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authorK.Prasad <prasad@linux.vnet.ibm.com>2009-06-01 23:46:40 +0530
committerFrederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>2009-06-02 22:47:00 +0200
commit0722db015c246204044299eae3b02d18d3ca4faf (patch)
treecc9a6b21961d62e1788ee2b9cbd0ae23b43f11a0 /kernel/trace/trace_ksym.c
parent432039933a16b8227b7b267f46ac1c1b9b3adf14 (diff)
downloadlinux-2.6.38-lt-ux500-0722db015c246204044299eae3b02d18d3ca4faf.tar.gz
hw-breakpoints: ftrace plugin for kernel symbol tracing using HW Breakpoint interfaces
This patch adds an ftrace plugin to detect and profile memory access over kernel variables. It uses HW Breakpoint interfaces to 'watch memory addresses. Signed-off-by: K.Prasad <prasad@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel/trace/trace_ksym.c')
-rw-r--r--kernel/trace/trace_ksym.c525
1 files changed, 525 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_ksym.c b/kernel/trace/trace_ksym.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..11c74f6404c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_ksym.c
@@ -0,0 +1,525 @@
+/*
+ * trace_ksym.c - Kernel Symbol Tracer
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2009
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kallsyms.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/debugfs.h>
+#include <linux/ftrace.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+
+#include "trace_output.h"
+#include "trace_stat.h"
+#include "trace.h"
+
+/* For now, let us restrict the no. of symbols traced simultaneously to number
+ * of available hardware breakpoint registers.
+ */
+#define KSYM_TRACER_MAX HBP_NUM
+
+#define KSYM_TRACER_OP_LEN 3 /* rw- */
+#define KSYM_FILTER_ENTRY_LEN (KSYM_NAME_LEN + KSYM_TRACER_OP_LEN + 1)
+
+static struct trace_array *ksym_trace_array;
+
+static unsigned int ksym_filter_entry_count;
+static unsigned int ksym_tracing_enabled;
+
+static HLIST_HEAD(ksym_filter_head);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PROFILE_KSYM_TRACER
+
+#define MAX_UL_INT 0xffffffff
+
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(ksym_tracer_mutex);
+
+void ksym_collect_stats(unsigned long hbp_hit_addr)
+{
+ struct hlist_node *node;
+ struct trace_ksym *entry;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(entry, node, &ksym_filter_head, ksym_hlist) {
+ if ((entry->ksym_addr == hbp_hit_addr) &&
+ (entry->counter <= MAX_UL_INT)) {
+ entry->counter++;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_PROFILE_KSYM_TRACER */
+
+void ksym_hbp_handler(struct hw_breakpoint *hbp, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct ring_buffer_event *event;
+ struct trace_array *tr;
+ struct trace_ksym *entry;
+ int pc;
+
+ if (!ksym_tracing_enabled)
+ return;
+
+ tr = ksym_trace_array;
+ pc = preempt_count();
+
+ event = trace_buffer_lock_reserve(tr, TRACE_KSYM,
+ sizeof(*entry), 0, pc);
+ if (!event)
+ return;
+
+ entry = ring_buffer_event_data(event);
+ strlcpy(entry->ksym_name, hbp->info.name, KSYM_SYMBOL_LEN);
+ entry->ksym_hbp = hbp;
+ entry->ip = instruction_pointer(regs);
+ strlcpy(entry->p_name, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN);
+#ifdef CONFIG_PROFILE_KSYM_TRACER
+ ksym_collect_stats(hbp->info.address);
+#endif /* CONFIG_PROFILE_KSYM_TRACER */
+
+ trace_buffer_unlock_commit(tr, event, 0, pc);
+}
+
+/* Valid access types are represented as
+ *
+ * rw- : Set Read/Write Access Breakpoint
+ * -w- : Set Write Access Breakpoint
+ * --- : Clear Breakpoints
+ * --x : Set Execution Break points (Not available yet)
+ *
+ */
+static int ksym_trace_get_access_type(char *access_str)
+{
+ int pos, access = 0;
+
+ for (pos = 0; pos < KSYM_TRACER_OP_LEN; pos++) {
+ switch (access_str[pos]) {
+ case 'r':
+ access += (pos == 0) ? 4 : -1;
+ break;
+ case 'w':
+ access += (pos == 1) ? 2 : -1;
+ break;
+ case '-':
+ break;
+ default:
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ }
+
+ switch (access) {
+ case 6:
+ access = HW_BREAKPOINT_RW;
+ break;
+ case 2:
+ access = HW_BREAKPOINT_WRITE;
+ break;
+ case 0:
+ access = 0;
+ }
+
+ return access;
+}
+
+/*
+ * There can be several possible malformed requests and we attempt to capture
+ * all of them. We enumerate some of the rules
+ * 1. We will not allow kernel symbols with ':' since it is used as a delimiter.
+ * i.e. multiple ':' symbols disallowed. Possible uses are of the form
+ * <module>:<ksym_name>:<op>.
+ * 2. No delimiter symbol ':' in the input string
+ * 3. Spurious operator symbols or symbols not in their respective positions
+ * 4. <ksym_name>:--- i.e. clear breakpoint request when ksym_name not in file
+ * 5. Kernel symbol not a part of /proc/kallsyms
+ * 6. Duplicate requests
+ */
+static int parse_ksym_trace_str(char *input_string, char **ksymname,
+ unsigned long *addr)
+{
+ char *delimiter = ":";
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ *ksymname = strsep(&input_string, delimiter);
+ *addr = kallsyms_lookup_name(*ksymname);
+
+ /* Check for malformed request: (2), (1) and (5) */
+ if ((!input_string) ||
+ (strlen(input_string) != (KSYM_TRACER_OP_LEN + 1)) ||
+ (*addr == 0))
+ goto return_code;
+ ret = ksym_trace_get_access_type(input_string);
+
+return_code:
+ return ret;
+}
+
+int process_new_ksym_entry(char *ksymname, int op, unsigned long addr)
+{
+ struct trace_ksym *entry;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (ksym_filter_entry_count >= KSYM_TRACER_MAX) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "ksym_tracer: Maximum limit:(%d) reached. No"
+ " new requests for tracing can be accepted now.\n",
+ KSYM_TRACER_MAX);
+ return -ENOSPC;
+ }
+
+ entry = kzalloc(sizeof(struct trace_ksym), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!entry)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ entry->ksym_hbp = kzalloc(sizeof(struct hw_breakpoint), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!entry->ksym_hbp) {
+ kfree(entry);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ entry->ksym_hbp->info.name = ksymname;
+ entry->ksym_hbp->info.type = op;
+ entry->ksym_addr = entry->ksym_hbp->info.address = addr;
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86
+ entry->ksym_hbp->info.len = HW_BREAKPOINT_LEN_4;
+#endif
+ entry->ksym_hbp->triggered = (void *)ksym_hbp_handler;
+
+ ret = register_kernel_hw_breakpoint(entry->ksym_hbp);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ printk(KERN_INFO "ksym_tracer request failed. Try again"
+ " later!!\n");
+ kfree(entry->ksym_hbp);
+ kfree(entry);
+ return -EAGAIN;
+ }
+ hlist_add_head_rcu(&(entry->ksym_hlist), &ksym_filter_head);
+ ksym_filter_entry_count++;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static ssize_t ksym_trace_filter_read(struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf,
+ size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ struct trace_ksym *entry;
+ struct hlist_node *node;
+ char buf[KSYM_FILTER_ENTRY_LEN * KSYM_TRACER_MAX];
+ ssize_t ret, cnt = 0;
+
+ mutex_lock(&ksym_tracer_mutex);
+
+ hlist_for_each_entry(entry, node, &ksym_filter_head, ksym_hlist) {
+ cnt += snprintf(&buf[cnt], KSYM_FILTER_ENTRY_LEN - cnt, "%s:",
+ entry->ksym_hbp->info.name);
+ if (entry->ksym_hbp->info.type == HW_BREAKPOINT_WRITE)
+ cnt += snprintf(&buf[cnt], KSYM_FILTER_ENTRY_LEN - cnt,
+ "-w-\n");
+ else if (entry->ksym_hbp->info.type == HW_BREAKPOINT_RW)
+ cnt += snprintf(&buf[cnt], KSYM_FILTER_ENTRY_LEN - cnt,
+ "rw-\n");
+ }
+ ret = simple_read_from_buffer(ubuf, count, ppos, buf, strlen(buf));
+ mutex_unlock(&ksym_tracer_mutex);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static ssize_t ksym_trace_filter_write(struct file *file,
+ const char __user *buffer,
+ size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ struct trace_ksym *entry;
+ struct hlist_node *node;
+ char *input_string, *ksymname = NULL;
+ unsigned long ksym_addr = 0;
+ int ret, op, changed = 0;
+
+ /* Ignore echo "" > ksym_trace_filter */
+ if (count == 0)
+ return 0;
+
+ input_string = kzalloc(count, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!input_string)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ if (copy_from_user(input_string, buffer, count)) {
+ kfree(input_string);
+ return -EFAULT;
+ }
+
+ ret = op = parse_ksym_trace_str(input_string, &ksymname, &ksym_addr);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ kfree(input_string);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ mutex_lock(&ksym_tracer_mutex);
+
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ hlist_for_each_entry(entry, node, &ksym_filter_head, ksym_hlist) {
+ if (entry->ksym_addr == ksym_addr) {
+ /* Check for malformed request: (6) */
+ if (entry->ksym_hbp->info.type != op)
+ changed = 1;
+ else
+ goto err_ret;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ if (changed) {
+ unregister_kernel_hw_breakpoint(entry->ksym_hbp);
+ entry->ksym_hbp->info.type = op;
+ if (op > 0) {
+ ret = register_kernel_hw_breakpoint(entry->ksym_hbp);
+ if (ret == 0) {
+ ret = count;
+ goto unlock_ret_path;
+ }
+ }
+ ksym_filter_entry_count--;
+ hlist_del_rcu(&(entry->ksym_hlist));
+ synchronize_rcu();
+ kfree(entry->ksym_hbp);
+ kfree(entry);
+ ret = count;
+ goto err_ret;
+ } else {
+ /* Check for malformed request: (4) */
+ if (op == 0)
+ goto err_ret;
+ ret = process_new_ksym_entry(ksymname, op, ksym_addr);
+ if (ret)
+ goto err_ret;
+ }
+ ret = count;
+ goto unlock_ret_path;
+
+err_ret:
+ kfree(input_string);
+
+unlock_ret_path:
+ mutex_unlock(&ksym_tracer_mutex);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations ksym_tracing_fops = {
+ .open = tracing_open_generic,
+ .read = ksym_trace_filter_read,
+ .write = ksym_trace_filter_write,
+};
+
+static void ksym_trace_reset(struct trace_array *tr)
+{
+ struct trace_ksym *entry;
+ struct hlist_node *node, *node1;
+
+ ksym_tracing_enabled = 0;
+
+ mutex_lock(&ksym_tracer_mutex);
+ hlist_for_each_entry_safe(entry, node, node1, &ksym_filter_head,
+ ksym_hlist) {
+ unregister_kernel_hw_breakpoint(entry->ksym_hbp);
+ ksym_filter_entry_count--;
+ hlist_del_rcu(&(entry->ksym_hlist));
+ synchronize_rcu();
+ /* Free the 'input_string' only if reset
+ * after startup self-test
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_SELFTEST
+ if (strncmp(entry->ksym_hbp->info.name, KSYM_SELFTEST_ENTRY,
+ strlen(KSYM_SELFTEST_ENTRY)) != 0)
+#endif /* CONFIG_FTRACE_SELFTEST*/
+ kfree(entry->ksym_hbp->info.name);
+ kfree(entry->ksym_hbp);
+ kfree(entry);
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&ksym_tracer_mutex);
+}
+
+static int ksym_trace_init(struct trace_array *tr)
+{
+ int cpu, ret = 0;
+
+ for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
+ tracing_reset(tr, cpu);
+ ksym_tracing_enabled = 1;
+ ksym_trace_array = tr;
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void ksym_trace_print_header(struct seq_file *m)
+{
+
+ seq_puts(m,
+ "# TASK-PID CPU# Symbol Type "
+ "Function \n");
+ seq_puts(m,
+ "# | | | | "
+ "| \n");
+}
+
+static enum print_line_t ksym_trace_output(struct trace_iterator *iter)
+{
+ struct trace_entry *entry = iter->ent;
+ struct trace_seq *s = &iter->seq;
+ struct trace_ksym *field;
+ char str[KSYM_SYMBOL_LEN];
+ int ret;
+
+ if (entry->type != TRACE_KSYM)
+ return TRACE_TYPE_UNHANDLED;
+
+ trace_assign_type(field, entry);
+
+ ret = trace_seq_printf(s, "%-15s %-5d %-3d %-20s ", field->p_name,
+ entry->pid, iter->cpu, field->ksym_name);
+ if (!ret)
+ return TRACE_TYPE_PARTIAL_LINE;
+
+ switch (field->ksym_hbp->info.type) {
+ case HW_BREAKPOINT_WRITE:
+ ret = trace_seq_printf(s, " W ");
+ break;
+ case HW_BREAKPOINT_RW:
+ ret = trace_seq_printf(s, " RW ");
+ break;
+ default:
+ return TRACE_TYPE_PARTIAL_LINE;
+ }
+
+ if (!ret)
+ return TRACE_TYPE_PARTIAL_LINE;
+
+ sprint_symbol(str, field->ip);
+ ret = trace_seq_printf(s, "%-20s\n", str);
+ if (!ret)
+ return TRACE_TYPE_PARTIAL_LINE;
+
+ return TRACE_TYPE_HANDLED;
+}
+
+struct tracer ksym_tracer __read_mostly =
+{
+ .name = "ksym_tracer",
+ .init = ksym_trace_init,
+ .reset = ksym_trace_reset,
+#ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_SELFTEST
+ .selftest = trace_selftest_startup_ksym,
+#endif
+ .print_header = ksym_trace_print_header,
+ .print_line = ksym_trace_output
+};
+
+__init static int init_ksym_trace(void)
+{
+ struct dentry *d_tracer;
+ struct dentry *entry;
+
+ d_tracer = tracing_init_dentry();
+ ksym_filter_entry_count = 0;
+
+ entry = debugfs_create_file("ksym_trace_filter", 0644, d_tracer,
+ NULL, &ksym_tracing_fops);
+ if (!entry)
+ pr_warning("Could not create debugfs "
+ "'ksym_trace_filter' file\n");
+
+ return register_tracer(&ksym_tracer);
+}
+device_initcall(init_ksym_trace);
+
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PROFILE_KSYM_TRACER
+static int ksym_tracer_stat_headers(struct seq_file *m)
+{
+ seq_printf(m, " Access type ");
+ seq_printf(m, " Symbol Counter \n");
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int ksym_tracer_stat_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
+{
+ struct hlist_node *stat = v;
+ struct trace_ksym *entry;
+ int access_type = 0;
+ char fn_name[KSYM_NAME_LEN];
+
+ entry = hlist_entry(stat, struct trace_ksym, ksym_hlist);
+
+ if (entry->ksym_hbp)
+ access_type = entry->ksym_hbp->info.type;
+
+ switch (access_type) {
+ case HW_BREAKPOINT_WRITE:
+ seq_printf(m, " W ");
+ break;
+ case HW_BREAKPOINT_RW:
+ seq_printf(m, " RW ");
+ break;
+ default:
+ seq_printf(m, " NA ");
+ }
+
+ if (lookup_symbol_name(entry->ksym_addr, fn_name) >= 0)
+ seq_printf(m, " %s ", fn_name);
+ else
+ seq_printf(m, " <NA> ");
+
+ seq_printf(m, "%15lu\n", entry->counter);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void *ksym_tracer_stat_start(struct tracer_stat *trace)
+{
+ return &(ksym_filter_head.first);
+}
+
+static void *
+ksym_tracer_stat_next(void *v, int idx)
+{
+ struct hlist_node *stat = v;
+
+ return stat->next;
+}
+
+static struct tracer_stat ksym_tracer_stats = {
+ .name = "ksym_tracer",
+ .stat_start = ksym_tracer_stat_start,
+ .stat_next = ksym_tracer_stat_next,
+ .stat_headers = ksym_tracer_stat_headers,
+ .stat_show = ksym_tracer_stat_show
+};
+
+__init static int ksym_tracer_stat_init(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = register_stat_tracer(&ksym_tracer_stats);
+ if (ret) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "Warning: could not register "
+ "ksym tracer stats\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+fs_initcall(ksym_tracer_stat_init);
+#endif /* CONFIG_PROFILE_KSYM_TRACER */