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author committer Rasmus Villemoes 2014-09-09 14:51:01 -0700 Greg Kroah-Hartman 2014-10-05 14:54:13 -0700 2b952aeed3c78ce84f1135b896d6346bd467e032 (patch) a4016c18375f6e79e90d99cf9bb8e9c6cabd95f1 baa28fb6770eb3ccea48d4880a63bb976608a6ce (diff) linux-linaro-stable-2b952aeed3c78ce84f1135b896d6346bd467e032.tar.gz
kcmp: fix standard comparison bug
commit acbbe6fbb240a927ee1f5994f04d31267d422215 upstream. The C operator <= defines a perfectly fine total ordering on the set of values representable in a long. However, unlike its namesake in the integers, it is not translation invariant, meaning that we do not have "b <= c" iff "a+b <= a+c" for all a,b,c. This means that it is always wrong to try to boil down the relationship between two longs to a question about the sign of their difference, because the resulting relation [a LEQ b iff a-b <= 0] is neither anti-symmetric or transitive. The former is due to -LONG_MIN==LONG_MIN (take any two a,b with a-b = LONG_MIN; then a LEQ b and b LEQ a, but a != b). The latter can either be seen observing that x LEQ x+1 for all x, implying x LEQ x+1 LEQ x+2 ... LEQ x-1 LEQ x; or more directly with the simple example a=LONG_MIN, b=0, c=1, for which a-b < 0, b-c < 0, but a-c > 0. Note that it makes absolutely no difference that a transmogrying bijection has been applied before the comparison is done. In fact, had the obfuscation not been done, one could probably not observe the bug (assuming all values being compared always lie in one half of the address space, the mathematical value of a-b is always representable in a long). As it stands, one can easily obtain three file descriptors exhibiting the non-transitivity of kcmp(). Side note 1: I can't see that ensuring the MSB of the multiplier is set serves any purpose other than obfuscating the obfuscating code. Side note 2: #include <stdio.h> #include <stdlib.h> #include <string.h> #include <fcntl.h> #include <unistd.h> #include <assert.h> #include <sys/syscall.h> enum kcmp_type { KCMP_FILE, KCMP_VM, KCMP_FILES, KCMP_FS, KCMP_SIGHAND, KCMP_IO, KCMP_SYSVSEM, KCMP_TYPES, }; pid_t pid; int kcmp(pid_t pid1, pid_t pid2, int type, unsigned long idx1, unsigned long idx2) { return syscall(SYS_kcmp, pid1, pid2, type, idx1, idx2); } int cmp_fd(int fd1, int fd2) { int c = kcmp(pid, pid, KCMP_FILE, fd1, fd2); if (c < 0) { perror("kcmp"); exit(1); } assert(0 <= c && c < 3); return c; } int cmp_fdp(const void *a, const void *b) { static const int normalize[] = {0, -1, 1}; return normalize[cmp_fd(*(int*)a, *(int*)b)]; } #define MAX 100 /* This is plenty; I've seen it trigger for MAX==3 */ int main(int argc, char *argv[]) { int r, s, count = 0; int REL[3] = {0,0,0}; int fd[MAX]; pid = getpid(); while (count < MAX) { r = open("/dev/null", O_RDONLY); if (r < 0) break; fd[count++] = r; } printf("opened %d file descriptors\n", count); for (r = 0; r < count; ++r) { for (s = r+1; s < count; ++s) { REL[cmp_fd(fd[r], fd[s])]++; } } printf("== %d\t< %d\t> %d\n", REL[0], REL[1], REL[2]); qsort(fd, count, sizeof(fd[0]), cmp_fdp); memset(REL, 0, sizeof(REL)); for (r = 0; r < count; ++r) { for (s = r+1; s < count; ++s) { REL[cmp_fd(fd[r], fd[s])]++; } } printf("== %d\t< %d\t> %d\n", REL[0], REL[1], REL[2]); return (REL[0] + REL[2] != 0); } Signed-off-by: Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk> Reviewed-by: Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov@openvz.org> "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
-rw-r--r--kernel/kcmp.c7
1 files changed, 4 insertions, 3 deletions
 diff --git a/kernel/kcmp.c b/kernel/kcmp.cindex e30ac0fe61c3..0aa69ea1d8fd 100644--- a/kernel/kcmp.c+++ b/kernel/kcmp.c@@ -44,11 +44,12 @@ static long kptr_obfuscate(long v, int type) */ static int kcmp_ptr(void *v1, void *v2, enum kcmp_type type) {- long ret;+ long t1, t2; - ret = kptr_obfuscate((long)v1, type) - kptr_obfuscate((long)v2, type);+ t1 = kptr_obfuscate((long)v1, type);+ t2 = kptr_obfuscate((long)v2, type); - return (ret < 0) | ((ret > 0) << 1);+ return (t1 < t2) | ((t1 > t2) << 1); } /* The caller must have pinned the task */