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authorLorenzo Pieralisi <lorenzo.pieralisi@arm.com>2014-02-28 13:03:44 +0000
committerMark Brown <broonie@kernel.org>2015-01-18 12:40:00 +0000
commit4bb26215c07fb204ae1d66e54406dd6bae793c20 (patch)
tree253d591ee606cc65313e3c8a3cd3e0b0cfa042fb
parent29b3c03e0f74df4cbd461765b5271f643fe5c1e1 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-v3.10/topic/arm64-cpuidle.tar.gz
drivers: cpuidle: CPU idle ARM64 driverv3.10/topic/arm64-cpuidle
This patch implements a generic CPU idle driver for ARM64 machines. It relies on the DT idle states infrastructure to initialize idle states count and respective parameters. Current code assumes the driver is managing idle states on all possible CPUs but can be easily generalized to support heterogenous systems and build cpumasks at runtime using MIDRs or DT cpu nodes compatible properties. The driver relies on the arm64 CPU operations to call the idle initialization hook used to parse and save suspend back-end specific idle states information upon probing. Idle state index 0 is always initialized as a simple wfi state, ie always considered present and functional on all ARM64 platforms. Idle state indices higher than 0 trigger idle state entry by calling the cpu_suspend function, that triggers the suspend operation through the CPU operations suspend back-end hook. cpu_suspend passes the idle state index as a parameter so that the CPU operations suspend back-end can retrieve the required idle state data by using the idle state index to execute a look-up on its internal data structures. Reviewed-by: Ashwin Chaugule <ashwin.chaugule@linaro.org> Reviewed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Lorenzo Pieralisi <lorenzo.pieralisi@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@linaro.org> (cherry picked from commit 3299b63de384159579143d4abdfb94013e0b5470) Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org> Conflicts: drivers/cpuidle/Kconfig drivers/cpuidle/Makefile
-rw-r--r--drivers/cpuidle/Kconfig5
-rw-r--r--drivers/cpuidle/Kconfig.arm6414
-rw-r--r--drivers/cpuidle/Makefile4
-rw-r--r--drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-arm64.c133
4 files changed, 156 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/cpuidle/Kconfig b/drivers/cpuidle/Kconfig
index 69b8db87e496..9625ce7ed5f8 100644
--- a/drivers/cpuidle/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/cpuidle/Kconfig
@@ -36,6 +36,11 @@ config DT_IDLE_STATES
if CPU_IDLE
+menu "ARM64 CPU Idle Drivers"
+depends on ARM64
+source "drivers/cpuidle/Kconfig.arm64"
+endmenu
+
config CPU_IDLE_CALXEDA
bool "CPU Idle Driver for Calxeda processors"
depends on ARCH_HIGHBANK
diff --git a/drivers/cpuidle/Kconfig.arm64 b/drivers/cpuidle/Kconfig.arm64
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..d0a08ed1b2ee
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/cpuidle/Kconfig.arm64
@@ -0,0 +1,14 @@
+#
+# ARM64 CPU Idle drivers
+#
+
+config ARM64_CPUIDLE
+ bool "Generic ARM64 CPU idle Driver"
+ select ARM64_CPU_SUSPEND
+ select DT_IDLE_STATES
+ help
+ Select this to enable generic cpuidle driver for ARM64.
+ It provides a generic idle driver whose idle states are configured
+ at run-time through DT nodes. The CPUidle suspend backend is
+ initialized by calling the CPU operations init idle hook
+ provided by architecture code.
diff --git a/drivers/cpuidle/Makefile b/drivers/cpuidle/Makefile
index 879182f031d4..825433777ef2 100644
--- a/drivers/cpuidle/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/cpuidle/Makefile
@@ -8,3 +8,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_DT_IDLE_STATES) += dt_idle_states.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CPU_IDLE_CALXEDA) += cpuidle-calxeda.o
obj-$(CONFIG_ARCH_KIRKWOOD) += cpuidle-kirkwood.o
+
+###############################################################################
+# ARM64 drivers
+obj-$(CONFIG_ARM64_CPUIDLE) += cpuidle-arm64.o
diff --git a/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-arm64.c b/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-arm64.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..50997ea942fc
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-arm64.c
@@ -0,0 +1,133 @@
+/*
+ * ARM64 generic CPU idle driver.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2014 ARM Ltd.
+ * Author: Lorenzo Pieralisi <lorenzo.pieralisi@arm.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) "CPUidle arm64: " fmt
+
+#include <linux/cpuidle.h>
+#include <linux/cpumask.h>
+#include <linux/cpu_pm.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/of.h>
+
+#include <asm/cpuidle.h>
+#include <asm/suspend.h>
+
+#include "dt_idle_states.h"
+
+/*
+ * arm64_enter_idle_state - Programs CPU to enter the specified state
+ *
+ * dev: cpuidle device
+ * drv: cpuidle driver
+ * idx: state index
+ *
+ * Called from the CPUidle framework to program the device to the
+ * specified target state selected by the governor.
+ */
+static int arm64_enter_idle_state(struct cpuidle_device *dev,
+ struct cpuidle_driver *drv, int idx)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ if (!idx) {
+ cpu_do_idle();
+ return idx;
+ }
+
+ ret = cpu_pm_enter();
+ if (!ret) {
+ /*
+ * Pass idle state index to cpu_suspend which in turn will
+ * call the CPU ops suspend protocol with idle index as a
+ * parameter.
+ */
+ ret = cpu_suspend(idx);
+
+ cpu_pm_exit();
+ }
+
+ return ret ? -1 : idx;
+}
+
+static struct cpuidle_driver arm64_idle_driver = {
+ .name = "arm64_idle",
+ .owner = THIS_MODULE,
+ /*
+ * State at index 0 is standby wfi and considered standard
+ * on all ARM platforms. If in some platforms simple wfi
+ * can't be used as "state 0", DT bindings must be implemented
+ * to work around this issue and allow installing a special
+ * handler for idle state index 0.
+ */
+ .states[0] = {
+ .enter = arm64_enter_idle_state,
+ .exit_latency = 1,
+ .target_residency = 1,
+ .power_usage = UINT_MAX,
+ .flags = CPUIDLE_FLAG_TIME_VALID,
+ .name = "WFI",
+ .desc = "ARM64 WFI",
+ }
+};
+
+static const struct of_device_id arm64_idle_state_match[] __initconst = {
+ { .compatible = "arm,idle-state",
+ .data = arm64_enter_idle_state },
+ { },
+};
+
+/*
+ * arm64_idle_init
+ *
+ * Registers the arm64 specific cpuidle driver with the cpuidle
+ * framework. It relies on core code to parse the idle states
+ * and initialize them using driver data structures accordingly.
+ */
+static int __init arm64_idle_init(void)
+{
+ int cpu, ret;
+ struct cpuidle_driver *drv = &arm64_idle_driver;
+
+ /*
+ * Initialize idle states data, starting at index 1.
+ * This driver is DT only, if no DT idle states are detected (ret == 0)
+ * let the driver initialization fail accordingly since there is no
+ * reason to initialize the idle driver if only wfi is supported.
+ */
+ ret = dt_init_idle_driver(drv, arm64_idle_state_match, 1);
+ if (ret <= 0) {
+ if (ret)
+ pr_err("failed to initialize idle states\n");
+ return ret ? : -ENODEV;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Call arch CPU operations in order to initialize
+ * idle states suspend back-end specific data
+ */
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
+ ret = cpu_init_idle(cpu);
+ if (ret) {
+ pr_err("CPU %d failed to init idle CPU ops\n", cpu);
+ return ret;
+ }
+ }
+
+ ret = cpuidle_register(drv, NULL);
+ if (ret) {
+ pr_err("failed to register cpuidle driver\n");
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+device_initcall(arm64_idle_init);