diff options
authorPeter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>2011-09-01 12:42:04 +0200
committerThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>2011-09-30 14:07:06 +0200
commitd670ec13178d0fd8680e6742a2bc6e04f28f87d8 (patch)
parent6ebbe7a07b3bc40b168d2afc569a6543c020d2e3 (diff)
posix-cpu-timers: Cure SMP wobbles
David reported: Attached below is a watered-down version of rt/tst-cpuclock2.c from GLIBC. Just build it with "gcc -o test test.c -lpthread -lrt" or similar. Run it several times, and you will see cases where the main thread will measure a process clock difference before and after the nanosleep which is smaller than the cpu-burner thread's individual thread clock difference. This doesn't make any sense since the cpu-burner thread is part of the top-level process's thread group. I've reproduced this on both x86-64 and sparc64 (using both 32-bit and 64-bit binaries). For example: [davem@boricha build-x86_64-linux]$ ./test process: before(0.001221967) after(0.498624371) diff(497402404) thread: before(0.000081692) after(0.498316431) diff(498234739) self: before(0.001223521) after(0.001240219) diff(16698) [davem@boricha build-x86_64-linux]$ The diff of 'process' should always be >= the diff of 'thread'. I make sure to wrap the 'thread' clock measurements the most tightly around the nanosleep() call, and that the 'process' clock measurements are the outer-most ones. --- #include <unistd.h> #include <stdio.h> #include <stdlib.h> #include <time.h> #include <fcntl.h> #include <string.h> #include <errno.h> #include <pthread.h> static pthread_barrier_t barrier; static void *chew_cpu(void *arg) { pthread_barrier_wait(&barrier); while (1) __asm__ __volatile__("" : : : "memory"); return NULL; } int main(void) { clockid_t process_clock, my_thread_clock, th_clock; struct timespec process_before, process_after; struct timespec me_before, me_after; struct timespec th_before, th_after; struct timespec sleeptime; unsigned long diff; pthread_t th; int err; err = clock_getcpuclockid(0, &process_clock); if (err) return 1; err = pthread_getcpuclockid(pthread_self(), &my_thread_clock); if (err) return 1; pthread_barrier_init(&barrier, NULL, 2); err = pthread_create(&th, NULL, chew_cpu, NULL); if (err) return 1; err = pthread_getcpuclockid(th, &th_clock); if (err) return 1; pthread_barrier_wait(&barrier); err = clock_gettime(process_clock, &process_before); if (err) return 1; err = clock_gettime(my_thread_clock, &me_before); if (err) return 1; err = clock_gettime(th_clock, &th_before); if (err) return 1; sleeptime.tv_sec = 0; sleeptime.tv_nsec = 500000000; nanosleep(&sleeptime, NULL); err = clock_gettime(th_clock, &th_after); if (err) return 1; err = clock_gettime(my_thread_clock, &me_after); if (err) return 1; err = clock_gettime(process_clock, &process_after); if (err) return 1; diff = process_after.tv_nsec - process_before.tv_nsec; printf("process: before(%lu.%.9lu) after(%lu.%.9lu) diff(%lu)\n", process_before.tv_sec, process_before.tv_nsec, process_after.tv_sec, process_after.tv_nsec, diff); diff = th_after.tv_nsec - th_before.tv_nsec; printf("thread: before(%lu.%.9lu) after(%lu.%.9lu) diff(%lu)\n", th_before.tv_sec, th_before.tv_nsec, th_after.tv_sec, th_after.tv_nsec, diff); diff = me_after.tv_nsec - me_before.tv_nsec; printf("self: before(%lu.%.9lu) after(%lu.%.9lu) diff(%lu)\n", me_before.tv_sec, me_before.tv_nsec, me_after.tv_sec, me_after.tv_nsec, diff); return 0; } This is due to us using p->se.sum_exec_runtime in thread_group_cputime() where we iterate the thread group and sum all data. This does not take time since the last schedule operation (tick or otherwise) into account. We can cure this by using task_sched_runtime() at the cost of having to take locks. This also means we can (and must) do away with thread_group_sched_runtime() since the modified thread_group_cputime() is now more accurate and would deadlock when called from thread_group_sched_runtime(). Aside of that it makes the function safe on 32 bit systems. The old code added t->se.sum_exec_runtime unprotected. sum_exec_runtime is a 64bit value and could be changed on another cpu at the same time. Reported-by: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: stable@kernel.org Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1314874459.7945.22.camel@twins Tested-by: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
3 files changed, 3 insertions, 27 deletions
diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index 4ac2c0578e0..41d0237fd44 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -1956,7 +1956,6 @@ static inline void disable_sched_clock_irqtime(void) {}
extern unsigned long long
task_sched_runtime(struct task_struct *task);
-extern unsigned long long thread_group_sched_runtime(struct task_struct *task);
/* sched_exec is called by processes performing an exec */
diff --git a/kernel/posix-cpu-timers.c b/kernel/posix-cpu-timers.c
index 58f405b581e..c8008dd58ef 100644
--- a/kernel/posix-cpu-timers.c
+++ b/kernel/posix-cpu-timers.c
@@ -250,7 +250,7 @@ void thread_group_cputime(struct task_struct *tsk, struct task_cputime *times)
do {
times->utime = cputime_add(times->utime, t->utime);
times->stime = cputime_add(times->stime, t->stime);
- times->sum_exec_runtime += t->se.sum_exec_runtime;
+ times->sum_exec_runtime += task_sched_runtime(t);
} while_each_thread(tsk, t);
@@ -312,7 +312,8 @@ static int cpu_clock_sample_group(const clockid_t which_clock,
cpu->cpu = cputime.utime;
- cpu->sched = thread_group_sched_runtime(p);
+ thread_group_cputime(p, &cputime);
+ cpu->sched = cputime.sum_exec_runtime;
return 0;
diff --git a/kernel/sched.c b/kernel/sched.c
index d249ea88428..b50b0f0c9aa 100644
--- a/kernel/sched.c
+++ b/kernel/sched.c
@@ -3725,30 +3725,6 @@ unsigned long long task_sched_runtime(struct task_struct *p)
- * Return sum_exec_runtime for the thread group.
- * In case the task is currently running, return the sum plus current's
- * pending runtime that have not been accounted yet.
- *
- * Note that the thread group might have other running tasks as well,
- * so the return value not includes other pending runtime that other
- * running tasks might have.
- */
-unsigned long long thread_group_sched_runtime(struct task_struct *p)
- struct task_cputime totals;
- unsigned long flags;
- struct rq *rq;
- u64 ns;
- rq = task_rq_lock(p, &flags);
- thread_group_cputime(p, &totals);
- ns = totals.sum_exec_runtime + do_task_delta_exec(p, rq);
- task_rq_unlock(rq, p, &flags);
- return ns;
* Account user cpu time to a process.
* @p: the process that the cpu time gets accounted to
* @cputime: the cpu time spent in user space since the last update