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authorDipen Dudhat <Dipen.Dudhat@freescale.com>2011-03-22 09:27:39 +0530
committerKumar Gala <galak@kernel.crashing.org>2011-09-29 19:01:04 -0500
commit52f90dad60d2252ec34c208cae1100bc75201ec7 (patch)
treeac51b1ccc0fc541ee8ace1dfc6fe51f0dd8778ec /nand_spl
parent49249e137daeec4d51c99aa69a8459d2f11cd94d (diff)
downloadu-boot-linaro-stable-52f90dad60d2252ec34c208cae1100bc75201ec7.tar.gz
nand: Freescale Integrated Flash Controller NAND support
Add NAND support (including spl) on IFC, such as is found on the p1010. Note that using hardware ECC on IFC with small-page NAND (which is what comes on the p1010rdb reference board) means there will be insufficient OOB space for JFFS2, since IFC does not support 1-bit ECC. UBI should work, as it does not use OOB for anything but ECC. When hardware ECC is not enabled in CSOR, software ECC is now used. Signed-off-by: Dipen Dudhat <Dipen.Dudhat@freescale.com> [scottwood@freescale.com: ECC rework and misc fixes] Signed-off-by: Scott Wood <scottwood@freescale.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'nand_spl')
-rw-r--r--nand_spl/nand_boot_fsl_ifc.c271
1 files changed, 271 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/nand_spl/nand_boot_fsl_ifc.c b/nand_spl/nand_boot_fsl_ifc.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000..44972c5c0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/nand_spl/nand_boot_fsl_ifc.c
@@ -0,0 +1,271 @@
+/*
+ * NAND boot for FSL Integrated Flash Controller, NAND Flash Control Machine
+ *
+ * Copyright 2011 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
+ * Author: Dipen Dudhat <dipen.dudhat@freescale.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
+ * the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston,
+ * MA 02111-1307 USA
+ */
+
+#include <common.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+#include <asm/fsl_ifc.h>
+#include <linux/mtd/nand.h>
+
+static inline int is_blank(uchar *addr, int page_size)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < page_size; i++) {
+ if (__raw_readb(&addr[i]) != 0xff)
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * For the SPL, don't worry about uncorrectable errors
+ * where the main area is all FFs but shouldn't be.
+ */
+ return 1;
+}
+
+/* returns nonzero if entire page is blank */
+static inline int check_read_ecc(uchar *buf, u32 *eccstat,
+ unsigned int bufnum, int page_size)
+{
+ u32 reg = eccstat[bufnum / 4];
+ int errors = (reg >> ((3 - bufnum % 4) * 8)) & 15;
+
+ if (errors == 15) { /* uncorrectable */
+ /* Blank pages fail hw ECC checks */
+ if (is_blank(buf, page_size))
+ return 1;
+
+ puts("ecc error\n");
+ for (;;)
+ ;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static inline void nand_wait(uchar *buf, int bufnum, int page_size)
+{
+ struct fsl_ifc *ifc = IFC_BASE_ADDR;
+ u32 status;
+ u32 eccstat[4];
+ int bufperpage = page_size / 512;
+ int bufnum_end, i;
+
+ bufnum *= bufperpage;
+ bufnum_end = bufnum + bufperpage - 1;
+
+ do {
+ status = in_be32(&ifc->ifc_nand.nand_evter_stat);
+ } while (!(status & IFC_NAND_EVTER_STAT_OPC));
+
+ if (status & IFC_NAND_EVTER_STAT_FTOER) {
+ puts("flash time out error\n");
+ for (;;)
+ ;
+ }
+
+ for (i = bufnum / 4; i <= bufnum_end / 4; i++)
+ eccstat[i] = in_be32(&ifc->ifc_nand.nand_eccstat[i]);
+
+ for (i = bufnum; i <= bufnum_end; i++) {
+ if (check_read_ecc(buf, eccstat, i, page_size))
+ break;
+ }
+
+ out_be32(&ifc->ifc_nand.nand_evter_stat, status);
+}
+
+static inline int bad_block(uchar *marker, int port_size)
+{
+ if (port_size == 8)
+ return __raw_readb(marker) != 0xff;
+ else
+ return __raw_readw((u16 *)marker) != 0xffff;
+}
+
+static void nand_load(unsigned int offs, int uboot_size, uchar *dst)
+{
+ struct fsl_ifc *ifc = IFC_BASE_ADDR;
+ uchar *buf = (uchar *)CONFIG_SYS_NAND_BASE;
+ int page_size;
+ int port_size;
+ int pages_per_blk;
+ int blk_size;
+ int bad_marker = 0;
+ int bufnum_mask, bufnum;
+
+ int csor, cspr;
+ int pos = 0;
+ int j = 0;
+
+ int sram_addr;
+ int pg_no;
+
+ /* Get NAND Flash configuration */
+ csor = CONFIG_SYS_NAND_CSOR;
+ cspr = CONFIG_SYS_NAND_CSPR;
+
+ if (!(csor & CSOR_NAND_ECC_DEC_EN)) {
+ /* soft ECC in SPL is unimplemented */
+ puts("WARNING: soft ECC not checked in SPL\n");
+ } else {
+ u32 hwcsor;
+
+ /* make sure board is configured with ECC on boot */
+ hwcsor = in_be32(&ifc->csor_cs[0].csor);
+ if (!(hwcsor & CSOR_NAND_ECC_DEC_EN))
+ puts("WARNING: ECC not checked in SPL, "
+ "check board cfg\n");
+ }
+
+ port_size = (cspr & CSPR_PORT_SIZE_16) ? 16 : 8;
+
+ if (csor & CSOR_NAND_PGS_4K) {
+ page_size = 4096;
+ bufnum_mask = 1;
+ } else if (csor & CSOR_NAND_PGS_2K) {
+ page_size = 2048;
+ bufnum_mask = 3;
+ } else {
+ page_size = 512;
+ bufnum_mask = 15;
+
+ if (port_size == 8)
+ bad_marker = 5;
+ }
+
+ pages_per_blk =
+ 32 << ((csor & CSOR_NAND_PB_MASK) >> CSOR_NAND_PB_SHIFT);
+
+ blk_size = pages_per_blk * page_size;
+
+ /* Open Full SRAM mapping for spare are access */
+ out_be32(&ifc->ifc_nand.ncfgr, 0x0);
+
+ /* Clear Boot events */
+ out_be32(&ifc->ifc_nand.nand_evter_stat, 0xffffffff);
+
+ /* Program FIR/FCR for Large/Small page */
+ if (page_size > 512) {
+ out_be32(&ifc->ifc_nand.nand_fir0,
+ (IFC_FIR_OP_CW0 << IFC_NAND_FIR0_OP0_SHIFT) |
+ (IFC_FIR_OP_CA0 << IFC_NAND_FIR0_OP1_SHIFT) |
+ (IFC_FIR_OP_RA0 << IFC_NAND_FIR0_OP2_SHIFT) |
+ (IFC_FIR_OP_CMD1 << IFC_NAND_FIR0_OP3_SHIFT) |
+ (IFC_FIR_OP_BTRD << IFC_NAND_FIR0_OP4_SHIFT));
+ out_be32(&ifc->ifc_nand.nand_fir1, 0x0);
+
+ out_be32(&ifc->ifc_nand.nand_fcr0,
+ (NAND_CMD_READ0 << IFC_NAND_FCR0_CMD0_SHIFT) |
+ (NAND_CMD_READSTART << IFC_NAND_FCR0_CMD1_SHIFT));
+ } else {
+ out_be32(&ifc->ifc_nand.nand_fir0,
+ (IFC_FIR_OP_CW0 << IFC_NAND_FIR0_OP0_SHIFT) |
+ (IFC_FIR_OP_CA0 << IFC_NAND_FIR0_OP1_SHIFT) |
+ (IFC_FIR_OP_RA0 << IFC_NAND_FIR0_OP2_SHIFT) |
+ (IFC_FIR_OP_BTRD << IFC_NAND_FIR0_OP3_SHIFT));
+ out_be32(&ifc->ifc_nand.nand_fir1, 0x0);
+
+ out_be32(&ifc->ifc_nand.nand_fcr0,
+ NAND_CMD_READ0 << IFC_NAND_FCR0_CMD0_SHIFT);
+ }
+
+ /* Program FBCR = 0 for full page read */
+ out_be32(&ifc->ifc_nand.nand_fbcr, 0);
+
+ /* Read and copy u-boot on SDRAM from NAND device, In parallel
+ * check for Bad block if found skip it and read continue to
+ * next Block
+ */
+ while (pos < uboot_size) {
+ int i = 0;
+ do {
+ pg_no = offs / page_size;
+ bufnum = pg_no & bufnum_mask;
+ sram_addr = bufnum * page_size * 2;
+
+ out_be32(&ifc->ifc_nand.row0, pg_no);
+ out_be32(&ifc->ifc_nand.col0, 0);
+ /* start read */
+ out_be32(&ifc->ifc_nand.nandseq_strt,
+ IFC_NAND_SEQ_STRT_FIR_STRT);
+
+ /* wait for read to complete */
+ nand_wait(&buf[sram_addr], bufnum, page_size);
+
+ /*
+ * If either of the first two pages are marked bad,
+ * continue to the next block.
+ */
+ if (i++ < 2 &&
+ bad_block(&buf[sram_addr + page_size + bad_marker],
+ port_size)) {
+ puts("skipping\n");
+ offs = (offs + blk_size) & ~(blk_size - 1);
+ pos &= ~(blk_size - 1);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ for (j = 0; j < page_size; j++)
+ dst[pos + j] = __raw_readb(&buf[sram_addr + j]);
+
+ pos += page_size;
+ offs += page_size;
+ } while ((offs & (blk_size - 1)) && (pos < uboot_size));
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Main entrypoint for NAND Boot. It's necessary that SDRAM is already
+ * configured and available since this code loads the main U-boot image
+ * from NAND into SDRAM and starts from there.
+ */
+void nand_boot(void)
+{
+ __attribute__((noreturn)) void (*uboot)(void);
+
+ /*
+ * Load U-Boot image from NAND into RAM
+ */
+ nand_load(CONFIG_SYS_NAND_U_BOOT_OFFS, CONFIG_SYS_NAND_U_BOOT_SIZE,
+ (uchar *)CONFIG_SYS_NAND_U_BOOT_DST);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_NAND_ENV_DST
+ nand_load(CONFIG_ENV_OFFSET, CONFIG_ENV_SIZE,
+ (uchar *)CONFIG_NAND_ENV_DST);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_ENV_OFFSET_REDUND
+ nand_load(CONFIG_ENV_OFFSET_REDUND, CONFIG_ENV_SIZE,
+ (uchar *)CONFIG_NAND_ENV_DST + CONFIG_ENV_SIZE);
+#endif
+#endif
+
+ /*
+ * Jump to U-Boot image
+ */
+ /*
+ * Clean d-cache and invalidate i-cache, to
+ * make sure that no stale data is executed.
+ */
+ flush_cache(CONFIG_SYS_NAND_U_BOOT_DST, CONFIG_SYS_NAND_U_BOOT_SIZE);
+ uboot = (void *)CONFIG_SYS_NAND_U_BOOT_START;
+ uboot();
+}