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path: root/include/linux/bio.h
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/*
 * 2.5 block I/O model
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2001 Jens Axboe <axboe@suse.de>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public Licens
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-
 */
#ifndef __LINUX_BIO_H
#define __LINUX_BIO_H

#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/mempool.h>
#include <linux/ioprio.h>
#include <linux/bug.h>

#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK

#include <asm/io.h>

/* struct bio, bio_vec and BIO_* flags are defined in blk_types.h */
#include <linux/blk_types.h>

#define BIO_DEBUG

#ifdef BIO_DEBUG
#define BIO_BUG_ON	BUG_ON
#else
#define BIO_BUG_ON
#endif

#define BIO_MAX_PAGES		256
#define BIO_MAX_SIZE		(BIO_MAX_PAGES << PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT)
#define BIO_MAX_SECTORS		(BIO_MAX_SIZE >> 9)

/*
 * upper 16 bits of bi_rw define the io priority of this bio
 */
#define BIO_PRIO_SHIFT	(8 * sizeof(unsigned long) - IOPRIO_BITS)
#define bio_prio(bio)	((bio)->bi_rw >> BIO_PRIO_SHIFT)
#define bio_prio_valid(bio)	ioprio_valid(bio_prio(bio))

#define bio_set_prio(bio, prio)		do {			\
	WARN_ON(prio >= (1 << IOPRIO_BITS));			\
	(bio)->bi_rw &= ((1UL << BIO_PRIO_SHIFT) - 1);		\
	(bio)->bi_rw |= ((unsigned long) (prio) << BIO_PRIO_SHIFT);	\
} while (0)

/*
 * various member access, note that bio_data should of course not be used
 * on highmem page vectors
 */
#define bio_iovec_idx(bio, idx)	(&((bio)->bi_io_vec[(idx)]))
#define bio_iovec(bio)		bio_iovec_idx((bio), (bio)->bi_idx)
#define bio_page(bio)		bio_iovec((bio))->bv_page
#define bio_offset(bio)		bio_iovec((bio))->bv_offset
#define bio_segments(bio)	((bio)->bi_vcnt - (bio)->bi_idx)
#define bio_sectors(bio)	((bio)->bi_size >> 9)

static inline unsigned int bio_cur_bytes(struct bio *bio)
{
	if (bio->bi_vcnt)
		return bio_iovec(bio)->bv_len;
	else /* dataless requests such as discard */
		return bio->bi_size;
}

static inline void *bio_data(struct bio *bio)
{
	if (bio->bi_vcnt)
		return page_address(bio_page(bio)) + bio_offset(bio);

	return NULL;
}

static inline int bio_has_allocated_vec(struct bio *bio)
{
	return bio->bi_io_vec && bio->bi_io_vec != bio->bi_inline_vecs;
}

/*
 * will die
 */
#define bio_to_phys(bio)	(page_to_phys(bio_page((bio))) + (unsigned long) bio_offset((bio)))
#define bvec_to_phys(bv)	(page_to_phys((bv)->bv_page) + (unsigned long) (bv)->bv_offset)

/*
 * queues that have highmem support enabled may still need to revert to
 * PIO transfers occasionally and thus map high pages temporarily. For
 * permanent PIO fall back, user is probably better off disabling highmem
 * I/O completely on that queue (see ide-dma for example)
 */
#define __bio_kmap_atomic(bio, idx, kmtype)				\
	(kmap_atomic(bio_iovec_idx((bio), (idx))->bv_page) +	\
		bio_iovec_idx((bio), (idx))->bv_offset)

#define __bio_kunmap_atomic(addr, kmtype) kunmap_atomic(addr)

/*
 * merge helpers etc
 */

#define __BVEC_END(bio)		bio_iovec_idx((bio), (bio)->bi_vcnt - 1)
#define __BVEC_START(bio)	bio_iovec_idx((bio), (bio)->bi_idx)

/* Default implementation of BIOVEC_PHYS_MERGEABLE */
#define __BIOVEC_PHYS_MERGEABLE(vec1, vec2)	\
	((bvec_to_phys((vec1)) + (vec1)->bv_len) == bvec_to_phys((vec2)))

/*
 * allow arch override, for eg virtualized architectures (put in asm/io.h)
 */
#ifndef BIOVEC_PHYS_MERGEABLE
#define BIOVEC_PHYS_MERGEABLE(vec1, vec2)	\
	__BIOVEC_PHYS_MERGEABLE(vec1, vec2)
#endif

#define __BIO_SEG_BOUNDARY(addr1, addr2, mask) \
	(((addr1) | (mask)) == (((addr2) - 1) | (mask)))
#define BIOVEC_SEG_BOUNDARY(q, b1, b2) \
	__BIO_SEG_BOUNDARY(bvec_to_phys((b1)), bvec_to_phys((b2)) + (b2)->bv_len, queue_segment_boundary((q)))
#define BIO_SEG_BOUNDARY(q, b1, b2) \
	BIOVEC_SEG_BOUNDARY((q), __BVEC_END((b1)), __BVEC_START((b2)))

#define bio_io_error(bio) bio_endio((bio), -EIO)

/*
 * drivers should not use the __ version unless they _really_ want to
 * run through the entire bio and not just pending pieces
 */
#define __bio_for_each_segment(bvl, bio, i, start_idx)			\
	for (bvl = bio_iovec_idx((bio), (start_idx)), i = (start_idx);	\
	     i < (bio)->bi_vcnt;					\
	     bvl++, i++)

#define bio_for_each_segment(bvl, bio, i)				\
	__bio_for_each_segment(bvl, bio, i, (bio)->bi_idx)

/*
 * get a reference to a bio, so it won't disappear. the intended use is
 * something like:
 *
 * bio_get(bio);
 * submit_bio(rw, bio);
 * if (bio->bi_flags ...)
 *	do_something
 * bio_put(bio);
 *
 * without the bio_get(), it could potentially complete I/O before submit_bio
 * returns. and then bio would be freed memory when if (bio->bi_flags ...)
 * runs
 */
#define bio_get(bio)	atomic_inc(&(bio)->bi_cnt)

#if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY)
/*
 * bio integrity payload
 */
struct bio_integrity_payload {
	struct bio		*bip_bio;	/* parent bio */

	sector_t		bip_sector;	/* virtual start sector */

	void			*bip_buf;	/* generated integrity data */
	bio_end_io_t		*bip_end_io;	/* saved I/O completion fn */

	unsigned int		bip_size;

	unsigned short		bip_slab;	/* slab the bip came from */
	unsigned short		bip_vcnt;	/* # of integrity bio_vecs */
	unsigned short		bip_idx;	/* current bip_vec index */

	struct work_struct	bip_work;	/* I/O completion */
	struct bio_vec		bip_vec[0];	/* embedded bvec array */
};
#endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */

/*
 * A bio_pair is used when we need to split a bio.
 * This can only happen for a bio that refers to just one
 * page of data, and in the unusual situation when the
 * page crosses a chunk/device boundary
 *
 * The address of the master bio is stored in bio1.bi_private
 * The address of the pool the pair was allocated from is stored
 *   in bio2.bi_private
 */
struct bio_pair {
	struct bio			bio1, bio2;
	struct bio_vec			bv1, bv2;
#if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY)
	struct bio_integrity_payload	bip1, bip2;
	struct bio_vec			iv1, iv2;
#endif
	atomic_t			cnt;
	int				error;
};
extern struct bio_pair *bio_split(struct bio *bi, int first_sectors);
extern void bio_pair_release(struct bio_pair *dbio);

extern struct bio_set *bioset_create(unsigned int, unsigned int);
extern void bioset_free(struct bio_set *);

extern struct bio *bio_alloc_bioset(gfp_t, int, struct bio_set *);
extern void bio_put(struct bio *);

extern struct bio_set *fs_bio_set;

static inline struct bio *bio_alloc(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int nr_iovecs)
{
	return bio_alloc_bioset(gfp_mask, nr_iovecs, fs_bio_set);
}

static inline struct bio *bio_kmalloc(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int nr_iovecs)
{
	return bio_alloc_bioset(gfp_mask, nr_iovecs, NULL);
}

extern void bio_endio(struct bio *, int);
struct request_queue;
extern int bio_phys_segments(struct request_queue *, struct bio *);

extern void __bio_clone(struct bio *, struct bio *);
extern struct bio *bio_clone(struct bio *, gfp_t);

extern void bio_init(struct bio *);
extern void bio_reset(struct bio *);

extern int bio_add_page(struct bio *, struct page *, unsigned int,unsigned int);
extern int bio_add_pc_page(struct request_queue *, struct bio *, struct page *,
			   unsigned int, unsigned int);
extern int bio_get_nr_vecs(struct block_device *);
extern sector_t bio_sector_offset(struct bio *, unsigned short, unsigned int);
extern struct bio *bio_map_user(struct request_queue *, struct block_device *,
				unsigned long, unsigned int, int, gfp_t);
struct sg_iovec;
struct rq_map_data;
extern struct bio *bio_map_user_iov(struct request_queue *,
				    struct block_device *,
				    struct sg_iovec *, int, int, gfp_t);
extern void bio_unmap_user(struct bio *);
extern struct bio *bio_map_kern(struct request_queue *, void *, unsigned int,
				gfp_t);
extern struct bio *bio_copy_kern(struct request_queue *, void *, unsigned int,
				 gfp_t, int);
extern void bio_set_pages_dirty(struct bio *bio);
extern void bio_check_pages_dirty(struct bio *bio);

#ifndef ARCH_IMPLEMENTS_FLUSH_DCACHE_PAGE
# error	"You should define ARCH_IMPLEMENTS_FLUSH_DCACHE_PAGE for your platform"
#endif
#if ARCH_IMPLEMENTS_FLUSH_DCACHE_PAGE
extern void bio_flush_dcache_pages(struct bio *bi);
#else
static inline void bio_flush_dcache_pages(struct bio *bi)
{
}
#endif

extern struct bio *bio_copy_user(struct request_queue *, struct rq_map_data *,
				 unsigned long, unsigned int, int, gfp_t);
extern struct bio *bio_copy_user_iov(struct request_queue *,
				     struct rq_map_data *, struct sg_iovec *,
				     int, int, gfp_t);
extern int bio_uncopy_user(struct bio *);
void zero_fill_bio(struct bio *bio);
extern struct bio_vec *bvec_alloc_bs(gfp_t, int, unsigned long *, struct bio_set *);
extern void bvec_free_bs(struct bio_set *, struct bio_vec *, unsigned int);
extern unsigned int bvec_nr_vecs(unsigned short idx);

#ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP
int bio_associate_current(struct bio *bio);
void bio_disassociate_task(struct bio *bio);
#else	/* CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP */
static inline int bio_associate_current(struct bio *bio) { return -ENOENT; }
static inline void bio_disassociate_task(struct bio *bio) { }
#endif	/* CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP */

/*
 * bio_set is used to allow other portions of the IO system to
 * allocate their own private memory pools for bio and iovec structures.
 * These memory pools in turn all allocate from the bio_slab
 * and the bvec_slabs[].
 */
#define BIO_POOL_SIZE 2
#define BIOVEC_NR_POOLS 6
#define BIOVEC_MAX_IDX	(BIOVEC_NR_POOLS - 1)

struct bio_set {
	struct kmem_cache *bio_slab;
	unsigned int front_pad;

	mempool_t *bio_pool;
#if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY)
	mempool_t *bio_integrity_pool;
#endif
	mempool_t *bvec_pool;
};

struct biovec_slab {
	int nr_vecs;
	char *name;
	struct kmem_cache *slab;
};

/*
 * a small number of entries is fine, not going to be performance critical.
 * basically we just need to survive
 */
#define BIO_SPLIT_ENTRIES 2

#ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM
/*
 * remember never ever reenable interrupts between a bvec_kmap_irq and
 * bvec_kunmap_irq!
 */
static inline char *bvec_kmap_irq(struct bio_vec *bvec, unsigned long *flags)
{
	unsigned long addr;

	/*
	 * might not be a highmem page, but the preempt/irq count
	 * balancing is a lot nicer this way
	 */
	local_irq_save(*flags);
	addr = (unsigned long) kmap_atomic(bvec->bv_page);

	BUG_ON(addr & ~PAGE_MASK);

	return (char *) addr + bvec->bv_offset;
}

static inline void bvec_kunmap_irq(char *buffer, unsigned long *flags)
{
	unsigned long ptr = (unsigned long) buffer & PAGE_MASK;

	kunmap_atomic((void *) ptr);
	local_irq_restore(*flags);
}

#else
static inline char *bvec_kmap_irq(struct bio_vec *bvec, unsigned long *flags)
{
	return page_address(bvec->bv_page) + bvec->bv_offset;
}

static inline void bvec_kunmap_irq(char *buffer, unsigned long *flags)
{
	*flags = 0;
}
#endif

static inline char *__bio_kmap_irq(struct bio *bio, unsigned short idx,
				   unsigned long *flags)
{
	return bvec_kmap_irq(bio_iovec_idx(bio, idx), flags);
}
#define __bio_kunmap_irq(buf, flags)	bvec_kunmap_irq(buf, flags)

#define bio_kmap_irq(bio, flags) \
	__bio_kmap_irq((bio), (bio)->bi_idx, (flags))
#define bio_kunmap_irq(buf,flags)	__bio_kunmap_irq(buf, flags)

/*
 * Check whether this bio carries any data or not. A NULL bio is allowed.
 */
static inline int bio_has_data(struct bio *bio)
{
	return bio && bio->bi_io_vec != NULL;
}

/*
 * BIO list management for use by remapping drivers (e.g. DM or MD) and loop.
 *
 * A bio_list anchors a singly-linked list of bios chained through the bi_next
 * member of the bio.  The bio_list also caches the last list member to allow
 * fast access to the tail.
 */
struct bio_list {
	struct bio *head;
	struct bio *tail;
};

static inline int bio_list_empty(const struct bio_list *bl)
{
	return bl->head == NULL;
}

static inline void bio_list_init(struct bio_list *bl)
{
	bl->head = bl->tail = NULL;
}

#define bio_list_for_each(bio, bl) \
	for (bio = (bl)->head; bio; bio = bio->bi_next)

static inline unsigned bio_list_size(const struct bio_list *bl)
{
	unsigned sz = 0;
	struct bio *bio;

	bio_list_for_each(bio, bl)
		sz++;

	return sz;
}

static inline void bio_list_add(struct bio_list *bl, struct bio *bio)
{
	bio->bi_next = NULL;

	if (bl->tail)
		bl->tail->bi_next = bio;
	else
		bl->head = bio;

	bl->tail = bio;
}

static inline void bio_list_add_head(struct bio_list *bl, struct bio *bio)
{
	bio->bi_next = bl->head;

	bl->head = bio;

	if (!bl->tail)
		bl->tail = bio;
}

static inline void bio_list_merge(struct bio_list *bl, struct bio_list *bl2)
{
	if (!bl2->head)
		return;

	if (bl->tail)
		bl->tail->bi_next = bl2->head;
	else
		bl->head = bl2->head;

	bl->tail = bl2->tail;
}

static inline void bio_list_merge_head(struct bio_list *bl,
				       struct bio_list *bl2)
{
	if (!bl2->head)
		return;

	if (bl->head)
		bl2->tail->bi_next = bl->head;
	else
		bl->tail = bl2->tail;

	bl->head = bl2->head;
}

static inline struct bio *bio_list_peek(struct bio_list *bl)
{
	return bl->head;
}

static inline struct bio *bio_list_pop(struct bio_list *bl)
{
	struct bio *bio = bl->head;

	if (bio) {
		bl->head = bl->head->bi_next;
		if (!bl->head)
			bl->tail = NULL;

		bio->bi_next = NULL;
	}

	return bio;
}

static inline struct bio *bio_list_get(struct bio_list *bl)
{
	struct bio *bio = bl->head;

	bl->head = bl->tail = NULL;

	return bio;
}

#if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY)

#define bip_vec_idx(bip, idx)	(&(bip->bip_vec[(idx)]))
#define bip_vec(bip)		bip_vec_idx(bip, 0)

#define __bip_for_each_vec(bvl, bip, i, start_idx)			\
	for (bvl = bip_vec_idx((bip), (start_idx)), i = (start_idx);	\
	     i < (bip)->bip_vcnt;					\
	     bvl++, i++)

#define bip_for_each_vec(bvl, bip, i)					\
	__bip_for_each_vec(bvl, bip, i, (bip)->bip_idx)

#define bio_for_each_integrity_vec(_bvl, _bio, _iter)			\
	for_each_bio(_bio)						\
		bip_for_each_vec(_bvl, _bio->bi_integrity, _iter)

#define bio_integrity(bio) (bio->bi_integrity != NULL)

extern struct bio_integrity_payload *bio_integrity_alloc(struct bio *, gfp_t, unsigned int);
extern void bio_integrity_free(struct bio *);
extern int bio_integrity_add_page(struct bio *, struct page *, unsigned int, unsigned int);
extern int bio_integrity_enabled(struct bio *bio);
extern int bio_integrity_set_tag(struct bio *, void *, unsigned int);
extern int bio_integrity_get_tag(struct bio *, void *, unsigned int);
extern int bio_integrity_prep(struct bio *);
extern void bio_integrity_endio(struct bio *, int);
extern void bio_integrity_advance(struct bio *, unsigned int);
extern void bio_integrity_trim(struct bio *, unsigned int, unsigned int);
extern void bio_integrity_split(struct bio *, struct bio_pair *, int);
extern int bio_integrity_clone(struct bio *, struct bio *, gfp_t);
extern int bioset_integrity_create(struct bio_set *, int);
extern void bioset_integrity_free(struct bio_set *);
extern void bio_integrity_init(void);

#else /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */

static inline int bio_integrity(struct bio *bio)
{
	return 0;
}

static inline int bio_integrity_enabled(struct bio *bio)
{
	return 0;
}

static inline int bioset_integrity_create(struct bio_set *bs, int pool_size)
{
	return 0;
}

static inline void bioset_integrity_free (struct bio_set *bs)
{
	return;
}

static inline int bio_integrity_prep(struct bio *bio)
{
	return 0;
}

static inline void bio_integrity_free(struct bio *bio)
{
	return;
}

static inline int bio_integrity_clone(struct bio *bio, struct bio *bio_src,
				      gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
	return 0;
}

static inline void bio_integrity_split(struct bio *bio, struct bio_pair *bp,
				       int sectors)
{
	return;
}

static inline void bio_integrity_advance(struct bio *bio,
					 unsigned int bytes_done)
{
	return;
}

static inline void bio_integrity_trim(struct bio *bio, unsigned int offset,
				      unsigned int sectors)
{
	return;
}

static inline void bio_integrity_init(void)
{
	return;
}

#endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */

#endif /* CONFIG_BLOCK */
#endif /* __LINUX_BIO_H */