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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2010-05-18 08:17:58 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2010-05-18 08:17:58 -0700
commitf262af3d08d3fffc4e11277d3a177b2d67ea2aba (patch)
treecf5e4ac1bc39fe46cfbf4d17a0e9c71ee43b9728
parent1014cfe2fb4cdd663137aafb21448cb613dd6a7d (diff)
parent72d5a9f7a9542f88397558c65bcfc3b115a65e34 (diff)
downloadlinux-2.6.34-ux500-f262af3d08d3fffc4e11277d3a177b2d67ea2aba.tar.gz
Merge branch 'core-rcu-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip
* 'core-rcu-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip: (24 commits) rcu: remove all rcu head initializations, except on_stack initializations rcu head introduce rcu head init on stack Debugobjects transition check rcu: fix build bug in RCU_FAST_NO_HZ builds rcu: RCU_FAST_NO_HZ must check RCU dyntick state rcu: make SRCU usable in modules rcu: improve the RCU CPU-stall warning documentation rcu: reduce the number of spurious RCU_SOFTIRQ invocations rcu: permit discontiguous cpu_possible_mask CPU numbering rcu: improve RCU CPU stall-warning messages rcu: print boot-time console messages if RCU configs out of ordinary rcu: disable CPU stall warnings upon panic rcu: enable CPU_STALL_VERBOSE by default rcu: slim down rcutiny by removing rcu_scheduler_active and friends rcu: refactor RCU's context-switch handling rcu: rename rcutiny rcu_ctrlblk to rcu_sched_ctrlblk rcu: shrink rcutiny by making synchronize_rcu_bh() be inline rcu: fix now-bogus rcu_scheduler_active comments. rcu: Fix bogus CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING in comments to reflect reality. rcu: ignore offline CPUs in last non-dyntick-idle CPU check ...
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RCU/stallwarn.txt94
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RCU/trace.txt35
-rw-r--r--include/linux/debugobjects.h11
-rw-r--r--include/linux/init_task.h1
-rw-r--r--include/linux/rcupdate.h50
-rw-r--r--include/linux/rcutiny.h29
-rw-r--r--include/linux/rcutree.h6
-rw-r--r--include/linux/srcu.h6
-rw-r--r--kernel/lockdep.c3
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcupdate.c19
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcutiny.c35
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcutiny_plugin.h39
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcutorture.c2
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcutree.c131
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcutree.h2
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcutree_plugin.h69
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcutree_trace.c4
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched.c2
-rw-r--r--kernel/softirq.c2
-rw-r--r--lib/Kconfig.debug14
-rw-r--r--lib/debugobjects.c59
21 files changed, 470 insertions, 143 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/RCU/stallwarn.txt b/Documentation/RCU/stallwarn.txt
index 1423d2570d7..44c6dcc93d6 100644
--- a/Documentation/RCU/stallwarn.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RCU/stallwarn.txt
@@ -3,35 +3,79 @@ Using RCU's CPU Stall Detector
The CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR kernel config parameter enables
RCU's CPU stall detector, which detects conditions that unduly delay
RCU grace periods. The stall detector's idea of what constitutes
-"unduly delayed" is controlled by a pair of C preprocessor macros:
+"unduly delayed" is controlled by a set of C preprocessor macros:
RCU_SECONDS_TILL_STALL_CHECK
This macro defines the period of time that RCU will wait from
the beginning of a grace period until it issues an RCU CPU
- stall warning. It is normally ten seconds.
+ stall warning. This time period is normally ten seconds.
RCU_SECONDS_TILL_STALL_RECHECK
This macro defines the period of time that RCU will wait after
- issuing a stall warning until it issues another stall warning.
- It is normally set to thirty seconds.
+ issuing a stall warning until it issues another stall warning
+ for the same stall. This time period is normally set to thirty
+ seconds.
RCU_STALL_RAT_DELAY
- The CPU stall detector tries to make the offending CPU rat on itself,
- as this often gives better-quality stack traces. However, if
- the offending CPU does not detect its own stall in the number
- of jiffies specified by RCU_STALL_RAT_DELAY, then other CPUs will
- complain. This is normally set to two jiffies.
+ The CPU stall detector tries to make the offending CPU print its
+ own warnings, as this often gives better-quality stack traces.
+ However, if the offending CPU does not detect its own stall in
+ the number of jiffies specified by RCU_STALL_RAT_DELAY, then
+ some other CPU will complain. This delay is normally set to
+ two jiffies.
-The following problems can result in an RCU CPU stall warning:
+When a CPU detects that it is stalling, it will print a message similar
+to the following:
+
+INFO: rcu_sched_state detected stall on CPU 5 (t=2500 jiffies)
+
+This message indicates that CPU 5 detected that it was causing a stall,
+and that the stall was affecting RCU-sched. This message will normally be
+followed by a stack dump of the offending CPU. On TREE_RCU kernel builds,
+RCU and RCU-sched are implemented by the same underlying mechanism,
+while on TREE_PREEMPT_RCU kernel builds, RCU is instead implemented
+by rcu_preempt_state.
+
+On the other hand, if the offending CPU fails to print out a stall-warning
+message quickly enough, some other CPU will print a message similar to
+the following:
+
+INFO: rcu_bh_state detected stalls on CPUs/tasks: { 3 5 } (detected by 2, 2502 jiffies)
+
+This message indicates that CPU 2 detected that CPUs 3 and 5 were both
+causing stalls, and that the stall was affecting RCU-bh. This message
+will normally be followed by stack dumps for each CPU. Please note that
+TREE_PREEMPT_RCU builds can be stalled by tasks as well as by CPUs,
+and that the tasks will be indicated by PID, for example, "P3421".
+It is even possible for a rcu_preempt_state stall to be caused by both
+CPUs -and- tasks, in which case the offending CPUs and tasks will all
+be called out in the list.
+
+Finally, if the grace period ends just as the stall warning starts
+printing, there will be a spurious stall-warning message:
+
+INFO: rcu_bh_state detected stalls on CPUs/tasks: { } (detected by 4, 2502 jiffies)
+
+This is rare, but does happen from time to time in real life.
+
+So your kernel printed an RCU CPU stall warning. The next question is
+"What caused it?" The following problems can result in RCU CPU stall
+warnings:
o A CPU looping in an RCU read-side critical section.
-o A CPU looping with interrupts disabled.
+o A CPU looping with interrupts disabled. This condition can
+ result in RCU-sched and RCU-bh stalls.
-o A CPU looping with preemption disabled.
+o A CPU looping with preemption disabled. This condition can
+ result in RCU-sched stalls and, if ksoftirqd is in use, RCU-bh
+ stalls.
+
+o A CPU looping with bottom halves disabled. This condition can
+ result in RCU-sched and RCU-bh stalls.
o For !CONFIG_PREEMPT kernels, a CPU looping anywhere in the kernel
without invoking schedule().
@@ -39,20 +83,24 @@ o For !CONFIG_PREEMPT kernels, a CPU looping anywhere in the kernel
o A bug in the RCU implementation.
o A hardware failure. This is quite unlikely, but has occurred
- at least once in a former life. A CPU failed in a running system,
+ at least once in real life. A CPU failed in a running system,
becoming unresponsive, but not causing an immediate crash.
This resulted in a series of RCU CPU stall warnings, eventually
leading the realization that the CPU had failed.
-The RCU, RCU-sched, and RCU-bh implementations have CPU stall warning.
-SRCU does not do so directly, but its calls to synchronize_sched() will
-result in RCU-sched detecting any CPU stalls that might be occurring.
-
-To diagnose the cause of the stall, inspect the stack traces. The offending
-function will usually be near the top of the stack. If you have a series
-of stall warnings from a single extended stall, comparing the stack traces
-can often help determine where the stall is occurring, which will usually
-be in the function nearest the top of the stack that stays the same from
-trace to trace.
+The RCU, RCU-sched, and RCU-bh implementations have CPU stall
+warning. SRCU does not have its own CPU stall warnings, but its
+calls to synchronize_sched() will result in RCU-sched detecting
+RCU-sched-related CPU stalls. Please note that RCU only detects
+CPU stalls when there is a grace period in progress. No grace period,
+no CPU stall warnings.
+
+To diagnose the cause of the stall, inspect the stack traces.
+The offending function will usually be near the top of the stack.
+If you have a series of stall warnings from a single extended stall,
+comparing the stack traces can often help determine where the stall
+is occurring, which will usually be in the function nearest the top of
+that portion of the stack which remains the same from trace to trace.
+If you can reliably trigger the stall, ftrace can be quite helpful.
RCU bugs can often be debugged with the help of CONFIG_RCU_TRACE.
diff --git a/Documentation/RCU/trace.txt b/Documentation/RCU/trace.txt
index 8608fd85e92..efd8cc95c06 100644
--- a/Documentation/RCU/trace.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RCU/trace.txt
@@ -256,23 +256,23 @@ o Each element of the form "1/1 0:127 ^0" represents one struct
The output of "cat rcu/rcu_pending" looks as follows:
rcu_sched:
- 0 np=255892 qsp=53936 cbr=0 cng=14417 gpc=10033 gps=24320 nf=6445 nn=146741
- 1 np=261224 qsp=54638 cbr=0 cng=25723 gpc=16310 gps=2849 nf=5912 nn=155792
- 2 np=237496 qsp=49664 cbr=0 cng=2762 gpc=45478 gps=1762 nf=1201 nn=136629
- 3 np=236249 qsp=48766 cbr=0 cng=286 gpc=48049 gps=1218 nf=207 nn=137723
- 4 np=221310 qsp=46850 cbr=0 cng=26 gpc=43161 gps=4634 nf=3529 nn=123110
- 5 np=237332 qsp=48449 cbr=0 cng=54 gpc=47920 gps=3252 nf=201 nn=137456
- 6 np=219995 qsp=46718 cbr=0 cng=50 gpc=42098 gps=6093 nf=4202 nn=120834
- 7 np=249893 qsp=49390 cbr=0 cng=72 gpc=38400 gps=17102 nf=41 nn=144888
+ 0 np=255892 qsp=53936 rpq=85 cbr=0 cng=14417 gpc=10033 gps=24320 nf=6445 nn=146741
+ 1 np=261224 qsp=54638 rpq=33 cbr=0 cng=25723 gpc=16310 gps=2849 nf=5912 nn=155792
+ 2 np=237496 qsp=49664 rpq=23 cbr=0 cng=2762 gpc=45478 gps=1762 nf=1201 nn=136629
+ 3 np=236249 qsp=48766 rpq=98 cbr=0 cng=286 gpc=48049 gps=1218 nf=207 nn=137723
+ 4 np=221310 qsp=46850 rpq=7 cbr=0 cng=26 gpc=43161 gps=4634 nf=3529 nn=123110
+ 5 np=237332 qsp=48449 rpq=9 cbr=0 cng=54 gpc=47920 gps=3252 nf=201 nn=137456
+ 6 np=219995 qsp=46718 rpq=12 cbr=0 cng=50 gpc=42098 gps=6093 nf=4202 nn=120834
+ 7 np=249893 qsp=49390 rpq=42 cbr=0 cng=72 gpc=38400 gps=17102 nf=41 nn=144888
rcu_bh:
- 0 np=146741 qsp=1419 cbr=0 cng=6 gpc=0 gps=0 nf=2 nn=145314
- 1 np=155792 qsp=12597 cbr=0 cng=0 gpc=4 gps=8 nf=3 nn=143180
- 2 np=136629 qsp=18680 cbr=0 cng=0 gpc=7 gps=6 nf=0 nn=117936
- 3 np=137723 qsp=2843 cbr=0 cng=0 gpc=10 gps=7 nf=0 nn=134863
- 4 np=123110 qsp=12433 cbr=0 cng=0 gpc=4 gps=2 nf=0 nn=110671
- 5 np=137456 qsp=4210 cbr=0 cng=0 gpc=6 gps=5 nf=0 nn=133235
- 6 np=120834 qsp=9902 cbr=0 cng=0 gpc=6 gps=3 nf=2 nn=110921
- 7 np=144888 qsp=26336 cbr=0 cng=0 gpc=8 gps=2 nf=0 nn=118542
+ 0 np=146741 qsp=1419 rpq=6 cbr=0 cng=6 gpc=0 gps=0 nf=2 nn=145314
+ 1 np=155792 qsp=12597 rpq=3 cbr=0 cng=0 gpc=4 gps=8 nf=3 nn=143180
+ 2 np=136629 qsp=18680 rpq=1 cbr=0 cng=0 gpc=7 gps=6 nf=0 nn=117936
+ 3 np=137723 qsp=2843 rpq=0 cbr=0 cng=0 gpc=10 gps=7 nf=0 nn=134863
+ 4 np=123110 qsp=12433 rpq=0 cbr=0 cng=0 gpc=4 gps=2 nf=0 nn=110671
+ 5 np=137456 qsp=4210 rpq=1 cbr=0 cng=0 gpc=6 gps=5 nf=0 nn=133235
+ 6 np=120834 qsp=9902 rpq=2 cbr=0 cng=0 gpc=6 gps=3 nf=2 nn=110921
+ 7 np=144888 qsp=26336 rpq=0 cbr=0 cng=0 gpc=8 gps=2 nf=0 nn=118542
As always, this is once again split into "rcu_sched" and "rcu_bh"
portions, with CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU kernels having an additional
@@ -284,6 +284,9 @@ o "np" is the number of times that __rcu_pending() has been invoked
o "qsp" is the number of times that the RCU was waiting for a
quiescent state from this CPU.
+o "rpq" is the number of times that the CPU had passed through
+ a quiescent state, but not yet reported it to RCU.
+
o "cbr" is the number of times that this CPU had RCU callbacks
that had passed through a grace period, and were thus ready
to be invoked.
diff --git a/include/linux/debugobjects.h b/include/linux/debugobjects.h
index 8c243aaa86a..597692f1fc8 100644
--- a/include/linux/debugobjects.h
+++ b/include/linux/debugobjects.h
@@ -20,12 +20,14 @@ struct debug_obj_descr;
* struct debug_obj - representaion of an tracked object
* @node: hlist node to link the object into the tracker list
* @state: tracked object state
+ * @astate: current active state
* @object: pointer to the real object
* @descr: pointer to an object type specific debug description structure
*/
struct debug_obj {
struct hlist_node node;
enum debug_obj_state state;
+ unsigned int astate;
void *object;
struct debug_obj_descr *descr;
};
@@ -60,6 +62,15 @@ extern void debug_object_deactivate(void *addr, struct debug_obj_descr *descr);
extern void debug_object_destroy (void *addr, struct debug_obj_descr *descr);
extern void debug_object_free (void *addr, struct debug_obj_descr *descr);
+/*
+ * Active state:
+ * - Set at 0 upon initialization.
+ * - Must return to 0 before deactivation.
+ */
+extern void
+debug_object_active_state(void *addr, struct debug_obj_descr *descr,
+ unsigned int expect, unsigned int next);
+
extern void debug_objects_early_init(void);
extern void debug_objects_mem_init(void);
#else
diff --git a/include/linux/init_task.h b/include/linux/init_task.h
index b1ed1cd8e2a..7996fc2c9ba 100644
--- a/include/linux/init_task.h
+++ b/include/linux/init_task.h
@@ -49,7 +49,6 @@ extern struct group_info init_groups;
{ .first = &init_task.pids[PIDTYPE_PGID].node }, \
{ .first = &init_task.pids[PIDTYPE_SID].node }, \
}, \
- .rcu = RCU_HEAD_INIT, \
.level = 0, \
.numbers = { { \
.nr = 0, \
diff --git a/include/linux/rcupdate.h b/include/linux/rcupdate.h
index db266bbed23..b653b4aaa8a 100644
--- a/include/linux/rcupdate.h
+++ b/include/linux/rcupdate.h
@@ -56,8 +56,6 @@ struct rcu_head {
};
/* Exported common interfaces */
-extern void synchronize_rcu_bh(void);
-extern void synchronize_sched(void);
extern void rcu_barrier(void);
extern void rcu_barrier_bh(void);
extern void rcu_barrier_sched(void);
@@ -66,8 +64,6 @@ extern int sched_expedited_torture_stats(char *page);
/* Internal to kernel */
extern void rcu_init(void);
-extern int rcu_scheduler_active;
-extern void rcu_scheduler_starting(void);
#if defined(CONFIG_TREE_RCU) || defined(CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU)
#include <linux/rcutree.h>
@@ -83,6 +79,14 @@ extern void rcu_scheduler_starting(void);
(ptr)->next = NULL; (ptr)->func = NULL; \
} while (0)
+static inline void init_rcu_head_on_stack(struct rcu_head *head)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void destroy_rcu_head_on_stack(struct rcu_head *head)
+{
+}
+
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
extern struct lockdep_map rcu_lock_map;
@@ -106,12 +110,13 @@ extern int debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled(void);
/**
* rcu_read_lock_held - might we be in RCU read-side critical section?
*
- * If CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING is selected and enabled, returns nonzero iff in
- * an RCU read-side critical section. In absence of CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING,
+ * If CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC is selected, returns nonzero iff in an RCU
+ * read-side critical section. In absence of CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC,
* this assumes we are in an RCU read-side critical section unless it can
* prove otherwise.
*
- * Check rcu_scheduler_active to prevent false positives during boot.
+ * Check debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled() to prevent false positives during boot
+ * and while lockdep is disabled.
*/
static inline int rcu_read_lock_held(void)
{
@@ -129,13 +134,15 @@ extern int rcu_read_lock_bh_held(void);
/**
* rcu_read_lock_sched_held - might we be in RCU-sched read-side critical section?
*
- * If CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING is selected and enabled, returns nonzero iff in an
- * RCU-sched read-side critical section. In absence of CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING,
- * this assumes we are in an RCU-sched read-side critical section unless it
- * can prove otherwise. Note that disabling of preemption (including
- * disabling irqs) counts as an RCU-sched read-side critical section.
+ * If CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC is selected, returns nonzero iff in an
+ * RCU-sched read-side critical section. In absence of
+ * CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC, this assumes we are in an RCU-sched read-side
+ * critical section unless it can prove otherwise. Note that disabling
+ * of preemption (including disabling irqs) counts as an RCU-sched
+ * read-side critical section.
*
- * Check rcu_scheduler_active to prevent false positives during boot.
+ * Check debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled() to prevent false positives during boot
+ * and while lockdep is disabled.
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT
static inline int rcu_read_lock_sched_held(void)
@@ -177,7 +184,7 @@ static inline int rcu_read_lock_bh_held(void)
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT
static inline int rcu_read_lock_sched_held(void)
{
- return !rcu_scheduler_active || preempt_count() != 0 || irqs_disabled();
+ return preempt_count() != 0 || irqs_disabled();
}
#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT */
static inline int rcu_read_lock_sched_held(void)
@@ -192,6 +199,15 @@ static inline int rcu_read_lock_sched_held(void)
extern int rcu_my_thread_group_empty(void);
+#define __do_rcu_dereference_check(c) \
+ do { \
+ static bool __warned; \
+ if (debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled() && !__warned && !(c)) { \
+ __warned = true; \
+ lockdep_rcu_dereference(__FILE__, __LINE__); \
+ } \
+ } while (0)
+
/**
* rcu_dereference_check - rcu_dereference with debug checking
* @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing
@@ -221,8 +237,7 @@ extern int rcu_my_thread_group_empty(void);
*/
#define rcu_dereference_check(p, c) \
({ \
- if (debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled() && !(c)) \
- lockdep_rcu_dereference(__FILE__, __LINE__); \
+ __do_rcu_dereference_check(c); \
rcu_dereference_raw(p); \
})
@@ -239,8 +254,7 @@ extern int rcu_my_thread_group_empty(void);
*/
#define rcu_dereference_protected(p, c) \
({ \
- if (debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled() && !(c)) \
- lockdep_rcu_dereference(__FILE__, __LINE__); \
+ __do_rcu_dereference_check(c); \
(p); \
})
diff --git a/include/linux/rcutiny.h b/include/linux/rcutiny.h
index a5195875480..14e5a76b2c0 100644
--- a/include/linux/rcutiny.h
+++ b/include/linux/rcutiny.h
@@ -29,6 +29,10 @@
void rcu_sched_qs(int cpu);
void rcu_bh_qs(int cpu);
+static inline void rcu_note_context_switch(int cpu)
+{
+ rcu_sched_qs(cpu);
+}
#define __rcu_read_lock() preempt_disable()
#define __rcu_read_unlock() preempt_enable()
@@ -74,7 +78,17 @@ static inline void rcu_sched_force_quiescent_state(void)
{
}
-#define synchronize_rcu synchronize_sched
+extern void synchronize_sched(void);
+
+static inline void synchronize_rcu(void)
+{
+ synchronize_sched();
+}
+
+static inline void synchronize_rcu_bh(void)
+{
+ synchronize_sched();
+}
static inline void synchronize_rcu_expedited(void)
{
@@ -114,4 +128,17 @@ static inline int rcu_preempt_depth(void)
return 0;
}
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
+
+extern int rcu_scheduler_active __read_mostly;
+extern void rcu_scheduler_starting(void);
+
+#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */
+
+static inline void rcu_scheduler_starting(void)
+{
+}
+
+#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */
+
#endif /* __LINUX_RCUTINY_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/rcutree.h b/include/linux/rcutree.h
index 42cc3a04779..48282055e83 100644
--- a/include/linux/rcutree.h
+++ b/include/linux/rcutree.h
@@ -34,6 +34,7 @@ struct notifier_block;
extern void rcu_sched_qs(int cpu);
extern void rcu_bh_qs(int cpu);
+extern void rcu_note_context_switch(int cpu);
extern int rcu_needs_cpu(int cpu);
extern int rcu_expedited_torture_stats(char *page);
@@ -86,6 +87,8 @@ static inline void __rcu_read_unlock_bh(void)
extern void call_rcu_sched(struct rcu_head *head,
void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu));
+extern void synchronize_rcu_bh(void);
+extern void synchronize_sched(void);
extern void synchronize_rcu_expedited(void);
static inline void synchronize_rcu_bh_expedited(void)
@@ -120,4 +123,7 @@ static inline int rcu_blocking_is_gp(void)
return num_online_cpus() == 1;
}
+extern void rcu_scheduler_starting(void);
+extern int rcu_scheduler_active __read_mostly;
+
#endif /* __LINUX_RCUTREE_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/srcu.h b/include/linux/srcu.h
index 4d5ecb222af..4d5d2f546db 100644
--- a/include/linux/srcu.h
+++ b/include/linux/srcu.h
@@ -27,6 +27,8 @@
#ifndef _LINUX_SRCU_H
#define _LINUX_SRCU_H
+#include <linux/mutex.h>
+
struct srcu_struct_array {
int c[2];
};
@@ -84,8 +86,8 @@ long srcu_batches_completed(struct srcu_struct *sp);
/**
* srcu_read_lock_held - might we be in SRCU read-side critical section?
*
- * If CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING is selected and enabled, returns nonzero iff in
- * an SRCU read-side critical section. In absence of CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING,
+ * If CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC is selected, returns nonzero iff in an SRCU
+ * read-side critical section. In absence of CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC,
* this assumes we are in an SRCU read-side critical section unless it can
* prove otherwise.
*/
diff --git a/kernel/lockdep.c b/kernel/lockdep.c
index 51080807dc8..4349e979341 100644
--- a/kernel/lockdep.c
+++ b/kernel/lockdep.c
@@ -3806,8 +3806,11 @@ void lockdep_rcu_dereference(const char *file, const int line)
{
struct task_struct *curr = current;
+#ifndef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU_REPEATEDLY
if (!debug_locks_off())
return;
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU_REPEATEDLY */
+ /* Note: the following can be executed concurrently, so be careful. */
printk("\n===================================================\n");
printk( "[ INFO: suspicious rcu_dereference_check() usage. ]\n");
printk( "---------------------------------------------------\n");
diff --git a/kernel/rcupdate.c b/kernel/rcupdate.c
index 49d808e833b..72a8dc9567f 100644
--- a/kernel/rcupdate.c
+++ b/kernel/rcupdate.c
@@ -44,7 +44,6 @@
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
-#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
#include <linux/hardirq.h>
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
@@ -64,9 +63,6 @@ struct lockdep_map rcu_sched_lock_map =
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_sched_lock_map);
#endif
-int rcu_scheduler_active __read_mostly;
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_scheduler_active);
-
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
int debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled(void)
@@ -97,21 +93,6 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_read_lock_bh_held);
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */
/*
- * This function is invoked towards the end of the scheduler's initialization
- * process. Before this is called, the idle task might contain
- * RCU read-side critical sections (during which time, this idle
- * task is booting the system). After this function is called, the
- * idle tasks are prohibited from containing RCU read-side critical
- * sections.
- */
-void rcu_scheduler_starting(void)
-{
- WARN_ON(num_online_cpus() != 1);
- WARN_ON(nr_context_switches() > 0);
- rcu_scheduler_active = 1;
-}
-
-/*
* Awaken the corresponding synchronize_rcu() instance now that a
* grace period has elapsed.
*/
diff --git a/kernel/rcutiny.c b/kernel/rcutiny.c
index 9f6d9ff2572..38729d3cd23 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutiny.c
+++ b/kernel/rcutiny.c
@@ -44,9 +44,9 @@ struct rcu_ctrlblk {
};
/* Definition for rcupdate control block. */
-static struct rcu_ctrlblk rcu_ctrlblk = {
- .donetail = &rcu_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
- .curtail = &rcu_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
+static struct rcu_ctrlblk rcu_sched_ctrlblk = {
+ .donetail = &rcu_sched_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
+ .curtail = &rcu_sched_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
};
static struct rcu_ctrlblk rcu_bh_ctrlblk = {
@@ -54,6 +54,11 @@ static struct rcu_ctrlblk rcu_bh_ctrlblk = {
.curtail = &rcu_bh_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
};
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
+int rcu_scheduler_active __read_mostly;
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_scheduler_active);
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */
+
#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ
static long rcu_dynticks_nesting = 1;
@@ -108,7 +113,8 @@ static int rcu_qsctr_help(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp)
*/
void rcu_sched_qs(int cpu)
{
- if (rcu_qsctr_help(&rcu_ctrlblk) + rcu_qsctr_help(&rcu_bh_ctrlblk))
+ if (rcu_qsctr_help(&rcu_sched_ctrlblk) +
+ rcu_qsctr_help(&rcu_bh_ctrlblk))
raise_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ);
}
@@ -173,7 +179,7 @@ static void __rcu_process_callbacks(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp)
*/
static void rcu_process_callbacks(struct softirq_action *unused)
{
- __rcu_process_callbacks(&rcu_ctrlblk);
+ __rcu_process_callbacks(&rcu_sched_ctrlblk);
__rcu_process_callbacks(&rcu_bh_ctrlblk);
}
@@ -187,7 +193,8 @@ static void rcu_process_callbacks(struct softirq_action *unused)
*
* Cool, huh? (Due to Josh Triplett.)
*
- * But we want to make this a static inline later.
+ * But we want to make this a static inline later. The cond_resched()
+ * currently makes this problematic.
*/
void synchronize_sched(void)
{
@@ -195,12 +202,6 @@ void synchronize_sched(void)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(synchronize_sched);
-void synchronize_rcu_bh(void)
-{
- synchronize_sched();
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(synchronize_rcu_bh);
-
/*
* Helper function for call_rcu() and call_rcu_bh().
*/
@@ -226,7 +227,7 @@ static void __call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head,
*/
void call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu))
{
- __call_rcu(head, func, &rcu_ctrlblk);
+ __call_rcu(head, func, &rcu_sched_ctrlblk);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(call_rcu);
@@ -244,11 +245,13 @@ void rcu_barrier(void)
{
struct rcu_synchronize rcu;
+ init_rcu_head_on_stack(&rcu.head);
init_completion(&rcu.completion);
/* Will wake me after RCU finished. */
call_rcu(&rcu.head, wakeme_after_rcu);
/* Wait for it. */
wait_for_completion(&rcu.completion);
+ destroy_rcu_head_on_stack(&rcu.head);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_barrier);
@@ -256,11 +259,13 @@ void rcu_barrier_bh(void)
{
struct rcu_synchronize rcu;
+ init_rcu_head_on_stack(&rcu.head);
init_completion(&rcu.completion);
/* Will wake me after RCU finished. */
call_rcu_bh(&rcu.head, wakeme_after_rcu);
/* Wait for it. */
wait_for_completion(&rcu.completion);
+ destroy_rcu_head_on_stack(&rcu.head);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_barrier_bh);
@@ -268,11 +273,13 @@ void rcu_barrier_sched(void)
{
struct rcu_synchronize rcu;
+ init_rcu_head_on_stack(&rcu.head);
init_completion(&rcu.completion);
/* Will wake me after RCU finished. */
call_rcu_sched(&rcu.head, wakeme_after_rcu);
/* Wait for it. */
wait_for_completion(&rcu.completion);
+ destroy_rcu_head_on_stack(&rcu.head);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_barrier_sched);
@@ -280,3 +287,5 @@ void __init rcu_init(void)
{
open_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ, rcu_process_callbacks);
}
+
+#include "rcutiny_plugin.h"
diff --git a/kernel/rcutiny_plugin.h b/kernel/rcutiny_plugin.h
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..d223a92bc74
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/rcutiny_plugin.h
@@ -0,0 +1,39 @@
+/*
+ * Read-Copy Update mechanism for mutual exclusion (tree-based version)
+ * Internal non-public definitions that provide either classic
+ * or preemptable semantics.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
+ *
+ * Copyright IBM Corporation, 2009
+ *
+ * Author: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
+ */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
+
+#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
+
+/*
+ * During boot, we forgive RCU lockdep issues. After this function is
+ * invoked, we start taking RCU lockdep issues seriously.
+ */
+void rcu_scheduler_starting(void)
+{
+ WARN_ON(nr_context_switches() > 0);
+ rcu_scheduler_active = 1;
+}
+
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */
diff --git a/kernel/rcutorture.c b/kernel/rcutorture.c
index 58df55bf83e..077defb3457 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutorture.c
+++ b/kernel/rcutorture.c
@@ -464,9 +464,11 @@ static void rcu_bh_torture_synchronize(void)
{
struct rcu_bh_torture_synchronize rcu;
+ init_rcu_head_on_stack(&rcu.head);
init_completion(&rcu.completion);
call_rcu_bh(&rcu.head, rcu_bh_torture_wakeme_after_cb);
wait_for_completion(&rcu.completion);
+ destroy_rcu_head_on_stack(&rcu.head);
}
static struct rcu_torture_ops rcu_bh_ops = {
diff --git a/kernel/rcutree.c b/kernel/rcutree.c
index 3ec8160fc75..d4437345706 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcutree.c
@@ -46,6 +46,7 @@
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/time.h>
+#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
#include "rcutree.h"
@@ -53,8 +54,8 @@
static struct lock_class_key rcu_node_class[NUM_RCU_LVLS];
-#define RCU_STATE_INITIALIZER(name) { \
- .level = { &name.node[0] }, \
+#define RCU_STATE_INITIALIZER(structname) { \
+ .level = { &structname.node[0] }, \
.levelcnt = { \
NUM_RCU_LVL_0, /* root of hierarchy. */ \
NUM_RCU_LVL_1, \
@@ -65,13 +66,14 @@ static struct lock_class_key rcu_node_class[NUM_RCU_LVLS];
.signaled = RCU_GP_IDLE, \
.gpnum = -300, \
.completed = -300, \
- .onofflock = __RAW_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(&name.onofflock), \
+ .onofflock = __RAW_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(&structname.onofflock), \
.orphan_cbs_list = NULL, \
- .orphan_cbs_tail = &name.orphan_cbs_list, \
+ .orphan_cbs_tail = &structname.orphan_cbs_list, \
.orphan_qlen = 0, \
- .fqslock = __RAW_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(&name.fqslock), \
+ .fqslock = __RAW_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(&structname.fqslock), \
.n_force_qs = 0, \
.n_force_qs_ngp = 0, \
+ .name = #structname, \
}
struct rcu_state rcu_sched_state = RCU_STATE_INITIALIZER(rcu_sched_state);
@@ -80,6 +82,9 @@ DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct rcu_data, rcu_sched_data);
struct rcu_state rcu_bh_state = RCU_STATE_INITIALIZER(rcu_bh_state);
DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct rcu_data, rcu_bh_data);
+int rcu_scheduler_active __read_mostly;
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_scheduler_active);
+
/*
* Return true if an RCU grace period is in progress. The ACCESS_ONCE()s
* permit this function to be invoked without holding the root rcu_node
@@ -97,25 +102,32 @@ static int rcu_gp_in_progress(struct rcu_state *rsp)
*/
void rcu_sched_qs(int cpu)
{
- struct rcu_data *rdp;
+ struct rcu_data *rdp = &per_cpu(rcu_sched_data, cpu);
- rdp = &per_cpu(rcu_sched_data, cpu);
rdp->passed_quiesc_completed = rdp->gpnum - 1;
barrier();
rdp->passed_quiesc = 1;
- rcu_preempt_note_context_switch(cpu);
}
void rcu_bh_qs(int cpu)
{
- struct rcu_data *rdp;
+ struct rcu_data *rdp = &per_cpu(rcu_bh_data, cpu);
- rdp = &per_cpu(rcu_bh_data, cpu);
rdp->passed_quiesc_completed = rdp->gpnum - 1;
barrier();
rdp->passed_quiesc = 1;
}
+/*
+ * Note a context switch. This is a quiescent state for RCU-sched,
+ * and requires special handling for preemptible RCU.
+ */
+void rcu_note_context_switch(int cpu)
+{
+ rcu_sched_qs(cpu);
+ rcu_preempt_note_context_switch(cpu);
+}
+
#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ
DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct rcu_dynticks, rcu_dynticks) = {
.dynticks_nesting = 1,
@@ -438,6 +450,8 @@ static int rcu_implicit_dynticks_qs(struct rcu_data *rdp)
#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR
+int rcu_cpu_stall_panicking __read_mostly;
+
static void record_gp_stall_check_time(struct rcu_state *rsp)
{
rsp->gp_start = jiffies;
@@ -470,7 +484,8 @@ static void print_other_cpu_stall(struct rcu_state *rsp)
/* OK, time to rat on our buddy... */
- printk(KERN_ERR "INFO: RCU detected CPU stalls:");
+ printk(KERN_ERR "INFO: %s detected stalls on CPUs/tasks: {",
+ rsp->name);
rcu_for_each_leaf_node(rsp, rnp) {
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rnp->lock, flags);
rcu_print_task_stall(rnp);
@@ -481,7 +496,7 @@ static void print_other_cpu_stall(struct rcu_state *rsp)
if (rnp->qsmask & (1UL << cpu))
printk(" %d", rnp->grplo + cpu);
}
- printk(" (detected by %d, t=%ld jiffies)\n",
+ printk("} (detected by %d, t=%ld jiffies)\n",
smp_processor_id(), (long)(jiffies - rsp->gp_start));
trigger_all_cpu_backtrace();
@@ -497,8 +512,8 @@ static void print_cpu_stall(struct rcu_state *rsp)
unsigned long flags;
struct rcu_node *rnp = rcu_get_root(rsp);
- printk(KERN_ERR "INFO: RCU detected CPU %d stall (t=%lu jiffies)\n",
- smp_processor_id(), jiffies - rsp->gp_start);
+ printk(KERN_ERR "INFO: %s detected stall on CPU %d (t=%lu jiffies)\n",
+ rsp->name, smp_processor_id(), jiffies - rsp->gp_start);
trigger_all_cpu_backtrace();
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rnp->lock, flags);
@@ -515,6 +530,8 @@ static void check_cpu_stall(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
long delta;
struct rcu_node *rnp;
+ if (rcu_cpu_stall_panicking)
+ return;
delta = jiffies - rsp->jiffies_stall;
rnp = rdp->mynode;
if ((rnp->qsmask & rdp->grpmask) && delta >= 0) {
@@ -529,6 +546,21 @@ static void check_cpu_stall(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
}
}
+static int rcu_panic(struct notifier_block *this, unsigned long ev, void *ptr)
+{
+ rcu_cpu_stall_panicking = 1;
+ return NOTIFY_DONE;
+}
+
+static struct notifier_block rcu_panic_block = {
+ .notifier_call = rcu_panic,
+};
+
+static void __init check_cpu_stall_init(void)
+{
+ atomic_notifier_chain_register(&panic_notifier_list, &rcu_panic_block);
+}
+
#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR */
static void record_gp_stall_check_time(struct rcu_state *rsp)
@@ -539,6 +571,10 @@ static void check_cpu_stall(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
{
}
+static void __init check_cpu_stall_init(void)
+{
+}
+
#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR */
/*
@@ -1125,8 +1161,6 @@ static void rcu_do_batch(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
*/
void rcu_check_callbacks(int cpu, int user)
{
- if (!rcu_pending(cpu))
- return; /* if nothing for RCU to do. */
if (user ||
(idle_cpu(cpu) && rcu_scheduler_active &&
!in_softirq() && hardirq_count() <= (1 << HARDIRQ_SHIFT))) {
@@ -1158,7 +1192,8 @@ void rcu_check_callbacks(int cpu, int user)
rcu_bh_qs(cpu);
}
rcu_preempt_check_callbacks(cpu);
- raise_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ);
+ if (rcu_pending(cpu))
+ raise_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
@@ -1236,11 +1271,11 @@ static void force_quiescent_state(struct rcu_state *rsp, int relaxed)
break; /* grace period idle or initializing, ignore. */
case RCU_SAVE_DYNTICK:
-
- raw_spin_unlock(&rnp->lock); /* irqs remain disabled */
if (RCU_SIGNAL_INIT != RCU_SAVE_DYNTICK)
break; /* So gcc recognizes the dead code. */
+ raw_spin_unlock(&rnp->lock); /* irqs remain disabled */
+
/* Record dyntick-idle state. */
force_qs_rnp(rsp, dyntick_save_progress_counter);
raw_spin_lock(&rnp->lock); /* irqs already disabled */
@@ -1449,11 +1484,13 @@ void synchronize_sched(void)
if (rcu_blocking_is_gp())
return;
+ init_rcu_head_on_stack(&rcu.head);
init_completion(&rcu.completion);
/* Will wake me after RCU finished. */
call_rcu_sched(&rcu.head, wakeme_after_rcu);
/* Wait for it. */
wait_for_completion(&rcu.completion);
+ destroy_rcu_head_on_stack(&rcu.head);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(synchronize_sched);
@@ -1473,11 +1510,13 @@ void synchronize_rcu_bh(void)
if (rcu_blocking_is_gp())
return;
+ init_rcu_head_on_stack(&rcu.head);
init_completion(&rcu.completion);
/* Will wake me after RCU finished. */
call_rcu_bh(&rcu.head, wakeme_after_rcu);
/* Wait for it. */
wait_for_completion(&rcu.completion);
+ destroy_rcu_head_on_stack(&rcu.head);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(synchronize_rcu_bh);
@@ -1498,8 +1537,20 @@ static int __rcu_pending(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
check_cpu_stall(rsp, rdp);
/* Is the RCU core waiting for a quiescent state from this CPU? */
- if (rdp->qs_pending) {
+ if (rdp->qs_pending && !rdp->passed_quiesc) {
+
+ /*
+ * If force_quiescent_state() coming soon and this CPU
+ * needs a quiescent state, and this is either RCU-sched
+ * or RCU-bh, force a local reschedule.
+ */
rdp->n_rp_qs_pending++;
+ if (!rdp->preemptable &&
+ ULONG_CMP_LT(ACCESS_ONCE(rsp->jiffies_force_qs) - 1,
+ jiffies))
+ set_need_resched();
+ } else if (rdp->qs_pending && rdp->passed_quiesc) {
+ rdp->n_rp_report_qs++;
return 1;
}
@@ -1767,6 +1818,21 @@ static int __cpuinit rcu_cpu_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
}
/*
+ * This function is invoked towards the end of the scheduler's initialization
+ * process. Before this is called, the idle task might contain
+ * RCU read-side critical sections (during which time, this idle
+ * task is booting the system). After this function is called, the
+ * idle tasks are prohibited from containing RCU read-side critical
+ * sections. This function also enables RCU lockdep checking.
+ */
+void rcu_scheduler_starting(void)
+{
+ WARN_ON(num_online_cpus() != 1);
+ WARN_ON(nr_context_switches() > 0);
+ rcu_scheduler_active = 1;
+}
+
+/*
* Compute the per-level fanout, either using the exact fanout specified
* or balancing the tree, depending on CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT_EXACT.
*/
@@ -1849,6 +1915,14 @@ static void __init rcu_init_one(struct rcu_state *rsp)
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rnp->blocked_tasks[3]);
}
}
+
+ rnp = rsp->level[NUM_RCU_LVLS - 1];
+ for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
+ while (i > rnp->grphi)
+ rnp++;
+ rsp->rda[i]->mynode = rnp;
+ rcu_boot_init_percpu_data(i, rsp);
+ }
}
/*
@@ -1859,19 +1933,11 @@ static void __init rcu_init_one(struct rcu_state *rsp)
#define RCU_INIT_FLAVOR(rsp, rcu_data) \
do { \
int i; \
- int j; \
- struct rcu_node *rnp; \
\
- rcu_init_one(rsp); \
- rnp = (rsp)->level[NUM_RCU_LVLS - 1]; \
- j = 0; \
for_each_possible_cpu(i) { \
- if (i > rnp[j].grphi) \
- j++; \
- per_cpu(rcu_data, i).mynode = &rnp[j]; \
(rsp)->rda[i] = &per_cpu(rcu_data, i); \
- rcu_boot_init_percpu_data(i, rsp); \
} \
+ rcu_init_one(rsp); \
} while (0)
void __init rcu_init(void)
@@ -1879,12 +1945,6 @@ void __init rcu_init(void)
int cpu;
rcu_bootup_announce();
-#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR
- printk(KERN_INFO "RCU-based detection of stalled CPUs is enabled.\n");
-#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR */
-#if NUM_RCU_LVL_4 != 0
- printk(KERN_INFO "Experimental four-level hierarchy is enabled.\n");
-#endif /* #if NUM_RCU_LVL_4 != 0 */
RCU_INIT_FLAVOR(&rcu_sched_state, rcu_sched_data);
RCU_INIT_FLAVOR(&rcu_bh_state, rcu_bh_data);
__rcu_init_preempt();
@@ -1898,6 +1958,7 @@ void __init rcu_init(void)
cpu_notifier(rcu_cpu_notify, 0);
for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
rcu_cpu_notify(NULL, CPU_UP_PREPARE, (void *)(long)cpu);
+ check_cpu_stall_init();
}
#include "rcutree_plugin.h"
diff --git a/kernel/rcutree.h b/kernel/rcutree.h
index 4a525a30e08..14c040b18ed 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree.h
+++ b/kernel/rcutree.h
@@ -223,6 +223,7 @@ struct rcu_data {
/* 5) __rcu_pending() statistics. */
unsigned long n_rcu_pending; /* rcu_pending() calls since boot. */
unsigned long n_rp_qs_pending;
+ unsigned long n_rp_report_qs;
unsigned long n_rp_cb_ready;
unsigned long n_rp_cpu_needs_gp;
unsigned long n_rp_gp_completed;
@@ -326,6 +327,7 @@ struct rcu_state {
unsigned long jiffies_stall; /* Time at which to check */
/* for CPU stalls. */
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR */
+ char *name; /* Name of structure. */
};
/* Return values for rcu_preempt_offline_tasks(). */
diff --git a/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h b/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h
index 79b53bda894..0e4f420245d 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h
+++ b/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h
@@ -26,6 +26,45 @@
#include <linux/delay.h>
+/*
+ * Check the RCU kernel configuration parameters and print informative
+ * messages about anything out of the ordinary. If you like #ifdef, you
+ * will love this function.
+ */
+static void __init rcu_bootup_announce_oddness(void)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE
+ printk(KERN_INFO "\tRCU debugfs-based tracing is enabled.\n");
+#endif
+#if (defined(CONFIG_64BIT) && CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT != 64) || (!defined(CONFIG_64BIT) && CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT != 32)
+ printk(KERN_INFO "\tCONFIG_RCU_FANOUT set to non-default value of %d\n",
+ CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT);
+#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT_EXACT
+ printk(KERN_INFO "\tHierarchical RCU autobalancing is disabled.\n");
+#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_FAST_NO_HZ
+ printk(KERN_INFO
+ "\tRCU dyntick-idle grace-period acceleration is enabled.\n");
+#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU
+ printk(KERN_INFO "\tRCU lockdep checking is enabled.\n");
+#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TORTURE_TEST_RUNNABLE
+ printk(KERN_INFO "\tRCU torture testing starts during boot.\n");
+#endif
+#ifndef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR
+ printk(KERN_INFO
+ "\tRCU-based detection of stalled CPUs is disabled.\n");
+#endif
+#ifndef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_VERBOSE
+ printk(KERN_INFO "\tVerbose stalled-CPUs detection is disabled.\n");
+#endif
+#if NUM_RCU_LVL_4 != 0
+ printk(KERN_INFO "\tExperimental four-level hierarchy is enabled.\n");
+#endif
+}
+
#ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
struct rcu_state rcu_preempt_state = RCU_STATE_INITIALIZER(rcu_preempt_state);
@@ -38,8 +77,8 @@ static int rcu_preempted_readers_exp(struct rcu_node *rnp);
*/
static void __init rcu_bootup_announce(void)
{
- printk(KERN_INFO
- "Experimental preemptable hierarchical RCU implementation.\n");
+ printk(KERN_INFO "Preemptable hierarchical RCU implementation.\n");
+ rcu_bootup_announce_oddness();
}
/*
@@ -75,13 +114,19 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_force_quiescent_state);
* that this just means that the task currently running on the CPU is
* not in a quiescent state. There might be any number of tasks blocked
* while in an RCU read-side critical section.
+ *
+ * Unlike the other rcu_*_qs() functions, callers to this function
+ * must disable irqs in order to protect the assignment to
+ * ->rcu_read_unlock_special.
*/
static void rcu_preempt_qs(int cpu)
{
struct rcu_data *rdp = &per_cpu(rcu_preempt_data, cpu);
+
rdp->passed_quiesc_completed = rdp->gpnum - 1;
barrier();
rdp->passed_quiesc = 1;
+ current->rcu_read_unlock_special &= ~RCU_READ_UNLOCK_NEED_QS;
}
/*
@@ -144,9 +189,8 @@ static void rcu_preempt_note_context_switch(int cpu)
* grace period, then the fact that the task has been enqueued
* means that we continue to block the current grace period.
*/
- rcu_preempt_qs(cpu);
local_irq_save(flags);
- t->rcu_read_unlock_special &= ~RCU_READ_UNLOCK_NEED_QS;
+ rcu_preempt_qs(cpu);
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
@@ -236,7 +280,6 @@ static void rcu_read_unlock_special(struct task_struct *t)
*/
special = t->rcu_read_unlock_special;
if (special & RCU_READ_UNLOCK_NEED_QS) {
- t->rcu_read_unlock_special &= ~RCU_READ_UNLOCK_NEED_QS;
rcu_preempt_qs(smp_processor_id());
}
@@ -473,7 +516,6 @@ static void rcu_preempt_check_callbacks(int cpu)
struct task_struct *t = current;
if (t->rcu_read_lock_nesting == 0) {
- t->rcu_read_unlock_special &= ~RCU_READ_UNLOCK_NEED_QS;
rcu_preempt_qs(cpu);
return;
}
@@ -515,11 +557,13 @@ void synchronize_rcu(void)
if (!rcu_scheduler_active)
return;
+ init_rcu_head_on_stack(&rcu.head);
init_completion(&rcu.completion);
/* Will wake me after RCU finished. */
call_rcu(&rcu.head, wakeme_after_rcu);
/* Wait for it. */
wait_for_completion(&rcu.completion);
+ destroy_rcu_head_on_stack(&rcu.head);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(synchronize_rcu);
@@ -754,6 +798,7 @@ void exit_rcu(void)
static void __init rcu_bootup_announce(void)
{
printk(KERN_INFO "Hierarchical RCU implementation.\n");
+ rcu_bootup_announce_oddness();
}
/*
@@ -1008,6 +1053,8 @@ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, rcu_dyntick_holdoff);
int rcu_needs_cpu(int cpu)
{
int c = 0;
+ int snap;
+ int snap_nmi;
int thatcpu;
/* Check for being in the holdoff period. */
@@ -1015,12 +1062,18 @@ int rcu_needs_cpu(int cpu)
return rcu_needs_cpu_quick_check(cpu);
/* Don't bother unless we are the last non-dyntick-idle CPU. */
- for_each_cpu_not(thatcpu, nohz_cpu_mask)
- if (thatcpu != cpu) {
+ for_each_online_cpu(thatcpu) {
+ if (thatcpu == cpu)
+ continue;
+ snap = per_cpu(rcu_dynticks, thatcpu).dynticks;
+ snap_nmi = per_cpu(rcu_dynticks, thatcpu).dynticks_nmi;
+ smp_mb(); /* Order sampling of snap with end of grace period. */
+ if (((snap & 0x1) != 0) || ((snap_nmi & 0x1) != 0)) {
per_cpu(rcu_dyntick_drain, cpu) = 0;
per_cpu(rcu_dyntick_holdoff, cpu) = jiffies - 1;
return rcu_needs_cpu_quick_check(cpu);
}
+ }
/* Check and update the rcu_dyntick_drain sequencing. */
if (per_cpu(rcu_dyntick_drain, cpu) <= 0) {
diff --git a/kernel/rcutree_trace.c b/kernel/rcutree_trace.c
index d45db2e35d2..36c95b45738 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree_trace.c
+++ b/kernel/rcutree_trace.c
@@ -241,11 +241,13 @@ static const struct file_operations rcugp_fops = {
static void print_one_rcu_pending(struct seq_file *m, struct rcu_data *rdp)
{
seq_printf(m, "%3d%cnp=%ld "
- "qsp=%ld cbr=%ld cng=%ld gpc=%ld gps=%ld nf=%ld nn=%ld\n",
+ "qsp=%ld rpq=%ld cbr=%ld cng=%ld "
+ "gpc=%ld gps=%ld nf=%ld nn=%ld\n",
rdp->cpu,
cpu_is_offline(rdp->cpu) ? '!' : ' ',
rdp->n_rcu_pending,
rdp->n_rp_qs_pending,
+ rdp->n_rp_report_qs,
rdp->n_rp_cb_ready,
rdp->n_rp_cpu_needs_gp,
rdp->n_rp_gp_completed,
diff --git a/kernel/sched.c b/kernel/sched.c
index 3c2a54f70ff..d8a213ccdc3 100644
--- a/kernel/sched.c
+++ b/kernel/sched.c
@@ -3706,7 +3706,7 @@ need_resched:
preempt_disable();
cpu = smp_processor_id();
rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
- rcu_sched_qs(cpu);
+ rcu_note_context_switch(cpu);
prev = rq->curr;
switch_count = &prev->nivcsw;
diff --git a/kernel/softirq.c b/kernel/softirq.c
index 7c1a67ef027..0db913a5c60 100644
--- a/kernel/softirq.c
+++ b/kernel/softirq.c
@@ -716,7 +716,7 @@ static int run_ksoftirqd(void * __bind_cpu)
preempt_enable_no_resched();
cond_resched();
preempt_disable();
- rcu_sched_qs((long)__bind_cpu);
+ rcu_note_context_switch((long)__bind_cpu);
}
preempt_enable();
set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
index 935248bdbc4..930a9e5eae0 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
@@ -512,6 +512,18 @@ config PROVE_RCU
Say N if you are unsure.
+config PROVE_RCU_REPEATEDLY
+ bool "RCU debugging: don't disable PROVE_RCU on first splat"
+ depends on PROVE_RCU
+ default n
+ help
+ By itself, PROVE_RCU will disable checking upon issuing the
+ first warning (or "splat"). This feature prevents such
+ disabling, allowing multiple RCU-lockdep warnings to be printed
+ on a single reboot.
+
+ Say N if you are unsure.
+
config LOCKDEP
bool
depends on DEBUG_KERNEL && TRACE_IRQFLAGS_SUPPORT && STACKTRACE_SUPPORT && LOCKDEP_SUPPORT
@@ -793,7 +805,7 @@ config RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR
config RCU_CPU_STALL_VERBOSE
bool "Print additional per-task information for RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR"
depends on RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR && TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
- default n
+ default y
help
This option causes RCU to printk detailed per-task information
for any tasks that are stalling the current RCU grace period.
diff --git a/lib/debugobjects.c b/lib/debugobjects.c
index bf007a43c05..deebcc57d4e 100644
--- a/lib/debugobjects.c
+++ b/lib/debugobjects.c
@@ -141,6 +141,7 @@ alloc_object(void *addr, struct debug_bucket *b, struct debug_obj_descr *descr)
obj->object = addr;
obj->descr = descr;
obj->state = ODEBUG_STATE_NONE;
+ obj->astate = 0;
hlist_del(&obj->node);
hlist_add_head(&obj->node, &b->list);
@@ -252,8 +253,10 @@ static void debug_print_object(struct debug_obj *obj, char *msg)
if (limit < 5 && obj->descr != descr_test) {
limit++;
- WARN(1, KERN_ERR "ODEBUG: %s %s object type: %s\n", msg,
- obj_states[obj->state], obj->descr->name);
+ WARN(1, KERN_ERR "ODEBUG: %s %s (active state %u) "
+ "object type: %s\n",
+ msg, obj_states[obj->state], obj->astate,
+ obj->descr->name);
}
debug_objects_warnings++;
}
@@ -447,7 +450,10 @@ void debug_object_deactivate(void *addr, struct debug_obj_descr *descr)
case ODEBUG_STATE_INIT:
case ODEBUG_STATE_INACTIVE:
case ODEBUG_STATE_ACTIVE:
- obj->state = ODEBUG_STATE_INACTIVE;
+ if (!obj->astate)
+ obj->state = ODEBUG_STATE_INACTIVE;
+ else
+ debug_print_object(obj, "deactivate");
break;
case ODEBUG_STATE_DESTROYED:
@@ -553,6 +559,53 @@ out_unlock:
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&db->lock, flags);
}
+/**
+ * debug_object_active_state - debug checks object usage state machine
+ * @addr: address of the object
+ * @descr: pointer to an object specific debug description structure
+ * @expect: expected state
+ * @next: state to move to if expected state is found
+ */
+void
+debug_object_active_state(void *addr, struct debug_obj_descr *descr,
+ unsigned int expect, unsigned int next)
+{
+ struct debug_bucket *db;
+ struct debug_obj *obj;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ if (!debug_objects_enabled)
+ return;
+
+ db = get_bucket((unsigned long) addr);
+
+ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&db->lock, flags);
+
+ obj = lookup_object(addr, db);
+ if (obj) {
+ switch (obj->state) {
+ case ODEBUG_STATE_ACTIVE:
+ if (obj->astate == expect)
+ obj->astate = next;
+ else
+ debug_print_object(obj, "active_state");
+ break;
+
+ default:
+ debug_print_object(obj, "active_state");
+ break;
+ }
+ } else {
+ struct debug_obj o = { .object = addr,
+ .state = ODEBUG_STATE_NOTAVAILABLE,
+ .descr = descr };
+
+ debug_print_object(&o, "active_state");
+ }
+
+ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&db->lock, flags);
+}
+
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_FREE
static void __debug_check_no_obj_freed(const void *address, unsigned long size)
{