aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/tools
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorLuka Perkov <uboot@lukaperkov.net>2012-05-27 11:44:51 +0000
committerAlbert ARIBAUD <albert.u.boot@aribaud.net>2012-07-07 14:07:32 +0200
commitd131ad68c6566749df10154d2a6fa93df5865495 (patch)
tree3dec8f6900c2a86e86e67f77996fe5a0090459c1 /tools
parent24934fea0c6248ac33ccf398dd1a86e0b9904eeb (diff)
downloadu-boot-linaro-stable-d131ad68c6566749df10154d2a6fa93df5865495.tar.gz
kwboot: boot kirkwood SoCs over a serial link
The kwboot program boots boards based on Marvell's Kirkwood platform via Xmodem over their integrated UART. Signed-off-by: Daniel Stodden <daniel.stodden@googlemail.com> Acked-by: Luka Perkov <uboot@lukaperkov.net> Tested-By: Holger Brunck <holger.brunck@keymile.com> Tested-By: David Purdy <david.c.purdy@gmail.com> Tested-by: Simon Guinot <simon.guinot@sequanux.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'tools')
-rw-r--r--tools/Makefile6
-rw-r--r--tools/kwboot.c742
2 files changed, 748 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/tools/Makefile b/tools/Makefile
index 8993fdd7b..8097d9583 100644
--- a/tools/Makefile
+++ b/tools/Makefile
@@ -72,6 +72,7 @@ BIN_FILES-$(CONFIG_SMDK5250) += mksmdk5250spl$(SFX)
BIN_FILES-$(CONFIG_MX28) += mxsboot$(SFX)
BIN_FILES-$(CONFIG_NETCONSOLE) += ncb$(SFX)
BIN_FILES-$(CONFIG_SHA1_CHECK_UB_IMG) += ubsha1$(SFX)
+BIN_FILES-$(CONFIG_KIRKWOOD) += kwboot$(SFX)
# Source files which exist outside the tools directory
EXT_OBJ_FILES-$(CONFIG_BUILD_ENVCRC) += common/env_embedded.o
@@ -101,6 +102,7 @@ OBJ_FILES-$(CONFIG_NETCONSOLE) += ncb.o
NOPED_OBJ_FILES-y += os_support.o
OBJ_FILES-$(CONFIG_SHA1_CHECK_UB_IMG) += ubsha1.o
NOPED_OBJ_FILES-y += ublimage.o
+OBJ_FILES-$(CONFIG_KIRKWOOD) += kwboot.o
# Don't build by default
#ifeq ($(ARCH),ppc)
@@ -234,6 +236,10 @@ $(obj)ncb$(SFX): $(obj)ncb.o
$(obj)ubsha1$(SFX): $(obj)os_support.o $(obj)sha1.o $(obj)ubsha1.o
$(HOSTCC) $(HOSTCFLAGS) $(HOSTLDFLAGS) -o $@ $^
+$(obj)kwboot$(SFX): $(obj)kwboot.o
+ $(HOSTCC) $(HOSTCFLAGS) $(HOSTLDFLAGS) -o $@ $^
+ $(HOSTSTRIP) $@
+
# Some of the tool objects need to be accessed from outside the tools directory
$(obj)%.o: $(SRCTREE)/common/%.c
$(HOSTCC) -g $(HOSTCFLAGS_NOPED) -c -o $@ $<
diff --git a/tools/kwboot.c b/tools/kwboot.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000..e773f01df
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/kwboot.c
@@ -0,0 +1,742 @@
+/*
+ * Boot a Marvell Kirkwood SoC, with Xmodem over UART0.
+ *
+ * (c) 2012 Daniel Stodden <daniel.stodden@gmail.com>
+ *
+ * References: marvell.com, "88F6180, 88F6190, 88F6192, and 88F6281
+ * Integrated Controller: Functional Specifications" December 2,
+ * 2008. Chapter 24.2 "BootROM Firmware".
+ */
+
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <stdarg.h>
+#include <libgen.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <stdint.h>
+#include <termios.h>
+#include <sys/mman.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+
+#include "kwbimage.h"
+
+#ifdef __GNUC__
+#define PACKED __attribute((packed))
+#else
+#define PACKED
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * Marvell BootROM UART Sensing
+ */
+
+static unsigned char kwboot_msg_boot[] = {
+ 0xBB, 0x11, 0x22, 0x33, 0x44, 0x55, 0x66, 0x77
+};
+
+#define KWBOOT_MSG_REQ_DELAY 10 /* ms */
+#define KWBOOT_MSG_RSP_TIMEO 50 /* ms */
+
+/*
+ * Xmodem Transfers
+ */
+
+#define SOH 1 /* sender start of block header */
+#define EOT 4 /* sender end of block transfer */
+#define ACK 6 /* target block ack */
+#define NAK 21 /* target block negative ack */
+#define CAN 24 /* target/sender transfer cancellation */
+
+struct kwboot_block {
+ uint8_t soh;
+ uint8_t pnum;
+ uint8_t _pnum;
+ uint8_t data[128];
+ uint8_t csum;
+} PACKED;
+
+#define KWBOOT_BLK_RSP_TIMEO 1000 /* ms */
+
+static int kwboot_verbose;
+
+static void
+kwboot_printv(const char *fmt, ...)
+{
+ va_list ap;
+
+ if (kwboot_verbose) {
+ va_start(ap, fmt);
+ vprintf(fmt, ap);
+ va_end(ap);
+ fflush(stdout);
+ }
+}
+
+static void
+__spinner(void)
+{
+ const char seq[] = { '-', '\\', '|', '/' };
+ const int div = 8;
+ static int state, bs;
+
+ if (state % div == 0) {
+ fputc(bs, stdout);
+ fputc(seq[state / div % sizeof(seq)], stdout);
+ fflush(stdout);
+ }
+
+ bs = '\b';
+ state++;
+}
+
+static void
+kwboot_spinner(void)
+{
+ if (kwboot_verbose)
+ __spinner();
+}
+
+static void
+__progress(int pct, char c)
+{
+ const int width = 70;
+ static const char *nl = "";
+ static int pos;
+
+ if (pos % width == 0)
+ printf("%s%3d %% [", nl, pct);
+
+ fputc(c, stdout);
+
+ nl = "]\n";
+ pos++;
+
+ if (pct == 100) {
+ while (pos++ < width)
+ fputc(' ', stdout);
+ fputs(nl, stdout);
+ }
+
+ fflush(stdout);
+
+}
+
+static void
+kwboot_progress(int _pct, char c)
+{
+ static int pct;
+
+ if (_pct != -1)
+ pct = _pct;
+
+ if (kwboot_verbose)
+ __progress(pct, c);
+}
+
+static int
+kwboot_tty_recv(int fd, void *buf, size_t len, int timeo)
+{
+ int rc, nfds;
+ fd_set rfds;
+ struct timeval tv;
+ ssize_t n;
+
+ rc = -1;
+
+ FD_ZERO(&rfds);
+ FD_SET(fd, &rfds);
+
+ tv.tv_sec = 0;
+ tv.tv_usec = timeo * 1000;
+ if (tv.tv_usec > 1000000) {
+ tv.tv_sec += tv.tv_usec / 1000000;
+ tv.tv_usec %= 1000000;
+ }
+
+ do {
+ nfds = select(fd + 1, &rfds, NULL, NULL, &tv);
+ if (nfds < 0)
+ goto out;
+ if (!nfds) {
+ errno = ETIMEDOUT;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ n = read(fd, buf, len);
+ if (n < 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ buf = (char *)buf + n;
+ len -= n;
+ } while (len > 0);
+
+ rc = 0;
+out:
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static int
+kwboot_tty_send(int fd, const void *buf, size_t len)
+{
+ int rc;
+ ssize_t n;
+
+ rc = -1;
+
+ do {
+ n = write(fd, buf, len);
+ if (n < 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ buf = (char *)buf + n;
+ len -= n;
+ } while (len > 0);
+
+ rc = tcdrain(fd);
+out:
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static int
+kwboot_tty_send_char(int fd, unsigned char c)
+{
+ return kwboot_tty_send(fd, &c, 1);
+}
+
+static speed_t
+kwboot_tty_speed(int baudrate)
+{
+ switch (baudrate) {
+ case 115200:
+ return B115200;
+ case 57600:
+ return B57600;
+ case 38400:
+ return B38400;
+ case 19200:
+ return B19200;
+ case 9600:
+ return B9600;
+ }
+
+ return -1;
+}
+
+static int
+kwboot_open_tty(const char *path, speed_t speed)
+{
+ int rc, fd;
+ struct termios tio;
+
+ rc = -1;
+
+ fd = open(path, O_RDWR|O_NOCTTY|O_NDELAY);
+ if (fd < 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ memset(&tio, 0, sizeof(tio));
+
+ tio.c_iflag = 0;
+ tio.c_cflag = CREAD|CLOCAL|CS8;
+
+ tio.c_cc[VMIN] = 1;
+ tio.c_cc[VTIME] = 10;
+
+ cfsetospeed(&tio, speed);
+ cfsetispeed(&tio, speed);
+
+ rc = tcsetattr(fd, TCSANOW, &tio);
+ if (rc)
+ goto out;
+
+ rc = fd;
+out:
+ if (rc < 0) {
+ if (fd >= 0)
+ close(fd);
+ }
+
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static int
+kwboot_bootmsg(int tty, void *msg)
+{
+ int rc;
+ char c;
+
+ kwboot_printv("Sending boot message. Please reboot the target...");
+
+ do {
+ rc = tcflush(tty, TCIOFLUSH);
+ if (rc)
+ break;
+
+ rc = kwboot_tty_send(tty, msg, 8);
+ if (rc) {
+ usleep(KWBOOT_MSG_REQ_DELAY * 1000);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ rc = kwboot_tty_recv(tty, &c, 1, KWBOOT_MSG_RSP_TIMEO);
+
+ kwboot_spinner();
+
+ } while (rc || c != NAK);
+
+ kwboot_printv("\n");
+
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static int
+kwboot_xm_makeblock(struct kwboot_block *block, const void *data,
+ size_t size, int pnum)
+{
+ const size_t blksz = sizeof(block->data);
+ size_t n;
+ int i;
+
+ block->pnum = pnum;
+ block->_pnum = ~block->pnum;
+
+ n = size < blksz ? size : blksz;
+ memcpy(&block->data[0], data, n);
+ memset(&block->data[n], 0, blksz - n);
+
+ block->csum = 0;
+ for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
+ block->csum += block->data[i];
+
+ return n;
+}
+
+static int
+kwboot_xm_sendblock(int fd, struct kwboot_block *block)
+{
+ int rc, retries;
+ char c;
+
+ retries = 16;
+ do {
+ rc = kwboot_tty_send(fd, block, sizeof(*block));
+ if (rc)
+ break;
+
+ rc = kwboot_tty_recv(fd, &c, 1, KWBOOT_BLK_RSP_TIMEO);
+ if (rc)
+ break;
+
+ if (c != ACK)
+ kwboot_progress(-1, '+');
+
+ } while (c == NAK && retries-- > 0);
+
+ rc = -1;
+
+ switch (c) {
+ case ACK:
+ rc = 0;
+ break;
+ case NAK:
+ errno = EBADMSG;
+ break;
+ case CAN:
+ errno = ECANCELED;
+ break;
+ default:
+ errno = EPROTO;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static int
+kwboot_xmodem(int tty, const void *_data, size_t size)
+{
+ const uint8_t *data = _data;
+ int rc, pnum, N, err;
+
+ pnum = 1;
+ N = 0;
+
+ kwboot_printv("Sending boot image...\n");
+
+ do {
+ struct kwboot_block block;
+ int n;
+
+ n = kwboot_xm_makeblock(&block,
+ data + N, size - N,
+ pnum++);
+ if (n < 0)
+ goto can;
+
+ if (!n)
+ break;
+
+ rc = kwboot_xm_sendblock(tty, &block);
+ if (rc)
+ goto out;
+
+ N += n;
+ kwboot_progress(N * 100 / size, '.');
+ } while (1);
+
+ rc = kwboot_tty_send_char(tty, EOT);
+
+out:
+ return rc;
+
+can:
+ err = errno;
+ kwboot_tty_send_char(tty, CAN);
+ errno = err;
+ goto out;
+}
+
+static int
+kwboot_term_pipe(int in, int out, char *quit, int *s)
+{
+ ssize_t nin, nout;
+ char _buf[128], *buf = _buf;
+
+ nin = read(in, buf, sizeof(buf));
+ if (nin < 0)
+ return -1;
+
+ if (quit) {
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < nin; i++) {
+ if (*buf == quit[*s]) {
+ (*s)++;
+ if (!quit[*s])
+ return 0;
+ buf++;
+ nin--;
+ } else
+ while (*s > 0) {
+ nout = write(out, quit, *s);
+ if (nout <= 0)
+ return -1;
+ (*s) -= nout;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
+ while (nin > 0) {
+ nout = write(out, buf, nin);
+ if (nout <= 0)
+ return -1;
+ nin -= nout;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+kwboot_terminal(int tty)
+{
+ int rc, in, s;
+ char *quit = "\34c";
+ struct termios otio, tio;
+
+ rc = -1;
+
+ in = STDIN_FILENO;
+ if (isatty(in)) {
+ rc = tcgetattr(in, &otio);
+ if (!rc) {
+ tio = otio;
+ cfmakeraw(&tio);
+ rc = tcsetattr(in, TCSANOW, &tio);
+ }
+ if (rc) {
+ perror("tcsetattr");
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ kwboot_printv("[Type Ctrl-%c + %c to quit]\r\n",
+ quit[0]|0100, quit[1]);
+ } else
+ in = -1;
+
+ rc = 0;
+ s = 0;
+
+ do {
+ fd_set rfds;
+ int nfds = 0;
+
+ FD_SET(tty, &rfds);
+ nfds = nfds < tty ? tty : nfds;
+
+ if (in >= 0) {
+ FD_SET(in, &rfds);
+ nfds = nfds < in ? in : nfds;
+ }
+
+ nfds = select(nfds + 1, &rfds, NULL, NULL, NULL);
+ if (nfds < 0)
+ break;
+
+ if (FD_ISSET(tty, &rfds)) {
+ rc = kwboot_term_pipe(tty, STDOUT_FILENO, NULL, NULL);
+ if (rc)
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (FD_ISSET(in, &rfds)) {
+ rc = kwboot_term_pipe(in, tty, quit, &s);
+ if (rc)
+ break;
+ }
+ } while (quit[s] != 0);
+
+ tcsetattr(in, TCSANOW, &otio);
+out:
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static void *
+kwboot_mmap_image(const char *path, size_t *size, int prot)
+{
+ int rc, fd, flags;
+ struct stat st;
+ void *img;
+
+ rc = -1;
+ fd = -1;
+ img = NULL;
+
+ fd = open(path, O_RDONLY);
+ if (fd < 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ rc = fstat(fd, &st);
+ if (rc)
+ goto out;
+
+ flags = (prot & PROT_WRITE) ? MAP_PRIVATE : MAP_SHARED;
+
+ img = mmap(NULL, st.st_size, prot, flags, fd, 0);
+ if (img == MAP_FAILED) {
+ img = NULL;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ rc = 0;
+ *size = st.st_size;
+out:
+ if (rc && img) {
+ munmap(img, st.st_size);
+ img = NULL;
+ }
+ if (fd >= 0)
+ close(fd);
+
+ return img;
+}
+
+static uint8_t
+kwboot_img_csum8(void *_data, size_t size)
+{
+ uint8_t *data = _data, csum;
+
+ for (csum = 0; size-- > 0; data++)
+ csum += *data;
+
+ return csum;
+}
+
+static int
+kwboot_img_patch_hdr(void *img, size_t size)
+{
+ int rc;
+ bhr_t *hdr;
+ uint8_t csum;
+ const size_t hdrsz = sizeof(*hdr);
+
+ rc = -1;
+ hdr = img;
+
+ if (size < hdrsz) {
+ errno = EINVAL;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ csum = kwboot_img_csum8(hdr, hdrsz) - hdr->checkSum;
+ if (csum != hdr->checkSum) {
+ errno = EINVAL;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ if (hdr->blockid == IBR_HDR_UART_ID) {
+ rc = 0;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ hdr->blockid = IBR_HDR_UART_ID;
+
+ hdr->nandeccmode = IBR_HDR_ECC_DISABLED;
+ hdr->nandpagesize = 0;
+
+ hdr->srcaddr = hdr->ext
+ ? sizeof(struct kwb_header)
+ : sizeof(*hdr);
+
+ hdr->checkSum = kwboot_img_csum8(hdr, hdrsz) - csum;
+
+ rc = 0;
+out:
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static void
+kwboot_usage(FILE *stream, char *progname)
+{
+ fprintf(stream,
+ "Usage: %s -b <image> [ -p ] [ -t ] "
+ "[-B <baud> ] <TTY>\n", progname);
+ fprintf(stream, "\n");
+ fprintf(stream, " -b <image>: boot <image>\n");
+ fprintf(stream, " -p: patch <image> to type 0x69 (uart boot)\n");
+ fprintf(stream, "\n");
+ fprintf(stream, " -t: mini terminal\n");
+ fprintf(stream, "\n");
+ fprintf(stream, " -B <baud>: set baud rate\n");
+ fprintf(stream, "\n");
+}
+
+int
+main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+ const char *ttypath, *imgpath;
+ int rv, rc, tty, term, prot, patch;
+ void *bootmsg;
+ void *img;
+ size_t size;
+ speed_t speed;
+
+ rv = 1;
+ tty = -1;
+ bootmsg = NULL;
+ imgpath = NULL;
+ img = NULL;
+ term = 0;
+ patch = 0;
+ size = 0;
+ speed = B115200;
+
+ kwboot_verbose = isatty(STDOUT_FILENO);
+
+ do {
+ int c = getopt(argc, argv, "hb:ptB:");
+ if (c < 0)
+ break;
+
+ switch (c) {
+ case 'b':
+ bootmsg = kwboot_msg_boot;
+ imgpath = optarg;
+ break;
+
+ case 'p':
+ patch = 1;
+ break;
+
+ case 't':
+ term = 1;
+ break;
+
+ case 'B':
+ speed = kwboot_tty_speed(atoi(optarg));
+ if (speed == -1)
+ goto usage;
+ break;
+
+ case 'h':
+ rv = 0;
+ default:
+ goto usage;
+ }
+ } while (1);
+
+ if (!bootmsg && !term)
+ goto usage;
+
+ if (patch && !imgpath)
+ goto usage;
+
+ if (argc - optind < 1)
+ goto usage;
+
+ ttypath = argv[optind++];
+
+ tty = kwboot_open_tty(ttypath, speed);
+ if (tty < 0) {
+ perror(ttypath);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ if (imgpath) {
+ prot = PROT_READ | (patch ? PROT_WRITE : 0);
+
+ img = kwboot_mmap_image(imgpath, &size, prot);
+ if (!img) {
+ perror(imgpath);
+ goto out;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (patch) {
+ rc = kwboot_img_patch_hdr(img, size);
+ if (rc) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "%s: Invalid image.\n", imgpath);
+ goto out;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (bootmsg) {
+ rc = kwboot_bootmsg(tty, bootmsg);
+ if (rc) {
+ perror("bootmsg");
+ goto out;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (img) {
+ rc = kwboot_xmodem(tty, img, size);
+ if (rc) {
+ perror("xmodem");
+ goto out;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (term) {
+ rc = kwboot_terminal(tty);
+ if (rc && !(errno == EINTR)) {
+ perror("terminal");
+ goto out;
+ }
+ }
+
+ rv = 0;
+out:
+ if (tty >= 0)
+ close(tty);
+
+ if (img)
+ munmap(img, size);
+
+ return rv;
+
+usage:
+ kwboot_usage(rv ? stderr : stdout, basename(argv[0]));
+ goto out;
+}