ * (as per table_efficiency). Also calculate a middle efficiency
+ * as close as possible to (max{eff_i} - min{eff_i}) / 2
+ * This is later used to scale the cpu_power field such that an
+ * 'average' CPU is of middle power. Also see the comments near
+ * table_efficiency[] and update_cpu_power().
+ */
+static void __init parse_dt_topology(void)
+{
+ const struct cpu_efficiency *cpu_eff;
+ struct device_node *cn = NULL;
+ unsigned long min_capacity = (unsigned long)(-1);
+ unsigned long max_capacity = 0;
+ unsigned long capacity = 0;
+ int alloc_size, cpu;
+
+ alloc_size = nr_cpu_ids * sizeof(*__cpu_capacity);
+ __cpu_capacity = kzalloc(alloc_size, GFP_NOWAIT);
+
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
+ const u32 *rate;
+ int len;
+
+ /* Too early to use cpu->of_node */
+ cn = of_get_cpu_node(cpu, NULL);
+ if (!cn) {
+ pr_err("Missing device node for CPU %d\n", cpu);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ /* check if the cpu is marked as "disabled", if so ignore */
+ if (!of_device_is_available(cn))
+ continue;
+
+ for (cpu_eff = table_efficiency; cpu_eff->compatible; cpu_eff++)
+ if (of_device_is_compatible(cn, cpu_eff->compatible))
+ break;
+
+ if (cpu_eff->compatible == NULL) {
+ pr_warn("%s: Unknown CPU type\n", cn->full_name);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ rate = of_get_property(cn, "clock-frequency", &len);
+ if (!rate || len != 4) {
+ pr_err("%s: Missing clock-frequency property\n",
+ cn->full_name);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ capacity = ((be32_to_cpup(rate)) >> 20) * cpu_eff->efficiency;
+
+ /* Save min capacity of the system */
+ if (capacity < min_capacity)
+ min_capacity = capacity;
+
+ /* Save max capacity of the system */
+ if (capacity > max_capacity)
+ max_capacity = capacity;
+
+ cpu_capacity(cpu) = capacity;
+ }
+
+ /* If min and max capacities are equal we bypass the update of the
+ * cpu_scale because all CPUs have the same capacity. Otherwise, we
+ * compute a middle_capacity factor that will ensure that the capacity
+ * of an 'average' CPU of the system will be as close as possible to
+ * SCHED_POWER_SCALE, which is the default value, but with the
+ * constraint explained near table_efficiency[].
+ */
+ if (min_capacity == max_capacity)
+ return;
+ else if (4 * max_capacity < (3 * (max_capacity + min_capacity)))
+ middle_capacity = (min_capacity + max_capacity)
+ >> (SCHED_POWER_SHIFT+1);
+ else
+ middle_capacity = ((max_capacity / 3)
+ >> (SCHED_POWER_SHIFT-1)) + 1;
+
+}
+
+/*
+ * Look for a customed capacity of a CPU in the cpu_topo_data table during the
+ * boot. The update of all CPUs is in O(n^2) for heteregeneous system but the
+ * function returns directly for SMP system.
+ */
+static void update_cpu_power(unsigned int cpu)
+{
+ if (!cpu_capacity(cpu))
+ return;
+
+ set_power_scale(cpu, cpu_capacity(cpu) / middle_capacity);
+
+ pr_info("CPU%u: update cpu_power %lu\n",
+ cpu, arch_scale_freq_power(NULL, cpu));
+}
+
+#else
+static inline void parse_dt_topology(void) {}
+static inline void update_cpu_power(unsigned int cpuid) {}
+#endif
+
+/*
* cpu topology table
*/
struct cputopo_arm cpu_topology[NR_CPUS];
@@ -71,6 +229,8 @@ void store_cpu_topology(unsigned int cpuid)
pr_info("CPU%u: No topology information configured\n", cpuid);
else
update_siblings_masks(cpuid);
+
+ update_cpu_power(cpuid);
}
@@ -119,6 +279,10 @@ void __init init_cpu_topology(void)
cpu_topo->socket_id = -1;
cpumask_clear(&cpu_topo->core_sibling);
cpumask_clear(&cpu_topo->thread_sibling);
+
+ set_power_scale(cpu, SCHED_POWER_SCALE);
}
smp_wmb();
+
+ parse_dt_topology();
}