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authorLaura Abbott <lauraa@codeaurora.org>2014-11-21 13:50:41 -0800
committerKees Cook <keescook@google.com>2015-10-07 13:12:23 -0700
commit88b0c7958bb652acd4ce90aededc8365276a3c8b (patch)
tree8b0674d591bf2bd9f60743b583b3fc7509d4a7c6
parenta4a8d5398c9325f6b952c90e35d7af13f8c33f6f (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-88b0c7958bb652acd4ce90aededc8365276a3c8b.tar.gz
UPSTREAM: arm64: Move some head.text functions to executable section
The head.text section is intended to be run at early bootup before any of the regular kernel mappings have been setup. Parts of head.text may be freed back into the buddy allocator due to TEXT_OFFSET so for security requirements this memory must not be executable. The suspend/resume/hotplug code path requires some of these head.S functions to run however which means they need to be executable. Support these conflicting requirements by moving the few head.text functions that need to be executable to the text section which has the appropriate page table permissions. Tested-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Reviewed-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Tested-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Laura Abbott <lauraa@codeaurora.org> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> (cherry picked from commit 034edabe6cf1d0dea49d4c836ba128cec90fad04) Signed-off-by: Tomasz Figa <tfiga@chromium.org> Bug: 24475017 Change-Id: I6b69573ab325c0092ea0b3522ad9b6f391d984ca Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@google.com>
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kernel/head.S407
1 files changed, 209 insertions, 198 deletions
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/head.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/head.S
index 10f5cc0889bb..22c55501c341 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/head.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/head.S
@@ -238,7 +238,13 @@ ENTRY(stext)
mov x0, x22
bl lookup_processor_type
mov x23, x0 // x23=current cpu_table
- cbz x23, __error_p // invalid processor (x23=0)?
+ /*
+ * __error_p may end up out of range for cbz if text areas are
+ * aligned up to section sizes.
+ */
+ cbnz x23, 1f // invalid processor (x23=0)?
+ b __error_p
+1:
bl __vet_fdt
bl __create_page_tables // x25=TTBR0, x26=TTBR1
/*
@@ -250,13 +256,214 @@ ENTRY(stext)
*/
ldr x27, __switch_data // address to jump to after
// MMU has been enabled
- adr lr, __enable_mmu // return (PIC) address
+ adrp lr, __enable_mmu // return (PIC) address
+ add lr, lr, #:lo12:__enable_mmu
ldr x12, [x23, #CPU_INFO_SETUP]
add x12, x12, x28 // __virt_to_phys
br x12 // initialise processor
ENDPROC(stext)
/*
+ * Determine validity of the x21 FDT pointer.
+ * The dtb must be 8-byte aligned and live in the first 512M of memory.
+ */
+__vet_fdt:
+ tst x21, #0x7
+ b.ne 1f
+ cmp x21, x24
+ b.lt 1f
+ mov x0, #(1 << 29)
+ add x0, x0, x24
+ cmp x21, x0
+ b.ge 1f
+ ret
+1:
+ mov x21, #0
+ ret
+ENDPROC(__vet_fdt)
+/*
+ * Macro to create a table entry to the next page.
+ *
+ * tbl: page table address
+ * virt: virtual address
+ * shift: #imm page table shift
+ * ptrs: #imm pointers per table page
+ *
+ * Preserves: virt
+ * Corrupts: tmp1, tmp2
+ * Returns: tbl -> next level table page address
+ */
+ .macro create_table_entry, tbl, virt, shift, ptrs, tmp1, tmp2
+ lsr \tmp1, \virt, #\shift
+ and \tmp1, \tmp1, #\ptrs - 1 // table index
+ add \tmp2, \tbl, #PAGE_SIZE
+ orr \tmp2, \tmp2, #PMD_TYPE_TABLE // address of next table and entry type
+ str \tmp2, [\tbl, \tmp1, lsl #3]
+ add \tbl, \tbl, #PAGE_SIZE // next level table page
+ .endm
+
+/*
+ * Macro to populate the PGD (and possibily PUD) for the corresponding
+ * block entry in the next level (tbl) for the given virtual address.
+ *
+ * Preserves: tbl, next, virt
+ * Corrupts: tmp1, tmp2
+ */
+ .macro create_pgd_entry, tbl, virt, tmp1, tmp2
+ create_table_entry \tbl, \virt, PGDIR_SHIFT, PTRS_PER_PGD, \tmp1, \tmp2
+#if SWAPPER_PGTABLE_LEVELS == 3
+ create_table_entry \tbl, \virt, TABLE_SHIFT, PTRS_PER_PTE, \tmp1, \tmp2
+#endif
+ .endm
+
+/*
+ * Macro to populate block entries in the page table for the start..end
+ * virtual range (inclusive).
+ *
+ * Preserves: tbl, flags
+ * Corrupts: phys, start, end, pstate
+ */
+ .macro create_block_map, tbl, flags, phys, start, end
+ lsr \phys, \phys, #BLOCK_SHIFT
+ lsr \start, \start, #BLOCK_SHIFT
+ and \start, \start, #PTRS_PER_PTE - 1 // table index
+ orr \phys, \flags, \phys, lsl #BLOCK_SHIFT // table entry
+ lsr \end, \end, #BLOCK_SHIFT
+ and \end, \end, #PTRS_PER_PTE - 1 // table end index
+9999: str \phys, [\tbl, \start, lsl #3] // store the entry
+ add \start, \start, #1 // next entry
+ add \phys, \phys, #BLOCK_SIZE // next block
+ cmp \start, \end
+ b.ls 9999b
+ .endm
+
+/*
+ * Setup the initial page tables. We only setup the barest amount which is
+ * required to get the kernel running. The following sections are required:
+ * - identity mapping to enable the MMU (low address, TTBR0)
+ * - first few MB of the kernel linear mapping to jump to once the MMU has
+ * been enabled, including the FDT blob (TTBR1)
+ * - pgd entry for fixed mappings (TTBR1)
+ */
+__create_page_tables:
+ pgtbl x25, x26, x28 // idmap_pg_dir and swapper_pg_dir addresses
+ mov x27, lr
+
+ /*
+ * Invalidate the idmap and swapper page tables to avoid potential
+ * dirty cache lines being evicted.
+ */
+ mov x0, x25
+ add x1, x26, #SWAPPER_DIR_SIZE
+ bl __inval_cache_range
+
+ /*
+ * Clear the idmap and swapper page tables.
+ */
+ mov x0, x25
+ add x6, x26, #SWAPPER_DIR_SIZE
+1: stp xzr, xzr, [x0], #16
+ stp xzr, xzr, [x0], #16
+ stp xzr, xzr, [x0], #16
+ stp xzr, xzr, [x0], #16
+ cmp x0, x6
+ b.lo 1b
+
+ ldr x7, =MM_MMUFLAGS
+
+ /*
+ * Create the identity mapping.
+ */
+ mov x0, x25 // idmap_pg_dir
+ ldr x3, =KERNEL_START
+ add x3, x3, x28 // __pa(KERNEL_START)
+ create_pgd_entry x0, x3, x5, x6
+ ldr x6, =KERNEL_END
+ mov x5, x3 // __pa(KERNEL_START)
+ add x6, x6, x28 // __pa(KERNEL_END)
+ create_block_map x0, x7, x3, x5, x6
+
+ /*
+ * Map the kernel image (starting with PHYS_OFFSET).
+ */
+ mov x0, x26 // swapper_pg_dir
+ mov x5, #PAGE_OFFSET
+ create_pgd_entry x0, x5, x3, x6
+ ldr x6, =KERNEL_END
+ mov x3, x24 // phys offset
+ create_block_map x0, x7, x3, x5, x6
+
+ /*
+ * Map the FDT blob (maximum 2MB; must be within 512MB of
+ * PHYS_OFFSET).
+ */
+ mov x3, x21 // FDT phys address
+ and x3, x3, #~((1 << 21) - 1) // 2MB aligned
+ mov x6, #PAGE_OFFSET
+ sub x5, x3, x24 // subtract PHYS_OFFSET
+ tst x5, #~((1 << 29) - 1) // within 512MB?
+ csel x21, xzr, x21, ne // zero the FDT pointer
+ b.ne 1f
+ add x5, x5, x6 // __va(FDT blob)
+ add x6, x5, #1 << 21 // 2MB for the FDT blob
+ sub x6, x6, #1 // inclusive range
+ create_block_map x0, x7, x3, x5, x6
+1:
+ /*
+ * Since the page tables have been populated with non-cacheable
+ * accesses (MMU disabled), invalidate the idmap and swapper page
+ * tables again to remove any speculatively loaded cache lines.
+ */
+ mov x0, x25
+ add x1, x26, #SWAPPER_DIR_SIZE
+ bl __inval_cache_range
+
+ mov lr, x27
+ ret
+ENDPROC(__create_page_tables)
+ .ltorg
+
+ .align 3
+ .type __switch_data, %object
+__switch_data:
+ .quad __mmap_switched
+ .quad __bss_start // x6
+ .quad __bss_stop // x7
+ .quad processor_id // x4
+ .quad __fdt_pointer // x5
+ .quad memstart_addr // x6
+ .quad init_thread_union + THREAD_START_SP // sp
+
+/*
+ * The following fragment of code is executed with the MMU on in MMU mode, and
+ * uses absolute addresses; this is not position independent.
+ */
+__mmap_switched:
+ adr x3, __switch_data + 8
+
+ ldp x6, x7, [x3], #16
+1: cmp x6, x7
+ b.hs 2f
+ str xzr, [x6], #8 // Clear BSS
+ b 1b
+2:
+ ldp x4, x5, [x3], #16
+ ldr x6, [x3], #8
+ ldr x16, [x3]
+ mov sp, x16
+ str x22, [x4] // Save processor ID
+ str x21, [x5] // Save FDT pointer
+ str x24, [x6] // Save PHYS_OFFSET
+ mov x29, #0
+ b start_kernel
+ENDPROC(__mmap_switched)
+
+/*
+ * end early head section, begin head code that is also used for
+ * hotplug and needs to have the same protections as the text region
+ */
+ .section ".text","ax"
+/*
* If we're fortunate enough to boot at EL2, ensure that the world is
* sane before dropping to EL1.
*
@@ -493,183 +700,6 @@ ENDPROC(__calc_phys_offset)
.quad PAGE_OFFSET
/*
- * Macro to create a table entry to the next page.
- *
- * tbl: page table address
- * virt: virtual address
- * shift: #imm page table shift
- * ptrs: #imm pointers per table page
- *
- * Preserves: virt
- * Corrupts: tmp1, tmp2
- * Returns: tbl -> next level table page address
- */
- .macro create_table_entry, tbl, virt, shift, ptrs, tmp1, tmp2
- lsr \tmp1, \virt, #\shift
- and \tmp1, \tmp1, #\ptrs - 1 // table index
- add \tmp2, \tbl, #PAGE_SIZE
- orr \tmp2, \tmp2, #PMD_TYPE_TABLE // address of next table and entry type
- str \tmp2, [\tbl, \tmp1, lsl #3]
- add \tbl, \tbl, #PAGE_SIZE // next level table page
- .endm
-
-/*
- * Macro to populate the PGD (and possibily PUD) for the corresponding
- * block entry in the next level (tbl) for the given virtual address.
- *
- * Preserves: tbl, next, virt
- * Corrupts: tmp1, tmp2
- */
- .macro create_pgd_entry, tbl, virt, tmp1, tmp2
- create_table_entry \tbl, \virt, PGDIR_SHIFT, PTRS_PER_PGD, \tmp1, \tmp2
-#if SWAPPER_PGTABLE_LEVELS == 3
- create_table_entry \tbl, \virt, TABLE_SHIFT, PTRS_PER_PTE, \tmp1, \tmp2
-#endif
- .endm
-
-/*
- * Macro to populate block entries in the page table for the start..end
- * virtual range (inclusive).
- *
- * Preserves: tbl, flags
- * Corrupts: phys, start, end, pstate
- */
- .macro create_block_map, tbl, flags, phys, start, end
- lsr \phys, \phys, #BLOCK_SHIFT
- lsr \start, \start, #BLOCK_SHIFT
- and \start, \start, #PTRS_PER_PTE - 1 // table index
- orr \phys, \flags, \phys, lsl #BLOCK_SHIFT // table entry
- lsr \end, \end, #BLOCK_SHIFT
- and \end, \end, #PTRS_PER_PTE - 1 // table end index
-9999: str \phys, [\tbl, \start, lsl #3] // store the entry
- add \start, \start, #1 // next entry
- add \phys, \phys, #BLOCK_SIZE // next block
- cmp \start, \end
- b.ls 9999b
- .endm
-
-/*
- * Setup the initial page tables. We only setup the barest amount which is
- * required to get the kernel running. The following sections are required:
- * - identity mapping to enable the MMU (low address, TTBR0)
- * - first few MB of the kernel linear mapping to jump to once the MMU has
- * been enabled, including the FDT blob (TTBR1)
- * - pgd entry for fixed mappings (TTBR1)
- */
-__create_page_tables:
- pgtbl x25, x26, x28 // idmap_pg_dir and swapper_pg_dir addresses
- mov x27, lr
-
- /*
- * Invalidate the idmap and swapper page tables to avoid potential
- * dirty cache lines being evicted.
- */
- mov x0, x25
- add x1, x26, #SWAPPER_DIR_SIZE
- bl __inval_cache_range
-
- /*
- * Clear the idmap and swapper page tables.
- */
- mov x0, x25
- add x6, x26, #SWAPPER_DIR_SIZE
-1: stp xzr, xzr, [x0], #16
- stp xzr, xzr, [x0], #16
- stp xzr, xzr, [x0], #16
- stp xzr, xzr, [x0], #16
- cmp x0, x6
- b.lo 1b
-
- ldr x7, =MM_MMUFLAGS
-
- /*
- * Create the identity mapping.
- */
- mov x0, x25 // idmap_pg_dir
- ldr x3, =KERNEL_START
- add x3, x3, x28 // __pa(KERNEL_START)
- create_pgd_entry x0, x3, x5, x6
- ldr x6, =KERNEL_END
- mov x5, x3 // __pa(KERNEL_START)
- add x6, x6, x28 // __pa(KERNEL_END)
- create_block_map x0, x7, x3, x5, x6
-
- /*
- * Map the kernel image (starting with PHYS_OFFSET).
- */
- mov x0, x26 // swapper_pg_dir
- mov x5, #PAGE_OFFSET
- create_pgd_entry x0, x5, x3, x6
- ldr x6, =KERNEL_END
- mov x3, x24 // phys offset
- create_block_map x0, x7, x3, x5, x6
-
- /*
- * Map the FDT blob (maximum 2MB; must be within 512MB of
- * PHYS_OFFSET).
- */
- mov x3, x21 // FDT phys address
- and x3, x3, #~((1 << 21) - 1) // 2MB aligned
- mov x6, #PAGE_OFFSET
- sub x5, x3, x24 // subtract PHYS_OFFSET
- tst x5, #~((1 << 29) - 1) // within 512MB?
- csel x21, xzr, x21, ne // zero the FDT pointer
- b.ne 1f
- add x5, x5, x6 // __va(FDT blob)
- add x6, x5, #1 << 21 // 2MB for the FDT blob
- sub x6, x6, #1 // inclusive range
- create_block_map x0, x7, x3, x5, x6
-1:
- /*
- * Since the page tables have been populated with non-cacheable
- * accesses (MMU disabled), invalidate the idmap and swapper page
- * tables again to remove any speculatively loaded cache lines.
- */
- mov x0, x25
- add x1, x26, #SWAPPER_DIR_SIZE
- bl __inval_cache_range
-
- mov lr, x27
- ret
-ENDPROC(__create_page_tables)
- .ltorg
-
- .align 3
- .type __switch_data, %object
-__switch_data:
- .quad __mmap_switched
- .quad __bss_start // x6
- .quad __bss_stop // x7
- .quad processor_id // x4
- .quad __fdt_pointer // x5
- .quad memstart_addr // x6
- .quad init_thread_union + THREAD_START_SP // sp
-
-/*
- * The following fragment of code is executed with the MMU on in MMU mode, and
- * uses absolute addresses; this is not position independent.
- */
-__mmap_switched:
- adr x3, __switch_data + 8
-
- ldp x6, x7, [x3], #16
-1: cmp x6, x7
- b.hs 2f
- str xzr, [x6], #8 // Clear BSS
- b 1b
-2:
- ldp x4, x5, [x3], #16
- ldr x6, [x3], #8
- ldr x16, [x3]
- mov sp, x16
- str x22, [x4] // Save processor ID
- str x21, [x5] // Save FDT pointer
- str x24, [x6] // Save PHYS_OFFSET
- mov x29, #0
- b start_kernel
-ENDPROC(__mmap_switched)
-
-/*
* Exception handling. Something went wrong and we can't proceed. We ought to
* tell the user, but since we don't have any guarantee that we're even
* running on the right architecture, we do virtually nothing.
@@ -716,22 +746,3 @@ __lookup_processor_type_data:
.quad .
.quad cpu_table
.size __lookup_processor_type_data, . - __lookup_processor_type_data
-
-/*
- * Determine validity of the x21 FDT pointer.
- * The dtb must be 8-byte aligned and live in the first 512M of memory.
- */
-__vet_fdt:
- tst x21, #0x7
- b.ne 1f
- cmp x21, x24
- b.lt 1f
- mov x0, #(1 << 29)
- add x0, x0, x24
- cmp x21, x0
- b.ge 1f
- ret
-1:
- mov x21, #0
- ret
-ENDPROC(__vet_fdt)