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authorArd Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>2014-10-20 16:27:26 +0200
committerKees Cook <keescook@google.com>2015-10-07 13:13:26 -0700
commit3b9b326050d5fb36da0a0074536b73a5c30bdd67 (patch)
tree76bf819258b8cc480e508e310148077a96e26dbd
parent20ea1314c6168e460eff2a65c15ee15fab0834b5 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-3b9b326050d5fb36da0a0074536b73a5c30bdd67.tar.gz
UPSTREAM: arm64/efi: move SetVirtualAddressMap() to UEFI stub
In order to support kexec, the kernel needs to be able to deal with the state of the UEFI firmware after SetVirtualAddressMap() has been called. To avoid having separate code paths for non-kexec and kexec, let's move the call to SetVirtualAddressMap() to the stub: this will guarantee us that it will only be called once (since the stub is not executed during kexec), and ensures that the UEFI state is identical between kexec and normal boot. This implies that the layout of the virtual mapping needs to be created by the stub as well. All regions are rounded up to a naturally aligned multiple of 64 KB (for compatibility with 64k pages kernels) and recorded in the UEFI memory map. The kernel proper reads those values and installs the mappings in a dedicated set of page tables that are swapped in during UEFI Runtime Services calls. Acked-by: Leif Lindholm <leif.lindholm@linaro.org> Acked-by: Matt Fleming <matt.fleming@intel.com> Tested-by: Leif Lindholm <leif.lindholm@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> (cherry picked from commit f3cdfd239da56a4cea75a2920dc326f0f45f67e3) Signed-off-by: Tomasz Figa <tfiga@chromium.org> Bug: 24475017 Change-Id: I2df4ed0ed8d8db5f7de3b5e4d900c6d1cf3b3038 Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@google.com>
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/include/asm/efi.h34
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kernel/efi.c230
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/arm-stub.c59
-rw-r--r--drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/efistub.h4
-rw-r--r--drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/fdt.c62
6 files changed, 282 insertions, 108 deletions
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/efi.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/efi.h
index 71291253114f..effef3713c5a 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/efi.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/efi.h
@@ -7,28 +7,36 @@
#ifdef CONFIG_EFI
extern void efi_init(void);
extern void efi_idmap_init(void);
+extern void efi_virtmap_init(void);
#else
#define efi_init()
#define efi_idmap_init()
+#define efi_virtmap_init()
#endif
#define efi_call_virt(f, ...) \
({ \
- efi_##f##_t *__f = efi.systab->runtime->f; \
+ efi_##f##_t *__f; \
efi_status_t __s; \
\
kernel_neon_begin(); \
+ efi_virtmap_load(); \
+ __f = efi.systab->runtime->f; \
__s = __f(__VA_ARGS__); \
+ efi_virtmap_unload(); \
kernel_neon_end(); \
__s; \
})
#define __efi_call_virt(f, ...) \
({ \
- efi_##f##_t *__f = efi.systab->runtime->f; \
+ efi_##f##_t *__f; \
\
kernel_neon_begin(); \
+ efi_virtmap_load(); \
+ __f = efi.systab->runtime->f; \
__f(__VA_ARGS__); \
+ efi_virtmap_unload(); \
kernel_neon_end(); \
})
@@ -46,4 +54,26 @@ extern void efi_idmap_init(void);
#define EFI_ALLOC_ALIGN SZ_64K
+/*
+ * On ARM systems, virtually remapped UEFI runtime services are set up in three
+ * distinct stages:
+ * - The stub retrieves the final version of the memory map from UEFI, populates
+ * the virt_addr fields and calls the SetVirtualAddressMap() [SVAM] runtime
+ * service to communicate the new mapping to the firmware (Note that the new
+ * mapping is not live at this time)
+ * - During early boot, the page tables are allocated and populated based on the
+ * virt_addr fields in the memory map, but only if all descriptors with the
+ * EFI_MEMORY_RUNTIME attribute have a non-zero value for virt_addr. If this
+ * succeeds, the EFI_VIRTMAP flag is set to indicate that the virtual mappings
+ * have been installed successfully.
+ * - During an early initcall(), the UEFI Runtime Services are enabled and the
+ * EFI_RUNTIME_SERVICES bit set if some conditions are met, i.e., we need a
+ * non-early mapping of the UEFI system table, and we need to have the virtmap
+ * installed.
+ */
+#define EFI_VIRTMAP EFI_ARCH_1
+
+void efi_virtmap_load(void);
+void efi_virtmap_unload(void);
+
#endif /* _ASM_EFI_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/efi.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/efi.c
index 6fac253bc783..49dbbae762ae 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/efi.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/efi.c
@@ -11,25 +11,31 @@
*
*/
+#include <linux/atomic.h>
#include <linux/dmi.h>
#include <linux/efi.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/memblock.h>
+#include <linux/mm_types.h>
#include <linux/bootmem.h>
#include <linux/of.h>
#include <linux/of_fdt.h>
+#include <linux/preempt.h>
+#include <linux/rbtree.h>
+#include <linux/rwsem.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include <asm/efi.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
+#include <asm/mmu.h>
+#include <asm/pgtable.h>
struct efi_memory_map memmap;
-static efi_runtime_services_t *runtime;
-
static u64 efi_system_table;
static int uefi_debug __initdata;
@@ -69,9 +75,33 @@ static void __init efi_setup_idmap(void)
}
}
+/*
+ * Translate a EFI virtual address into a physical address: this is necessary,
+ * as some data members of the EFI system table are virtually remapped after
+ * SetVirtualAddressMap() has been called.
+ */
+static phys_addr_t efi_to_phys(unsigned long addr)
+{
+ efi_memory_desc_t *md;
+
+ for_each_efi_memory_desc(&memmap, md) {
+ if (!(md->attribute & EFI_MEMORY_RUNTIME))
+ continue;
+ if (md->virt_addr == 0)
+ /* no virtual mapping has been installed by the stub */
+ break;
+ if (md->virt_addr <= addr &&
+ (addr - md->virt_addr) < (md->num_pages << EFI_PAGE_SHIFT))
+ return md->phys_addr + addr - md->virt_addr;
+ }
+ return addr;
+}
+
static int __init uefi_init(void)
{
efi_char16_t *c16;
+ void *config_tables;
+ u64 table_size;
char vendor[100] = "unknown";
int i, retval;
@@ -99,7 +129,7 @@ static int __init uefi_init(void)
efi.systab->hdr.revision & 0xffff);
/* Show what we know for posterity */
- c16 = early_memremap(efi.systab->fw_vendor,
+ c16 = early_memremap(efi_to_phys(efi.systab->fw_vendor),
sizeof(vendor));
if (c16) {
for (i = 0; i < (int) sizeof(vendor) - 1 && *c16; ++i)
@@ -112,8 +142,14 @@ static int __init uefi_init(void)
efi.systab->hdr.revision >> 16,
efi.systab->hdr.revision & 0xffff, vendor);
- retval = efi_config_init(NULL);
+ table_size = sizeof(efi_config_table_64_t) * efi.systab->nr_tables;
+ config_tables = early_memremap(efi_to_phys(efi.systab->tables),
+ table_size);
+
+ retval = efi_config_parse_tables(config_tables, efi.systab->nr_tables,
+ sizeof(efi_config_table_64_t), NULL);
+ early_memunmap(config_tables, table_size);
out:
early_memunmap(efi.systab, sizeof(efi_system_table_t));
return retval;
@@ -328,51 +364,14 @@ void __init efi_idmap_init(void)
efi_setup_idmap();
}
-static int __init remap_region(efi_memory_desc_t *md, void **new)
-{
- u64 paddr, vaddr, npages, size;
-
- paddr = md->phys_addr;
- npages = md->num_pages;
- memrange_efi_to_native(&paddr, &npages);
- size = npages << PAGE_SHIFT;
-
- if (is_normal_ram(md))
- vaddr = (__force u64)ioremap_cache(paddr, size);
- else
- vaddr = (__force u64)ioremap(paddr, size);
-
- if (!vaddr) {
- pr_err("Unable to remap 0x%llx pages @ %p\n",
- npages, (void *)paddr);
- return 0;
- }
-
- /* adjust for any rounding when EFI and system pagesize differs */
- md->virt_addr = vaddr + (md->phys_addr - paddr);
-
- if (uefi_debug)
- pr_info(" EFI remap 0x%012llx => %p\n",
- md->phys_addr, (void *)md->virt_addr);
-
- memcpy(*new, md, memmap.desc_size);
- *new += memmap.desc_size;
-
- return 1;
-}
-
/*
- * Switch UEFI from an identity map to a kernel virtual map
+ * Enable the UEFI Runtime Services if all prerequisites are in place, i.e.,
+ * non-early mapping of the UEFI system table and virtual mappings for all
+ * EFI_MEMORY_RUNTIME regions.
*/
-static int __init arm64_enter_virtual_mode(void)
+static int __init arm64_enable_runtime_services(void)
{
- efi_memory_desc_t *md;
- phys_addr_t virtmap_phys;
- void *virtmap, *virt_md;
- efi_status_t status;
u64 mapsize;
- int count = 0;
- unsigned long flags;
if (!efi_enabled(EFI_BOOT)) {
pr_info("EFI services will not be available.\n");
@@ -395,81 +394,30 @@ static int __init arm64_enter_virtual_mode(void)
efi.memmap = &memmap;
- /* Map the runtime regions */
- virtmap = kmalloc(mapsize, GFP_KERNEL);
- if (!virtmap) {
- pr_err("Failed to allocate EFI virtual memmap\n");
- return -1;
- }
- virtmap_phys = virt_to_phys(virtmap);
- virt_md = virtmap;
-
- for_each_efi_memory_desc(&memmap, md) {
- if (!(md->attribute & EFI_MEMORY_RUNTIME))
- continue;
- if (!remap_region(md, &virt_md))
- goto err_unmap;
- ++count;
- }
-
- efi.systab = (__force void *)efi_lookup_mapped_addr(efi_system_table);
+ efi.systab = (__force void *)ioremap_cache(efi_system_table,
+ sizeof(efi_system_table_t));
if (!efi.systab) {
- /*
- * If we have no virtual mapping for the System Table at this
- * point, the memory map doesn't cover the physical offset where
- * it resides. This means the System Table will be inaccessible
- * to Runtime Services themselves once the virtual mapping is
- * installed.
- */
- pr_err("Failed to remap EFI System Table -- buggy firmware?\n");
- goto err_unmap;
+ pr_err("Failed to remap EFI System Table\n");
+ return -1;
}
set_bit(EFI_SYSTEM_TABLES, &efi.flags);
- local_irq_save(flags);
- cpu_switch_mm(idmap_pg_dir, &init_mm);
-
- /* Call SetVirtualAddressMap with the physical address of the map */
- runtime = efi.systab->runtime;
- efi.set_virtual_address_map = runtime->set_virtual_address_map;
-
- status = efi.set_virtual_address_map(count * memmap.desc_size,
- memmap.desc_size,
- memmap.desc_version,
- (efi_memory_desc_t *)virtmap_phys);
- cpu_set_reserved_ttbr0();
- flush_tlb_all();
- local_irq_restore(flags);
-
- kfree(virtmap);
-
free_boot_services();
- if (status != EFI_SUCCESS) {
- pr_err("Failed to set EFI virtual address map! [%lx]\n",
- status);
+ if (!efi_enabled(EFI_VIRTMAP)) {
+ pr_err("No UEFI virtual mapping was installed -- runtime services will not be available\n");
return -1;
}
/* Set up runtime services function pointers */
- runtime = efi.systab->runtime;
efi_native_runtime_setup();
set_bit(EFI_RUNTIME_SERVICES, &efi.flags);
efi.runtime_version = efi.systab->hdr.revision;
return 0;
-
-err_unmap:
- /* unmap all mappings that succeeded: there are 'count' of those */
- for (virt_md = virtmap; count--; virt_md += memmap.desc_size) {
- md = virt_md;
- iounmap((__force void __iomem *)md->virt_addr);
- }
- kfree(virtmap);
- return -1;
}
-early_initcall(arm64_enter_virtual_mode);
+early_initcall(arm64_enable_runtime_services);
static int __init arm64_dmi_init(void)
{
@@ -484,3 +432,79 @@ static int __init arm64_dmi_init(void)
return 0;
}
core_initcall(arm64_dmi_init);
+
+static pgd_t efi_pgd[PTRS_PER_PGD] __page_aligned_bss;
+
+static struct mm_struct efi_mm = {
+ .mm_rb = RB_ROOT,
+ .pgd = efi_pgd,
+ .mm_users = ATOMIC_INIT(2),
+ .mm_count = ATOMIC_INIT(1),
+ .mmap_sem = __RWSEM_INITIALIZER(efi_mm.mmap_sem),
+ .page_table_lock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(efi_mm.page_table_lock),
+ .mmlist = LIST_HEAD_INIT(efi_mm.mmlist),
+ INIT_MM_CONTEXT(efi_mm)
+};
+
+static void efi_set_pgd(struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+ cpu_switch_mm(mm->pgd, mm);
+ flush_tlb_all();
+ if (icache_is_aivivt())
+ __flush_icache_all();
+}
+
+void efi_virtmap_load(void)
+{
+ preempt_disable();
+ efi_set_pgd(&efi_mm);
+}
+
+void efi_virtmap_unload(void)
+{
+ efi_set_pgd(current->active_mm);
+ preempt_enable();
+}
+
+void __init efi_virtmap_init(void)
+{
+ efi_memory_desc_t *md;
+
+ if (!efi_enabled(EFI_BOOT))
+ return;
+
+ for_each_efi_memory_desc(&memmap, md) {
+ u64 paddr, npages, size;
+ pgprot_t prot;
+
+ if (!(md->attribute & EFI_MEMORY_RUNTIME))
+ continue;
+ if (WARN(md->virt_addr == 0,
+ "UEFI virtual mapping incomplete or missing -- no entry found for 0x%llx\n",
+ md->phys_addr))
+ return;
+
+ paddr = md->phys_addr;
+ npages = md->num_pages;
+ memrange_efi_to_native(&paddr, &npages);
+ size = npages << PAGE_SHIFT;
+
+ pr_info(" EFI remap 0x%016llx => %p\n",
+ md->phys_addr, (void *)md->virt_addr);
+
+ /*
+ * Only regions of type EFI_RUNTIME_SERVICES_CODE need to be
+ * executable, everything else can be mapped with the XN bits
+ * set.
+ */
+ if (!is_normal_ram(md))
+ prot = __pgprot(PROT_DEVICE_nGnRE);
+ else if (md->type == EFI_RUNTIME_SERVICES_CODE)
+ prot = PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC;
+ else
+ prot = PAGE_KERNEL;
+
+ create_pgd_mapping(&efi_mm, paddr, md->virt_addr, size, prot);
+ }
+ set_bit(EFI_VIRTMAP, &efi.flags);
+}
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c
index 6bbc2e24830d..052caaaa6e92 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c
@@ -393,6 +393,7 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
paging_init();
request_standard_resources();
+ efi_virtmap_init();
efi_idmap_init();
unflatten_device_tree();
diff --git a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/arm-stub.c b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/arm-stub.c
index eb48a1a1a576..e2432b39b6df 100644
--- a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/arm-stub.c
+++ b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/arm-stub.c
@@ -295,3 +295,62 @@ fail_free_image:
fail:
return EFI_ERROR;
}
+
+/*
+ * This is the base address at which to start allocating virtual memory ranges
+ * for UEFI Runtime Services. This is in the low TTBR0 range so that we can use
+ * any allocation we choose, and eliminate the risk of a conflict after kexec.
+ * The value chosen is the largest non-zero power of 2 suitable for this purpose
+ * both on 32-bit and 64-bit ARM CPUs, to maximize the likelihood that it can
+ * be mapped efficiently.
+ */
+#define EFI_RT_VIRTUAL_BASE 0x40000000
+
+/*
+ * efi_get_virtmap() - create a virtual mapping for the EFI memory map
+ *
+ * This function populates the virt_addr fields of all memory region descriptors
+ * in @memory_map whose EFI_MEMORY_RUNTIME attribute is set. Those descriptors
+ * are also copied to @runtime_map, and their total count is returned in @count.
+ */
+void efi_get_virtmap(efi_memory_desc_t *memory_map, unsigned long map_size,
+ unsigned long desc_size, efi_memory_desc_t *runtime_map,
+ int *count)
+{
+ u64 efi_virt_base = EFI_RT_VIRTUAL_BASE;
+ efi_memory_desc_t *out = runtime_map;
+ int l;
+
+ for (l = 0; l < map_size; l += desc_size) {
+ efi_memory_desc_t *in = (void *)memory_map + l;
+ u64 paddr, size;
+
+ if (!(in->attribute & EFI_MEMORY_RUNTIME))
+ continue;
+
+ /*
+ * Make the mapping compatible with 64k pages: this allows
+ * a 4k page size kernel to kexec a 64k page size kernel and
+ * vice versa.
+ */
+ paddr = round_down(in->phys_addr, SZ_64K);
+ size = round_up(in->num_pages * EFI_PAGE_SIZE +
+ in->phys_addr - paddr, SZ_64K);
+
+ /*
+ * Avoid wasting memory on PTEs by choosing a virtual base that
+ * is compatible with section mappings if this region has the
+ * appropriate size and physical alignment. (Sections are 2 MB
+ * on 4k granule kernels)
+ */
+ if (IS_ALIGNED(in->phys_addr, SZ_2M) && size >= SZ_2M)
+ efi_virt_base = round_up(efi_virt_base, SZ_2M);
+
+ in->virt_addr = efi_virt_base + in->phys_addr - paddr;
+ efi_virt_base += size;
+
+ memcpy(out, in, desc_size);
+ out = (void *)out + desc_size;
+ ++*count;
+ }
+}
diff --git a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/efistub.h b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/efistub.h
index 304ab295ca1a..2be10984a67a 100644
--- a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/efistub.h
+++ b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/efistub.h
@@ -39,4 +39,8 @@ efi_status_t allocate_new_fdt_and_exit_boot(efi_system_table_t *sys_table,
void *get_fdt(efi_system_table_t *sys_table);
+void efi_get_virtmap(efi_memory_desc_t *memory_map, unsigned long map_size,
+ unsigned long desc_size, efi_memory_desc_t *runtime_map,
+ int *count);
+
#endif
diff --git a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/fdt.c b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/fdt.c
index c846a9608cbd..91da56c4fd54 100644
--- a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/fdt.c
+++ b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/fdt.c
@@ -14,6 +14,8 @@
#include <linux/libfdt.h>
#include <asm/efi.h>
+#include "efistub.h"
+
efi_status_t update_fdt(efi_system_table_t *sys_table, void *orig_fdt,
unsigned long orig_fdt_size,
void *fdt, int new_fdt_size, char *cmdline_ptr,
@@ -193,9 +195,26 @@ efi_status_t allocate_new_fdt_and_exit_boot(efi_system_table_t *sys_table,
unsigned long map_size, desc_size;
u32 desc_ver;
unsigned long mmap_key;
- efi_memory_desc_t *memory_map;
+ efi_memory_desc_t *memory_map, *runtime_map;
unsigned long new_fdt_size;
efi_status_t status;
+ int runtime_entry_count = 0;
+
+ /*
+ * Get a copy of the current memory map that we will use to prepare
+ * the input for SetVirtualAddressMap(). We don't have to worry about
+ * subsequent allocations adding entries, since they could not affect
+ * the number of EFI_MEMORY_RUNTIME regions.
+ */
+ status = efi_get_memory_map(sys_table, &runtime_map, &map_size,
+ &desc_size, &desc_ver, &mmap_key);
+ if (status != EFI_SUCCESS) {
+ pr_efi_err(sys_table, "Unable to retrieve UEFI memory map.\n");
+ return status;
+ }
+
+ pr_efi(sys_table,
+ "Exiting boot services and installing virtual address map...\n");
/*
* Estimate size of new FDT, and allocate memory for it. We
@@ -248,12 +267,48 @@ efi_status_t allocate_new_fdt_and_exit_boot(efi_system_table_t *sys_table,
}
}
+ /*
+ * Update the memory map with virtual addresses. The function will also
+ * populate @runtime_map with copies of just the EFI_MEMORY_RUNTIME
+ * entries so that we can pass it straight into SetVirtualAddressMap()
+ */
+ efi_get_virtmap(memory_map, map_size, desc_size, runtime_map,
+ &runtime_entry_count);
+
/* Now we are ready to exit_boot_services.*/
status = sys_table->boottime->exit_boot_services(handle, mmap_key);
+ if (status == EFI_SUCCESS) {
+ efi_set_virtual_address_map_t *svam;
- if (status == EFI_SUCCESS)
- return status;
+ /* Install the new virtual address map */
+ svam = sys_table->runtime->set_virtual_address_map;
+ status = svam(runtime_entry_count * desc_size, desc_size,
+ desc_ver, runtime_map);
+
+ /*
+ * We are beyond the point of no return here, so if the call to
+ * SetVirtualAddressMap() failed, we need to signal that to the
+ * incoming kernel but proceed normally otherwise.
+ */
+ if (status != EFI_SUCCESS) {
+ int l;
+
+ /*
+ * Set the virtual address field of all
+ * EFI_MEMORY_RUNTIME entries to 0. This will signal
+ * the incoming kernel that no virtual translation has
+ * been installed.
+ */
+ for (l = 0; l < map_size; l += desc_size) {
+ efi_memory_desc_t *p = (void *)memory_map + l;
+
+ if (p->attribute & EFI_MEMORY_RUNTIME)
+ p->virt_addr = 0;
+ }
+ }
+ return EFI_SUCCESS;
+ }
pr_efi_err(sys_table, "Exit boot services failed.\n");
@@ -264,6 +319,7 @@ fail_free_new_fdt:
efi_free(sys_table, new_fdt_size, *new_fdt_addr);
fail:
+ sys_table->boottime->free_pool(runtime_map);
return EFI_LOAD_ERROR;
}