path: root/mm
AgeCommit message (Collapse)Author
2007-09-19Fix NUMA Memory Policy Reference CountingLee Schermerhorn
This patch proposes fixes to the reference counting of memory policy in the page allocation paths and in show_numa_map(). Extracted from my "Memory Policy Cleanups and Enhancements" series as stand-alone. Shared policy lookup [shmem] has always added a reference to the policy, but this was never unrefed after page allocation or after formatting the numa map data. Default system policy should not require additional ref counting, nor should the current task's task policy. However, show_numa_map() calls get_vma_policy() to examine what may be [likely is] another task's policy. The latter case needs protection against freeing of the policy. This patch adds a reference count to a mempolicy returned by get_vma_policy() when the policy is a vma policy or another task's mempolicy. Again, shared policy is already reference counted on lookup. A matching "unref" [__mpol_free()] is performed in alloc_page_vma() for shared and vma policies, and in show_numa_map() for shared and another task's mempolicy. We can call __mpol_free() directly, saving an admittedly inexpensive inline NULL test, because we know we have a non-NULL policy. Handling policy ref counts for hugepages is a bit trickier. huge_zonelist() returns a zone list that might come from a shared or vma 'BIND policy. In this case, we should hold the reference until after the huge page allocation in dequeue_hugepage(). The patch modifies huge_zonelist() to return a pointer to the mempolicy if it needs to be unref'd after allocation. Kernel Build [16cpu, 32GB, ia64] - average of 10 runs: w/o patch w/ refcount patch Avg Std Devn Avg Std Devn Real: 100.59 0.38 100.63 0.43 User: 1209.60 0.37 1209.91 0.31 System: 81.52 0.42 81.64 0.34 Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Acked-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-09-11SLUB: accurately compare debug flags during slab cache mergeChristoph Lameter
This was posted on Aug 28 and fixes an issue that could cause troubles when slab caches >=128k are created. http://marc.info/?l=linux-mm&m=118798149918424&w=2 Currently we simply add the debug flags unconditional when checking for a matching slab. This creates issues for sysfs processing when slabs exist that are exempt from debugging due to their huge size or because only a subset of slabs was selected for debugging. We need to only add the flags if kmem_cache_open() would also add them. Create a function to calculate the flags that would be set if the cache would be opened and use that function to determine the flags before looking for a compatible slab. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fixlets] Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: Chuck Ebbert <cebbert@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-08-31Page migration: Do not accept invalid nodes in the target nodesetChristoph Lameter
Page migration currently does not check if the target of the move contains nodes that that are invalid (if root attempts to migrate pages) and may try to allocate from invalid nodes if these are specified leading to oopses. Return -EINVAL if an offline node is specified. Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: Shaohua Li <shaohua.li@intel.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-08-31slub: do not fail if we cannot register a slab with sysfsChristoph Lameter
Do not BUG() if we cannot register a slab with sysfs. Just print an error. The only consequence of not registering is that the slab cache is not visible via /sys/slab. A BUG() may not be visible that early during boot and we have had multiple issues here already. Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-08-31fix rcu_read_lock() in page migratonKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
In migration fallback path, write_page() or lock_page() will be called. This causes sleep with holding rcu_read_lock(). For avoding that, just do rcu_lock if the page is Anon.(this is enough.) Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-08-31process_zones(): fix recovery codeAndrew Morton
Don't try to free memory which we didn't allocate. Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-08-22Apply memory policies to top two highest zones when highest zone is ZONE_MOVABLEMel Gorman
The NUMA layer only supports NUMA policies for the highest zone. When ZONE_MOVABLE is configured with kernelcore=, the the highest zone becomes ZONE_MOVABLE. The result is that policies are only applied to allocations like anonymous pages and page cache allocated from ZONE_MOVABLE when the zone is used. This patch applies policies to the two highest zones when the highest zone is ZONE_MOVABLE. As ZONE_MOVABLE consists of pages from the highest "real" zone, it's always functionally equivalent. The patch has been tested on a variety of machines both NUMA and non-NUMA covering x86, x86_64 and ppc64. No abnormal results were seen in kernbench, tbench, dbench or hackbench. It passes regression tests from the numactl package with and without kernelcore= once numactl tests are patched to wait for vmstat counters to update. akpm: this is the nasty hack to fix NUMA mempolicies in the presence of ZONE_MOVABLE and kernelcore= in 2.6.23. Christoph says "For .24 either merge the mobility or get the other solution that Mel is working on. That solution would only use a single zonelist per node and filter on the fly. That may help performance and also help to make memory policies work better." Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Acked-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Tested-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-08-22SLUB: do not fail on broken memory configurationsChristoph Lameter
Print a big fat warning and do what is necessary to continue if a node is marked as up (meaning either node is online (upstream) or node has memory (Andrew's tree)) but allocations from the node do not succeed. Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-08-22SLUB: use atomic_long_read for atomic_long variablesChristoph Lameter
SLUB is using atomic_read() for variables declared atomic_long_t. Switch to atomic_long_read(). Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-08-22Fix VM_FAULT flags conversion for hugetlbAdam Litke
It seems a simple mistake was made when converting follow_hugetlb_page() over to the VM_FAULT flags bitmasks (in "mm: fault feedback #2", commit 83c54070ee1a2d05c89793884bea1a03f2851ed4). By using the wrong bitmask, hugetlb_fault() failures are not being recognized. This results in an infinite loop whenever follow_hugetlb_page is involved in a failed fault. Signed-off-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com> Acked-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-08-22slab: skip calling cache_free_alien() when the platform is not numa capableSiddha, Suresh B
Skip calling cache_free_alien() when the platform is not numa capable. This will avoid cache misses that happen while accessing slabp (which is per page memory reference) to get nodeid. Instead use a global variable to skip the call, which is mostly likely to be present in the cache. This gives a 0.8% performance boost with the database oltp workload on a quad-core SMP platform and by any means the number is not small :) Signed-off-by: Suresh Siddha <suresh.b.siddha@intel.com> Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-08-22fix NULL pointer dereference in __vm_enough_memory()Alan Cox
The new exec code inserts an accounted vma into an mm struct which is not current->mm. The existing memory check code has a hard coded assumption that this does not happen as does the security code. As the correct mm is known we pass the mm to the security method and the helper function. A new security test is added for the case where we need to pass the mm and the existing one is modified to pass current->mm to avoid the need to change large amounts of code. (Thanks to Tobias for fixing rejects and testing) Signed-off-by: Alan Cox <alan@redhat.com> Cc: WU Fengguang <wfg@mail.ustc.edu.cn> Cc: James Morris <jmorris@redhat.com> Cc: Tobias Diedrich <ranma+kernel@tdiedrich.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-08-22synchronous lumpy reclaim: wait for page writeback when directly reclaiming ↵Andy Whitcroft
contiguous areas Lumpy reclaim works by selecting a lead page from the LRU list and then selecting pages for reclaim from the order-aligned area of pages. In the situation were all pages in that region are inactive and not referenced by any process over time, it works well. In the situation where there is even light load on the system, the pages may not free quickly. Out of a area of 1024 pages, maybe only 950 of them are freed when the allocation attempt occurs because lumpy reclaim returned early. This patch alters the behaviour of direct reclaim for large contiguous blocks. The first attempt to call shrink_page_list() is asynchronous but if it fails, the pages are submitted a second time and the calling process waits for the IO to complete. This may stall allocators waiting for contiguous memory but that should be expected behaviour for high-order users. It is preferable behaviour to potentially queueing unnecessary areas for IO. Note that kswapd will not stall in this fashion. [apw@shadowen.org: update to version 2] [apw@shadowen.org: update to version 3] Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Signed-off-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-08-22synchronous lumpy reclaim: ensure we count pages transitioning inactive via ↵Andy Whitcroft
clear_active_flags As pointed out by Mel when reclaim is applied at higher orders a significant amount of IO may be started. As this takes finite time to drain reclaim will consider more areas than ultimatly needed to satisfy the request. This leads to more reclaim than strictly required and reduced success rates. I was able to confirm Mel's test results on systems locally. These show that even under light load the success rates drop off far more than expected. Testing with a modified version of his patch (which follows) I was able to allocate almost all of ZONE_MOVABLE with a near idle system. I ran 5 test passes sequentially following system boot (the system has 29 hugepages in ZONE_MOVABLE): 2.6.23-rc1 11 8 6 7 7 sync_lumpy 28 28 29 29 26 These show that although hugely better than the near 0% success normally expected we can only allocate about a 1/4 of the zone. Using synchronous reclaim for these allocations we get close to 100% as expected. I have also run our standard high order tests and these show no regressions in allocation success rates at rest, and some significant improvements under load. This patch: We are transitioning pages from active to inactive in clear_active_flags, those need counting as PGDEACTIVATE vm events. Signed-off-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-08-22sparsemem: ensure we initialise the node mapping for SPARSEMEM_STATICAndy Whitcroft
Booting SPARSEMEM on NUMA systems trips a BUG in page_alloc.c: Initializing HighMem for node 0 (00038000:00100000) Initializing HighMem for node 1 (00100000:001ffe00) ------------[ cut here ]------------ kernel BUG at /home/apw/git/linux-2.6/mm/page_alloc.c:456! [...] This occurs because the section to node id mapping is not being setup correctly during init under SPARSEMEM_STATIC, leading to an attempt to free pages from all nodes into the zones on node 0. When the zone_table[] was removed in the following commit, a new section to node mapping table was introduced: commit 89689ae7f95995723fbcd5c116c47933a3bb8b13 [PATCH] Get rid of zone_table[] That conversion inadvertantly only initialised the node mapping in SPARSEMEM_EXTREME. Ensure we initialise the node mapping in SPARSEMEM_STATIC. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: make the stubs static inline] Signed-off-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org> Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-08-11Merge branch 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-2.6-blockLinus Torvalds
* 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-2.6-block: BLOCK: Hide the contents of linux/bio.h if CONFIG_BLOCK=n sysace: HDIO_GETGEO has it's own method for ages drivers/block/cpqarray.c: better error handling and kmalloc + memset conversion to k[cz]alloc drivers/block/cciss.c: kmalloc + memset conversion to kzalloc Clean up duplicate includes in drivers/block/ Fix remap handling by blktrace [PATCH] remove mm/filemap.c:file_send_actor()
2007-08-11readahead: docbook fixStephen Hemminger
Minor docbook error since argument name in comment doesn't match function Signed-off-by: Stephen Hemminger <shemminger@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-08-11[PATCH] remove mm/filemap.c:file_send_actor()Adrian Bunk
This patch removes the no longer used file_send_actor(). Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@stusta.de> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
2007-08-09SLUB: Fix dynamic dma kmalloc cache creationChristoph Lameter
The dynamic dma kmalloc creation can run into trouble if a GFP_ATOMIC allocation is the first one performed for a certain size of dma kmalloc slab. - Move the adding of the slab to sysfs into a workqueue (sysfs does GFP_KERNEL allocations) - Do not call kmem_cache_destroy() (uses slub_lock) - Only acquire the slub_lock once and--if we cannot wait--do a trylock. This introduces a slight risk of the first kmalloc(x, GFP_DMA|GFP_ATOMIC) for a range of sizes failing due to another process holding the slub_lock. However, we only need to acquire the spinlock once in order to establish each power of two DMA kmalloc cache. The possible conflict is with the slub_lock taken during slab management actions (create / remove slab cache). It is rather typical that a driver will first fill its buffers using GFP_KERNEL allocations which will wait until the slub_lock can be acquired. Drivers will also create its slab caches first outside of an atomic context before starting to use atomic kmalloc from an interrupt context. If there are any failures then they will occur early after boot or when loading of multiple drivers concurrently. Drivers can already accomodate failures of GFP_ATOMIC for other reasons. Retries will then create the slab. Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
2007-08-09SLUB: Remove checks for MAX_PARTIAL from kmem_cache_shrinkChristoph Lameter
The MAX_PARTIAL checks were supposed to be an optimization. However, slab shrinking is a manually triggered process either through running slabinfo or by the kernel calling kmem_cache_shrink. If one really wants to shrink a slab then all operations should be done regardless of the size of the partial list. This also fixes an issue that could surface if the number of partial slabs was initially above MAX_PARTIAL in kmem_cache_shrink and later drops below MAX_PARTIAL through the elimination of empty slabs on the partial list (rare). In that case a few slabs may be left off the partial list (and only be put back when they are empty). Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
2007-07-31fix filemap.c kernel-docRandy Dunlap
Fix kernel-doc warning: Warning(linux-2.6.23-rc1-mm1//mm/filemap.c:864): No description found for parameter 'ra' Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-31oom: print points as unsigned longDavid Rientjes
In badness(), the automatic variable 'points' is unsigned long. Print it as such. Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-31Do not trigger OOM-killer for high-order allocation failuresMel Gorman
out_of_memory() may be called when an allocation is failing and the direct reclaim is not making any progress. This does not take into account the requested order of the allocation. If the request if for an order larger than PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER, it is reasonable to fail the allocation because the kernel makes no guarantees about those allocations succeeding. This false OOM situation can occur if a user is trying to grow the hugepage pool in a script like; #!/bin/bash REQUIRED=$1 echo 1 > /proc/sys/vm/hugepages_treat_as_movable echo $REQUIRED > /proc/sys/vm/nr_hugepages ACTUAL=`cat /proc/sys/vm/nr_hugepages` while [ $REQUIRED -ne $ACTUAL ]; do echo Huge page pool at $ACTUAL growing to $REQUIRED echo $REQUIRED > /proc/sys/vm/nr_hugepages ACTUAL=`cat /proc/sys/vm/nr_hugepages` sleep 1 done This is a reasonable scenario when ZONE_MOVABLE is in use but triggers OOM easily on 2.6.23-rc1. This patch will fail an allocation for an order above PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER instead of killing processes and retrying. Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Acked-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-30slub: fix bug in slub debug supportPeter Zijlstra
We ClearSlabDebug() before the last SlabDebug() check. Clear it later. Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
2007-07-30slub: add lock debugging checkPeter Zijlstra
Ingo noticed that the SLUB code does include the lock debugging free check. Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Acked-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi> Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
2007-07-29Remove fs.h from mm.hAlexey Dobriyan
Remove fs.h from mm.h. For this, 1) Uninline vma_wants_writenotify(). It's pretty huge anyway. 2) Add back fs.h or less bloated headers (err.h) to files that need it. As result, on x86_64 allyesconfig, fs.h dependencies cut down from 3929 files rebuilt down to 3444 (-12.3%). Cross-compile tested without regressions on my two usual configs and (sigh): alpha arm-mx1ads mips-bigsur powerpc-ebony alpha-allnoconfig arm-neponset mips-capcella powerpc-g5 alpha-defconfig arm-netwinder mips-cobalt powerpc-holly alpha-up arm-netx mips-db1000 powerpc-iseries arm arm-ns9xxx mips-db1100 powerpc-linkstation arm-assabet arm-omap_h2_1610 mips-db1200 powerpc-lite5200 arm-at91rm9200dk arm-onearm mips-db1500 powerpc-maple arm-at91rm9200ek arm-picotux200 mips-db1550 powerpc-mpc7448_hpc2 arm-at91sam9260ek arm-pleb mips-ddb5477 powerpc-mpc8272_ads arm-at91sam9261ek arm-pnx4008 mips-decstation powerpc-mpc8313_rdb arm-at91sam9263ek arm-pxa255-idp mips-e55 powerpc-mpc832x_mds arm-at91sam9rlek arm-realview mips-emma2rh powerpc-mpc832x_rdb arm-ateb9200 arm-realview-smp mips-excite powerpc-mpc834x_itx arm-badge4 arm-rpc mips-fulong powerpc-mpc834x_itxgp arm-carmeva arm-s3c2410 mips-ip22 powerpc-mpc834x_mds arm-cerfcube arm-shannon mips-ip27 powerpc-mpc836x_mds arm-clps7500 arm-shark mips-ip32 powerpc-mpc8540_ads arm-collie arm-simpad mips-jazz powerpc-mpc8544_ds arm-corgi arm-spitz mips-jmr3927 powerpc-mpc8560_ads arm-csb337 arm-trizeps4 mips-malta powerpc-mpc8568mds arm-csb637 arm-versatile mips-mipssim powerpc-mpc85xx_cds arm-ebsa110 i386 mips-mpc30x powerpc-mpc8641_hpcn arm-edb7211 i386-allnoconfig mips-msp71xx powerpc-mpc866_ads arm-em_x270 i386-defconfig mips-ocelot powerpc-mpc885_ads arm-ep93xx i386-up mips-pb1100 powerpc-pasemi arm-footbridge ia64 mips-pb1500 powerpc-pmac32 arm-fortunet ia64-allnoconfig mips-pb1550 powerpc-ppc64 arm-h3600 ia64-bigsur mips-pnx8550-jbs powerpc-prpmc2800 arm-h7201 ia64-defconfig mips-pnx8550-stb810 powerpc-ps3 arm-h7202 ia64-gensparse mips-qemu powerpc-pseries arm-hackkit ia64-sim mips-rbhma4200 powerpc-up arm-integrator ia64-sn2 mips-rbhma4500 s390 arm-iop13xx ia64-tiger mips-rm200 s390-allnoconfig arm-iop32x ia64-up mips-sb1250-swarm s390-defconfig arm-iop33x ia64-zx1 mips-sead s390-up arm-ixp2000 m68k mips-tb0219 sparc arm-ixp23xx m68k-amiga mips-tb0226 sparc-allnoconfig arm-ixp4xx m68k-apollo mips-tb0287 sparc-defconfig arm-jornada720 m68k-atari mips-workpad sparc-up arm-kafa m68k-bvme6000 mips-wrppmc sparc64 arm-kb9202 m68k-hp300 mips-yosemite sparc64-allnoconfig arm-ks8695 m68k-mac parisc sparc64-defconfig arm-lart m68k-mvme147 parisc-allnoconfig sparc64-up arm-lpd270 m68k-mvme16x parisc-defconfig um-x86_64 arm-lpd7a400 m68k-q40 parisc-up x86_64 arm-lpd7a404 m68k-sun3 powerpc x86_64-allnoconfig arm-lubbock m68k-sun3x powerpc-cell x86_64-defconfig arm-lusl7200 mips powerpc-celleb x86_64-up arm-mainstone mips-atlas powerpc-chrp32 Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-29Introduce CONFIG_SUSPEND for suspend-to-Ram and standbyRafael J. Wysocki
Introduce CONFIG_SUSPEND representing the ability to enter system sleep states, such as the ACPI S3 state, and allow the user to choose SUSPEND and HIBERNATION independently of each other. Make HOTPLUG_CPU be selected automatically if SUSPEND or HIBERNATION has been chosen and the kernel is intended for SMP systems. Also, introduce CONFIG_PM_SLEEP which is automatically selected if CONFIG_SUSPEND or CONFIG_HIBERNATION is set and use it to select the code needed for both suspend and hibernation. The top-level power management headers and the ACPI code related to suspend and hibernation are modified to use the new definitions (the changes in drivers/acpi/sleep/main.c are, mostly, moving code to reduce the number of ifdefs). There are many other files in which CONFIG_PM can be replaced with CONFIG_PM_SLEEP or even with CONFIG_SUSPEND, but they can be updated in the future. Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Replace CONFIG_SOFTWARE_SUSPEND with CONFIG_HIBERNATION to avoid confusion (among other things, with CONFIG_SUSPEND introduced in the next patch). Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-26Allow nodes to exist that only contain ZONE_MOVABLEMel Gorman
With the introduction of kernelcore=, a configurable zone is created on request. In some cases, this value will be small enough that some nodes contain only ZONE_MOVABLE. On some NUMA configurations when this occurs, arch-independent zone-sizing will get the size of the memory holes within the node incorrect. The value of present_pages goes negative and the boot fails. This patch fixes the bug in the calculation of the size of the hole. The test case is to boot test a NUMA machine with a low value of kernelcore= before and after the patch is applied. While this bug exists in early kernel it cannot be triggered in practice. This patch has been boot-tested on a variety machines with and without kernelcore= set. Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-26memory unplug: isolate_lru_page fixKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
release_pages() in mm/swap.c changes page_count() to be 0 without removing PageLRU flag... This means isolate_lru_page() can see a page, PageLRU() && page_count(page)==0.. This is BUG. (get_page() will be called against count=0 page.) Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-26memory unplug: migration by kernelKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
In usual, migrate_pages(page,,) is called with holding mm->sem by system call. (mm here is a mm_struct which maps the migration target page.) This semaphore helps avoiding some race conditions. But, if we want to migrate a page by some kernel codes, we have to avoid some races. This patch adds check code for following race condition. 1. A page which page->mapping==NULL can be target of migration. Then, we have to check page->mapping before calling try_to_unmap(). 2. anon_vma can be freed while page is unmapped, but page->mapping remains as it was. We drop page->mapcount to be 0. Then we cannot trust page->mapping. So, use rcu_read_lock() to prevent anon_vma pointed by page->mapping from being freed during migration. Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-24Merge branch 'request-queue-t' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-2.6-blockLinus Torvalds
* 'request-queue-t' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-2.6-block: [BLOCK] Add request_queue_t and mark it deprecated [BLOCK] Get rid of request_queue_t typedef
2007-07-24slab: correctly handle __GFP_ZEROAndrew Morton
Use the correct local variable when calling into the page allocator. Local `flags' can have __GFP_ZERO set, which causes us to pass __GFP_ZERO into the page allocator, possibly from illegal contexts. The page allocator will later do prep_zero_page()->kmap_atomic(..., KM_USER0) from irq contexts and will then go BUG. Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-24fix hugetlb page allocation leakKen Chen
dequeue_huge_page() has a serious memory leak upon hugetlb page allocation. The for loop continues on allocating hugetlb pages out of all allowable zone, where this function is supposedly only dequeue one and only one pages. Fixed it by breaking out of the for loop once a hugetlb page is found. Signed-off-by: Ken Chen <kenchen@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-24[BLOCK] Get rid of request_queue_t typedefJens Axboe
Some of the code has been gradually transitioned to using the proper struct request_queue, but there's lots left. So do a full sweet of the kernel and get rid of this typedef and replace its uses with the proper type. Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
2007-07-22x86_64: fix section mismatch warning in init.cSam Ravnborg
Fix following warning: WARNING: vmlinux.o(.text+0x188ea): Section mismatch: reference to .init.text:__alloc_bootmem_core (between 'alloc_bootmem_high_node' and 'get_gate_vma') alloc_bootmem_high_node() is only used from __init scope so declare it __init. And in addition declare the weak variant __init too. Signed-off-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org> Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-21slob: reduce list scanningMatt Mackall
The version of SLOB in -mm always scans its free list from the beginning, which results in small allocations and free segments clustering at the beginning of the list over time. This causes the average search to scan over a large stretch at the beginning on each allocation. By starting each page search where the last one left off, we evenly distribute the allocations and greatly shorten the average search. Without this patch, kernel compiles on a 1.5G machine take a large amount of system time for list scanning. With this patch, compiles are within a few seconds of performance of a SLAB kernel with no notable change in system time. Signed-off-by: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-21remove handle_mm_fault exportChristoph Hellwig
Now that arch/powerpc/platforms/cell/spufs/fault.c is always built in the kernel there is no need to export handle_mm_fault anymore. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-21nommu: vmalloc_32_user()/vm_insert_page() and symbol exports.Paul Mundt
Trying to survive an allmodconfig on a nommu platform results in many screen lengths of module unhappiness. Many of the mmap related things that binfmt_flat hooks in to are never exported despite being global, and there are also missing definitions for vmalloc_32_user() and vm_insert_page(). I've implemented vmalloc_32_user() trying to stick as close to the mm/vmalloc.c implementation as possible, though we don't have any need for VM_USERMAP, so groveling for the VMA can be skipped. vm_insert_page() has been stubbed for now in order to keep the build happy. Signed-off-by: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-20mm: fix memory hotplug oops from ZONE_MOVABLE changes.Paul Mundt
zone_movable_pfn is presently marked as __initdata and referenced from adjust_zone_range_for_zone_movable(), which in turn is referenced by zone_spanned_pages_in_node(). Both of these are __meminit annotated. When memory hotplug is enabled, this will oops on a hot-add, due to zone_movable_pfn having been freed. __meminitdata annotation gives the desired behaviour. This will only impact platforms that enable both memory hotplug and ARCH_POPULATES_NODE_MAP. Signed-off-by: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-20mm: Remove slab destructors from kmem_cache_create().Paul Mundt
Slab destructors were no longer supported after Christoph's c59def9f222d44bb7e2f0a559f2906191a0862d7 change. They've been BUGs for both slab and slub, and slob never supported them either. This rips out support for the dtor pointer from kmem_cache_create() completely and fixes up every single callsite in the kernel (there were about 224, not including the slab allocator definitions themselves, or the documentation references). Signed-off-by: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org>
2007-07-19slub: fix ksize() for zero-sized pointersLinus Torvalds
The slab and slob allocators already did this right, but slub would call "get_object_page()" on the magic ZERO_SIZE_PTR, with all kinds of nasty end results. Noted by Ingo Molnar. Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-19Fix up non-NUMA SLAB configuration for zero-sized allocationsLinus Torvalds
I suspect Christoph tested his code only in the NUMA configuration, for the combination of SLAB+non-NUMA the zero-sized kmalloc's would not work. Of course, this would only trigger in configurations where those zero- sized allocations happen (not very common), so that may explain why it wasn't more widely noticed. Seen by by Andi Kleen under qemu, and there seems to be a report by Michael Tsirkin on it too. Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Cc: Roland Dreier <rdreier@cisco.com> Cc: Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@dev.mellanox.co.il> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi> Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-19lguest: export symbols for lguest as a moduleRusty Russell
lguest does some fairly lowlevel things to support a host, which normal modules don't need: math_state_restore: When the guest triggers a Device Not Available fault, we need to be able to restore the FPU __put_task_struct: We need to hold a reference to another task for inter-guest I/O, and put_task_struct() is an inline function which calls __put_task_struct. access_process_vm: We need to access another task for inter-guest I/O. map_vm_area & __get_vm_area: We need to map the switcher shim (ie. monitor) at 0xFFC01000. Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-19move page writeback acounting out of macrosAndrew Morton
page-writeback accounting is presently performed in the page-flags macros. This is inconsistent and a bit ugly and makes it awkward to implement per-backing_dev under-writeback page accounting. So move this accounting down to the callsite(s). Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-19hugetlb: use set_compound_page_dtorAkinobu Mita
Use appropriate accessor function to set compound page destructor function. Cc: William Irwin <wli@holomorphy.com> Signed-off-by: Akinobu Mita <akinobu.mita@gmail.com> Acked-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-19Remove nid_lock from alloc_fresh_huge_pageHugh Dickins
The fix to that race in alloc_fresh_huge_page() which could give an illegal node ID did not need nid_lock at all: the fix was to replace static int nid by static int prev_nid and do the work on local int nid. nid_lock did make sure that racers strictly roundrobin the nodes, but that's not something we need to enforce strictly. Kill nid_lock. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-19vmalloc_32 should use GFP_KERNELBenjamin Herrenschmidt
I've noticed lots of failures of vmalloc_32 on machines where it shouldn't have failed unless it was doing an atomic operation. Looking closely, I noticed that: #if defined(CONFIG_64BIT) && defined(CONFIG_ZONE_DMA32) #define GFP_VMALLOC32 GFP_DMA32 #elif defined(CONFIG_64BIT) && defined(CONFIG_ZONE_DMA) #define GFP_VMALLOC32 GFP_DMA #else #define GFP_VMALLOC32 GFP_KERNEL #endif Which seems to be incorrect, it should always -or- in the DMA flags on top of GFP_KERNEL, thus this patch. This fixes frequent errors launchin X with the nouveau DRM for example. Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Cc: Dave Airlie <airlied@linux.ie> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-19FRV: work around a possible compiler bugDavid Howells
Work around a possible bug in the FRV compiler. What appears to be happening is that gcc resolves the __builtin_constant_p() in kmalloc() to true, but then fails to reduce the therefore constant conditions in the if-statements it guards to constant results. When compiling with -O2 or -Os, one single spurious error crops up in cpuup_callback() in mm/slab.c. This can be avoided by making the memsize variable const. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-19dequeue_huge_page() warning fixAndrew Morton
mm/hugetlb.c: In function `dequeue_huge_page': mm/hugetlb.c:72: warning: 'nid' might be used uninitialized in this function Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com> Cc: David Gibson <hermes@gibson.dropbear.id.au> Cc: William Lee Irwin III <wli@holomorphy.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>