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authorAndi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>2008-08-30 10:09:00 +0200
committerRusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>2008-10-22 10:00:22 +1100
commitd72b37513cdfbd3f53f3d485a8c403cc96d2c95f (patch)
treebdc0ad7aa94bc52290b42e325ac59c9140faf090 /kernel
parent5e458cc0f4770eea45d3c07110f01b3a94c72aa5 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-d72b37513cdfbd3f53f3d485a8c403cc96d2c95f.tar.gz
Remove stop_machine during module load v2
Remove stop_machine during module load v2 module loading currently does a stop_machine on each module load to insert the module into the global module lists. Especially on larger systems this can be quite expensive. It does that to handle concurrent lock lessmodule list readers like kallsyms. I don't think stop_machine() is actually needed to insert something into a list though. There are no concurrent writers because the module mutex is taken. And the RCU list functions know how to insert a node into a list with the right memory ordering so that concurrent readers don't go off into the wood. So remove the stop_machine for the module list insert and just do a list_add_rcu() instead. Module removal will still do a stop_machine of course, it needs that for other reasons. v2: Revised readers based on Paul's comments. All readers that only rely on disabled preemption need to be changed to list_for_each_rcu(). Done that. The others are ok because they have the modules mutex. Also added a possible missing preempt disable for print_modules(). [cc Paul McKenney for review. It's not RCU, but quite similar.] Acked-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel')
-rw-r--r--kernel/module.c47
1 files changed, 22 insertions, 25 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/module.c b/kernel/module.c
index 3d256681ab6..c0f1826e2d9 100644
--- a/kernel/module.c
+++ b/kernel/module.c
@@ -42,6 +42,7 @@
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/unwind.h>
+#include <linux/rculist.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include <linux/license.h>
@@ -63,7 +64,7 @@
#define INIT_OFFSET_MASK (1UL << (BITS_PER_LONG-1))
/* List of modules, protected by module_mutex or preempt_disable
- * (add/delete uses stop_machine). */
+ * (delete uses stop_machine/add uses RCU list operations). */
static DEFINE_MUTEX(module_mutex);
static LIST_HEAD(modules);
@@ -241,7 +242,7 @@ static bool each_symbol(bool (*fn)(const struct symsearch *arr,
if (each_symbol_in_section(arr, ARRAY_SIZE(arr), NULL, fn, data))
return true;
- list_for_each_entry(mod, &modules, list) {
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(mod, &modules, list) {
struct symsearch arr[] = {
{ mod->syms, mod->syms + mod->num_syms, mod->crcs,
NOT_GPL_ONLY, false },
@@ -1417,17 +1418,6 @@ static void mod_kobject_remove(struct module *mod)
}
/*
- * link the module with the whole machine is stopped with interrupts off
- * - this defends against kallsyms not taking locks
- */
-static int __link_module(void *_mod)
-{
- struct module *mod = _mod;
- list_add(&mod->list, &modules);
- return 0;
-}
-
-/*
* unlink the module with the whole machine is stopped with interrupts off
* - this defends against kallsyms not taking locks
*/
@@ -2239,9 +2229,13 @@ static noinline struct module *load_module(void __user *umod,
mod->name);
/* Now sew it into the lists so we can get lockdep and oops
- * info during argument parsing. Noone should access us, since
- * strong_try_module_get() will fail. */
- stop_machine(__link_module, mod, NULL);
+ * info during argument parsing. Noone should access us, since
+ * strong_try_module_get() will fail.
+ * lockdep/oops can run asynchronous, so use the RCU list insertion
+ * function to insert in a way safe to concurrent readers.
+ * The mutex protects against concurrent writers.
+ */
+ list_add_rcu(&mod->list, &modules);
err = parse_args(mod->name, mod->args, kp, num_kp, NULL);
if (err < 0)
@@ -2436,7 +2430,7 @@ const char *module_address_lookup(unsigned long addr,
const char *ret = NULL;
preempt_disable();
- list_for_each_entry(mod, &modules, list) {
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(mod, &modules, list) {
if (within(addr, mod->module_init, mod->init_size)
|| within(addr, mod->module_core, mod->core_size)) {
if (modname)
@@ -2459,7 +2453,7 @@ int lookup_module_symbol_name(unsigned long addr, char *symname)
struct module *mod;
preempt_disable();
- list_for_each_entry(mod, &modules, list) {
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(mod, &modules, list) {
if (within(addr, mod->module_init, mod->init_size) ||
within(addr, mod->module_core, mod->core_size)) {
const char *sym;
@@ -2483,7 +2477,7 @@ int lookup_module_symbol_attrs(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *size,
struct module *mod;
preempt_disable();
- list_for_each_entry(mod, &modules, list) {
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(mod, &modules, list) {
if (within(addr, mod->module_init, mod->init_size) ||
within(addr, mod->module_core, mod->core_size)) {
const char *sym;
@@ -2510,7 +2504,7 @@ int module_get_kallsym(unsigned int symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type,
struct module *mod;
preempt_disable();
- list_for_each_entry(mod, &modules, list) {
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(mod, &modules, list) {
if (symnum < mod->num_symtab) {
*value = mod->symtab[symnum].st_value;
*type = mod->symtab[symnum].st_info;
@@ -2553,7 +2547,7 @@ unsigned long module_kallsyms_lookup_name(const char *name)
ret = mod_find_symname(mod, colon+1);
*colon = ':';
} else {
- list_for_each_entry(mod, &modules, list)
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(mod, &modules, list)
if ((ret = mod_find_symname(mod, name)) != 0)
break;
}
@@ -2656,7 +2650,7 @@ const struct exception_table_entry *search_module_extables(unsigned long addr)
struct module *mod;
preempt_disable();
- list_for_each_entry(mod, &modules, list) {
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(mod, &modules, list) {
if (mod->num_exentries == 0)
continue;
@@ -2682,7 +2676,7 @@ int is_module_address(unsigned long addr)
preempt_disable();
- list_for_each_entry(mod, &modules, list) {
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(mod, &modules, list) {
if (within(addr, mod->module_core, mod->core_size)) {
preempt_enable();
return 1;
@@ -2703,7 +2697,7 @@ struct module *__module_text_address(unsigned long addr)
if (addr < module_addr_min || addr > module_addr_max)
return NULL;
- list_for_each_entry(mod, &modules, list)
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(mod, &modules, list)
if (within(addr, mod->module_init, mod->init_text_size)
|| within(addr, mod->module_core, mod->core_text_size))
return mod;
@@ -2728,8 +2722,11 @@ void print_modules(void)
char buf[8];
printk("Modules linked in:");
- list_for_each_entry(mod, &modules, list)
+ /* Most callers should already have preempt disabled, but make sure */
+ preempt_disable();
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(mod, &modules, list)
printk(" %s%s", mod->name, module_flags(mod, buf));
+ preempt_enable();
if (last_unloaded_module[0])
printk(" [last unloaded: %s]", last_unloaded_module);
printk("\n");