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-rw-r--r--kernel/trace/trace_ksym.c525
1 files changed, 525 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_ksym.c b/kernel/trace/trace_ksym.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..11c74f6404c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_ksym.c
@@ -0,0 +1,525 @@
+/*
+ * trace_ksym.c - Kernel Symbol Tracer
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2009
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kallsyms.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/debugfs.h>
+#include <linux/ftrace.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+
+#include "trace_output.h"
+#include "trace_stat.h"
+#include "trace.h"
+
+/* For now, let us restrict the no. of symbols traced simultaneously to number
+ * of available hardware breakpoint registers.
+ */
+#define KSYM_TRACER_MAX HBP_NUM
+
+#define KSYM_TRACER_OP_LEN 3 /* rw- */
+#define KSYM_FILTER_ENTRY_LEN (KSYM_NAME_LEN + KSYM_TRACER_OP_LEN + 1)
+
+static struct trace_array *ksym_trace_array;
+
+static unsigned int ksym_filter_entry_count;
+static unsigned int ksym_tracing_enabled;
+
+static HLIST_HEAD(ksym_filter_head);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PROFILE_KSYM_TRACER
+
+#define MAX_UL_INT 0xffffffff
+
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(ksym_tracer_mutex);
+
+void ksym_collect_stats(unsigned long hbp_hit_addr)
+{
+ struct hlist_node *node;
+ struct trace_ksym *entry;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(entry, node, &ksym_filter_head, ksym_hlist) {
+ if ((entry->ksym_addr == hbp_hit_addr) &&
+ (entry->counter <= MAX_UL_INT)) {
+ entry->counter++;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_PROFILE_KSYM_TRACER */
+
+void ksym_hbp_handler(struct hw_breakpoint *hbp, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct ring_buffer_event *event;
+ struct trace_array *tr;
+ struct trace_ksym *entry;
+ int pc;
+
+ if (!ksym_tracing_enabled)
+ return;
+
+ tr = ksym_trace_array;
+ pc = preempt_count();
+
+ event = trace_buffer_lock_reserve(tr, TRACE_KSYM,
+ sizeof(*entry), 0, pc);
+ if (!event)
+ return;
+
+ entry = ring_buffer_event_data(event);
+ strlcpy(entry->ksym_name, hbp->info.name, KSYM_SYMBOL_LEN);
+ entry->ksym_hbp = hbp;
+ entry->ip = instruction_pointer(regs);
+ strlcpy(entry->p_name, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN);
+#ifdef CONFIG_PROFILE_KSYM_TRACER
+ ksym_collect_stats(hbp->info.address);
+#endif /* CONFIG_PROFILE_KSYM_TRACER */
+
+ trace_buffer_unlock_commit(tr, event, 0, pc);
+}
+
+/* Valid access types are represented as
+ *
+ * rw- : Set Read/Write Access Breakpoint
+ * -w- : Set Write Access Breakpoint
+ * --- : Clear Breakpoints
+ * --x : Set Execution Break points (Not available yet)
+ *
+ */
+static int ksym_trace_get_access_type(char *access_str)
+{
+ int pos, access = 0;
+
+ for (pos = 0; pos < KSYM_TRACER_OP_LEN; pos++) {
+ switch (access_str[pos]) {
+ case 'r':
+ access += (pos == 0) ? 4 : -1;
+ break;
+ case 'w':
+ access += (pos == 1) ? 2 : -1;
+ break;
+ case '-':
+ break;
+ default:
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ }
+
+ switch (access) {
+ case 6:
+ access = HW_BREAKPOINT_RW;
+ break;
+ case 2:
+ access = HW_BREAKPOINT_WRITE;
+ break;
+ case 0:
+ access = 0;
+ }
+
+ return access;
+}
+
+/*
+ * There can be several possible malformed requests and we attempt to capture
+ * all of them. We enumerate some of the rules
+ * 1. We will not allow kernel symbols with ':' since it is used as a delimiter.
+ * i.e. multiple ':' symbols disallowed. Possible uses are of the form
+ * <module>:<ksym_name>:<op>.
+ * 2. No delimiter symbol ':' in the input string
+ * 3. Spurious operator symbols or symbols not in their respective positions
+ * 4. <ksym_name>:--- i.e. clear breakpoint request when ksym_name not in file
+ * 5. Kernel symbol not a part of /proc/kallsyms
+ * 6. Duplicate requests
+ */
+static int parse_ksym_trace_str(char *input_string, char **ksymname,
+ unsigned long *addr)
+{
+ char *delimiter = ":";
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ *ksymname = strsep(&input_string, delimiter);
+ *addr = kallsyms_lookup_name(*ksymname);
+
+ /* Check for malformed request: (2), (1) and (5) */
+ if ((!input_string) ||
+ (strlen(input_string) != (KSYM_TRACER_OP_LEN + 1)) ||
+ (*addr == 0))
+ goto return_code;
+ ret = ksym_trace_get_access_type(input_string);
+
+return_code:
+ return ret;
+}
+
+int process_new_ksym_entry(char *ksymname, int op, unsigned long addr)
+{
+ struct trace_ksym *entry;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (ksym_filter_entry_count >= KSYM_TRACER_MAX) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "ksym_tracer: Maximum limit:(%d) reached. No"
+ " new requests for tracing can be accepted now.\n",
+ KSYM_TRACER_MAX);
+ return -ENOSPC;
+ }
+
+ entry = kzalloc(sizeof(struct trace_ksym), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!entry)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ entry->ksym_hbp = kzalloc(sizeof(struct hw_breakpoint), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!entry->ksym_hbp) {
+ kfree(entry);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ entry->ksym_hbp->info.name = ksymname;
+ entry->ksym_hbp->info.type = op;
+ entry->ksym_addr = entry->ksym_hbp->info.address = addr;
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86
+ entry->ksym_hbp->info.len = HW_BREAKPOINT_LEN_4;
+#endif
+ entry->ksym_hbp->triggered = (void *)ksym_hbp_handler;
+
+ ret = register_kernel_hw_breakpoint(entry->ksym_hbp);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ printk(KERN_INFO "ksym_tracer request failed. Try again"
+ " later!!\n");
+ kfree(entry->ksym_hbp);
+ kfree(entry);
+ return -EAGAIN;
+ }
+ hlist_add_head_rcu(&(entry->ksym_hlist), &ksym_filter_head);
+ ksym_filter_entry_count++;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static ssize_t ksym_trace_filter_read(struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf,
+ size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ struct trace_ksym *entry;
+ struct hlist_node *node;
+ char buf[KSYM_FILTER_ENTRY_LEN * KSYM_TRACER_MAX];
+ ssize_t ret, cnt = 0;
+
+ mutex_lock(&ksym_tracer_mutex);
+
+ hlist_for_each_entry(entry, node, &ksym_filter_head, ksym_hlist) {
+ cnt += snprintf(&buf[cnt], KSYM_FILTER_ENTRY_LEN - cnt, "%s:",
+ entry->ksym_hbp->info.name);
+ if (entry->ksym_hbp->info.type == HW_BREAKPOINT_WRITE)
+ cnt += snprintf(&buf[cnt], KSYM_FILTER_ENTRY_LEN - cnt,
+ "-w-\n");
+ else if (entry->ksym_hbp->info.type == HW_BREAKPOINT_RW)
+ cnt += snprintf(&buf[cnt], KSYM_FILTER_ENTRY_LEN - cnt,
+ "rw-\n");
+ }
+ ret = simple_read_from_buffer(ubuf, count, ppos, buf, strlen(buf));
+ mutex_unlock(&ksym_tracer_mutex);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static ssize_t ksym_trace_filter_write(struct file *file,
+ const char __user *buffer,
+ size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ struct trace_ksym *entry;
+ struct hlist_node *node;
+ char *input_string, *ksymname = NULL;
+ unsigned long ksym_addr = 0;
+ int ret, op, changed = 0;
+
+ /* Ignore echo "" > ksym_trace_filter */
+ if (count == 0)
+ return 0;
+
+ input_string = kzalloc(count, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!input_string)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ if (copy_from_user(input_string, buffer, count)) {
+ kfree(input_string);
+ return -EFAULT;
+ }
+
+ ret = op = parse_ksym_trace_str(input_string, &ksymname, &ksym_addr);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ kfree(input_string);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ mutex_lock(&ksym_tracer_mutex);
+
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ hlist_for_each_entry(entry, node, &ksym_filter_head, ksym_hlist) {
+ if (entry->ksym_addr == ksym_addr) {
+ /* Check for malformed request: (6) */
+ if (entry->ksym_hbp->info.type != op)
+ changed = 1;
+ else
+ goto err_ret;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ if (changed) {
+ unregister_kernel_hw_breakpoint(entry->ksym_hbp);
+ entry->ksym_hbp->info.type = op;
+ if (op > 0) {
+ ret = register_kernel_hw_breakpoint(entry->ksym_hbp);
+ if (ret == 0) {
+ ret = count;
+ goto unlock_ret_path;
+ }
+ }
+ ksym_filter_entry_count--;
+ hlist_del_rcu(&(entry->ksym_hlist));
+ synchronize_rcu();
+ kfree(entry->ksym_hbp);
+ kfree(entry);
+ ret = count;
+ goto err_ret;
+ } else {
+ /* Check for malformed request: (4) */
+ if (op == 0)
+ goto err_ret;
+ ret = process_new_ksym_entry(ksymname, op, ksym_addr);
+ if (ret)
+ goto err_ret;
+ }
+ ret = count;
+ goto unlock_ret_path;
+
+err_ret:
+ kfree(input_string);
+
+unlock_ret_path:
+ mutex_unlock(&ksym_tracer_mutex);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations ksym_tracing_fops = {
+ .open = tracing_open_generic,
+ .read = ksym_trace_filter_read,
+ .write = ksym_trace_filter_write,
+};
+
+static void ksym_trace_reset(struct trace_array *tr)
+{
+ struct trace_ksym *entry;
+ struct hlist_node *node, *node1;
+
+ ksym_tracing_enabled = 0;
+
+ mutex_lock(&ksym_tracer_mutex);
+ hlist_for_each_entry_safe(entry, node, node1, &ksym_filter_head,
+ ksym_hlist) {
+ unregister_kernel_hw_breakpoint(entry->ksym_hbp);
+ ksym_filter_entry_count--;
+ hlist_del_rcu(&(entry->ksym_hlist));
+ synchronize_rcu();
+ /* Free the 'input_string' only if reset
+ * after startup self-test
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_SELFTEST
+ if (strncmp(entry->ksym_hbp->info.name, KSYM_SELFTEST_ENTRY,
+ strlen(KSYM_SELFTEST_ENTRY)) != 0)
+#endif /* CONFIG_FTRACE_SELFTEST*/
+ kfree(entry->ksym_hbp->info.name);
+ kfree(entry->ksym_hbp);
+ kfree(entry);
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&ksym_tracer_mutex);
+}
+
+static int ksym_trace_init(struct trace_array *tr)
+{
+ int cpu, ret = 0;
+
+ for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
+ tracing_reset(tr, cpu);
+ ksym_tracing_enabled = 1;
+ ksym_trace_array = tr;
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void ksym_trace_print_header(struct seq_file *m)
+{
+
+ seq_puts(m,
+ "# TASK-PID CPU# Symbol Type "
+ "Function \n");
+ seq_puts(m,
+ "# | | | | "
+ "| \n");
+}
+
+static enum print_line_t ksym_trace_output(struct trace_iterator *iter)
+{
+ struct trace_entry *entry = iter->ent;
+ struct trace_seq *s = &iter->seq;
+ struct trace_ksym *field;
+ char str[KSYM_SYMBOL_LEN];
+ int ret;
+
+ if (entry->type != TRACE_KSYM)
+ return TRACE_TYPE_UNHANDLED;
+
+ trace_assign_type(field, entry);
+
+ ret = trace_seq_printf(s, "%-15s %-5d %-3d %-20s ", field->p_name,
+ entry->pid, iter->cpu, field->ksym_name);
+ if (!ret)
+ return TRACE_TYPE_PARTIAL_LINE;
+
+ switch (field->ksym_hbp->info.type) {
+ case HW_BREAKPOINT_WRITE:
+ ret = trace_seq_printf(s, " W ");
+ break;
+ case HW_BREAKPOINT_RW:
+ ret = trace_seq_printf(s, " RW ");
+ break;
+ default:
+ return TRACE_TYPE_PARTIAL_LINE;
+ }
+
+ if (!ret)
+ return TRACE_TYPE_PARTIAL_LINE;
+
+ sprint_symbol(str, field->ip);
+ ret = trace_seq_printf(s, "%-20s\n", str);
+ if (!ret)
+ return TRACE_TYPE_PARTIAL_LINE;
+
+ return TRACE_TYPE_HANDLED;
+}
+
+struct tracer ksym_tracer __read_mostly =
+{
+ .name = "ksym_tracer",
+ .init = ksym_trace_init,
+ .reset = ksym_trace_reset,
+#ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_SELFTEST
+ .selftest = trace_selftest_startup_ksym,
+#endif
+ .print_header = ksym_trace_print_header,
+ .print_line = ksym_trace_output
+};
+
+__init static int init_ksym_trace(void)
+{
+ struct dentry *d_tracer;
+ struct dentry *entry;
+
+ d_tracer = tracing_init_dentry();
+ ksym_filter_entry_count = 0;
+
+ entry = debugfs_create_file("ksym_trace_filter", 0644, d_tracer,
+ NULL, &ksym_tracing_fops);
+ if (!entry)
+ pr_warning("Could not create debugfs "
+ "'ksym_trace_filter' file\n");
+
+ return register_tracer(&ksym_tracer);
+}
+device_initcall(init_ksym_trace);
+
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PROFILE_KSYM_TRACER
+static int ksym_tracer_stat_headers(struct seq_file *m)
+{
+ seq_printf(m, " Access type ");
+ seq_printf(m, " Symbol Counter \n");
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int ksym_tracer_stat_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
+{
+ struct hlist_node *stat = v;
+ struct trace_ksym *entry;
+ int access_type = 0;
+ char fn_name[KSYM_NAME_LEN];
+
+ entry = hlist_entry(stat, struct trace_ksym, ksym_hlist);
+
+ if (entry->ksym_hbp)
+ access_type = entry->ksym_hbp->info.type;
+
+ switch (access_type) {
+ case HW_BREAKPOINT_WRITE:
+ seq_printf(m, " W ");
+ break;
+ case HW_BREAKPOINT_RW:
+ seq_printf(m, " RW ");
+ break;
+ default:
+ seq_printf(m, " NA ");
+ }
+
+ if (lookup_symbol_name(entry->ksym_addr, fn_name) >= 0)
+ seq_printf(m, " %s ", fn_name);
+ else
+ seq_printf(m, " <NA> ");
+
+ seq_printf(m, "%15lu\n", entry->counter);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void *ksym_tracer_stat_start(struct tracer_stat *trace)
+{
+ return &(ksym_filter_head.first);
+}
+
+static void *
+ksym_tracer_stat_next(void *v, int idx)
+{
+ struct hlist_node *stat = v;
+
+ return stat->next;
+}
+
+static struct tracer_stat ksym_tracer_stats = {
+ .name = "ksym_tracer",
+ .stat_start = ksym_tracer_stat_start,
+ .stat_next = ksym_tracer_stat_next,
+ .stat_headers = ksym_tracer_stat_headers,
+ .stat_show = ksym_tracer_stat_show
+};
+
+__init static int ksym_tracer_stat_init(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = register_stat_tracer(&ksym_tracer_stats);
+ if (ret) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "Warning: could not register "
+ "ksym tracer stats\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+fs_initcall(ksym_tracer_stat_init);
+#endif /* CONFIG_PROFILE_KSYM_TRACER */