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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2011-02-13 07:59:48 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2011-02-13 07:59:48 -0800
commit091994cfb8e7d7a372c2d547778a91012d899e16 (patch)
tree71c6d214f9287bb61d24345a93b60579937a711b /Documentation
parentd8ed516f82f0f4cda11282450512310ab273637e (diff)
parentc170093d31bd4e3bc51881cc0f123beeca7872c9 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-android-091994cfb8e7d7a372c2d547778a91012d899e16.tar.gz
Merge branch 'spi/merge' of git://git.secretlab.ca/git/linux-2.6
* 'spi/merge' of git://git.secretlab.ca/git/linux-2.6: devicetree-discuss is moderated for non-subscribers MAINTAINERS: Add entry for GPIO subsystem dt: add documentation of ARM dt boot interface dt: Remove obsolete description of powerpc boot interface dt: Move device tree documentation out of powerpc directory spi/spi_sh_msiof: fix wrong address calculation, which leads to an Oops
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation')
-rw-r--r--Documentation/arm/Booting33
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/ata/fsl-sata.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/sata.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/eeprom.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/eeprom.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/gpio/8xxx_gpio.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/8xxx_gpio.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/gpio/gpio.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/gpio/gpio.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/gpio/led.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/gpio/led.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/i2c/fsl-i2c.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/i2c.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/marvell.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/marvell.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mmc/fsl-esdhc.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/esdhc.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mmc/mmc-spi-slot.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/mmc-spi-slot.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/fsl-upm-nand.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/upm-nand.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/mtd-physmap.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/mtd-physmap.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/net/can/mpc5xxx-mscan.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/can.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/net/can/sja1000.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/can/sja1000.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/net/fsl-tsec-phy.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/tsec.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/net/mdio-gpio.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/gpio/mdio.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/net/phy.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/phy.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/pci/83xx-512x-pci.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/83xx-512x-pci.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/4xx/cpm.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/4xx/cpm.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/4xx/emac.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/4xx/emac.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/4xx/ndfc.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/4xx/ndfc.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/4xx/ppc440spe-adma.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/4xx/ppc440spe-adma.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/4xx/reboot.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/4xx/reboot.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/board.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/board.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm/brg.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm/brg.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm/i2c.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm/i2c.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm/pic.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm/pic.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm/usb.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm/usb.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/gpio.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/gpio.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/network.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/network.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/qe.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/qe.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/firmware.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/firmware.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/par_io.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/par_io.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/pincfg.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/pincfg.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/ucc.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/ucc.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/usb.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/usb.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/serial.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/serial.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/diu.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/diu.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/dma.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/dma.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/ecm.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/ecm.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/gtm.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/gtm.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/guts.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/guts.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/lbc.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/lbc.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/mcm.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/mcm.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/mcu-mpc8349emitx.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/mcu-mpc8349emitx.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/mpc5121-psc.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/mpc5121-psc.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/mpc5200.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/mpc5200.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/mpic.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/mpic.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/msi-pic.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/msi-pic.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/pmc.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/pmc.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/sec.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/sec.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/ssi.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/ssi.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/nintendo/gamecube.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/nintendo/gamecube.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/nintendo/wii.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/nintendo/wii.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/spi/fsl-spi.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/spi.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/spi/spi-bus.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/spi-bus.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/usb/fsl-usb.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/usb.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/usb/usb-ehci.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/usb-ehci.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/xilinx.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/xilinx.txt)0
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/booting-without-of.txt (renamed from Documentation/powerpc/booting-without-of.txt)193
61 files changed, 117 insertions, 109 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/arm/Booting b/Documentation/arm/Booting
index 76850295af8..4e686a2ed91 100644
--- a/Documentation/arm/Booting
+++ b/Documentation/arm/Booting
@@ -65,13 +65,19 @@ looks at the connected hardware is beyond the scope of this document.
The boot loader must ultimately be able to provide a MACH_TYPE_xxx
value to the kernel. (see linux/arch/arm/tools/mach-types).
-
-4. Setup the kernel tagged list
--------------------------------
+4. Setup boot data
+------------------
Existing boot loaders: OPTIONAL, HIGHLY RECOMMENDED
New boot loaders: MANDATORY
+The boot loader must provide either a tagged list or a dtb image for
+passing configuration data to the kernel. The physical address of the
+boot data is passed to the kernel in register r2.
+
+4a. Setup the kernel tagged list
+--------------------------------
+
The boot loader must create and initialise the kernel tagged list.
A valid tagged list starts with ATAG_CORE and ends with ATAG_NONE.
The ATAG_CORE tag may or may not be empty. An empty ATAG_CORE tag
@@ -101,6 +107,24 @@ The tagged list must be placed in a region of memory where neither
the kernel decompressor nor initrd 'bootp' program will overwrite
it. The recommended placement is in the first 16KiB of RAM.
+4b. Setup the device tree
+-------------------------
+
+The boot loader must load a device tree image (dtb) into system ram
+at a 64bit aligned address and initialize it with the boot data. The
+dtb format is documented in Documentation/devicetree/booting-without-of.txt.
+The kernel will look for the dtb magic value of 0xd00dfeed at the dtb
+physical address to determine if a dtb has been passed instead of a
+tagged list.
+
+The boot loader must pass at a minimum the size and location of the
+system memory, and the root filesystem location. The dtb must be
+placed in a region of memory where the kernel decompressor will not
+overwrite it. The recommended placement is in the first 16KiB of RAM
+with the caveat that it may not be located at physical address 0 since
+the kernel interprets a value of 0 in r2 to mean neither a tagged list
+nor a dtb were passed.
+
5. Calling the kernel image
---------------------------
@@ -125,7 +149,8 @@ In either case, the following conditions must be met:
- CPU register settings
r0 = 0,
r1 = machine type number discovered in (3) above.
- r2 = physical address of tagged list in system RAM.
+ r2 = physical address of tagged list in system RAM, or
+ physical address of device tree block (dtb) in system RAM
- CPU mode
All forms of interrupts must be disabled (IRQs and FIQs)
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/sata.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/ata/fsl-sata.txt
index b46bcf46c3d..b46bcf46c3d 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/sata.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/ata/fsl-sata.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/eeprom.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/eeprom.txt
index 4342c10de1b..4342c10de1b 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/eeprom.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/eeprom.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/8xxx_gpio.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/gpio/8xxx_gpio.txt
index b0019eb5330..b0019eb5330 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/8xxx_gpio.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/gpio/8xxx_gpio.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/gpio/gpio.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/gpio/gpio.txt
index edaa84d288a..edaa84d288a 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/gpio/gpio.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/gpio/gpio.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/gpio/led.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/gpio/led.txt
index 064db928c3c..064db928c3c 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/gpio/led.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/gpio/led.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/i2c.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/i2c/fsl-i2c.txt
index 1eacd6b20ed..1eacd6b20ed 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/i2c.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/i2c/fsl-i2c.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/marvell.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/marvell.txt
index f1533d91953..f1533d91953 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/marvell.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/marvell.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/esdhc.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mmc/fsl-esdhc.txt
index 64bcb8be973..64bcb8be973 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/esdhc.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mmc/fsl-esdhc.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/mmc-spi-slot.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mmc/mmc-spi-slot.txt
index c39ac289195..c39ac289195 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/mmc-spi-slot.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mmc/mmc-spi-slot.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/upm-nand.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/fsl-upm-nand.txt
index a48b2cadc7f..a48b2cadc7f 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/upm-nand.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/fsl-upm-nand.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/mtd-physmap.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/mtd-physmap.txt
index 80152cb567d..80152cb567d 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/mtd-physmap.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/mtd-physmap.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/can.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/net/can/mpc5xxx-mscan.txt
index 2fa4fcd38fd..2fa4fcd38fd 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/can.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/net/can/mpc5xxx-mscan.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/can/sja1000.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/net/can/sja1000.txt
index d6d209ded93..d6d209ded93 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/can/sja1000.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/net/can/sja1000.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/tsec.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/net/fsl-tsec-phy.txt
index edb7ae19e86..edb7ae19e86 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/tsec.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/net/fsl-tsec-phy.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/gpio/mdio.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/net/mdio-gpio.txt
index bc954952901..bc954952901 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/gpio/mdio.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/net/mdio-gpio.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/phy.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/net/phy.txt
index bb8c742eb8c..bb8c742eb8c 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/phy.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/net/phy.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/83xx-512x-pci.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/pci/83xx-512x-pci.txt
index 35a46536240..35a46536240 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/83xx-512x-pci.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/pci/83xx-512x-pci.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/4xx/cpm.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/4xx/cpm.txt
index ee459806d35..ee459806d35 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/4xx/cpm.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/4xx/cpm.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/4xx/emac.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/4xx/emac.txt
index 2161334a7ca..2161334a7ca 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/4xx/emac.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/4xx/emac.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/4xx/ndfc.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/4xx/ndfc.txt
index 869f0b5f16e..869f0b5f16e 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/4xx/ndfc.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/4xx/ndfc.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/4xx/ppc440spe-adma.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/4xx/ppc440spe-adma.txt
index 515ebcf1b97..515ebcf1b97 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/4xx/ppc440spe-adma.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/4xx/ppc440spe-adma.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/4xx/reboot.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/4xx/reboot.txt
index d7217260589..d7217260589 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/4xx/reboot.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/4xx/reboot.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/board.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/board.txt
index 39e941515a3..39e941515a3 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/board.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/board.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm.txt
index 160c752484b..160c752484b 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm/brg.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm/brg.txt
index 4c7d45eaf02..4c7d45eaf02 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm/brg.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm/brg.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm/i2c.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm/i2c.txt
index 87bc6048667..87bc6048667 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm/i2c.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm/i2c.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm/pic.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm/pic.txt
index 8e3ee168161..8e3ee168161 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm/pic.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm/pic.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm/usb.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm/usb.txt
index 74bfda4bb82..74bfda4bb82 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm/usb.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/cpm/usb.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/gpio.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/gpio.txt
index 349f79fd707..349f79fd707 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/gpio.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/gpio.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/network.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/network.txt
index 0e426944658..0e426944658 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/network.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/network.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/qe.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/qe.txt
index 4f8930263dd..4f8930263dd 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/qe.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/qe.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/firmware.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/firmware.txt
index 249db3a15d1..249db3a15d1 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/firmware.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/firmware.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/par_io.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/par_io.txt
index 60984260207..60984260207 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/par_io.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/par_io.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/pincfg.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/pincfg.txt
index c5b43061db3..c5b43061db3 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/pincfg.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/pincfg.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/ucc.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/ucc.txt
index e47734bee3f..e47734bee3f 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/ucc.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/ucc.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/usb.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/usb.txt
index 9ccd5f30405..9ccd5f30405 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/usb.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/qe/usb.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/serial.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/serial.txt
index 2ea76d9d137..2ea76d9d137 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/cpm_qe/serial.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/cpm_qe/serial.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/diu.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/diu.txt
index b66cb6d31d6..b66cb6d31d6 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/diu.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/diu.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/dma.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/dma.txt
index 2a4b4bce611..2a4b4bce611 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/dma.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/dma.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/ecm.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/ecm.txt
index f514f29c67d..f514f29c67d 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/ecm.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/ecm.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/gtm.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/gtm.txt
index 9a33efded4b..9a33efded4b 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/gtm.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/gtm.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/guts.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/guts.txt
index 9e7a2417dac..9e7a2417dac 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/guts.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/guts.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/lbc.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/lbc.txt
index 3300fec501c..3300fec501c 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/lbc.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/lbc.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/mcm.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/mcm.txt
index 4ceda9b3b41..4ceda9b3b41 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/mcm.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/mcm.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/mcu-mpc8349emitx.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/mcu-mpc8349emitx.txt
index 0f766333b6e..0f766333b6e 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/mcu-mpc8349emitx.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/mcu-mpc8349emitx.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/mpc5121-psc.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/mpc5121-psc.txt
index 8832e879891..8832e879891 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/mpc5121-psc.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/mpc5121-psc.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/mpc5200.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/mpc5200.txt
index 4ccb2cd5df9..4ccb2cd5df9 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/mpc5200.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/mpc5200.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/mpic.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/mpic.txt
index 71e39cf3215..71e39cf3215 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/mpic.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/mpic.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/msi-pic.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/msi-pic.txt
index bcc30bac683..bcc30bac683 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/msi-pic.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/msi-pic.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/pmc.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/pmc.txt
index 07256b7ffca..07256b7ffca 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/pmc.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/pmc.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/sec.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/sec.txt
index 2b6f2d45c45..2b6f2d45c45 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/sec.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/sec.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/ssi.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/ssi.txt
index 5ff76c9c57d..5ff76c9c57d 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/ssi.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/ssi.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/nintendo/gamecube.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/nintendo/gamecube.txt
index b558585b1aa..b558585b1aa 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/nintendo/gamecube.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/nintendo/gamecube.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/nintendo/wii.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/nintendo/wii.txt
index a7e155a023b..a7e155a023b 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/nintendo/wii.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/nintendo/wii.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/spi.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/spi/fsl-spi.txt
index 777abd7399d..777abd7399d 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/spi.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/spi/fsl-spi.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/spi-bus.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/spi/spi-bus.txt
index e782add2e45..e782add2e45 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/spi-bus.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/spi/spi-bus.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/usb.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/usb/fsl-usb.txt
index bd5723f0b67..bd5723f0b67 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/fsl/usb.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/usb/fsl-usb.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/usb-ehci.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/usb/usb-ehci.txt
index fa18612f757..fa18612f757 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/usb-ehci.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/usb/usb-ehci.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/xilinx.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/xilinx.txt
index 299d0923537..299d0923537 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/dts-bindings/xilinx.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/xilinx.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/booting-without-of.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/booting-without-of.txt
index 7400d7555dc..9381a148102 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/booting-without-of.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/booting-without-of.txt
@@ -13,7 +13,7 @@ Table of Contents
I - Introduction
1) Entry point for arch/powerpc
- 2) Board support
+ 2) Entry point for arch/arm
II - The DT block format
1) Header
@@ -41,13 +41,6 @@ Table of Contents
VI - System-on-a-chip devices and nodes
1) Defining child nodes of an SOC
2) Representing devices without a current OF specification
- a) PHY nodes
- b) Interrupt controllers
- c) 4xx/Axon EMAC ethernet nodes
- d) Xilinx IP cores
- e) USB EHCI controllers
- f) MDIO on GPIOs
- g) SPI busses
VII - Specifying interrupt information for devices
1) interrupts property
@@ -123,7 +116,7 @@ Revision Information
I - Introduction
================
-During the recent development of the Linux/ppc64 kernel, and more
+During the development of the Linux/ppc64 kernel, and more
specifically, the addition of new platform types outside of the old
IBM pSeries/iSeries pair, it was decided to enforce some strict rules
regarding the kernel entry and bootloader <-> kernel interfaces, in
@@ -146,7 +139,7 @@ section III, but, for example, the kernel does not require you to
create a node for every PCI device in the system. It is a requirement
to have a node for PCI host bridges in order to provide interrupt
routing informations and memory/IO ranges, among others. It is also
-recommended to define nodes for on chip devices and other busses that
+recommended to define nodes for on chip devices and other buses that
don't specifically fit in an existing OF specification. This creates a
great flexibility in the way the kernel can then probe those and match
drivers to device, without having to hard code all sorts of tables. It
@@ -158,7 +151,7 @@ it with special cases.
1) Entry point for arch/powerpc
-------------------------------
- There is one and one single entry point to the kernel, at the start
+ There is one single entry point to the kernel, at the start
of the kernel image. That entry point supports two calling
conventions:
@@ -210,12 +203,6 @@ it with special cases.
with all CPUs. The way to do that with method b) will be
described in a later revision of this document.
-
-2) Board support
-----------------
-
-64-bit kernels:
-
Board supports (platforms) are not exclusive config options. An
arbitrary set of board supports can be built in a single kernel
image. The kernel will "know" what set of functions to use for a
@@ -234,47 +221,49 @@ it with special cases.
containing the various callbacks that the generic code will
use to get to your platform specific code
- c) Add a reference to your "ppc_md" structure in the
- "machines" table in arch/powerpc/kernel/setup_64.c if you are
- a 64-bit platform.
-
- d) request and get assigned a platform number (see PLATFORM_*
- constants in arch/powerpc/include/asm/processor.h
-
-32-bit embedded kernels:
-
- Currently, board support is essentially an exclusive config option.
- The kernel is configured for a single platform. Part of the reason
- for this is to keep kernels on embedded systems small and efficient;
- part of this is due to the fact the code is already that way. In the
- future, a kernel may support multiple platforms, but only if the
+ A kernel image may support multiple platforms, but only if the
platforms feature the same core architecture. A single kernel build
cannot support both configurations with Book E and configurations
with classic Powerpc architectures.
- 32-bit embedded platforms that are moved into arch/powerpc using a
- flattened device tree should adopt the merged tree practice of
- setting ppc_md up dynamically, even though the kernel is currently
- built with support for only a single platform at a time. This allows
- unification of the setup code, and will make it easier to go to a
- multiple-platform-support model in the future.
+2) Entry point for arch/arm
+---------------------------
+
+ There is one single entry point to the kernel, at the start
+ of the kernel image. That entry point supports two calling
+ conventions. A summary of the interface is described here. A full
+ description of the boot requirements is documented in
+ Documentation/arm/Booting
+
+ a) ATAGS interface. Minimal information is passed from firmware
+ to the kernel with a tagged list of predefined parameters.
+
+ r0 : 0
+
+ r1 : Machine type number
-NOTE: I believe the above will be true once Ben's done with the merge
-of the boot sequences.... someone speak up if this is wrong!
+ r2 : Physical address of tagged list in system RAM
- To add a 32-bit embedded platform support, follow the instructions
- for 64-bit platforms above, with the exception that the Kconfig
- option should be set up such that the kernel builds exclusively for
- the platform selected. The processor type for the platform should
- enable another config option to select the specific board
- supported.
+ b) Entry with a flattened device-tree block. Firmware loads the
+ physical address of the flattened device tree block (dtb) into r2,
+ r1 is not used, but it is considered good practise to use a valid
+ machine number as described in Documentation/arm/Booting.
-NOTE: If Ben doesn't merge the setup files, may need to change this to
-point to setup_32.c
+ r0 : 0
+ r1 : Valid machine type number. When using a device tree,
+ a single machine type number will often be assigned to
+ represent a class or family of SoCs.
- I will describe later the boot process and various callbacks that
- your platform should implement.
+ r2 : physical pointer to the device-tree block
+ (defined in chapter II) in RAM. Device tree can be located
+ anywhere in system RAM, but it should be aligned on a 32 bit
+ boundary.
+
+ The kernel will differentiate between ATAGS and device tree booting by
+ reading the memory pointed to by r1 and looking for either the flattened
+ device tree block magic value (0xd00dfeed) or the ATAG_CORE value at
+ offset 0x4 from r2 (0x54410001).
II - The DT block format
@@ -300,8 +289,8 @@ the block to RAM before passing it to the kernel.
1) Header
---------
- The kernel is entered with r3 pointing to an area of memory that is
- roughly described in arch/powerpc/include/asm/prom.h by the structure
+ The kernel is passed the physical address pointing to an area of memory
+ that is roughly described in include/linux/of_fdt.h by the structure
boot_param_header:
struct boot_param_header {
@@ -339,7 +328,7 @@ struct boot_param_header {
All values in this header are in big endian format, the various
fields in this header are defined more precisely below. All
"offset" values are in bytes from the start of the header; that is
- from the value of r3.
+ from the physical base address of the device tree block.
- magic
@@ -437,7 +426,7 @@ struct boot_param_header {
------------------------------
- r3 -> | struct boot_param_header |
+ base -> | struct boot_param_header |
------------------------------
| (alignment gap) (*) |
------------------------------
@@ -457,7 +446,7 @@ struct boot_param_header {
-----> ------------------------------
|
|
- --- (r3 + totalsize)
+ --- (base + totalsize)
(*) The alignment gaps are not necessarily present; their presence
and size are dependent on the various alignment requirements of
@@ -500,7 +489,7 @@ the device-tree structure. It is typically used to represent "path" in
the device-tree. More details about the actual format of these will be
below.
-The kernel powerpc generic code does not make any formal use of the
+The kernel generic code does not make any formal use of the
unit address (though some board support code may do) so the only real
requirement here for the unit address is to ensure uniqueness of
the node unit name at a given level of the tree. Nodes with no notion
@@ -518,20 +507,21 @@ path to the root node is "/".
Every node which actually represents an actual device (that is, a node
which isn't only a virtual "container" for more nodes, like "/cpus"
-is) is also required to have a "device_type" property indicating the
-type of node .
+is) is also required to have a "compatible" property indicating the
+specific hardware and an optional list of devices it is fully
+backwards compatible with.
Finally, every node that can be referenced from a property in another
-node is required to have a "linux,phandle" property. Real open
-firmware implementations provide a unique "phandle" value for every
-node that the "prom_init()" trampoline code turns into
-"linux,phandle" properties. However, this is made optional if the
-flattened device tree is used directly. An example of a node
+node is required to have either a "phandle" or a "linux,phandle"
+property. Real Open Firmware implementations provide a unique
+"phandle" value for every node that the "prom_init()" trampoline code
+turns into "linux,phandle" properties. However, this is made optional
+if the flattened device tree is used directly. An example of a node
referencing another node via "phandle" is when laying out the
interrupt tree which will be described in a further version of this
document.
-This "linux, phandle" property is a 32-bit value that uniquely
+The "phandle" property is a 32-bit value that uniquely
identifies a node. You are free to use whatever values or system of
values, internal pointers, or whatever to generate these, the only
requirement is that every node for which you provide that property has
@@ -694,7 +684,7 @@ made of 3 cells, the bottom two containing the actual address itself
while the top cell contains address space indication, flags, and pci
bus & device numbers.
-For busses that support dynamic allocation, it's the accepted practice
+For buses that support dynamic allocation, it's the accepted practice
to then not provide the address in "reg" (keep it 0) though while
providing a flag indicating the address is dynamically allocated, and
then, to provide a separate "assigned-addresses" property that
@@ -711,7 +701,7 @@ prom_parse.c file of the recent kernels for your bus type.
The "reg" property only defines addresses and sizes (if #size-cells is
non-0) within a given bus. In order to translate addresses upward
(that is into parent bus addresses, and possibly into CPU physical
-addresses), all busses must contain a "ranges" property. If the
+addresses), all buses must contain a "ranges" property. If the
"ranges" property is missing at a given level, it's assumed that
translation isn't possible, i.e., the registers are not visible on the
parent bus. The format of the "ranges" property for a bus is a list
@@ -727,9 +717,9 @@ example, for a PCI host controller, that would be a CPU address. For a
PCI<->ISA bridge, that would be a PCI address. It defines the base
address in the parent bus where the beginning of that range is mapped.
-For a new 64-bit powerpc board, I recommend either the 2/2 format or
+For new 64-bit board support, I recommend either the 2/2 format or
Apple's 2/1 format which is slightly more compact since sizes usually
-fit in a single 32-bit word. New 32-bit powerpc boards should use a
+fit in a single 32-bit word. New 32-bit board support should use a
1/1 format, unless the processor supports physical addresses greater
than 32-bits, in which case a 2/1 format is recommended.
@@ -754,7 +744,7 @@ of their actual names.
While earlier users of Open Firmware like OldWorld macintoshes tended
to use the actual device name for the "name" property, it's nowadays
considered a good practice to use a name that is closer to the device
-class (often equal to device_type). For example, nowadays, ethernet
+class (often equal to device_type). For example, nowadays, Ethernet
controllers are named "ethernet", an additional "model" property
defining precisely the chip type/model, and "compatible" property
defining the family in case a single driver can driver more than one
@@ -772,7 +762,7 @@ is present).
4) Note about node and property names and character set
-------------------------------------------------------
-While open firmware provides more flexible usage of 8859-1, this
+While Open Firmware provides more flexible usage of 8859-1, this
specification enforces more strict rules. Nodes and properties should
be comprised only of ASCII characters 'a' to 'z', '0' to
'9', ',', '.', '_', '+', '#', '?', and '-'. Node names additionally
@@ -792,7 +782,7 @@ address which can extend beyond that limit.
--------------------------------
These are all that are currently required. However, it is strongly
recommended that you expose PCI host bridges as documented in the
- PCI binding to open firmware, and your interrupt tree as documented
+ PCI binding to Open Firmware, and your interrupt tree as documented
in OF interrupt tree specification.
a) The root node
@@ -802,20 +792,12 @@ address which can extend beyond that limit.
- model : this is your board name/model
- #address-cells : address representation for "root" devices
- #size-cells: the size representation for "root" devices
- - device_type : This property shouldn't be necessary. However, if
- you decide to create a device_type for your root node, make sure it
- is _not_ "chrp" unless your platform is a pSeries or PAPR compliant
- one for 64-bit, or a CHRP-type machine for 32-bit as this will
- matched by the kernel this way.
-
- Additionally, some recommended properties are:
-
- compatible : the board "family" generally finds its way here,
for example, if you have 2 board models with a similar layout,
that typically get driven by the same platform code in the
- kernel, you would use a different "model" property but put a
- value in "compatible". The kernel doesn't directly use that
- value but it is generally useful.
+ kernel, you would specify the exact board model in the
+ compatible property followed by an entry that represents the SoC
+ model.
The root node is also generally where you add additional properties
specific to your board like the serial number if any, that sort of
@@ -841,8 +823,11 @@ address which can extend beyond that limit.
So under /cpus, you are supposed to create a node for every CPU on
the machine. There is no specific restriction on the name of the
- CPU, though It's common practice to call it PowerPC,<name>. For
+ CPU, though it's common to call it <architecture>,<core>. For
example, Apple uses PowerPC,G5 while IBM uses PowerPC,970FX.
+ However, the Generic Names convention suggests that it would be
+ better to simply use 'cpu' for each cpu node and use the compatible
+ property to identify the specific cpu core.
Required properties:
@@ -923,7 +908,7 @@ compatibility.
e) The /chosen node
- This node is a bit "special". Normally, that's where open firmware
+ This node is a bit "special". Normally, that's where Open Firmware
puts some variable environment information, like the arguments, or
the default input/output devices.
@@ -940,11 +925,7 @@ compatibility.
console device if any. Typically, if you have serial devices on
your board, you may want to put the full path to the one set as
the default console in the firmware here, for the kernel to pick
- it up as its own default console. If you look at the function
- set_preferred_console() in arch/ppc64/kernel/setup.c, you'll see
- that the kernel tries to find out the default console and has
- knowledge of various types like 8250 serial ports. You may want
- to extend this function to add your own.
+ it up as its own default console.
Note that u-boot creates and fills in the chosen node for platforms
that use it.
@@ -955,23 +936,23 @@ compatibility.
f) the /soc<SOCname> node
- This node is used to represent a system-on-a-chip (SOC) and must be
- present if the processor is a SOC. The top-level soc node contains
- information that is global to all devices on the SOC. The node name
- should contain a unit address for the SOC, which is the base address
- of the memory-mapped register set for the SOC. The name of an soc
+ This node is used to represent a system-on-a-chip (SoC) and must be
+ present if the processor is a SoC. The top-level soc node contains
+ information that is global to all devices on the SoC. The node name
+ should contain a unit address for the SoC, which is the base address
+ of the memory-mapped register set for the SoC. The name of an SoC
node should start with "soc", and the remainder of the name should
represent the part number for the soc. For example, the MPC8540's
soc node would be called "soc8540".
Required properties:
- - device_type : Should be "soc"
- ranges : Should be defined as specified in 1) to describe the
- translation of SOC addresses for memory mapped SOC registers.
- - bus-frequency: Contains the bus frequency for the SOC node.
+ translation of SoC addresses for memory mapped SoC registers.
+ - bus-frequency: Contains the bus frequency for the SoC node.
Typically, the value of this field is filled in by the boot
loader.
+ - compatible : Exact model of the SoC
Recommended properties:
@@ -1155,12 +1136,13 @@ while all this has been defined and implemented.
- An example of code for iterating nodes & retrieving properties
directly from the flattened tree format can be found in the kernel
- file arch/ppc64/kernel/prom.c, look at scan_flat_dt() function,
+ file drivers/of/fdt.c. Look at the of_scan_flat_dt() function,
its usage in early_init_devtree(), and the corresponding various
early_init_dt_scan_*() callbacks. That code can be re-used in a
GPL bootloader, and as the author of that code, I would be happy
to discuss possible free licensing to any vendor who wishes to
integrate all or part of this code into a non-GPL bootloader.
+ (reference needed; who is 'I' here? ---gcl Jan 31, 2011)
@@ -1203,18 +1185,19 @@ MPC8540.
2) Representing devices without a current OF specification
----------------------------------------------------------
-Currently, there are many devices on SOCs that do not have a standard
-representation pre-defined as part of the open firmware
-specifications, mainly because the boards that contain these SOCs are
-not currently booted using open firmware. This section contains
-descriptions for the SOC devices for which new nodes have been
-defined; this list will expand as more and more SOC-containing
-platforms are moved over to use the flattened-device-tree model.
+Currently, there are many devices on SoCs that do not have a standard
+representation defined as part of the Open Firmware specifications,
+mainly because the boards that contain these SoCs are not currently
+booted using Open Firmware. Binding documentation for new devices
+should be added to the Documentation/devicetree/bindings directory.
+That directory will expand as device tree support is added to more and
+more SoCs.
+
VII - Specifying interrupt information for devices
===================================================
-The device tree represents the busses and devices of a hardware
+The device tree represents the buses and devices of a hardware
system in a form similar to the physical bus topology of the
hardware.