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authorMeador Inge <meador_inge@mentor.com>2011-03-14 10:01:05 +0000
committerBenjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>2011-03-21 11:00:52 +1100
commita99eff39c0549fe68fed150d39ec0c750e5ce1f1 (patch)
treec440adc8e49aea4bed8b666858eaeaf74a91040e
parent90407c9976939e061f32b0e07602e5ce4887d9e8 (diff)
downloadlinaro-lsk-a99eff39c0549fe68fed150d39ec0c750e5ce1f1.tar.gz
powerpc: Document the Open PIC device tree binding
This binding documents several properties that have been in use for quite some time, and adds one new property 'pic-no-reset', which controls the runtime initialization behavior of the PIC. More specifically, the presence of 'pic-no-reset' mandates that the PIC shall not be reset during runtime initialization and that any initialization related to interrupt sources shall be limited to sources explicitly referenced in the device tree. This functionality is useful in AMP systems where multiple OSes are sharing the PIC and the reinitialization of the PIC can interfere with OSes that are already up and running. The interrupt specifier definition is based off of Stuart Yoder's FSL MPIC binding. Signed-off-by: Meador Inge <meador_inge@mentor.com> Cc: Grant Likely <grant.likely@secretlab.ca> Cc: Stuart Yoder <stuart.yoder@freescale.com> Cc: Hollis Blanchard <hollis_blanchard@mentor.com> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
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+* Open PIC Binding
+
+This binding specifies what properties must be available in the device tree
+representation of an Open PIC compliant interrupt controller. This binding is
+based on the binding defined for Open PIC in [1] and is a superset of that
+binding.
+
+Required properties:
+
+ NOTE: Many of these descriptions were paraphrased here from [1] to aid
+ readability.
+
+ - compatible: Specifies the compatibility list for the PIC. The type
+ shall be <string> and the value shall include "open-pic".
+
+ - reg: Specifies the base physical address(s) and size(s) of this
+ PIC's addressable register space. The type shall be <prop-encoded-array>.
+
+ - interrupt-controller: The presence of this property identifies the node
+ as an Open PIC. No property value shall be defined.
+
+ - #interrupt-cells: Specifies the number of cells needed to encode an
+ interrupt source. The type shall be a <u32> and the value shall be 2.
+
+ - #address-cells: Specifies the number of cells needed to encode an
+ address. The type shall be <u32> and the value shall be 0. As such,
+ 'interrupt-map' nodes do not have to specify a parent unit address.
+
+Optional properties:
+
+ - pic-no-reset: The presence of this property indicates that the PIC
+ shall not be reset during runtime initialization. No property value shall
+ be defined. The presence of this property also mandates that any
+ initialization related to interrupt sources shall be limited to sources
+ explicitly referenced in the device tree.
+
+* Interrupt Specifier Definition
+
+ Interrupt specifiers consists of 2 cells encoded as
+ follows:
+
+ - <1st-cell>: The interrupt-number that identifies the interrupt source.
+
+ - <2nd-cell>: The level-sense information, encoded as follows:
+ 0 = low-to-high edge triggered
+ 1 = active low level-sensitive
+ 2 = active high level-sensitive
+ 3 = high-to-low edge triggered
+
+* Examples
+
+Example 1:
+
+ /*
+ * An Open PIC interrupt controller
+ */
+ mpic: pic@40000 {
+ // This is an interrupt controller node.
+ interrupt-controller;
+
+ // No address cells so that 'interrupt-map' nodes which reference
+ // this Open PIC node do not need a parent address specifier.
+ #address-cells = <0>;
+
+ // Two cells to encode interrupt sources.
+ #interrupt-cells = <2>;
+
+ // Offset address of 0x40000 and size of 0x40000.
+ reg = <0x40000 0x40000>;
+
+ // Compatible with Open PIC.
+ compatible = "open-pic";
+
+ // The PIC shall not be reset.
+ pic-no-reset;
+ };
+
+Example 2:
+
+ /*
+ * An interrupt generating device that is wired to an Open PIC.
+ */
+ serial0: serial@4500 {
+ // Interrupt source '42' that is active high level-sensitive.
+ // Note that there are only two cells as specified in the interrupt
+ // parent's '#interrupt-cells' property.
+ interrupts = <42 2>;
+
+ // The interrupt controller that this device is wired to.
+ interrupt-parent = <&mpic>;
+ };
+
+* References
+
+[1] Power.org (TM) Standard for Embedded Power Architecture (TM) Platform
+ Requirements (ePAPR), Version 1.0, July 2008.
+ (http://www.power.org/resources/downloads/Power_ePAPR_APPROVED_v1.0.pdf)
+