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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2008-10-23 10:10:25 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2008-10-23 10:10:25 -0700
commitfeeedc6c820e1026453ad865076cee435f24d30a (patch)
tree3eae5251bef80944048df1915e180394e5b7818c /Documentation
parenta27028349ccbcec9dde9d6dbba9d4017ad9ad5ab (diff)
parent11f1f2afd6b07729b12aaba479344d7f12d88ff9 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-feeedc6c820e1026453ad865076cee435f24d30a.tar.gz
Merge branch 'i2c-for-linus' of git://jdelvare.pck.nerim.net/jdelvare-2.6
* 'i2c-for-linus' of git://jdelvare.pck.nerim.net/jdelvare-2.6: i2c: Add info->archdata field i2c: Inform about deprecated chips directory i2c: Use pci_ioremap_bar() Schedule removal of the legacy i2c device driver binding model i2c: Clean up <linux/i2c.h> i2c: Update and clean up writing-clients document i2c: Drop 2-byte address block transfer defines i2c: Delete legacy model documentation i2c: Constify i2c_get_clientdata's parameter i2c: Delete outdated client porting guide i2c: Make clear what the class field of i2c_adapter is good for i2c-algo-pcf: Fix typo in debugging log message i2c-algo-pcf: Add adapter hooks around xfer begin and end i2c-algo-pcf: Pass adapter data into ->waitforpin() method i2c-i801: Add support for Intel Ibex Peak
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation')
-rw-r--r--Documentation/feature-removal-schedule.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/i2c/busses/i2c-i8017
-rw-r--r--Documentation/i2c/porting-clients160
-rw-r--r--Documentation/i2c/writing-clients491
4 files changed, 128 insertions, 538 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/feature-removal-schedule.txt b/Documentation/feature-removal-schedule.txt
index f5f812daf9f..05d71b4b943 100644
--- a/Documentation/feature-removal-schedule.txt
+++ b/Documentation/feature-removal-schedule.txt
@@ -359,3 +359,11 @@ Why: The 2.6 kernel supports direct writing to ide CD drives, which
eliminates the need for ide-scsi. The new method is more
efficient in every way.
Who: FUJITA Tomonori <fujita.tomonori@lab.ntt.co.jp>
+
+---------------------------
+
+What: i2c_attach_client(), i2c_detach_client(), i2c_driver->detach_client()
+When: 2.6.29 (ideally) or 2.6.30 (more likely)
+Why: Deprecated by the new (standard) device driver binding model. Use
+ i2c_driver->probe() and ->remove() instead.
+Who: Jean Delvare <khali@linux-fr.org>
diff --git a/Documentation/i2c/busses/i2c-i801 b/Documentation/i2c/busses/i2c-i801
index c31e0291e16..81c0c59a60e 100644
--- a/Documentation/i2c/busses/i2c-i801
+++ b/Documentation/i2c/busses/i2c-i801
@@ -13,8 +13,9 @@ Supported adapters:
* Intel 631xESB/632xESB (ESB2)
* Intel 82801H (ICH8)
* Intel 82801I (ICH9)
- * Intel Tolapai
- * Intel ICH10
+ * Intel EP80579 (Tolapai)
+ * Intel 82801JI (ICH10)
+ * Intel PCH
Datasheets: Publicly available at the Intel website
Authors:
@@ -32,7 +33,7 @@ Description
-----------
The ICH (properly known as the 82801AA), ICH0 (82801AB), ICH2 (82801BA),
-ICH3 (82801CA/CAM) and later devices are Intel chips that are a part of
+ICH3 (82801CA/CAM) and later devices (PCH) are Intel chips that are a part of
Intel's '810' chipset for Celeron-based PCs, '810E' chipset for
Pentium-based PCs, '815E' chipset, and others.
diff --git a/Documentation/i2c/porting-clients b/Documentation/i2c/porting-clients
deleted file mode 100644
index 7bf82c08f6c..00000000000
--- a/Documentation/i2c/porting-clients
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,160 +0,0 @@
-Revision 7, 2007-04-19
-Jean Delvare <khali@linux-fr.org>
-Greg KH <greg@kroah.com>
-
-This is a guide on how to convert I2C chip drivers from Linux 2.4 to
-Linux 2.6. I have been using existing drivers (lm75, lm78) as examples.
-Then I converted a driver myself (lm83) and updated this document.
-Note that this guide is strongly oriented towards hardware monitoring
-drivers. Many points are still valid for other type of drivers, but
-others may be irrelevant.
-
-There are two sets of points below. The first set concerns technical
-changes. The second set concerns coding policy. Both are mandatory.
-
-Although reading this guide will help you porting drivers, I suggest
-you keep an eye on an already ported driver while porting your own
-driver. This will help you a lot understanding what this guide
-exactly means. Choose the chip driver that is the more similar to
-yours for best results.
-
-Technical changes:
-
-* [Driver type] Any driver that was relying on i2c-isa has to be
- converted to a proper isa, platform or pci driver. This is not
- covered by this guide.
-
-* [Includes] Get rid of "version.h" and <linux/i2c-proc.h>.
- Includes typically look like that:
- #include <linux/module.h>
- #include <linux/init.h>
- #include <linux/slab.h>
- #include <linux/jiffies.h>
- #include <linux/i2c.h>
- #include <linux/hwmon.h> /* for hardware monitoring drivers */
- #include <linux/hwmon-sysfs.h>
- #include <linux/hwmon-vid.h> /* if you need VRM support */
- #include <linux/err.h> /* for class registration */
- Please respect this inclusion order. Some extra headers may be
- required for a given driver (e.g. "lm75.h").
-
-* [Addresses] SENSORS_I2C_END becomes I2C_CLIENT_END, ISA addresses
- are no more handled by the i2c core. Address ranges are no more
- supported either, define each individual address separately.
- SENSORS_INSMOD_<n> becomes I2C_CLIENT_INSMOD_<n>.
-
-* [Client data] Get rid of sysctl_id. Try using standard names for
- register values (for example, temp_os becomes temp_max). You're
- still relatively free here, but you *have* to follow the standard
- names for sysfs files (see the Sysctl section below).
-
-* [Function prototypes] The detect functions loses its flags
- parameter. Sysctl (e.g. lm75_temp) and miscellaneous functions
- are off the list of prototypes. This usually leaves five
- prototypes:
- static int lm75_attach_adapter(struct i2c_adapter *adapter);
- static int lm75_detect(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, int address,
- int kind);
- static void lm75_init_client(struct i2c_client *client);
- static int lm75_detach_client(struct i2c_client *client);
- static struct lm75_data lm75_update_device(struct device *dev);
-
-* [Sysctl] All sysctl stuff is of course gone (defines, ctl_table
- and functions). Instead, you have to define show and set functions for
- each sysfs file. Only define set for writable values. Take a look at an
- existing 2.6 driver for details (it87 for example). Don't forget
- to define the attributes for each file (this is that step that
- links callback functions). Use the file names specified in
- Documentation/hwmon/sysfs-interface for the individual files. Also
- convert the units these files read and write to the specified ones.
- If you need to add a new type of file, please discuss it on the
- sensors mailing list <lm-sensors@lm-sensors.org> by providing a
- patch to the Documentation/hwmon/sysfs-interface file.
-
-* [Attach] The attach function should make sure that the adapter's
- class has I2C_CLASS_HWMON (or whatever class is suitable for your
- driver), using the following construct:
- if (!(adapter->class & I2C_CLASS_HWMON))
- return 0;
- Call i2c_probe() instead of i2c_detect().
-
-* [Detect] As mentioned earlier, the flags parameter is gone.
- The type_name and client_name strings are replaced by a single
- name string, which will be filled with a lowercase, short string.
- The labels used for error paths are reduced to the number needed.
- It is advised that the labels are given descriptive names such as
- exit and exit_free. Don't forget to properly set err before
- jumping to error labels. By the way, labels should be left-aligned.
- Use kzalloc instead of kmalloc.
- Use i2c_set_clientdata to set the client data (as opposed to
- a direct access to client->data).
- Use strlcpy instead of strcpy or snprintf to copy the client name.
- Replace the sysctl directory registration by calls to
- device_create_file. Move the driver initialization before any
- sysfs file creation.
- Register the client with the hwmon class (using hwmon_device_register)
- if applicable.
- Drop client->id.
- Drop any 24RF08 corruption prevention you find, as this is now done
- at the i2c-core level, and doing it twice voids it.
- Don't add I2C_CLIENT_ALLOW_USE to client->flags, it's the default now.
-
-* [Init] Limits must not be set by the driver (can be done later in
- user-space). Chip should not be reset default (although a module
- parameter may be used to force it), and initialization should be
- limited to the strictly necessary steps.
-
-* [Detach] Remove the call to i2c_deregister_entry. Do not log an
- error message if i2c_detach_client fails, as i2c-core will now do
- it for you.
- Unregister from the hwmon class if applicable.
-
-* [Update] The function prototype changed, it is now
- passed a device structure, which you have to convert to a client
- using to_i2c_client(dev). The update function should return a
- pointer to the client data.
- Don't access client->data directly, use i2c_get_clientdata(client)
- instead.
- Use time_after() instead of direct jiffies comparison.
-
-* [Interface] Make sure there is a MODULE_LICENSE() line, at the bottom
- of the file (after MODULE_AUTHOR() and MODULE_DESCRIPTION(), in this
- order).
-
-* [Driver] The flags field of the i2c_driver structure is gone.
- I2C_DF_NOTIFY is now the default behavior.
- The i2c_driver structure has a driver member, which is itself a
- structure, those name member should be initialized to a driver name
- string. i2c_driver itself has no name member anymore.
-
-* [Driver model] Instead of shutdown or reboot notifiers, provide a
- shutdown() method in your driver.
-
-* [Power management] Use the driver model suspend() and resume()
- callbacks instead of the obsolete pm_register() calls.
-
-Coding policy:
-
-* [Copyright] Use (C), not (c), for copyright.
-
-* [Debug/log] Get rid of #ifdef DEBUG/#endif constructs whenever you
- can. Calls to printk for debugging purposes are replaced by calls to
- dev_dbg where possible, else to pr_debug. Here is an example of how
- to call it (taken from lm75_detect):
- dev_dbg(&client->dev, "Starting lm75 update\n");
- Replace other printk calls with the dev_info, dev_err or dev_warn
- function, as appropriate.
-
-* [Constants] Constants defines (registers, conversions) should be
- aligned. This greatly improves readability.
- Alignments are achieved by the means of tabs, not spaces. Remember
- that tabs are set to 8 in the Linux kernel code.
-
-* [Layout] Avoid extra empty lines between comments and what they
- comment. Respect the coding style (see Documentation/CodingStyle),
- in particular when it comes to placing curly braces.
-
-* [Comments] Make sure that no comment refers to a file that isn't
- part of the Linux source tree (typically doc/chips/<chip name>),
- and that remaining comments still match the code. Merging comment
- lines when possible is encouraged.
diff --git a/Documentation/i2c/writing-clients b/Documentation/i2c/writing-clients
index d73ee117a8c..6b9af7d479c 100644
--- a/Documentation/i2c/writing-clients
+++ b/Documentation/i2c/writing-clients
@@ -10,23 +10,21 @@ General remarks
===============
Try to keep the kernel namespace as clean as possible. The best way to
-do this is to use a unique prefix for all global symbols. This is
+do this is to use a unique prefix for all global symbols. This is
especially important for exported symbols, but it is a good idea to do
it for non-exported symbols too. We will use the prefix `foo_' in this
-tutorial, and `FOO_' for preprocessor variables.
+tutorial.
The driver structure
====================
Usually, you will implement a single driver structure, and instantiate
-all clients from it. Remember, a driver structure contains general access
+all clients from it. Remember, a driver structure contains general access
routines, and should be zero-initialized except for fields with data you
provide. A client structure holds device-specific information like the
driver model device node, and its I2C address.
-/* iff driver uses driver model ("new style") binding model: */
-
static struct i2c_device_id foo_idtable[] = {
{ "foo", my_id_for_foo },
{ "bar", my_id_for_bar },
@@ -40,7 +38,6 @@ static struct i2c_driver foo_driver = {
.name = "foo",
},
- /* iff driver uses driver model ("new style") binding model: */
.id_table = foo_ids,
.probe = foo_probe,
.remove = foo_remove,
@@ -49,24 +46,19 @@ static struct i2c_driver foo_driver = {
.detect = foo_detect,
.address_data = &addr_data,
- /* else, driver uses "legacy" binding model: */
- .attach_adapter = foo_attach_adapter,
- .detach_client = foo_detach_client,
-
- /* these may be used regardless of the driver binding model */
.shutdown = foo_shutdown, /* optional */
.suspend = foo_suspend, /* optional */
.resume = foo_resume, /* optional */
- .command = foo_command, /* optional */
+ .command = foo_command, /* optional, deprecated */
}
-
+
The name field is the driver name, and must not contain spaces. It
should match the module name (if the driver can be compiled as a module),
although you can use MODULE_ALIAS (passing "foo" in this example) to add
another name for the module. If the driver name doesn't match the module
name, the module won't be automatically loaded (hotplug/coldplug).
-All other fields are for call-back functions which will be explained
+All other fields are for call-back functions which will be explained
below.
@@ -74,34 +66,13 @@ Extra client data
=================
Each client structure has a special `data' field that can point to any
-structure at all. You should use this to keep device-specific data,
-especially in drivers that handle multiple I2C or SMBUS devices. You
-do not always need this, but especially for `sensors' drivers, it can
-be very useful.
+structure at all. You should use this to keep device-specific data.
/* store the value */
void i2c_set_clientdata(struct i2c_client *client, void *data);
/* retrieve the value */
- void *i2c_get_clientdata(struct i2c_client *client);
-
-An example structure is below.
-
- struct foo_data {
- struct i2c_client client;
- enum chips type; /* To keep the chips type for `sensors' drivers. */
-
- /* Because the i2c bus is slow, it is often useful to cache the read
- information of a chip for some time (for example, 1 or 2 seconds).
- It depends of course on the device whether this is really worthwhile
- or even sensible. */
- struct mutex update_lock; /* When we are reading lots of information,
- another process should not update the
- below information */
- char valid; /* != 0 if the following fields are valid. */
- unsigned long last_updated; /* In jiffies */
- /* Add the read information here too */
- };
+ void *i2c_get_clientdata(const struct i2c_client *client);
Accessing the client
@@ -109,11 +80,9 @@ Accessing the client
Let's say we have a valid client structure. At some time, we will need
to gather information from the client, or write new information to the
-client. How we will export this information to user-space is less
-important at this moment (perhaps we do not need to do this at all for
-some obscure clients). But we need generic reading and writing routines.
+client.
-I have found it useful to define foo_read and foo_write function for this.
+I have found it useful to define foo_read and foo_write functions for this.
For some cases, it will be easier to call the i2c functions directly,
but many chips have some kind of register-value idea that can easily
be encapsulated.
@@ -121,33 +90,33 @@ be encapsulated.
The below functions are simple examples, and should not be copied
literally.
- int foo_read_value(struct i2c_client *client, u8 reg)
- {
- if (reg < 0x10) /* byte-sized register */
- return i2c_smbus_read_byte_data(client,reg);
- else /* word-sized register */
- return i2c_smbus_read_word_data(client,reg);
- }
-
- int foo_write_value(struct i2c_client *client, u8 reg, u16 value)
- {
- if (reg == 0x10) /* Impossible to write - driver error! */ {
- return -1;
- else if (reg < 0x10) /* byte-sized register */
- return i2c_smbus_write_byte_data(client,reg,value);
- else /* word-sized register */
- return i2c_smbus_write_word_data(client,reg,value);
- }
+int foo_read_value(struct i2c_client *client, u8 reg)
+{
+ if (reg < 0x10) /* byte-sized register */
+ return i2c_smbus_read_byte_data(client, reg);
+ else /* word-sized register */
+ return i2c_smbus_read_word_data(client, reg);
+}
+
+int foo_write_value(struct i2c_client *client, u8 reg, u16 value)
+{
+ if (reg == 0x10) /* Impossible to write - driver error! */
+ return -EINVAL;
+ else if (reg < 0x10) /* byte-sized register */
+ return i2c_smbus_write_byte_data(client, reg, value);
+ else /* word-sized register */
+ return i2c_smbus_write_word_data(client, reg, value);
+}
Probing and attaching
=====================
The Linux I2C stack was originally written to support access to hardware
-monitoring chips on PC motherboards, and thus it embeds some assumptions
-that are more appropriate to SMBus (and PCs) than to I2C. One of these
-assumptions is that most adapters and devices drivers support the SMBUS_QUICK
-protocol to probe device presence. Another is that devices and their drivers
+monitoring chips on PC motherboards, and thus used to embed some assumptions
+that were more appropriate to SMBus (and PCs) than to I2C. One of these
+assumptions was that most adapters and devices drivers support the SMBUS_QUICK
+protocol to probe device presence. Another was that devices and their drivers
can be sufficiently configured using only such probe primitives.
As Linux and its I2C stack became more widely used in embedded systems
@@ -164,6 +133,9 @@ since the "legacy" model requires drivers to create "i2c_client" device
objects after SMBus style probing, while the Linux driver model expects
drivers to be given such device objects in their probe() routines.
+The legacy model is deprecated now and will soon be removed, so we no
+longer document it here.
+
Standard Driver Model Binding ("New Style")
-------------------------------------------
@@ -193,8 +165,8 @@ matches the device's name. It is passed the entry that was matched so
the driver knows which one in the table matched.
-Device Creation (Standard driver model)
----------------------------------------
+Device Creation
+---------------
If you know for a fact that an I2C device is connected to a given I2C bus,
you can instantiate that device by simply filling an i2c_board_info
@@ -221,8 +193,8 @@ in the I2C bus driver. You may want to save the returned i2c_client
reference for later use.
-Device Detection (Standard driver model)
-----------------------------------------
+Device Detection
+----------------
Sometimes you do not know in advance which I2C devices are connected to
a given I2C bus. This is for example the case of hardware monitoring
@@ -246,8 +218,8 @@ otherwise misdetections are likely to occur and things can get wrong
quickly.
-Device Deletion (Standard driver model)
----------------------------------------
+Device Deletion
+---------------
Each I2C device which has been created using i2c_new_device() or
i2c_new_probed_device() can be unregistered by calling
@@ -256,264 +228,37 @@ called automatically before the underlying I2C bus itself is removed, as a
device can't survive its parent in the device driver model.
-Legacy Driver Binding Model
----------------------------
+Initializing the driver
+=======================
+
+When the kernel is booted, or when your foo driver module is inserted,
+you have to do some initializing. Fortunately, just registering the
+driver module is usually enough.
-Most i2c devices can be present on several i2c addresses; for some this
-is determined in hardware (by soldering some chip pins to Vcc or Ground),
-for others this can be changed in software (by writing to specific client
-registers). Some devices are usually on a specific address, but not always;
-and some are even more tricky. So you will probably need to scan several
-i2c addresses for your clients, and do some sort of detection to see
-whether it is actually a device supported by your driver.
+static int __init foo_init(void)
+{
+ return i2c_add_driver(&foo_driver);
+}
+
+static void __exit foo_cleanup(void)
+{
+ i2c_del_driver(&foo_driver);
+}
+
+/* Substitute your own name and email address */
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Frodo Looijaard <frodol@dds.nl>"
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Driver for Barf Inc. Foo I2C devices");
-To give the user a maximum of possibilities, some default module parameters
-are defined to help determine what addresses are scanned. Several macros
-are defined in i2c.h to help you support them, as well as a generic
-detection algorithm.
-
-You do not have to use this parameter interface; but don't try to use
-function i2c_probe() if you don't.
-
-
-Probing classes (Legacy model)
-------------------------------
-
-All parameters are given as lists of unsigned 16-bit integers. Lists are
-terminated by I2C_CLIENT_END.
-The following lists are used internally:
-
- normal_i2c: filled in by the module writer.
- A list of I2C addresses which should normally be examined.
- probe: insmod parameter.
- A list of pairs. The first value is a bus number (-1 for any I2C bus),
- the second is the address. These addresses are also probed, as if they
- were in the 'normal' list.
- ignore: insmod parameter.
- A list of pairs. The first value is a bus number (-1 for any I2C bus),
- the second is the I2C address. These addresses are never probed.
- This parameter overrules the 'normal_i2c' list only.
- force: insmod parameter.
- A list of pairs. The first value is a bus number (-1 for any I2C bus),
- the second is the I2C address. A device is blindly assumed to be on
- the given address, no probing is done.
-
-Additionally, kind-specific force lists may optionally be defined if
-the driver supports several chip kinds. They are grouped in a
-NULL-terminated list of pointers named forces, those first element if the
-generic force list mentioned above. Each additional list correspond to an
-insmod parameter of the form force_<kind>.
-
-Fortunately, as a module writer, you just have to define the `normal_i2c'
-parameter. The complete declaration could look like this:
-
- /* Scan 0x4c to 0x4f */
- static const unsigned short normal_i2c[] = { 0x4c, 0x4d, 0x4e, 0x4f,
- I2C_CLIENT_END };
-
- /* Magic definition of all other variables and things */
- I2C_CLIENT_INSMOD;
- /* Or, if your driver supports, say, 2 kind of devices: */
- I2C_CLIENT_INSMOD_2(foo, bar);
-
-If you use the multi-kind form, an enum will be defined for you:
- enum chips { any_chip, foo, bar, ... }
-You can then (and certainly should) use it in the driver code.
-
-Note that you *have* to call the defined variable `normal_i2c',
-without any prefix!
-
-
-Attaching to an adapter (Legacy model)
---------------------------------------
-
-Whenever a new adapter is inserted, or for all adapters if the driver is
-being registered, the callback attach_adapter() is called. Now is the
-time to determine what devices are present on the adapter, and to register
-a client for each of them.
-
-The attach_adapter callback is really easy: we just call the generic
-detection function. This function will scan the bus for us, using the
-information as defined in the lists explained above. If a device is
-detected at a specific address, another callback is called.
-
- int foo_attach_adapter(struct i2c_adapter *adapter)
- {
- return i2c_probe(adapter,&addr_data,&foo_detect_client);
- }
-
-Remember, structure `addr_data' is defined by the macros explained above,
-so you do not have to define it yourself.
-
-The i2c_probe function will call the foo_detect_client
-function only for those i2c addresses that actually have a device on
-them (unless a `force' parameter was used). In addition, addresses that
-are already in use (by some other registered client) are skipped.
-
-
-The detect client function (Legacy model)
------------------------------------------
-
-The detect client function is called by i2c_probe. The `kind' parameter
-contains -1 for a probed detection, 0 for a forced detection, or a positive
-number for a forced detection with a chip type forced.
-
-Returning an error different from -ENODEV in a detect function will cause
-the detection to stop: other addresses and adapters won't be scanned.
-This should only be done on fatal or internal errors, such as a memory
-shortage or i2c_attach_client failing.
-
-For now, you can ignore the `flags' parameter. It is there for future use.
-
- int foo_detect_client(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, int address,
- int kind)
- {
- int err = 0;
- int i;
- struct i2c_client *client;
- struct foo_data *data;
- const char *name = "";
-
- /* Let's see whether this adapter can support what we need.
- Please substitute the things you need here! */
- if (!i2c_check_functionality(adapter,I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_WORD_DATA |
- I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_WRITE_BYTE))
- goto ERROR0;
-
- /* OK. For now, we presume we have a valid client. We now create the
- client structure, even though we cannot fill it completely yet.
- But it allows us to access several i2c functions safely */
-
- if (!(data = kzalloc(sizeof(struct foo_data), GFP_KERNEL))) {
- err = -ENOMEM;
- goto ERROR0;
- }
-
- client = &data->client;
- i2c_set_clientdata(client, data);
-
- client->addr = address;
- client->adapter = adapter;
- client->driver = &foo_driver;
-
- /* Now, we do the remaining detection. If no `force' parameter is used. */
-
- /* First, the generic detection (if any), that is skipped if any force
- parameter was used. */
- if (kind < 0) {
- /* The below is of course bogus */
- if (foo_read(client, FOO_REG_GENERIC) != FOO_GENERIC_VALUE)
- goto ERROR1;
- }
-
- /* Next, specific detection. This is especially important for `sensors'
- devices. */
-
- /* Determine the chip type. Not needed if a `force_CHIPTYPE' parameter
- was used. */
- if (kind <= 0) {
- i = foo_read(client, FOO_REG_CHIPTYPE);
- if (i == FOO_TYPE_1)
- kind = chip1; /* As defined in the enum */
- else if (i == FOO_TYPE_2)
- kind = chip2;
- else {
- printk("foo: Ignoring 'force' parameter for unknown chip at "
- "adapter %d, address 0x%02x\n",i2c_adapter_id(adapter),address);
- goto ERROR1;
- }
- }
-
- /* Now set the type and chip names */
- if (kind == chip1) {
- name = "chip1";
- } else if (kind == chip2) {
- name = "chip2";
- }
-
- /* Fill in the remaining client fields. */
- strlcpy(client->name, name, I2C_NAME_SIZE);
- data->type = kind;
- mutex_init(&data->update_lock); /* Only if you use this field */
-
- /* Any other initializations in data must be done here too. */
-
- /* This function can write default values to the client registers, if
- needed. */
- foo_init_client(client);
-
- /* Tell the i2c layer a new client has arrived */
- if ((err = i2c_attach_client(client)))
- goto ERROR1;
-
- return 0;
-
- /* OK, this is not exactly good programming practice, usually. But it is
- very code-efficient in this case. */
-
- ERROR1:
- kfree(data);
- ERROR0:
- return err;
- }
-
-
-Removing the client (Legacy model)
-==================================
-
-The detach_client call back function is called when a client should be
-removed. It may actually fail, but only when panicking. This code is
-much simpler than the attachment code, fortunately!
-
- int foo_detach_client(struct i2c_client *client)
- {
- int err;
-
- /* Try to detach the client from i2c space */
- if ((err = i2c_detach_client(client)))
- return err;
-
- kfree(i2c_get_clientdata(client));
- return 0;
- }
-
-
-Initializing the module or kernel
-=================================
-
-When the kernel is booted, or when your foo driver module is inserted,
-you have to do some initializing. Fortunately, just attaching (registering)
-the driver module is usually enough.
-
- static int __init foo_init(void)
- {
- int res;
-
- if ((res = i2c_add_driver(&foo_driver))) {
- printk("foo: Driver registration failed, module not inserted.\n");
- return res;
- }
- return 0;
- }
-
- static void __exit foo_cleanup(void)
- {
- i2c_del_driver(&foo_driver);
- }
-
- /* Substitute your own name and email address */
- MODULE_AUTHOR("Frodo Looijaard <frodol@dds.nl>"
- MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Driver for Barf Inc. Foo I2C devices");
-
- /* a few non-GPL license types are also allowed */
- MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
-
- module_init(foo_init);
- module_exit(foo_cleanup);
-
-Note that some functions are marked by `__init', and some data structures
-by `__initdata'. These functions and structures can be removed after
-kernel booting (or module loading) is completed.
+/* a few non-GPL license types are also allowed */
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+
+module_init(foo_init);
+module_exit(foo_cleanup);
+
+Note that some functions are marked by `__init'. These functions can
+be removed after kernel booting (or module loading) is completed.
+Likewise, functions marked by `__exit' are dropped by the compiler when
+the code is built into the kernel, as they would never be called.
Power Management
@@ -548,33 +293,35 @@ Command function
A generic ioctl-like function call back is supported. You will seldom
need this, and its use is deprecated anyway, so newer design should not
-use it. Set it to NULL.
+use it.
Sending and receiving
=====================
If you want to communicate with your device, there are several functions
-to do this. You can find all of them in i2c.h.
+to do this. You can find all of them in <linux/i2c.h>.
-If you can choose between plain i2c communication and SMBus level
-communication, please use the last. All adapters understand SMBus level
-commands, but only some of them understand plain i2c!
+If you can choose between plain I2C communication and SMBus level
+communication, please use the latter. All adapters understand SMBus level
+commands, but only some of them understand plain I2C!
-Plain i2c communication
+Plain I2C communication
-----------------------
- extern int i2c_master_send(struct i2c_client *,const char* ,int);
- extern int i2c_master_recv(struct i2c_client *,char* ,int);
+ int i2c_master_send(struct i2c_client *client, const char *buf,
+ int count);
+ int i2c_master_recv(struct i2c_client *client, char *buf, int count);
These routines read and write some bytes from/to a client. The client
contains the i2c address, so you do not have to include it. The second
-parameter contains the bytes the read/write, the third the length of the
-buffer. Returned is the actual number of bytes read/written.
-
- extern int i2c_transfer(struct i2c_adapter *adap, struct i2c_msg *msg,
- int num);
+parameter contains the bytes to read/write, the third the number of bytes
+to read/write (must be less than the length of the buffer.) Returned is
+the actual number of bytes read/written.
+
+ int i2c_transfer(struct i2c_adapter *adap, struct i2c_msg *msg,
+ int num);
This sends a series of messages. Each message can be a read or write,
and they can be mixed in any way. The transactions are combined: no
@@ -583,49 +330,45 @@ for each message the client address, the number of bytes of the message
and the message data itself.
You can read the file `i2c-protocol' for more information about the
-actual i2c protocol.
+actual I2C protocol.
SMBus communication
-------------------
- extern s32 i2c_smbus_xfer (struct i2c_adapter * adapter, u16 addr,
- unsigned short flags,
- char read_write, u8 command, int size,
- union i2c_smbus_data * data);
-
- This is the generic SMBus function. All functions below are implemented
- in terms of it. Never use this function directly!
-
-
- extern s32 i2c_smbus_read_byte(struct i2c_client * client);
- extern s32 i2c_smbus_write_byte(struct i2c_client * client, u8 value);
- extern s32 i2c_smbus_read_byte_data(struct i2c_client * client, u8 command);
- extern s32 i2c_smbus_write_byte_data(struct i2c_client * client,
- u8 command, u8 value);
- extern s32 i2c_smbus_read_word_data(struct i2c_client * client, u8 command);
- extern s32 i2c_smbus_write_word_data(struct i2c_client * client,
- u8 command, u16 value);
- extern s32 i2c_smbus_process_call(struct i2c_client *client,
- u8 command, u16 value);
- extern s32 i2c_smbus_read_block_data(struct i2c_client * client,
- u8 command, u8 *values);
- extern s32 i2c_smbus_write_block_data(struct i2c_client * client,
- u8 command, u8 length,
- u8 *values);
- extern s32 i2c_smbus_read_i2c_block_data(struct i2c_client * client,
- u8 command, u8 length, u8 *values);
- extern s32 i2c_smbus_write_i2c_block_data(struct i2c_client * client,
- u8 command, u8 length,
- u8 *values);
+ s32 i2c_smbus_xfer(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, u16 addr,
+ unsigned short flags, char read_write, u8 command,
+ int size, union i2c_smbus_data *data);
+
+This is the generic SMBus function. All functions below are implemented
+in terms of it. Never use this function directly!
+
+ s32 i2c_smbus_read_byte(struct i2c_client *client);
+ s32 i2c_smbus_write_byte(struct i2c_client *client, u8 value);
+ s32 i2c_smbus_read_byte_data(struct i2c_client *client, u8 command);
+ s32 i2c_smbus_write_byte_data(struct i2c_client *client,
+ u8 command, u8 value);
+ s32 i2c_smbus_read_word_data(struct i2c_client *client, u8 command);
+ s32 i2c_smbus_write_word_data(struct i2c_client *client,
+ u8 command, u16 value);
+ s32 i2c_smbus_process_call(struct i2c_client *client,
+ u8 command, u16 value);
+ s32 i2c_smbus_read_block_data(struct i2c_client *client,
+ u8 command, u8 *values);
+ s32 i2c_smbus_write_block_data(struct i2c_client *client,
+ u8 command, u8 length, const u8 *values);
+ s32 i2c_smbus_read_i2c_block_data(struct i2c_client *client,
+ u8 command, u8 length, u8 *values);
+ s32 i2c_smbus_write_i2c_block_data(struct i2c_client *client,
+ u8 command, u8 length,
+ const u8 *values);
These ones were removed from i2c-core because they had no users, but could
be added back later if needed:
- extern s32 i2c_smbus_write_quick(struct i2c_client * client, u8 value);
- extern s32 i2c_smbus_block_process_call(struct i2c_client *client,
- u8 command, u8 length,
- u8 *values)
+ s32 i2c_smbus_write_quick(struct i2c_client *client, u8 value);
+ s32 i2c_smbus_block_process_call(struct i2c_client *client,
+ u8 command, u8 length, u8 *values);
All these transactions return a negative errno value on failure. The 'write'
transactions return 0 on success; the 'read' transactions return the read
@@ -642,7 +385,5 @@ General purpose routines
Below all general purpose routines are listed, that were not mentioned
before.
- /* This call returns a unique low identifier for each registered adapter.
- */
- extern int i2c_adapter_id(struct i2c_adapter *adap);
-
+ /* Return the adapter number for a specific adapter */
+ int i2c_adapter_id(struct i2c_adapter *adap);