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authorAndi Kleen <ak@suse.de>2007-07-22 11:12:31 +0200
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@woody.linux-foundation.org>2007-07-22 11:03:37 -0700
commit19d36ccdc34f5ed444f8a6af0cbfdb6790eb1177 (patch)
tree39942efb826f2793692da60b04fc0e7b015fa23d
parentf51c94528a9bc73504928926ca4d791a2b7ddd7c (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-19d36ccdc34f5ed444f8a6af0cbfdb6790eb1177.tar.gz
x86: Fix alternatives and kprobes to remap write-protected kernel text
Reenable kprobes and alternative patching when the kernel text is write protected by DEBUG_RODATA Add a general utility function to change write protected text. The new function remaps the code using vmap to write it and takes care of CPU synchronization. It also does CLFLUSH to make icache recovery faster. There are some limitations on when the function can be used, see the comment. This is a newer version that also changes the paravirt_ops code. text_poke also supports multi byte patching now. Contains bug fixes from Zach Amsden and suggestions from Mathieu Desnoyers. Cc: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@novell.com> Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org> Cc: Mathieu Desnoyers <compudj@krystal.dyndns.org> Cc: Zach Amsden <zach@vmware.com> Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
-rw-r--r--arch/i386/kernel/alternative.c40
-rw-r--r--arch/i386/kernel/kprobes.c9
-rw-r--r--arch/i386/kernel/paravirt.c17
-rw-r--r--arch/i386/mm/init.c14
-rw-r--r--arch/x86_64/kernel/kprobes.c10
-rw-r--r--arch/x86_64/mm/init.c10
-rw-r--r--arch/x86_64/mm/pageattr.c2
-rw-r--r--include/asm-i386/alternative.h2
-rw-r--r--include/asm-x86_64/alternative.h2
-rw-r--r--include/asm-x86_64/pgtable.h2
10 files changed, 63 insertions, 45 deletions
diff --git a/arch/i386/kernel/alternative.c b/arch/i386/kernel/alternative.c
index 0695be538de..206ea2ca63c 100644
--- a/arch/i386/kernel/alternative.c
+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/alternative.c
@@ -2,8 +2,12 @@
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <linux/kprobes.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <asm/alternative.h>
#include <asm/sections.h>
+#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU
static int smp_alt_once;
@@ -150,7 +154,7 @@ static void nop_out(void *insns, unsigned int len)
unsigned int noplen = len;
if (noplen > ASM_NOP_MAX)
noplen = ASM_NOP_MAX;
- memcpy(insns, noptable[noplen], noplen);
+ text_poke(insns, noptable[noplen], noplen);
insns += noplen;
len -= noplen;
}
@@ -202,7 +206,7 @@ static void alternatives_smp_lock(u8 **start, u8 **end, u8 *text, u8 *text_end)
continue;
if (*ptr > text_end)
continue;
- **ptr = 0xf0; /* lock prefix */
+ text_poke(*ptr, ((unsigned char []){0xf0}), 1); /* add lock prefix */
};
}
@@ -360,10 +364,6 @@ void apply_paravirt(struct paravirt_patch_site *start,
/* Pad the rest with nops */
nop_out(p->instr + used, p->len - used);
}
-
- /* Sync to be conservative, in case we patched following
- * instructions */
- sync_core();
}
extern struct paravirt_patch_site __start_parainstructions[],
__stop_parainstructions[];
@@ -406,3 +406,31 @@ void __init alternative_instructions(void)
apply_paravirt(__parainstructions, __parainstructions_end);
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
+
+/*
+ * Warning:
+ * When you use this code to patch more than one byte of an instruction
+ * you need to make sure that other CPUs cannot execute this code in parallel.
+ * Also no thread must be currently preempted in the middle of these instructions.
+ * And on the local CPU you need to be protected again NMI or MCE handlers
+ * seeing an inconsistent instruction while you patch.
+ */
+void __kprobes text_poke(void *oaddr, unsigned char *opcode, int len)
+{
+ u8 *addr = oaddr;
+ if (!pte_write(*lookup_address((unsigned long)addr))) {
+ struct page *p[2] = { virt_to_page(addr), virt_to_page(addr+PAGE_SIZE) };
+ addr = vmap(p, 2, VM_MAP, PAGE_KERNEL);
+ if (!addr)
+ return;
+ addr += ((unsigned long)oaddr) % PAGE_SIZE;
+ }
+ memcpy(addr, opcode, len);
+ sync_core();
+ /* Not strictly needed, but can speed CPU recovery up. Ignore cross cacheline
+ case. */
+ if (cpu_has_clflush)
+ asm("clflush (%0) " :: "r" (oaddr) : "memory");
+ if (addr != oaddr)
+ vunmap(addr);
+}
diff --git a/arch/i386/kernel/kprobes.c b/arch/i386/kernel/kprobes.c
index dde828a333c..448a50b1324 100644
--- a/arch/i386/kernel/kprobes.c
+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/kprobes.c
@@ -35,6 +35,7 @@
#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include <asm/desc.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
+#include <asm/alternative.h>
void jprobe_return_end(void);
@@ -169,16 +170,12 @@ int __kprobes arch_prepare_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
void __kprobes arch_arm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
{
- *p->addr = BREAKPOINT_INSTRUCTION;
- flush_icache_range((unsigned long) p->addr,
- (unsigned long) p->addr + sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t));
+ text_poke(p->addr, ((unsigned char []){BREAKPOINT_INSTRUCTION}), 1);
}
void __kprobes arch_disarm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
{
- *p->addr = p->opcode;
- flush_icache_range((unsigned long) p->addr,
- (unsigned long) p->addr + sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t));
+ text_poke(p->addr, &p->opcode, 1);
}
void __kprobes arch_remove_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
diff --git a/arch/i386/kernel/paravirt.c b/arch/i386/kernel/paravirt.c
index 53f07a8275e..79c167fcaee 100644
--- a/arch/i386/kernel/paravirt.c
+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/paravirt.c
@@ -124,20 +124,28 @@ unsigned paravirt_patch_ignore(unsigned len)
return len;
}
+struct branch {
+ unsigned char opcode;
+ u32 delta;
+} __attribute__((packed));
+
unsigned paravirt_patch_call(void *target, u16 tgt_clobbers,
void *site, u16 site_clobbers,
unsigned len)
{
unsigned char *call = site;
unsigned long delta = (unsigned long)target - (unsigned long)(call+5);
+ struct branch b;
if (tgt_clobbers & ~site_clobbers)
return len; /* target would clobber too much for this site */
if (len < 5)
return len; /* call too long for patch site */
- *call++ = 0xe8; /* call */
- *(unsigned long *)call = delta;
+ b.opcode = 0xe8; /* call */
+ b.delta = delta;
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(b) != 5);
+ text_poke(call, (unsigned char *)&b, 5);
return 5;
}
@@ -150,8 +158,9 @@ unsigned paravirt_patch_jmp(void *target, void *site, unsigned len)
if (len < 5)
return len; /* call too long for patch site */
- *jmp++ = 0xe9; /* jmp */
- *(unsigned long *)jmp = delta;
+ b.opcode = 0xe9; /* jmp */
+ b.delta = delta;
+ text_poke(call, (unsigned char *)&b, 5);
return 5;
}
diff --git a/arch/i386/mm/init.c b/arch/i386/mm/init.c
index e1a9a805c44..c3b9905af2d 100644
--- a/arch/i386/mm/init.c
+++ b/arch/i386/mm/init.c
@@ -800,17 +800,9 @@ void mark_rodata_ro(void)
unsigned long start = PFN_ALIGN(_text);
unsigned long size = PFN_ALIGN(_etext) - start;
-#ifndef CONFIG_KPROBES
-#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU
- /* It must still be possible to apply SMP alternatives. */
- if (num_possible_cpus() <= 1)
-#endif
- {
- change_page_attr(virt_to_page(start),
- size >> PAGE_SHIFT, PAGE_KERNEL_RX);
- printk("Write protecting the kernel text: %luk\n", size >> 10);
- }
-#endif
+ change_page_attr(virt_to_page(start),
+ size >> PAGE_SHIFT, PAGE_KERNEL_RX);
+ printk("Write protecting the kernel text: %luk\n", size >> 10);
start += size;
size = (unsigned long)__end_rodata - start;
change_page_attr(virt_to_page(start),
diff --git a/arch/x86_64/kernel/kprobes.c b/arch/x86_64/kernel/kprobes.c
index d4a0d0ac993..a30e004682e 100644
--- a/arch/x86_64/kernel/kprobes.c
+++ b/arch/x86_64/kernel/kprobes.c
@@ -39,9 +39,9 @@
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kdebug.h>
-#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
+#include <asm/alternative.h>
void jprobe_return_end(void);
static void __kprobes arch_copy_kprobe(struct kprobe *p);
@@ -209,16 +209,12 @@ static void __kprobes arch_copy_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
void __kprobes arch_arm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
{
- *p->addr = BREAKPOINT_INSTRUCTION;
- flush_icache_range((unsigned long) p->addr,
- (unsigned long) p->addr + sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t));
+ text_poke(p->addr, ((unsigned char []){BREAKPOINT_INSTRUCTION}), 1);
}
void __kprobes arch_disarm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
{
- *p->addr = p->opcode;
- flush_icache_range((unsigned long) p->addr,
- (unsigned long) p->addr + sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t));
+ text_poke(p->addr, &p->opcode, 1);
}
void __kprobes arch_remove_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
diff --git a/arch/x86_64/mm/init.c b/arch/x86_64/mm/init.c
index 2044fa961c0..314e12b2209 100644
--- a/arch/x86_64/mm/init.c
+++ b/arch/x86_64/mm/init.c
@@ -600,16 +600,6 @@ void mark_rodata_ro(void)
{
unsigned long start = (unsigned long)_stext, end;
-#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU
- /* It must still be possible to apply SMP alternatives. */
- if (num_possible_cpus() > 1)
- start = (unsigned long)_etext;
-#endif
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES
- start = (unsigned long)__start_rodata;
-#endif
-
end = (unsigned long)__end_rodata;
start = (start + PAGE_SIZE - 1) & PAGE_MASK;
end &= PAGE_MASK;
diff --git a/arch/x86_64/mm/pageattr.c b/arch/x86_64/mm/pageattr.c
index 36377b6b8ef..7e161c698af 100644
--- a/arch/x86_64/mm/pageattr.c
+++ b/arch/x86_64/mm/pageattr.c
@@ -13,7 +13,7 @@
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
-static inline pte_t *lookup_address(unsigned long address)
+pte_t *lookup_address(unsigned long address)
{
pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset_k(address);
pud_t *pud;
diff --git a/include/asm-i386/alternative.h b/include/asm-i386/alternative.h
index eb7da5402bf..bda6c810c0f 100644
--- a/include/asm-i386/alternative.h
+++ b/include/asm-i386/alternative.h
@@ -149,4 +149,6 @@ apply_paravirt(struct paravirt_patch_site *start,
#define __parainstructions_end NULL
#endif
+extern void text_poke(void *addr, unsigned char *opcode, int len);
+
#endif /* _I386_ALTERNATIVE_H */
diff --git a/include/asm-x86_64/alternative.h b/include/asm-x86_64/alternative.h
index eea7aecfac7..ab161e81015 100644
--- a/include/asm-x86_64/alternative.h
+++ b/include/asm-x86_64/alternative.h
@@ -154,4 +154,6 @@ apply_paravirt(struct paravirt_patch *start, struct paravirt_patch *end)
#define __parainstructions_end NULL
#endif
+extern void text_poke(void *addr, unsigned char *opcode, int len);
+
#endif /* _X86_64_ALTERNATIVE_H */
diff --git a/include/asm-x86_64/pgtable.h b/include/asm-x86_64/pgtable.h
index 60cff1e4f7a..c9d8764c89d 100644
--- a/include/asm-x86_64/pgtable.h
+++ b/include/asm-x86_64/pgtable.h
@@ -403,6 +403,8 @@ extern struct list_head pgd_list;
extern int kern_addr_valid(unsigned long addr);
+pte_t *lookup_address(unsigned long addr);
+
#define io_remap_pfn_range(vma, vaddr, pfn, size, prot) \
remap_pfn_range(vma, vaddr, pfn, size, prot)