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authorPablo Neira Ayuso <pablo@netfilter.org>2009-06-13 12:30:52 +0200
committerPatrick McHardy <kaber@trash.net>2009-06-13 12:30:52 +0200
commitdd7669a92c6066b2b31bae7e04cd787092920883 (patch)
treed06a9e18aec99c5a34a191cb3391e74ba8a8ec59 /net
parentd219dce76c64f2c883dad0537fa09a56d5ff0a10 (diff)
downloadlinux-2.6.34-ux500-dd7669a92c6066b2b31bae7e04cd787092920883.tar.gz
netfilter: conntrack: optional reliable conntrack event delivery
This patch improves ctnetlink event reliability if one broadcast listener has set the NETLINK_BROADCAST_ERROR socket option. The logic is the following: if an event delivery fails, we keep the undelivered events in the missed event cache. Once the next packet arrives, we add the new events (if any) to the missed events in the cache and we try a new delivery, and so on. Thus, if ctnetlink fails to deliver an event, we try to deliver them once we see a new packet. Therefore, we may lose state transitions but the userspace process gets in sync at some point. At worst case, if no events were delivered to userspace, we make sure that destroy events are successfully delivered. Basically, if ctnetlink fails to deliver the destroy event, we remove the conntrack entry from the hashes and we insert them in the dying list, which contains inactive entries. Then, the conntrack timer is added with an extra grace timeout of random32() % 15 seconds to trigger the event again (this grace timeout is tunable via /proc). The use of a limited random timeout value allows distributing the "destroy" resends, thus, avoiding accumulating lots "destroy" events at the same time. Event delivery may re-order but we can identify them by means of the tuple plus the conntrack ID. The maximum number of conntrack entries (active or inactive) is still handled by nf_conntrack_max. Thus, we may start dropping packets at some point if we accumulate a lot of inactive conntrack entries that did not successfully report the destroy event to userspace. During my stress tests consisting of setting a very small buffer of 2048 bytes for conntrackd and the NETLINK_BROADCAST_ERROR socket flag, and generating lots of very small connections, I noticed very few destroy entries on the fly waiting to be resend. A simple way to test this patch consist of creating a lot of entries, set a very small Netlink buffer in conntrackd (+ a patch which is not in the git tree to set the BROADCAST_ERROR flag) and invoke `conntrack -F'. For expectations, no changes are introduced in this patch. Currently, event delivery is only done for new expectations (no events from expectation expiration, removal and confirmation). In that case, they need a per-expectation event cache to implement the same idea that is exposed in this patch. This patch can be useful to provide reliable flow-accouting. We still have to add a new conntrack extension to store the creation and destroy time. Signed-off-by: Pablo Neira Ayuso <pablo@netfilter.org> Signed-off-by: Patrick McHardy <kaber@trash.net>
Diffstat (limited to 'net')
-rw-r--r--net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c89
-rw-r--r--net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_ecache.c28
-rw-r--r--net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_netlink.c19
3 files changed, 118 insertions, 18 deletions
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c
index 14235b144cb..5f72b94b491 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c
@@ -183,10 +183,6 @@ destroy_conntrack(struct nf_conntrack *nfct)
NF_CT_ASSERT(atomic_read(&nfct->use) == 0);
NF_CT_ASSERT(!timer_pending(&ct->timeout));
- if (!test_bit(IPS_DYING_BIT, &ct->status))
- nf_conntrack_event(IPCT_DESTROY, ct);
- set_bit(IPS_DYING_BIT, &ct->status);
-
/* To make sure we don't get any weird locking issues here:
* destroy_conntrack() MUST NOT be called with a write lock
* to nf_conntrack_lock!!! -HW */
@@ -220,9 +216,8 @@ destroy_conntrack(struct nf_conntrack *nfct)
nf_conntrack_free(ct);
}
-static void death_by_timeout(unsigned long ul_conntrack)
+void nf_ct_delete_from_lists(struct nf_conn *ct)
{
- struct nf_conn *ct = (void *)ul_conntrack;
struct net *net = nf_ct_net(ct);
nf_ct_helper_destroy(ct);
@@ -232,6 +227,59 @@ static void death_by_timeout(unsigned long ul_conntrack)
NF_CT_STAT_INC(net, delete_list);
clean_from_lists(ct);
spin_unlock_bh(&nf_conntrack_lock);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nf_ct_delete_from_lists);
+
+static void death_by_event(unsigned long ul_conntrack)
+{
+ struct nf_conn *ct = (void *)ul_conntrack;
+ struct net *net = nf_ct_net(ct);
+
+ if (nf_conntrack_event(IPCT_DESTROY, ct) < 0) {
+ /* bad luck, let's retry again */
+ ct->timeout.expires = jiffies +
+ (random32() % net->ct.sysctl_events_retry_timeout);
+ add_timer(&ct->timeout);
+ return;
+ }
+ /* we've got the event delivered, now it's dying */
+ set_bit(IPS_DYING_BIT, &ct->status);
+ spin_lock(&nf_conntrack_lock);
+ hlist_nulls_del(&ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].hnnode);
+ spin_unlock(&nf_conntrack_lock);
+ nf_ct_put(ct);
+}
+
+void nf_ct_insert_dying_list(struct nf_conn *ct)
+{
+ struct net *net = nf_ct_net(ct);
+
+ /* add this conntrack to the dying list */
+ spin_lock_bh(&nf_conntrack_lock);
+ hlist_nulls_add_head(&ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].hnnode,
+ &net->ct.dying);
+ spin_unlock_bh(&nf_conntrack_lock);
+ /* set a new timer to retry event delivery */
+ setup_timer(&ct->timeout, death_by_event, (unsigned long)ct);
+ ct->timeout.expires = jiffies +
+ (random32() % net->ct.sysctl_events_retry_timeout);
+ add_timer(&ct->timeout);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nf_ct_insert_dying_list);
+
+static void death_by_timeout(unsigned long ul_conntrack)
+{
+ struct nf_conn *ct = (void *)ul_conntrack;
+
+ if (!test_bit(IPS_DYING_BIT, &ct->status) &&
+ unlikely(nf_conntrack_event(IPCT_DESTROY, ct) < 0)) {
+ /* destroy event was not delivered */
+ nf_ct_delete_from_lists(ct);
+ nf_ct_insert_dying_list(ct);
+ return;
+ }
+ set_bit(IPS_DYING_BIT, &ct->status);
+ nf_ct_delete_from_lists(ct);
nf_ct_put(ct);
}
@@ -982,11 +1030,13 @@ static int kill_report(struct nf_conn *i, void *data)
{
struct __nf_ct_flush_report *fr = (struct __nf_ct_flush_report *)data;
- /* get_next_corpse sets the dying bit for us */
- nf_conntrack_event_report(IPCT_DESTROY,
- i,
- fr->pid,
- fr->report);
+ /* If we fail to deliver the event, death_by_timeout() will retry */
+ if (nf_conntrack_event_report(IPCT_DESTROY, i,
+ fr->pid, fr->report) < 0)
+ return 1;
+
+ /* Avoid the delivery of the destroy event in death_by_timeout(). */
+ set_bit(IPS_DYING_BIT, &i->status);
return 1;
}
@@ -1015,6 +1065,21 @@ void nf_conntrack_flush_report(struct net *net, u32 pid, int report)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nf_conntrack_flush_report);
+static void nf_ct_release_dying_list(void)
+{
+ struct nf_conntrack_tuple_hash *h;
+ struct nf_conn *ct;
+ struct hlist_nulls_node *n;
+
+ spin_lock_bh(&nf_conntrack_lock);
+ hlist_nulls_for_each_entry(h, n, &init_net.ct.dying, hnnode) {
+ ct = nf_ct_tuplehash_to_ctrack(h);
+ /* never fails to remove them, no listeners at this point */
+ nf_ct_kill(ct);
+ }
+ spin_unlock_bh(&nf_conntrack_lock);
+}
+
static void nf_conntrack_cleanup_init_net(void)
{
nf_conntrack_helper_fini();
@@ -1026,6 +1091,7 @@ static void nf_conntrack_cleanup_net(struct net *net)
{
i_see_dead_people:
nf_ct_iterate_cleanup(net, kill_all, NULL);
+ nf_ct_release_dying_list();
if (atomic_read(&net->ct.count) != 0) {
schedule();
goto i_see_dead_people;
@@ -1207,6 +1273,7 @@ static int nf_conntrack_init_net(struct net *net)
atomic_set(&net->ct.count, 0);
INIT_HLIST_NULLS_HEAD(&net->ct.unconfirmed, 0);
+ INIT_HLIST_NULLS_HEAD(&net->ct.dying, 0);
net->ct.stat = alloc_percpu(struct ip_conntrack_stat);
if (!net->ct.stat) {
ret = -ENOMEM;
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_ecache.c b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_ecache.c
index 683281b7804..aee560b4768 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_ecache.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_ecache.c
@@ -56,8 +56,21 @@ void nf_ct_deliver_cached_events(struct nf_conn *ct)
.pid = 0,
.report = 0
};
-
- notify->fcn(events, &item);
+ int ret;
+ /* We make a copy of the missed event cache without taking
+ * the lock, thus we may send missed events twice. However,
+ * this does not harm and it happens very rarely. */
+ unsigned long missed = e->missed;
+
+ ret = notify->fcn(events | missed, &item);
+ if (unlikely(ret < 0 || missed)) {
+ spin_lock_bh(&ct->lock);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ e->missed |= events;
+ else
+ e->missed &= ~missed;
+ spin_unlock_bh(&ct->lock);
+ }
}
out_unlock:
@@ -133,6 +146,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nf_ct_expect_unregister_notifier);
#define NF_CT_EVENTS_DEFAULT 1
static int nf_ct_events __read_mostly = NF_CT_EVENTS_DEFAULT;
+static int nf_ct_events_retry_timeout __read_mostly = 15*HZ;
#ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL
static struct ctl_table event_sysctl_table[] = {
@@ -144,6 +158,14 @@ static struct ctl_table event_sysctl_table[] = {
.mode = 0644,
.proc_handler = proc_dointvec,
},
+ {
+ .ctl_name = CTL_UNNUMBERED,
+ .procname = "nf_conntrack_events_retry_timeout",
+ .data = &init_net.ct.sysctl_events_retry_timeout,
+ .maxlen = sizeof(unsigned int),
+ .mode = 0644,
+ .proc_handler = proc_dointvec_jiffies,
+ },
{}
};
#endif /* CONFIG_SYSCTL */
@@ -165,6 +187,7 @@ static int nf_conntrack_event_init_sysctl(struct net *net)
goto out;
table[0].data = &net->ct.sysctl_events;
+ table[1].data = &net->ct.sysctl_events_retry_timeout;
net->ct.event_sysctl_header =
register_net_sysctl_table(net,
@@ -205,6 +228,7 @@ int nf_conntrack_ecache_init(struct net *net)
int ret;
net->ct.sysctl_events = nf_ct_events;
+ net->ct.sysctl_events_retry_timeout = nf_ct_events_retry_timeout;
if (net_eq(net, &init_net)) {
ret = nf_ct_extend_register(&event_extend);
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_netlink.c b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_netlink.c
index 19706eff164..49479d19457 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_netlink.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_netlink.c
@@ -463,6 +463,7 @@ ctnetlink_conntrack_event(unsigned int events, struct nf_ct_event *item)
struct sk_buff *skb;
unsigned int type;
unsigned int flags = 0, group;
+ int err;
/* ignore our fake conntrack entry */
if (ct == &nf_conntrack_untracked)
@@ -558,7 +559,10 @@ ctnetlink_conntrack_event(unsigned int events, struct nf_ct_event *item)
rcu_read_unlock();
nlmsg_end(skb, nlh);
- nfnetlink_send(skb, item->pid, group, item->report, GFP_ATOMIC);
+ err = nfnetlink_send(skb, item->pid, group, item->report, GFP_ATOMIC);
+ if (err == -ENOBUFS || err == -EAGAIN)
+ return -ENOBUFS;
+
return 0;
nla_put_failure:
@@ -798,10 +802,15 @@ ctnetlink_del_conntrack(struct sock *ctnl, struct sk_buff *skb,
}
}
- nf_conntrack_event_report(IPCT_DESTROY,
- ct,
- NETLINK_CB(skb).pid,
- nlmsg_report(nlh));
+ if (nf_conntrack_event_report(IPCT_DESTROY, ct,
+ NETLINK_CB(skb).pid,
+ nlmsg_report(nlh)) < 0) {
+ nf_ct_delete_from_lists(ct);
+ /* we failed to report the event, try later */
+ nf_ct_insert_dying_list(ct);
+ nf_ct_put(ct);
+ return 0;
+ }
/* death_by_timeout would report the event again */
set_bit(IPS_DYING_BIT, &ct->status);