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authorPaul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>2009-02-25 18:03:42 -0800
committerIngo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>2009-02-26 04:08:14 +0100
commita682604838763981613e42015cd0e39f2989d6bb (patch)
tree29eae425e484edc494807702696c240ce09ba3f5
parent694593e3374a67d95ece6a275a1f181644c2c4d8 (diff)
downloadlinux-2.6.38-lt-ux500-a682604838763981613e42015cd0e39f2989d6bb.tar.gz
rcu: Teach RCU that idle task is not quiscent state at boot
This patch fixes a bug located by Vegard Nossum with the aid of kmemcheck, updated based on review comments from Nick Piggin, Ingo Molnar, and Andrew Morton. And cleans up the variable-name and function-name language. ;-) The boot CPU runs in the context of its idle thread during boot-up. During this time, idle_cpu(0) will always return nonzero, which will fool Classic and Hierarchical RCU into deciding that a large chunk of the boot-up sequence is a big long quiescent state. This in turn causes RCU to prematurely end grace periods during this time. This patch changes the rcutree.c and rcuclassic.c rcu_check_callbacks() function to ignore the idle task as a quiescent state until the system has started up the scheduler in rest_init(), introducing a new non-API function rcu_idle_now_means_idle() to inform RCU of this transition. RCU maintains an internal rcu_idle_cpu_truthful variable to track this state, which is then used by rcu_check_callback() to determine if it should believe idle_cpu(). Because this patch has the effect of disallowing RCU grace periods during long stretches of the boot-up sequence, this patch also introduces Josh Triplett's UP-only optimization that makes synchronize_rcu() be a no-op if num_online_cpus() returns 1. This allows boot-time code that calls synchronize_rcu() to proceed normally. Note, however, that RCU callbacks registered by call_rcu() will likely queue up until later in the boot sequence. Although rcuclassic and rcutree can also use this same optimization after boot completes, rcupreempt must restrict its use of this optimization to the portion of the boot sequence before the scheduler starts up, given that an rcupreempt RCU read-side critical section may be preeempted. In addition, this patch takes Nick Piggin's suggestion to make the system_state global variable be __read_mostly. Changes since v4: o Changes the name of the introduced function and variable to be less emotional. ;-) Changes since v3: o WARN_ON(nr_context_switches() > 0) to verify that RCU switches out of boot-time mode before the first context switch, as suggested by Nick Piggin. Changes since v2: o Created rcu_blocking_is_gp() internal-to-RCU API that determines whether a call to synchronize_rcu() is itself a grace period. o The definition of rcu_blocking_is_gp() for rcuclassic and rcutree checks to see if but a single CPU is online. o The definition of rcu_blocking_is_gp() for rcupreempt checks to see both if but a single CPU is online and if the system is still in early boot. This allows rcupreempt to again work correctly if running on a single CPU after booting is complete. o Added check to rcupreempt's synchronize_sched() for there being but one online CPU. Tested all three variants both SMP and !SMP, booted fine, passed a short rcutorture test on both x86 and Power. Located-by: Vegard Nossum <vegard.nossum@gmail.com> Tested-by: Vegard Nossum <vegard.nossum@gmail.com> Tested-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
-rw-r--r--include/linux/rcuclassic.h6
-rw-r--r--include/linux/rcupdate.h4
-rw-r--r--include/linux/rcupreempt.h15
-rw-r--r--include/linux/rcutree.h6
-rw-r--r--init/main.c3
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcuclassic.c4
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcupdate.c12
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcupreempt.c3
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcutree.c4
9 files changed, 52 insertions, 5 deletions
diff --git a/include/linux/rcuclassic.h b/include/linux/rcuclassic.h
index f3f697df1d7..80044a4f3ab 100644
--- a/include/linux/rcuclassic.h
+++ b/include/linux/rcuclassic.h
@@ -181,4 +181,10 @@ extern long rcu_batches_completed_bh(void);
#define rcu_enter_nohz() do { } while (0)
#define rcu_exit_nohz() do { } while (0)
+/* A context switch is a grace period for rcuclassic. */
+static inline int rcu_blocking_is_gp(void)
+{
+ return num_online_cpus() == 1;
+}
+
#endif /* __LINUX_RCUCLASSIC_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/rcupdate.h b/include/linux/rcupdate.h
index 921340a7b71..528343e6da5 100644
--- a/include/linux/rcupdate.h
+++ b/include/linux/rcupdate.h
@@ -52,6 +52,9 @@ struct rcu_head {
void (*func)(struct rcu_head *head);
};
+/* Internal to kernel, but needed by rcupreempt.h. */
+extern int rcu_scheduler_active;
+
#if defined(CONFIG_CLASSIC_RCU)
#include <linux/rcuclassic.h>
#elif defined(CONFIG_TREE_RCU)
@@ -265,6 +268,7 @@ extern void rcu_barrier_sched(void);
/* Internal to kernel */
extern void rcu_init(void);
+extern void rcu_scheduler_starting(void);
extern int rcu_needs_cpu(int cpu);
#endif /* __LINUX_RCUPDATE_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/rcupreempt.h b/include/linux/rcupreempt.h
index 3e05c09b54a..74304b4538d 100644
--- a/include/linux/rcupreempt.h
+++ b/include/linux/rcupreempt.h
@@ -142,4 +142,19 @@ static inline void rcu_exit_nohz(void)
#define rcu_exit_nohz() do { } while (0)
#endif /* CONFIG_NO_HZ */
+/*
+ * A context switch is a grace period for rcupreempt synchronize_rcu()
+ * only during early boot, before the scheduler has been initialized.
+ * So, how the heck do we get a context switch? Well, if the caller
+ * invokes synchronize_rcu(), they are willing to accept a context
+ * switch, so we simply pretend that one happened.
+ *
+ * After boot, there might be a blocked or preempted task in an RCU
+ * read-side critical section, so we cannot then take the fastpath.
+ */
+static inline int rcu_blocking_is_gp(void)
+{
+ return num_online_cpus() == 1 && !rcu_scheduler_active;
+}
+
#endif /* __LINUX_RCUPREEMPT_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/rcutree.h b/include/linux/rcutree.h
index d4368b7975c..a722fb67bb2 100644
--- a/include/linux/rcutree.h
+++ b/include/linux/rcutree.h
@@ -326,4 +326,10 @@ static inline void rcu_exit_nohz(void)
}
#endif /* CONFIG_NO_HZ */
+/* A context switch is a grace period for rcutree. */
+static inline int rcu_blocking_is_gp(void)
+{
+ return num_online_cpus() == 1;
+}
+
#endif /* __LINUX_RCUTREE_H */
diff --git a/init/main.c b/init/main.c
index 844209453c0..83697e160b3 100644
--- a/init/main.c
+++ b/init/main.c
@@ -97,7 +97,7 @@ static inline void mark_rodata_ro(void) { }
extern void tc_init(void);
#endif
-enum system_states system_state;
+enum system_states system_state __read_mostly;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(system_state);
/*
@@ -463,6 +463,7 @@ static noinline void __init_refok rest_init(void)
* at least once to get things moving:
*/
init_idle_bootup_task(current);
+ rcu_scheduler_starting();
preempt_enable_no_resched();
schedule();
preempt_disable();
diff --git a/kernel/rcuclassic.c b/kernel/rcuclassic.c
index bd5a9003497..654c640a6b9 100644
--- a/kernel/rcuclassic.c
+++ b/kernel/rcuclassic.c
@@ -679,8 +679,8 @@ int rcu_needs_cpu(int cpu)
void rcu_check_callbacks(int cpu, int user)
{
if (user ||
- (idle_cpu(cpu) && !in_softirq() &&
- hardirq_count() <= (1 << HARDIRQ_SHIFT))) {
+ (idle_cpu(cpu) && rcu_scheduler_active &&
+ !in_softirq() && hardirq_count() <= (1 << HARDIRQ_SHIFT))) {
/*
* Get here if this CPU took its interrupt from user
diff --git a/kernel/rcupdate.c b/kernel/rcupdate.c
index d92a76a881a..cae8a059cf4 100644
--- a/kernel/rcupdate.c
+++ b/kernel/rcupdate.c
@@ -44,6 +44,7 @@
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
enum rcu_barrier {
RCU_BARRIER_STD,
@@ -55,6 +56,7 @@ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct rcu_head, rcu_barrier_head) = {NULL};
static atomic_t rcu_barrier_cpu_count;
static DEFINE_MUTEX(rcu_barrier_mutex);
static struct completion rcu_barrier_completion;
+int rcu_scheduler_active __read_mostly;
/*
* Awaken the corresponding synchronize_rcu() instance now that a
@@ -80,6 +82,10 @@ void wakeme_after_rcu(struct rcu_head *head)
void synchronize_rcu(void)
{
struct rcu_synchronize rcu;
+
+ if (rcu_blocking_is_gp())
+ return;
+
init_completion(&rcu.completion);
/* Will wake me after RCU finished. */
call_rcu(&rcu.head, wakeme_after_rcu);
@@ -175,3 +181,9 @@ void __init rcu_init(void)
__rcu_init();
}
+void rcu_scheduler_starting(void)
+{
+ WARN_ON(num_online_cpus() != 1);
+ WARN_ON(nr_context_switches() > 0);
+ rcu_scheduler_active = 1;
+}
diff --git a/kernel/rcupreempt.c b/kernel/rcupreempt.c
index 33cfc50781f..5d59e850fb7 100644
--- a/kernel/rcupreempt.c
+++ b/kernel/rcupreempt.c
@@ -1181,6 +1181,9 @@ void __synchronize_sched(void)
{
struct rcu_synchronize rcu;
+ if (num_online_cpus() == 1)
+ return; /* blocking is gp if only one CPU! */
+
init_completion(&rcu.completion);
/* Will wake me after RCU finished. */
call_rcu_sched(&rcu.head, wakeme_after_rcu);
diff --git a/kernel/rcutree.c b/kernel/rcutree.c
index b2fd602a6f6..97ce31579ec 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcutree.c
@@ -948,8 +948,8 @@ static void rcu_do_batch(struct rcu_data *rdp)
void rcu_check_callbacks(int cpu, int user)
{
if (user ||
- (idle_cpu(cpu) && !in_softirq() &&
- hardirq_count() <= (1 << HARDIRQ_SHIFT))) {
+ (idle_cpu(cpu) && rcu_scheduler_active &&
+ !in_softirq() && hardirq_count() <= (1 << HARDIRQ_SHIFT))) {
/*
* Get here if this CPU took its interrupt from user