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2008-07-24UML: make several more things staticWANG Cong
- Make some variables and functions static, since they don't need to be global. - Remove an unused function - arch/um/kernel/time.c::sched_clock(). - Clean the style a bit as complained by checkpatch.pl. Cc: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com> Signed-off-by: WANG Cong <wangcong@zeuux.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-05-13uml: track and make up lost ticksJeff Dike
Alarm delivery could be noticably late in the !CONFIG_NOHZ case because lost ticks weren't being taken into account. This is now treated more carefully, with the time between ticks being calculated and the appropriate number of ticks delivered to the timekeeping system. Cc: Nix <nix@esperi.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-02-08uml: style fixes in arch/um/os-LinuxJeff Dike
Style changes under arch/um/os-Linux: include trimming CodingStyle fixes some printks needed severity indicators make_tempfile turns out not to be used outside of mem.c, so it is now static. Its declaration in tempfile.h is no longer needed, and tempfile.h itself is no longer needed. create_tmp_file was also made static. checkpatch moans about an EXPORT_SYMBOL in user_syms.c which is part of a macro definition - this is copying a bit of kernel infrastructure into the libc side of UML because the kernel headers can't be included there. Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-02-05uml: signal handling tidyingJeff Dike
This patch tidies the signal handling code slightly. pending is renamed to signals_pending for symmetry with signals_enabled. remove_sigstack was unused, so can be deleted. The value of change_sig was never used, so it is now void and the return value is not calculated any more. Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-02-05uml: clean up sig_handler_common_skasJeff Dike
sig_handler_common_skas needs significant modernization, starting with its name and storage class. There is no need to hide the true type of the sigcontext pointer, so the void * dummy parameter can be replaced with a sigcontext *sc. The array of uml_pt_regs structs used in the page fault case are gone, replaced by a local variable. This is also used in the non-segfault case instead of the copy in the task_struct. Since it's local, the special handling of the is_user flag can go away. There hasn't been any special treatment of SIGUSR1 in ages, so the line that enables it can be deleted. The special treatment of SIGSEGV similarly goes away, but to compensate, SA_NODEFER is added to sa_mask when registering a signal handler. Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-02-05uml: move sig_handler_common_skasJeff Dike
This patch moves sig_handler_common_skas from arch/um/os-Linux/skas/trap.c to its only caller in arch/um/os-Linux/signal.c. trap.c is now empty, so it can be removed. This is code movement only - the significant cleanup needed here is done in the next patch. Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-02-05uml: use barrier() instead of mb()Jeff Dike
signals_enabled and pending have requirements on the order in which they are modified. This used to be done by declaring them volatile and putting an mb() where the ordering requirements were in effect. After getting a better (I hope) understanding of how to do this correctly, the volatile declarations are gone and the mb()'s replaced by barrier()'s. One of the mb()'s was deleted because I see no problematic writes that could be re-ordered past that point. Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-02-05uml: tidy kern_util.hJeff Dike
Tidy kern_util.h. It turns out that most of the function declarations aren't used, so they can go away. os.h no longer includes kern_util.h, so files which got it through os.h now need to include it directly. A number of other files never needed it, so these includes are deleted. The structure which was used to pass signal handlers from the kernel side to the userspace side is gone. Instead, the handlers are declared here, and used directly from libc code. This allows arch/um/os-Linux/trap.c to be deleted, with its remnants being moved to arch/um/os-Linux/skas/trap.c. arch/um/os-Linux/tty.c had its inclusions changed, and it needed some style attention, so it got tidied. Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-02-05uml: code tidying under arch/um/os-LinuxWANG Cong
This patch contains varied fixes and improvements for some files under arch/um/os-Linux/, such as a typo fix in a perror message, a missing argument fix for a printf, some constifying for pointers and so on. [ jdike - made sigprocmask failure return -errno instead of -1 ] Signed-off-by: WANG Cong <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-10-16uml: eliminate SIGALRMJeff Dike
Now that ITIMER_REAL is no longer used, there is no need for any use of SIGALRM whatsoever. This patch removes all mention of it. In addition, real_alarm_handler took a signal argument which is now always SIGVTALRM. So, that is gone. Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-10-16uml: eliminate interrupts in the idle loopJeff Dike
Now, the idle loop now longer needs SIGALRM firing - it can just sleep for the requisite amount of time and fake a timer interrupt when it finishes. Any use of ITIMER_REAL now goes away. disable_timer only turns off ITIMER_VIRTUAL. switch_timers is no longer needed, so it, and all calls, goes away. disable_timer now returns the amount of time remaining on the timer. default_idle uses this to tell idle_sleep how long to sleep. idle_sleep will call alarm_handler if nanosleep returns 0, which is the case if it didn't return early due to an interrupt. Otherwise, it just returns. Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-10-16uml: separate timer initializationJeff Dike
Move timer signal initialization from init_irq_signals to a new function, timer_init. Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-10-16uml: fix timer switchingJeff Dike
Fix up the switching between virtual and real timers. The idle loop sleeps, so the timer at that point must be real time. At all other times, the timer must be virtual. Even when userspace is running, and the kernel is asleep, the virtual timer is correct because the process timer will be running and the process timer will be firing. The timer switch used to be in the context switch and timer handler code. This is moved to the idle loop and the signal handler, making it much more clear why it is happening. switch_timers now returns the old timer type so that it may be restored. The signal handler uses this in order to restore the previous timer type when it returns. Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-10-16uml: style fixes pass 3Jeff Dike
Formatting changes in the files which have been changed in the course of folding foo_skas functions into their callers. These include: copyright updates header file trimming style fixes adding severity to printks These changes should be entirely non-functional. Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-10-16uml: remove code made redundant by CHOOSE_MODE removalJeff Dike
This patch makes a number of simplifications enabled by the removal of CHOOSE_MODE. There were lots of functions that looked like int foo(args){ foo_skas(args); } The bodies of foo_skas are now folded into foo, and their declarations (and sometimes entire header files) are deleted. In addition, the union uml_pt_regs, which was a union between the tt and skas register formats, is now a struct, with the tt-mode arm of the union being removed. It turns out that usr2_handler was unused, so it is gone. Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-10-16uml: throw out CHOOSE_MODEJeff Dike
The next stage after removing code which depends on CONFIG_MODE_TT is removing the CHOOSE_MODE abstraction, which provided both compile-time and run-time branching to either tt-mode or skas-mode code. This patch removes choose-mode.h and all inclusions of it, and replaces all CHOOSE_MODE invocations with the skas branch. This leaves a number of trivial functions which will be dealt with in a later patch. There are some changes in the uaccess and tls support which go somewhat beyond this and eliminate some of the now-redundant functions. Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-09-19uml: fix irqstack crashJeff Dike
This patch fixes a crash caused by an interrupt coming in when an IRQ stack is being torn down. When this happens, handle_signal will loop, setting up the IRQ stack again because the tearing down had finished, and handling whatever signals had come in. However, to_irq_stack returns a mask of pending signals to be handled, plus bit zero is set if the IRQ stack was already active, and thus shouldn't be torn down. This causes a problem because when handle_signal goes around the loop, sig will be zero, and to_irq_stack will duly set bit zero in the returned mask, faking handle_signal into believing that it shouldn't tear down the IRQ stack and return thread_info pointers back to their original values. This will eventually cause a crash, as the IRQ stack thread_info will continue pointing to the original task_struct and an interrupt will look into it after it has been freed. The fix is to stop passing a signal number into to_irq_stack. Rather, the pending signals mask is initialized beforehand with the bit for sig already set. References to sig in to_irq_stack can be replaced with references to the mask. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: use UL] Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-05-11uml: iRQ stacksJeff Dike
Add a separate IRQ stack. This differs from i386 in having the entire interrupt run on a separate stack rather than starting on the normal kernel stack and switching over once some preparation has been done. The underlying mechanism, is of course, sigaltstack. Another difference is that interrupts that happen in userspace are handled on the normal kernel stack. These cause a wait wakeup instead of a signal delivery so there is no point in trying to switch stacks for these. There's no other stuff on the stack, so there is no extra stack consumption. This quirk makes it possible to have the entire interrupt run on a separate stack - process preemption (and calls to schedule()) happens on a normal kernel stack. If we enable CONFIG_PREEMPT, this will need to be rethought. The IRQ stack for CPU 0 is declared in the same way as the initial kernel stack. IRQ stacks for other CPUs will be allocated dynamically. An extra field was added to the thread_info structure. When the active thread_info is copied to the IRQ stack, the real_thread field points back to the original stack. This makes it easy to tell where to copy the thread_info struct back to when the interrupt is finished. It also serves as a marker of a nested interrupt. It is NULL for the first interrupt on the stack, and non-NULL for any nested interrupts. Care is taken to behave correctly if a second interrupt comes in when the thread_info structure is being set up or taken down. I could just disable interrupts here, but I don't feel like giving up any of the performance gained by not flipping signals on and off. If an interrupt comes in during these critical periods, the handler can't run because it has no idea what shape the stack is in. So, it sets a bit for its signal in a global mask and returns. The outer handler will deal with this signal itself. Atomicity is had with xchg. A nested interrupt that needs to bail out will xchg its signal mask into pending_mask and repeat in case yet another interrupt hit at the same time, until the mask stabilizes. The outermost interrupt will set up the thread_info and xchg a zero into pending_mask when it is done. At this point, nested interrupts will look at ->real_thread and see that no setup needs to be done. They can just continue normally. Similar care needs to be taken when exiting the outer handler. If another interrupt comes in while it is copying the thread_info, it will drop a bit into pending_mask. The outer handler will check this and if it is non-zero, will loop, set up the stack again, and handle the interrupt. Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com> Cc: Paolo 'Blaisorblade' Giarrusso <blaisorblade@yahoo.it> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-05-11uml: tidy IRQ codeJeff Dike
Some tidying of the irq code before introducing irq stacks. Mostly style fixes, but the timer handler calls the timer code directly rather than going through the generic sig_handler_common_skas. Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com> Cc: Paolo 'Blaisorblade' Giarrusso <blaisorblade@yahoo.it> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-05-07uml: remove user_util.hJeff Dike
user_util.h isn't needed any more, so delete it and remove all includes of it. Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com> Cc: Paolo 'Blaisorblade' Giarrusso <blaisorblade@yahoo.it> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-03-08[PATCH] um: remove dead code about os_usr1_signal() and os_usr1_process()Paolo 'Blaisorblade' Giarrusso
os_usr1_signal() is totally unused, os_usr1_process() is used only by TT mode. Signed-off-by: Paolo 'Blaisorblade' Giarrusso <blaisorblade@yahoo.it> Acked-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2006-11-03[PATCH] uml: fix I/O hangJeff Dike
Fix a UML hang in which everything would just stop until some I/O happened - a ping, someone whacking the keyboard - at which point everything would start up again as though nothing had happened. The cause was gcc reordering some code which absolutely needed to be executed in the order in the source. When unblock_signals switches signals from off to on, it needs to see if any interrupts had happened in the critical section. The interrupt handlers check signals_enabled - if it is zero, then the handler adds a bit to the "pending" bitmask and returns. unblock_signals checks this mask to see if any signals need to be delivered. The crucial part is this: signals_enabled = 1; save_pending = pending; if(save_pending == 0) return; pending = 0; In order to avoid an interrupt arriving between reading pending and setting it to zero, in which case, the record of the interrupt would be erased, signals are enabled. What happened was that gcc reordered this so that 'save_pending = pending' came before 'signals_enabled = 1', creating a one-instruction window within which an interrupt could arrive, set its bit in pending, and have it be immediately erased. When the I/O workload is purely disk-based, the loss of a block device interrupt stops the entire I/O system because the next block request will wait for the current one to finish. Thus the system hangs until something else causes some I/O to arrive, such as a network packet or console input. The fix to this particular problem is a memory barrier between enabling signals and reading the pending signal mask. An xchg would also probably work. Looking over this code for similar problems led me to do a few more things: - make signals_enabled and pending volatile so that they don't get cached in registers - add an mb() to the return paths of block_signals and unblock_signals so that the modification of signals_enabled doesn't get shuffled into the caller in the event that these are inlined in the future. Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com> Cc: Paolo 'Blaisorblade' Giarrusso <blaisorblade@yahoo.it> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-09-26[PATCH] uml: Remove unused variableJeff Dike
timer_irq_inited was useless, so it is removed. Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-09-26[PATCH] uml: Move signal handlers to arch codeJeff Dike
Have most signals go through an arch-provided handler which recovers the sigcontext and then calls a generic handler. This replaces the ARCH_GET_SIGCONTEXT macro, which was somewhat fragile. On x86_64, recovering %rdx (which holds the sigcontext pointer) must be the first thing that happens. sig_handler duly invokes that first, but there is no guarantee that I can see that instructions won't be reordered such that %rdx is used before that. Having the arch provide the handler seems much more robust. Some signals in some parts of UML require their own handlers - these places don't call set_handler any more. They call sigaction or signal themselves. Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-07-10[PATCH] uml: timer initialization cleanupJeff Dike
This cleans up the mess that is the timer initialization. There used to be two timer handlers - one that basically ran during delay loop calibration and one that handled the timer afterwards. There were also two sets of timer initialization code - one that starts in user code and calls into the kernel side of the house, and one that starts in kernel code and calls user code. This eliminates one timer handler and consolidates the two sets of initialization code. [akpm@osdl.org: use new INTF_ flags] Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com> Cc: Paolo 'Blaisorblade' Giarrusso <blaisorblade@yahoo.it> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-01-18[PATCH] uml: implement soft interruptsJeff Dike
This patch implements soft interrupts. Interrupt enabling and disabling no longer map to sigprocmask. Rather, a flag is set indicating whether interrupts may be handled. If a signal comes in and interrupts are marked as OK, then it is handled normally. If interrupts are marked as off, then the signal handler simply returns after noting that a signal needs handling. When interrupts are enabled later on, this pending signals flag is checked, and the IRQ handlers are called at that point. The point of this is to reduce the cost of local_irq_save et al, since they are very much more common than the signals that they are enabling and disabling. Soft interrupts produce a speed-up of ~25% on a kernel build. Subtleties - UML uses sigsetjmp/siglongjmp to switch contexts. sigsetjmp has been wrapped in a save_flags-like macro which remembers the interrupt state at setjmp time, and restores it when it is longjmp-ed back to. The enable_signals function has to loop because the IRQ handler disables interrupts before returning. enable_signals has to return with signals enabled, and signals may come in between the disabling and the return to enable_signals. So, it loops for as long as there are pending signals, ensuring that signals are enabled when it finally returns, and that there are no pending signals that need to be dealt with. Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com> Cc: Paolo 'Blaisorblade' Giarrusso <blaisorblade@yahoo.it> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-01-18[PATCH] uml: move libc-dependent skas process handlingGennady Sharapov
The serial UML OS-abstraction layer patch (um/kernel/skas dir). This moves all systemcalls from skas/process.c file under os-Linux dir and join skas/process.c and skas/process_kern.c files. Signed-off-by: Gennady Sharapov <gennady.v.sharapov@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com> Cc: Paolo 'Blaisorblade' Giarrusso <blaisorblade@yahoo.it> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-01-18[PATCH] uml: change interface to boot_timer_handlerBodo Stroesser
Current implementation of boot_timer_handler isn't usable for s390. So I changed its name to do_boot_timer_handler, taking (struct sigcontext *)sc as argument. do_boot_timer_handler is called from new boot_timer_handler() in arch/um/os-Linux/signal.c, which uses the same mechanisms as other signal handler to find out sigcontext pointer. Signed-off-by: Bodo Stroesser <bstroesser@fujitsu-siemens.com> Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com> Cc: Paolo 'Blaisorblade' Giarrusso <blaisorblade@yahoo.it> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-01-18[PATCH] uml: move libc-dependent time codeGennady Sharapov
The serial UML OS-abstraction layer patch (um/kernel dir). This moves all systemcalls from time.c file under os-Linux dir and joins time.c and tine_kernel.c files Signed-off-by: Gennady Sharapov <Gennady.V.Sharapov@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com> Cc: Paolo 'Blaisorblade' Giarrusso <blaisorblade@yahoo.it> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-01-08[PATCH] uml: move libc-dependent code from signal_user.cGennady Sharapov
The serial UML OS-abstraction layer patch (um/kernel dir). This moves all systemcalls from signal_user.c file under os-Linux dir Signed-off-by: Gennady Sharapov <Gennady.V.Sharapov@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com> Cc: Paolo 'Blaisorblade' Giarrusso <blaisorblade@yahoo.it> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-05-05[PATCH] uml: s390 preparation, sighandler interface abstractionBodo Stroesser
s390 passes parameters in registers. So the only safe way to find out the address of signal context, error-address and error-type (trap_no), which are passed to signal handlers as parameters, is to declare these parameters. So I inserted an subarch-specific macro which holds the declaration of parameters for signal handlers. Signed-off-by: Bodo Stroesser <bstroesser@fujitsu-siemens.com> Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-04-16Linux-2.6.12-rc2v2.6.12-rc2Linus Torvalds
Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history, even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about 3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good infrastructure for it. Let it rip!